Bangladesh; Cambodia; China South-Central; East Himalaya; India; Laos; Myanmar;
Nepal
; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam; West Himalaya
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
hy-men-oh-DIK-tee-on — from the Greek words hymen (skin) and diktyon (net)
¿ or-iks-EN-say ? — Orixa, misinterpretation of Japanese name Kokusagi to Orisagi
 
commonly known as: bridal couch plant, mountain sage • Assamese: kodam, paroli • Bengali: latikarum • Garo: bodi kiru chongipa • Gujarati: ભમ્મર છાલ bhammar chaal, લુણીયો luniyo, મધમહુડો madhamahudo • Hindi: काला बचनाग kala bachnag, भुरकुर bhurkur • Kannada: ದಿಡ್ಡಿ ಮರ diddi mara, ದೊಡ್ಡಿ ಮರ doddi mara, ಡೊಲಿ ಮರ doli mara • Khasi: dieng dohlbong sir • Konkani: दाम्डेली damdeli • Malayalam: ചക്കതേക്ക് cakkatheekk, ഇത്തിള്‍ iththil, പെരുന്തൊലി peruntholi • Marathi: भोरसाल or भोरसाळ bhorsal, भौरसाळ bhoursal, भ्रमरसाळी bhramarsali, दोंद्रु dondru, कंबळ kambal, कुडा kuda • Nepalese: लति कर्मा lati karma • Oriya: dudupa, guliya • Punjabi: barthoa • Rajasthani: lunia • Sanskrit: भ्रमरछल्ली bhramarchalli, भृङ्गःवृक्ष bhringah-vriksha, उग्रगन्ध ugragandha • Tamil: வெள்ளைக்கடம்பு vellai-k-katampu • Telugu: బందారుచెట్టు bandaaru-chettu

Native to: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines  


 

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[EfloraofIndia_Rubiaceae week_090212PD01_Hymenodictyon orixsense_Flora of Odisha]:  sharing the images of Hymenodictyon orixsense from Ranpur, Odisha

Name: Hymenodictyon orixsense
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Wild, Moist deciduous forests on open slopes
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Odisha


Nice photographs … First photograph reminds me of Morus. leaves are of course different


Most of the times that I observed this plant, found the inflorescence to be always skywards.
Interesting to see it pendulous.
Me too have one such finding from Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan – http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/4851878841/
Inadvertent typo – the name is Hymenodictyon orixense.


Request Tree ID 159 – Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA :  Attachments (5). 3 posts by 2 authors.


This is Bhorsal [Hymenodictyon orixensis].


 

 

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for id of tree :  Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
pls id tree having long inflorescence. light green leaves. place at devgad dist. sindhudurga. on laterite soil. 


Hymenodictyon orixensis of Rubiaceae. This was identified from Kop’s Nursery stock a few months back.


… setting the typo to Hymenodictyon orixense.


thanks to all H. excelsum is synoname for that?


 

 

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Tree For ID : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 040614 : AK-5 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Tree seen inside the Corbett area.

No flowers, many fruits.


Hymenodictyon orixense


Yes H.orixense (Rubiaceae), locally called ‘Bandaru’.


 

 

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Please help me identifying this large tree species found in an deciduous forest. The tree was as large as 15 m tall with a girth of about 2.8 metres. I could not collect more details. 
Location: Mudumalai tiger reserve
Alt.: 900 m asl
Date: 22 April 2016 


Hymenodictyon sp. Not sure which species is found there. Could possibly be H. orixense.


Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb. 


Thank you very much for the quick identification. The description matches well with my plant.

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This large tree is growing in Botanical Garden, Punjabi University, Patiala..
Id suggestion is required..

Thanks, …  Such inflorescence I have seen in some herbs found in Himalayas. 

I think it is Hymenodictyon sp. (Rubiaceae)

Thanks a lot …, this seems to be a very close identification..


As I have seen pics of Hymenodictyon orixense by …, it will be very nice to have his say in this regard.. some more pics exist on eFI..!!


I think also matches with images of this species by … at



Yes …


Thanks …, I was not confident, therefore did not come forward ! The inflorescence does looks very close to Hymenodictyon orixense I have seen at the popular Mumbai’s botanical garden Veermata Jijabai Bhonsale Udyan on August 1, 2010. Attaching the picture for comparison.

Thanks … I think id is resolved now and does not seem contrary to views expressed herein…


 

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Kanheri Caves in Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai

Date: July 21, 2012 … Altitude: about 1500 ft (460) above msl
Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb. … … family: Rubiaceae

Dear friends,
Please help validate this plant to be Hymenodictyon orixense.

Yes, this one is H. orixense

Nice to know ” काला बचनाग ” …!

Thanks …!! Other names in Marathi: भोरसाल / भोरसाळ / भौरसाळ / भ्रमरसाळी, दोंद्रु, कंबळ.

Thanks …, I had heard भोरसाळ few years back. But never been seen. Very nice you introduced this beauty!

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Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan  Mumbai

Date: August 1, 2010 … Altitude: about 14 m (46 feet) asl
Hymenodictyon orixense  (Roxb.) Mabb. … family: Rubiaceae

Dear friends, please help validate the ID. 

very nice case presentation. i generally FIRST look up foi if it shows up in google. but in this case, the FOI photos are by you and validated by … FOC illustration matches except for their details of the edges of leaves with anastomosing veins. do you by any chance have veins showing?


I tried finding out what anastomosing veins are (on net). But I did not clearly understand what it means.

Among the posted pictures, 2nd and 3rd shows veins arising from midrib, but I am not able to check for anastomosing veins.
Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb.
hy-men-oh-DIK-tee-on — from the Greek words hymen (skin) and diktyon (net)
¿ or-iks-EN-say ? — Orixa, misinterpretation of Japanese name Kokusagi to Orisagi
Aug 9, 2009 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
commonly known as: bridal couch plant, mountain sage • Assamese: kodam, paroli • Bengali: latikarum • Garo: bodi kiru chongipa • Gujarati: ભમ્મર છાલ bhammar chaal, લુણીયો luniyo, મધમહુડો madhamahudo • Hindi: काला बचनाग kala bachnag, भुरकुर bhurkur • Kannada: ದಿಡ್ಡಿ ಮರ diddi mara, ದೊಡ್ಡಿ ಮರ doddi mara, ಡೊಲಿ ಮರ doli mara • Khasi: dieng dohlbong sir • Konkani: दाम्डेली damdeli • Malayalam: ചക്കതേക്ക് cakkatheekk, ഇത്തിള്‍ iththil, പെരുന്തൊലി peruntholi • Marathi: भोरसाल or भोरसाळ bhorsal, भौरसाळ bhoursal, भ्रमरसाळी bhramarsali, दोंद्रु dondru, कंबळ kambal, कुडा kuda • Nepalese: लति कर्मा lati karma • Oriya: dudupa, guliya • Punjabi: barthoa • Rajasthani: lunia • Sanskrit: भ्रमरछल्ली bhramarchalli, भृङ्गःवृक्ष bhringah-vriksha, उग्रगन्ध ugragandha • Tamil: வெள்ளைக்கடம்பு vellai-k-katampu • Telugu: బందారుచెట్టు bandaaru-chettu
Native to: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines
References: Flowers of IndiaNPGSWorld Agroforestry CentreENVIS – FRLHTFurther Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Aug 9, 2009 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra 
Jun 6, 2009 … at BNHS – CEC, adjoining Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai 
Feb 22, 2009 … at Mahuli, near Shahapur, Thane, Maharashtra 
Jan 17, 2009 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
Dec 6, 2008 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra


This should be Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall., flower/fruits sessile, capsules not pendulous but erect.


Thanks … for this ID validation. Will revise my notes at flickr soon.


Superb upload by … Very nicely compiled. Kannada names are correct.


The Tungareshwar images are H. obovatum

The image of the leaves taken at BNHS looks to me like H. orixense


Thank you very very much … for validating the Kannada names of Hymenodictyon orixense.


I agree … Thank you very very much. I will revise my notes accordingly.


I have been looking at the set of photos posted from the tree at Mahuli. These seem to be of H. orixense.
The flowers do not seem to be sessile as in H. obovatum. The styles of the open flowers are very long which is a feature of H. orixense.
The new leaves are pubescent (if you blow up the pictures in Flickr) which also points to H. orixense.
And the habit of the tree in the picture lacks the flattish top and more horizontal branching of H. obovatum.


Thanks very much … for this validation

Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb. – Mahuli, Shahapur; BNHS – CEC, adjoining Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai
Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall. – Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary


 

 

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Tree For ID : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 040614 : AK-4 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).
Tree seen along the river bank with very few leaves.

Kindly help in id.


Looks like Hymenodictyon again.


Could this be Hymenodictyon orixense, like the other you had identified?


Yes, I think so. 



posted the pics of a flowering tree from the genus Hymenodictyon in V.J.B.Udyan (Rani Bagh) in the 2nd week of July 2010.

sp. id is requested.

I think this is Hymenodictyon orixense hopefully.
Kindly check.


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I am sure this is H. obovatum. The elliptic or obovate leaves, abruptly acuminate, clearly seen in the leaves, sessile flowers. Have mentioned these characteristics  a few days back to ID the same plant.  The other main distinguishing feature is the stipule with glandular margins. Attaching a pic. of the same from the same tree pics I had taken and also close up of flowers.  


To me these appears more closer to images of Hymenodictyon orixense


This should be Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb.


It seems to be Hymenodictyon excelsum (syn. H. orixense). 


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Saw  this wonderful tree fruiting and young leaves in last week of June ’10. at the Yeoor side of the national park in Mumbai. The distinguishing feature being the obovate-oblong stipules with glandular margins.

Description of the plant from “Forest Flora of Hyderabad State – by M Sharfuddin Khan
Description: http://forest.ap.nic.in/Forest%20Flora%20of%20Andhra%20Pradesh/Flora%20by%20M%20Sharfuddin%20Khan/Botanical%20Names/Hymenodictyon%20obovatum.htm


I think this is better. Indian plant of which description is being referred from Indian treatise. Flora of British India is lying for free on the net. That may also be used…..much better than referring to Pakistan or China…..
And yeah please, my comment is not due to political issues of India with them, its just not appropriate botanically!!!


From the fruiting images, to me these appears to be of Hymenodictyon orixense


Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb.



Nice pics. I think this is H. obovatum Wall. because stipules are obovate oblong with glandular margins and leaves elliptic or obovate. H.orixense has stipules broadly oblong, obtuse recurved, deciduous.


Very good demonstration of photography of plant character.
H.obovatum
from me too.
I have never seen this tree. Still according to descriptions from books, though the leaves here are not clearly obovate, Leaves appear glabrous rather than pubescent. The petiole here (Picture129) is glabrous above and pubescent beneath which goes in favour of H.obovatum.
In other species it is pubescent on both surfaces.
By the way is it the classical example of interpetiolar stipule?I think so.


To me these appears more closer to images of Hymenodictyon orixense as per
Leaves pubescent – Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb.

Posting a photo of tree taken in Yeoor Jungle on 13.06.2010.The leaves were very velvety and soft like some tomantosa species.Can you pl. help identifying?

This is Kuthan [Hymenodictyon obovatum].
Hymenodictyon obovatum, Wall.; F.B.I. III-36. Brandi’s Ind. Trees. 372. Gamble’s Ind. Timbers, 407. Vern. Kurvi, Mar.
—– A large tree. Leaves crowded at the ends of the branches, generally obovate, abruptly acuminate, some of the upper ones oblong or ovate, glabrous on both sides except the axils of the nerves beneaeth, about 4 in. long by 2 1/4 – 2 1/2 broad, pinnate veins rather prominent; petioles 1 1/2 – 2 in. long; stipules ovate or oblong, gland-serrated, deciduous. Flowers pentamerous, small, sessile, or sub-sessile furnished with linear, narrow, stiff bracts at their base in dense cylindrical racemes, which are terminal, erect, pubescent, several together, generally simple, rarely with one or two branches, each generally furnished with only one floral leaf just below the flowers, which is a little rugose above, pure white or cream-coloured, beautifully veined and reticulated and slightly pubescent beneath about 2 in. long and on a shining petiole of the same length; sometimes this floral leaf is absent on one or more of the racemes. Calyx very hairy, lobes lanceolate, acute. Stamens monadelphous in a tube which is adnate to the base of the corolla, but easily separable. Capsule 2-celled, 2-valved, dehiscing loculicidally; seeds flat, imbricate, surrounded by a reticulated wing which is bifid at the base.
Reference: Forest Flora of Hyderabad State – by M Sharfuddin Khan


Thanx …,  By any chance anyone having its flower photographs?


… do not have photos of H. obovatum, but H. orixense at
http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=91314344%40N00&q=Hymenodictyon+orixense&m=text



 

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Tree For ID : Nasik : 050514 : AK-11 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

Another cultivated tree in a garden.

Young tree, having few leaves.
Id please.


This a sapling of Kuthan [Hymenodictyon obovatum].


Thanks … for this id. Hymenodictyon did come to my mind.


To me these appears more closer to images of Hymenodictyon orixense as per
Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb., must be planted by Mr Shekhar Gaikwad, Nashik with vernacular name “Bhorsal”.


Yes. Absolutely correct. 
Planted by Mr Shekhar Gaikwad, who has been doing a lot of tree planting in and around Nasik. 

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Fwd: please id this plant : 5 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Sir please id this plant


Can be Hymenodictyon orixense


i have collected this plant on friday at Mahur taluka, Nanded district, Maharashtra
thanks to you and our group members this is a great group for all taxanomists.


Hymenodictyon sp Rubiaceae


Hymenodictyon sp. 


Hymenodictyon orixense,
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Sagargad, AlibagJuly’09?; at the south end of the national park in Mumbai- 15/8/09; in Rani Bagh (Veermata Jeejamata Udyan) — Mumbai- Aug’09; at Sagargad, Alibag- 10/8/10;  Kannada names of Hymenodictyon orixense – indiantreepix | Google Groups Sanskrit names of Hymenodictyon orixense – indiantreepix | Google Groups
 

Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan  Mumbai

Date: August 1, 2010 … Altitude: about 14 m (46 feet) asl

Hymenodictyon orixense  (Roxb.) Mabb. … family: Rubiaceae

Dear friends, please help validate the ID. 

very nice case presentation. i  generally FIRST look up foi if it shows up in google but in this case, the FOI photos are by you and validated by … FOC illustration marches except for their details of the edges of leaves with anastomosing veins. do you by any chance have veins showing?


I tried finding out what anastomosing veins are (on net). But I did not clearly understand what it means.

Among the posted pictures, 2nd and 3rd shows veins arising from midrib, but I am not able to check for  anastomosing veins.


I agree with your id as per comparative images at Hymenodictyon


Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Mabb.


References:

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