IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN)

Hopea parviflora Bedd., Fl. Sylv. S. India t. 7 1869.;

by Anurag N Sharma (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click
on the links)



Tamil: Irubogam, Kongu, Pongu, Vellaikongu.  Malayalam: Irimpakam, Irumbogum, Kambagam, Kampakam, Kongu, Pongu, Tampakam, Urippu.  Kannada: Bovu mara, Kiralbhogi, Sannele bogi (from Biotik)

Habit- Trees up to 35 m tall.

Trunk & Bark -Bark brown, scaly.
Branches and Branchlets- Branchlets terete, pubescent when young.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules caducous; petiole to 0.6 cm long, slightly canaliculate above, pubescent when young; lamina 4.5-10 x 1.5-3.5 cm, lanceolate or narrow ovate, apex narrow acute to gradually acuminate, base rounded to subcordate, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous except few scattered hairs at margin and on midrib beneath; domatia at the axils of secondary nerves, but not on all the leaves; midrib raised above; secondary nerves 5-12 pairs, raised above, lowest pair opposite and closer to the next secondary nerve; tertiary nerves closely horizontally percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower- Inflorescence panicles, tomentose; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed- Nut with accrescent calyx lobes; seeds 1.
Common emergent to canopy trees in evergreen forests, up to 900 m.
Endemic to the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.
Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry from India Biodiversity Portal)           

Images by Raghu Ananth




Kiral bhogi, Hopea parviflora, Dipterocarpaceae family.
This hard wood is considered to be one of the largest and old trees in this region. (girth about 5 1/2 meters, roughly estimated to be more than 150 years old. Locals say a 70 year old kiral bhogi normally has a girth of 1-2 meters).
Majority of the tree species in this western ghats region are generally soft wood.
I Sincerely hope this tree survives for many more decades.
Bolpe reserved forest, Kukke Subramnya, Dakshina Kannada,
Mar 2009
Hopea parviflora is a species of plant endemic to India.




ANMAR01/01 Hopea parviflora Bedd. : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (13)
Family: Dipterocarpaceae
Date: March 2016
Place: Karkala, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest



Fwd: [efloraofindia:240693] Id please GK1- 120316 : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Please identify this tree of riparian habitat with massive flowering from Kannur Kerala

This seems to be from Dipterocarpaceae/ Shorea?..- from …

Comparative images of Shorea species in efi

Looks like Shorea robusta ; Check this link : http://www.toxicologycentre.com/English/plants/Botanical/chenjalyam.ht

To me it seems to be Shorea robusta.

Hopea parviflora