Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22:511. 1887  as per POWO;
Madagascar, Costa Rica (I), Guatemala (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Guadeloupe (I)), Hispaniola (I), Puerto Rico (I), Paraguay (I), Venezuela (I), Bolivia (I), Colombia (I) (Antioquia (I), Cundinamarca (I), Huila (I)), El Salvador (I), Honduras (I), Mexico (I), India (I), Australia (I) (Queensland (I)), New Caledonia (I), Norfolk Isl. (I), Hawaii (I) (Hawaii Isl. (I)) as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Polka Dot Plant, Freckle Face, Flamingo-plant, Measles plant

Herbs, 20-30 cm high; stem branched, cylindrical, jointed. Leaves opposite, 2- 4.5 x 1-2.5 cm, lanceolate, elliptic ovate, acute, entire, variegated; petiole 1-2.2 cm long, glabrous. Flowers axillary; bracts 4, jointed about the terminal end, lobed spathe like, unequal in size, 2 are pointed, other two are obovate, 1-1.5 x 0.1-0.2 cm, hirsute, dark green. Flowers 1 or 2 within the bract. Sepals 5, pale white, hirsute at the tip, lanceolate. Corolla white, tube narrow at the base, ca. 0.7 x 0.1 cm, then dilated and curved, bilipped, lower 3 lobed, lobes ca 0.9 x 0.5 cm, upper 2 lobed, lobes narrow, 1-1.2 x 0.1 cm, pubescent on the dilated and lower part of the lobes. Stamens 2, filaments 0.7-0.9 cm, hairs downwardly pointed sparse, anthers lobe yellow. Ovary 0.2 x 0.1 cm, oblong, tip pointed, glabrous; ovules 4; style 1.7- 1.9 cm, stigma slightly bifid; disc membranous, 4-5 lobed. Fruit a capsule, elongated, 0.3-0.4 x 0.1 cm, puberulous; seeds 4, glabrous.

Flowering and fruiting: November-March
Grown in the High Ranges
Native of Madagascar and North America, now in India
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)

Found this as a garden plant at the Kodagu Valley Resort.
Also found along roadsides as an escape.
Based on the ornamental dots on the leaves, looks like some species of non-native species of Peristrophe / Dicliptera … ID please

    May be mistaking it to be non-native.
Date/Time : March 30, 2011 at 10.36am IST
Location Place : Kodagu Valley Resort, Coorg, Karnataka … 12.441308,
75.717955 on Google maps <http://goo.gl/maps/rXsp>
Altitude : 3716 ft (above mean sea level)

– I think Hypoestes phyllostachya (Polka Dot Plant).

– Indeed Hypoestes phyllostachya.

– I saw this plant in Kotagiri (Nilgiris) at an altitude of about 2000 MSL.
Is there any synonyms for Hypoestes phyllostachya ?

Date Oct 2011
sharing pictures of Hypoestes phyllostachya; Polkadot plant at Pune
private garden

efloraofindia:”For Id 03112011MR2’’ ? Hypoestes phyllostachya yellow flowers Pune:
Can this be Hypoestes phyllostachya? but it had yellow flowers.
Date Oct 2011
Private garden
ht about a foot
green leaves with white spots
yellow flowers

Yes I think you are correct … This is ineed Hypoestes phyllostachya

yes, …  aslo called polka dot plant.. yours is the white variety.. usually more common is the pink and green leaf…
makes a nice potted plant indoors in winters in the western hemisphere…
one has to be very careful with how you dispose of the houseplant
there are reports from Australia, Hawaii etc where these are considered NOXIOUS weeds… toxic to cats and cattle, /// AND
CROWDING out native shrubs…
somebody mentioned that it is reported as weed in INDIA too, but I cant find a reference …
… on google there are 47,100 results when I searched just now for ”
Hypoestes phyllostachya a weed in india”.. could not go thru ALL THAT!!
**I remember in the 1990s the decade… we had a profusion of these, cuttings root very fast in a day or two in summer… at NYBG family garden we could not give it away FREE .as a starter plant … in the beginning children loved the pink colored leaves… soon parents (in a couple of years) would say no, thanks… .. go figure !!!
just dont root more cuttings than you need for your own use… and dont throw away plants in garbage heap.. only throw them in compost

Can this be Hypoestes phyllostachya?
Date Sep 2011
Private garden
ht about a foot
green leaves with purple spots
purple flower

Yes it is, put it in shade and it will become more spectacularly purple green foliage
its a south african shade loving plant used often in its native place as ground cover under trees… does well as a tabletop houseplant looks lovely in the inside warm rooms in winters…
be careful about throwing them out in the garbage heaps… has a very bad potential to be a quite obnoxious weed … esp in western ghat or any tropical moist land….


Ornamental Acantaceae for identification 050912MK01:

Please help me to identify this shrub found colonised near a private garden in Valparai of TN.
Could this be Peristrophe sp. of Acanthaceae?
Leaf: 6-8cm long
Flower: c. 1.5 cm long
Place: Valparai, TN
Alt.: 950 m asl
Date: 29 July 2012

Could this be Hypoestes phyllostachya??

The plant is from a hill station of Tamil Nadu; planted ornamental.

Hypoestes phyllostachya Polka Dot Plant


ANDEC07 Acanthaceae for identification : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).

Nelliyampathy, Kerala
November 2014

A common weed found everywhere in the area. I have earlier also seen this along road sides in Chikamagalur and Coorg

polka dot plant
descriptions and flowers you have are what I remember… but the dots on your leaves are much less than what you’ll find on googling… a weed from madagaskar .. i want to say … Hypoestes phyllostachya
popular houseplant in the west and a weed in australia
we do see them in nurseries here in monsoon when its hot and humid.. here in NE india.  

This plant is Hypoestes sanguinolenta
Introduced as garden plant, now seen along the roadsides as an escape

The plant uploaded seems to be Hypoestes phyllostachys



Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Hypoestes phyllostachya :: Mizoram :: PKA-MAR03/03 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Hypoestes phyllostachya from Mizoram.


Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Hypoestes phyllostachya :: Coorg :: DVMAR71/82 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker
at Coorg on March 30, 2011  

nice. never seen flowers of this. very popular houseplant esp in snowy regions brings color to the roomwhen all is dreary out there.
African plant .. so was this in the wild ie naturalised? or was it at a garden // nursery

Thanks … This plant was at a landscaped resort, cottages built according to natural contours, and the wilderness let remain intact. The resort management have smartly planted some of the ornamentals as well as native plants amongst the other wild growing.

Images by tspkumar


TSP-JUN2016-394:Images of Hypoestes phyllostachya (Acanthaceae) : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

It is my pleasure to present few images of Hypoestes phyllostachya  (Acanthaceae

Ref: http://www.flowersofindia.PolkaDotPlant.html

Habit: Herb

Habitat: Wild, wastelands by the road.

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl

Date: 12-09-2015 and 22-10-2015

Very beautiful…..!!!

ver nice close up of the flowers

Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Location:  Kharipati, Bhktapur, Nepal
Date: 12 November 2017
Elevation : 4400 ft


I found this plant bit interesting. I had seen this at the outskirts of Aizawl (Mizoram) at the beginning of the forest cover. This herb was found to be dominating the area. Leaves were with spots.
Bot. name: Hypoestes phyllostachya
Family: Acanthaceae
Date/Time: 7th Nov./ 10:00AM
Location: Aizawl, Mizoram
Plant habit: Herb
Habitat: Wild

Really interesting, thanks …

180919EPT13 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
Presenting for ID help
Location : Kodaikanal
Elevation : 5900 ft
Habitat : Found in a graveyard
Taken on 18th Sep 2019

Acanthaceae member,
Hypoestes sp. could be phyllostachya,

I concur with …

Ditto from me. !

id pl-up-feb-3. : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Pl confirm the id of the sps of` `Dicliptera`.
This is seen in Kodagu-Aa belu-area.
this is the only photo with me.

Has it been identified ? Do you have any other images ? It appears interesting.

This is Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker as per images and details herein.


283 ID wild plant: 9 images
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Kumily, Idukki Dist. Kerala
Altitude: 3000fsl
Flower date: 09.01.2022, 10.35am
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: creeping, branches, rigid purple weak stem, velvety, annual
Height: 01.5 feet
Leaves: greenish pink, opposite, heart-shaped, white shades, hairy, size:06×4cm or less
Flower: racemose, size:15×03×11mm, pink, non fragrant
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s

Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker

Yes, it is Hypoestes phyllostachya, dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant,



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