Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 36 1876. (Syn: Catutsjeron arnottianum (Hook.f.) Kuntze; Mangifera racemosa Lam. (Unresolved));
¿ ho-lee-GAR-nuh ? — perhaps from the name of the plant in Kannada, holageru
ar-not-ee-AH-nuh — named for G A Walker-Arnott, Scottish botanist …
Dave’s Botanary


Holigarna arnottinana: 5 images.
Some pictures of Holigarna arnottiana (Family – Anacardiaceae) from a wild lot near my home in Trivandrum city.  There were lots of fruits but too high for my camera to capture. Taken on 8th June 2011.

Sorry, the spelling of the species name in the subject line is wrong. It is arnottiana.

Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f. of Anacardiaceae family, a medicinal plant seen mostly in the low elevation (mostly below 400m MSL) forests (evergreen to deciduous) in the Western Ghats.

Holigarna arnottina: 3 images.
Holigarna arnottina fruiting in Dandeli.

Date/Time- May 2012

Location- Dandeli WLS

Habitat- Wild

Plant Habit- Tree

Height/Length- 30 meters +

Leaves- Simple

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- ovoid


Names of Plants in India :: Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f.:
via Species‎ > ‎H‎ > Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f. … family: Anacardiaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth

¿ ho-lee-GAR-nuh ? — perhaps from the name of the plant in Kannada, holageru
ar-not-ee-AH-nuh — named for G A Walker-Arnott, Scottish botanist …
Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: black varnish tree, Malabar marking nutKannada: ಹೊಲಗೇರು holageruKonkani: रानबिबो ranbiboMalayalam: ചേര് cher, കരിഞ്ചേര് karincherMarathi: रानबिबा ranbibaTamil: கருஞ்செரு karunceru, காட்டுசெரு kattuceru

botanical names: Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f. … synonyms: Catutsjeron arnottianum (Hook.f.) Kuntze • Holigarna longifolia Wt. & Arn. … BiotikThe Plant List (2010). Version 1
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Photographed along Kumta Sirsi Road, Karnataka on 17 DEC 12
Many thanks to … for the ID.

I have seen the marking nut, but never the flower. thanks for this pic. did you get to see the fruit on tree?

… fruiting was sighted some other time earlier at some other place.
Flowers of India

Very nice. The tree is very large with big leaves. I have yet to see the flowers so close.

¿ ho-lee-GAR-nuh ? — most probably, from the Kannada name of plant – ಹೋಲಿಗಾರ holigaara
ar-not-ee-AH-nuh — named for G A Walker-Arnott, Scottish botanist … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: black varnish tree, jungle marking nut, Malabar marking nut • Kannada: ಹೊಲಗೇರು holageru, ಕೂಟಗೇರು kutageru • Konkani: रानबिबो ranbibo • Malayalam: ചേര് cher, കരിഞ്ചേര് karincher • Marathi: बिब्बी bibbi, हुलगेरी hulgeri, रानबिब्बा ranbibba • Tamil: கருஞ்செரு karunceru, காட்டுசெரு kattuceru • Tulu: ಕಾಟ್ಟುಚೇರೆ kattuchere
botanical namesHoligarna arnottiana Hook.f. … homotypic synonymsKatou-tsjeroe arnottianum (Hook.f.) Kuntze … heterotypic synonymsHoligarna longifolia Wight & Arn. • Holigarna racemosa Hohen. ex Engl. … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
black varnish tree
jungle marking nut, Malabar marking nut
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಹೊಲಗೇರು holageru
ಕೂಟಗೇರು kutageru
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
रानबिबो ranbibo
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ചേര് cher, കരിഞ്ചേര് karincher
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
बिब्बी bibbi, हुलगेरी hulageri
रानबिब्बा ranbibba
  • Leaf-based Identification for Trees of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
கருஞ்செரு karunceru, காட்டுசெரு kattuceru
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಕಾಟ್ಟುಚೇರೆ kattuchere
~~~~~ x ~~~~~

26042014NVR tree for ID from Goa :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).

Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f.
You can check my photographs posted earlier on the group from Amboli Maharashtra.

ANJAN32/32 Holigarna arnottiana : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10).

Family: Anacardiaceae
Date: 28th December 2014
Place: Someshwara
Wildlife Sanctuary
Habit: Large tree

Agumbe Ghat :: Holigarna arnottiana :: DVJAN15 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.
Agumbe Ghat (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary)Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 28 DEC 2014 Altitude: about 600 m asl at crest, about 250 m asl at foothill
Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f. … (family: Anacardiaceae)

Very difficult to photograph the flowers of this huge tree. Great efforts!

True … BUT 🙂 if you notice the second-last photo – there was a smaller tree next to it. We found a branch at hand’s reach.

Anshi Ghat :: Holigarna arnottiana :: DVFEB26/59 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.
Anshi Ghat Karnataka
Date: 25 MAY 2013  Altitude: 340 – 380 m asl
Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f. (family: Anacardiaceae) 

Fruit for Id -ID31032021SH1: 2 images.

Pl. help in identifying these fruits.
Location -Sawantwadi (South Konkan), Maharashtra
Date -March 2021

Meliaceae ?

not Meliaceae; it looks like of Anacardiaceae/Buchnania species???

Could be Holigarna species

Holigarna arnottiana??

Possibilities for Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz.

Thanks, …, for the id.
Yes, more likely to be Holigarna arnottiana as per keys and details at Flora of Peninsular India

Is it a poisonous plant and very irritant to skin ? I overheard the locals mentioning this. They called it ‘रानबिब्बा’ in Marathi.
I have seen ‘बिब्बा’ (Semecarpus anacrdium – Dhobi Ink) from Anacardiaceae – that was a huge tree. Was trying to find the similarities between them.


in ghats descending from Amboli to Sawantwadi;


Tree for identification–Swantwadi, Maharashtra:: NS August 2022 (12): 7 images- 4 high res.
This tree was found growing near Sawantwadi….
I wish to have its identification..

I got the identification input from … Holigarna arnottiana.…thanks

Very nice pictures. Your ID is correct. This is seen in Western Ghat area of Karnataka. I have seen somewhere near Chickmagalur./  Shimoga

Pili nut… Canarium ovatum….. Underutilized fruit crop of southeast asia.

it seems unlikely that the tree is Canarium ovatum..


Anacardiaceae: Holigarna arnottiana Wall. ex Hook.fil.: 1 image.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997