Physic Nut, Jatropha, Barbados nut, Chander-Jyoti, Pulza • Hindi: जमाल घोटा Jamal ghota, रतनजोत Ratanjot, जंगली अरंडी Jangli arandi • Manipuri: অৱা কেগে Awa kege • Marathi: Mogli Erand, Maraharalu • Tamil: Kattukkotai • Malayalam: Kattamank, Katalavanakku • Telugu: Nepalam, Adavi amudam • Kannada: Kananeranda • Bengali: Bagbherenda, Bherenda, Sada verenda • Oriya: Jahazigaba, Dhalajahaji • Konkani: Mogli erandi • Assamese: Salika kund, Bongali-botora, Bongali era • Gujarati: Radau-khurung, Jamalgota • Sanskrit: Darvanti • Mizo: Kangdamdawi, Thingthau;
 
Its a shrub around 3 m high. Leaves are alternates, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5 to 15 cm.  Flowers greenish yellow. Fruits 3 to 4cm, globuse, yellowish green. 
 
The seeds yield curcas oil, a powerful pugative also used in maling candles, soaps and varnishes and used for burning, as it does not produce any soot, can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel fuel, usable in a standard diesel engine. The seeds are also a source of the highly poisonous toxalbumin curcin.  
 

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Euphorbiaceae: Jatropha curcas: Jatropha curcas pic.
plant which can be used as a source of bio diesel 


–  Here are some youtube links related to Jatropha curcas in Chhattisgarh.


Jatropha planted along with Gangrel Canal in Kurud, Chhattisgarh. Part-1-4
 
This one is locally called as ” Erand” or ” Mogli Erand”.
Bot.  name: Jatropha curcas
Family: Euphorbiaceae.
Common names: Physic Nut, Jatropha, Jamal ghota…
Its a shrub around 3 m high. Leaves are alternates, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5 to 15 cm.
Flowers greenish yellow. Fruits 3 to 4cm, globuse, yellowish green.
This was photographed at Village Chowk, Panvel.
ID ref: “Further flowers of Sahyadri by Srikant Ingalhalikar ji” (Page 323)
and http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Physic%20Nut.html.


 

 

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Euphorbiaceae week :: Jatropha curcas: The Bio diesel plant with flowers. Pune


– ‘Jatropha curcas’ is called ‘Mogali Erand’ ‘मोगली एरंड’ or Ratanjyot’ ‘रतनज्योत’ in Marathi.



– Would like to add some info. about the uses– the parts used are Leaf, Rootbark, Seed, Juice and Oil. Constituents : Seed; oi, lsugar, starch, Albumin,Caseine, inorganic matter. Oil; Jatrophic acid, Curcin, Phytosterol.
Action/uses: Seed; acronarcotic. seed & oil; purgative, internally & externally depurative & antiseptic. Leaf; lactagogue. Stem juice; haemostatic & styptic. Rootbark;stomatic, astringent. Used in dyspepsia,diarrhoea, to cure bleeding, spongy gum as poultice on boils. (Ref- Nature Heals pg :24).


  

Euphorbiaceae Week: Jatropha curcas from Delhi: Jatropha curcas L., Sp. pl. 2:1006. “*Gurcas*”; 2: errata. 1753
syn: Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp. [Invalid] 
       Curcas indica A. Rich.
The seeds yield curcas oil, a powerful pugative also used in maling candles, soaps and varnishes and used for burning, as it does not produce any soot, can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel fuel, usable in a standard diesel engine. The seeds are also a source of the highly poisonous toxalbumin curcin.
   Common names: Barbados-nut, bubble-bush, physicnut, purgenut, purgingnut 
               
Hindi
: Jangli arandi, safed arand 
                 
Guj
: Ratanjota



 

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Request for ID : 270611 : AK-1: Taken at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai on the 10th of May, 2009.
Bushes


 

 

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Request Tree ID 086 – Bangalore – RA:  


To me this looks like Jatropha curcas…. a plant popularized for yielding petrochemicals… though not much successful till now.


It does look like Jatropha curcas when I google and checked in

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Jatropha curcas = ভ্যারেন্ডা:

The Bengali name of this species is BHARENDA (ভ্যারেন্ডা) or BAG-BHARENDA. Over the past few years various Jatropha species is making headlines for their use as bio-diesel. Local people use latex of Jatropha curcas to get relief from tooth-ache.
It is interesting to note that
Is there any species in the biosphere that can be labelled as poisonous / noxious / toxic / weed / etc…?
Species : Jatropha curcas L.
Habit & Habitat : tree, roadside
Date : 11-05-12, 10.05 a.m. (all but the last one)
Place : Gobra (Hooghly)
everything under the sun can be very useful and can be dangerous at the same time,,, including the sun itself…
usefulness of a plant or weed does not take away the possible toxicity that it carries…
lets take the sun: nothing can flourish or grow without it or part of its spectrum…
infrared: heat … can be toxic: as in heat stroke which may lead to death…
ultraviolet rays: can be toxic, leading to skin cancers…
yet no one // nothing can live without the sun, even the blind tube-worms in the depth of the ocean that do not directly need the sun or its light apparently for their day to day living … yet their diet consists of diatoms and one cell organisms and may be even the jelly fish etc which in turn rely on the sun’s energy to survive and multiply, thus making enough progeny to feed the whales and the tube-worms…
———
If one reads Herbal medicine books of Hindu traditions or european traditions or the american Indian or american european herbalists.: one gats to see the uses and alongwith them a list of contraindications and toxicities are listed…

Most people think that plants are only benevolent, they are, they need our love and support and protection right now… but we should not consume them or use them
ad infinatum … if we do its at our own risk…
So its a mistaken notion to think that plants are not poisonous … they are …
we need to be educated about their good and bad qualities, and use them intelligently
Sorry if this goes against your thesis, but I did not make this up, hundreds of books, booklets, pamphlets and supplemental issues have been published and thousands of peer reviewed articles… are available … one just needs to search for the plant or its product in question…

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Jatropha curcas L. from CCS HAU Campus Hisar
Family Euphorbiaceae


Very good series of pictures of the BIO Diesel plant.


Yes … not yielding Biodiesal but Children falling ill by eating its seeds


ill advised frenzy is this…
hundreds of acres planted and now grows by the railway tracts…
I wonder how much biodiesel is really produced in india?
did it do anything to reduce our dependence on imports?


I think not even a single litre is produced and process of production is costly too


Very True … Here are some related links
Bare Facts about Poisonous Jatropha curcas
http://ecoport.org/ep?SearchType=earticleView&earticleId=877&page=-2
and Down to Earth article
Jatropha fever
http://www.downtoearth.org.in/node/12117


 

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ID OF WILD `WALNUT-LIKE’ POISONOUS FRUIT EATEN BY KIDS: Could your group of experts please help identify and describe this wild fruit growing on the banks of the river ghaghar. This fruit was eaten by slum kids who thought it was a kind of wild almond and 34 kids were taken seriously ill with vomitting and loose motions.  

I am attaching pixs of a kid holding the dried fruits which were eaten and a pix of the unripe fruit on the trees.
I am writing about these poisonous wild fruits in the newspaper and would require your group’s expertise.


Its Jetropha curcus, its seed is source of Bio Diesel. it is poisonous.


Yes, This is Jatropha curcas, the biodiesel plant. This plant was planted by Govt. on a large scale to realize the dream of producing biodiesel, sufficient enough to reduce pressure on oil companies. This proved to be day dreaming, as the production cost is much higher.


Yes, this is Jatropha curcas belonging to the Euphorbiaceae plant family. It is commonly known as Biodiesel plant, Barbados Nut, Purging Nut and Physic Nut. It is native to (wild in) tropical America. It is widely planted/cultivated in several (32) countries including India, where is it naturalized in some places.
I have attached some papers from internet that you may find useful. We would like to see an another well-researched article from you.


this kid does not look malnourished, rather seems well looked after…
skin and hair show no disease nor any obvious sign of deficiency …
that one would expect in kids who go out and eat non-edible things….
than… question you must raise … is why does he eat these fruits… just to be part of a crowd, on a dare????
==========
The biodiesel programme that started with a lot of fanfare and foreign and local cos planted thousands of acres of fertile lands…. for what purpose… it does not seem to have gone any where… what are the reasons for such pell mell running after fads… who gives permission, who allows companies to buy up land and plant stuff
that may no pan out and makes our poor farmers further poor….
I hope you will ask HARD questions…. \


They might have eaten it just out of curiosity. It may be tasting good too!!
—————–
Whether it works or not…as far as I know, it does work in many other countries, but may be not in India may be because we need to plant on larger scale or may be we dont have suitable climate.
————–
Some one told this story to me long back. Sharing here, hope you will like it.
Florida is an Orange producing country. Long time back in Florida the orange trees were attacked by bacterial disease which had no cure. So the Florida state decided to uproot and burn all the Citrus trees that were present in the state in any corner of the state. Then they waited for some time and replanted new disease free seedlings and now they are doing too good, just that the bacterial disease is again coming up according to recent news.
Does Indian government have guts to take such steps in life? or Indian farmers. We prefer to sell such fruits may be at lower price or may be saying, “oh, inside it is fine”.
Mishaps happen in science, not a big deal. People invested a lot to cross sugarcane and bamboo in India and what they got was a huge sugarcane but it was hollow inside so of no use.
They tried to improve brinjal using biotechnological tools, but Indian government banned it, farmers didnt want it. More than 70% of the farmers what they were fighting against and why? But they wiill hooting government and Jairam Ramesh with slogans. Half of politician and activist till date have no idea why they were against, but they were!!! Pathetic…


I like the story you remember about citrus industry… but its partly true as you tell it… i lived there for many years… I’ll write it up for you…too long. to tell it correctly…
and please dont get me started on GMO cotton, brinjals or corn… it will fill a football field ….. suffice it to say… it has killed people…is killing people and will wipe out parts of Indian agriculture as we know it.. who will benefit by it?
think about it…rationally….
=========
also while you are at it… tell me what enzymes in human body assimilate and digest the BT toxin /crystal protein… if you know the answer I want to know it… and please give references…


I am attaching another pix of the jatropha where its fruit is still green for the experts to confirm the id. Thanks to all for the info sent earlier.


No doubt …, it is Jatropha curcas.
Like anyone else, I am concerned about the poor children, too.
I hope you have surveyed/visited the area and assessed the population of these Jatropha plants. How many plants (just an estimate, in 100s or 1000s) in the area you think is easily accessible by the slum children? Can the plants be uprooted by the local authorities? There is no point in keeping/growing these exotic plants when there is no plan to use them, and when there is no active safety measures to prevent accidental poisoning. Can the children and their parents be educated about the toxicity and its affects on the victims?


I have been to the spot, there must be about a 100 plants of jatropha. the kids have got awareness after the tragic incident. i shall speak to the local forest people about removing them.


Thanks … for your action as well as for the update.
I appreciate it. Hope the awareness spreads elsewhere also so that no child is affected by accidental Jatropha poisoning in future…


 

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Insect on Jatropha curcas : 250112 : AK-2: Sharing a picture of Jatropha curcas fruits photographed at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai with this green colored insect.


green spotted beetle


Nice photograph of a Jewel Bug [Chrysocoris stolii]. A few of my photographs of this are availbale at these links

Physic nut is a perennial poisonous shrub, up to 5 m high. It is an uncultivated non-food wild-species.
The plant, originating in Central America, whereas it has been spread to other tropical and subtropical countries as well and is mainly grown in Asia and in Africa.
It is used as a living fence to protect gardens and fields from animals.
The plant sports large green to pale-green leaves, 8-15 cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5-15 cm. The inflorescence is formed in the leaf axel; flowers are formed terminally, individually, with female flowers usually slightly larger. Flowers greenish yellow. Fruits 3 to 4cm, globuse, yellowish green.
Jatropha Curcas seed can be used as Bio diesel for any diesel engine without modification


It is one of the commonest species in India.


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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Jatropha curcas at Rajgurunagar :: DV43 : 4 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Jatropha curcas L.

Native to the tropical Americas; cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. 
at Rajgurunagar near Pune on 29 MAY 10 


Thanks for your excellent photography.  Why not publish a book on your photos.


Thank you very much … for the appreciation. Someday I must think.


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EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Jatropha curcas from Hissar NS-07 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.

This shrubby Euphorbiacean was shot from a planted field in HAU, Hissar…
This was widely planted by the state administration at many places in our state, specially in premises of Govt. Institutes. Created more of nuisance due to poisonous fruits and seeds rather than any revenues from Petro products…
Jatropha curcas..


Biodiesel plant. A litre will cost INR 100.


 

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EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: Jatropha curcas from Uttarakhand_DSR_33 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Jatropha curcas L. Is a common small tree or shrub in lower and mid hills of Uttarakhand. It is extensively planted in Pantnagar for its oil rich seeds. Seed oil is used for making bio-diesel.


Yes.


 

 

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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Jatropha curcas from Coimbatore BRS 022 :  Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the images of Jatropha curcas.


Its okay.


 

 

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Jatropha curcas seen at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai.


Biodiesel plant.  One liter will cost INR 90.


 

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EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT :: Jatropha curcas :: SMP 30 : 2 images. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Jatropha curcas
The diesel plant

Widely planted by ARAI (Automotive research association of India) on Vetal Tekdi. Pune


The biodiesel plant


 

 

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Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Jatropha curcas from Delhi-GS-54 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Jatropha curcas L., Sp. pl. 2:1006. “Gurcas“; 2: errata. 1753
syn: Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp. [Invalid]
Curcas indica A. Rich.
The seeds yield curcas oil, a powerful pugative also used in maling candles, soaps and varnishes and used for burning, as it does not produce any soot, can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel fuel, usable in a standard diesel engine. The seeds are also a source of the highly poisonous toxalbumin curcin.
Common names: Barbados-nut, bubble-bush, physicnut, purgenut, purgingnut
Hindi: Jangli arandi, safed arand
Guj: Ratanjota


 

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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Jatropha curcas at Panvel:: PKA1: : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.  

This one is locally called as ” Mogli Erand“.
Bot. name: Jatropha curcas
Family: Euphorbiaceae.
Its a shrub around 3 m high. Leaves are alternates, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5 to 15 cm.
Flowers greenish yellow. Fruits 3 to 4cm, globuse, yellowish green.
This was photographed at Village Chowk, Panvel.


Good photo.


 

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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Jatropha curcas L. from Assam, KD 15 :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).
Attached images are Jatropha curcas L.(Biodiesel plant) collected from Assam.
Date :13.11..2013
Location: Kamrup district (Metro), Assam 


Good photos.

Attached are pictures of Jatropha curcas captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
These are planted as fences for fields.
The petiole of the older leaves is hollow, as children, we used it to make bubbles….
Requested to please validate the ID.


Yes it looks like Jatropha curcas


I do not think this biodiesel plant need any confirmation.  But cost of producing diesel will be around rs. 100.


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TSPDEC2015-26-199:Images of Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Jatropha curcas (Euporbiaceae 

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Wild- Waste lands 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 31-03-2014, 10-06-2014 and 13-07-2014 


 
Jatropha curcas L. (accepted name) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Pokhara, Nepal
Altitude:  2600 ft.
Date: 27 July 2015
Nepali Names : सजीवन Sajiwan / हात्तीकाने  Hattikaane/ निर्गुणी Nirguni / अरिन Arin 


Attachments (1)

 

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Jatropha curcas L. (accepted name) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) 
Location: Pokhara, Nepal
Altitude:  2600 ft.
Date: 27 July 2015
Nepali Names : सजीवन Sajiwan / हात्तीकाने  Hattikaane/ निर्गुणी Nirguni / अरिन Arin 


 

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RS1: I.D of tree : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)


When and where? 


This appears to be Jatropha curcas L. [Euphorbiaceae].


Thanks, …, for the id. I also agree with you.  


yes it is. grows everywhere near railway tracks.

whatever happened to the govt programme that started this widespread sowing


Yes, J.curcas, one of the candidate trees for Bio diesel


on Vetal Tekdi Pune, Maharashtra on 5th April 2008; June’09; Herbal Garden, Delhi on April 28, 2009; national park in Mumbai on in June ’10; 28 Aug 2010: Moyar river bank, Sathyamangalam wls- TN; Jatropha curcas(Mogli Erand) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Re :[Indiantreepix] Jatropha curcas(Mogli Erand) – indiantreepix | Google Groups purging nut – indiantreepix | Google Groups Is it Indian Tulip Tree (Thespesia populnea) (240509SCS1-2) – indiantreepix | Google Groups indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree-2 for ID from Delhi – indiantreepix | Google Groups indiantreepix | Google Groups Querry -Poisonous plant, MP – efloraofindia | Google Groups Jatropha curcus – efloraofindia | Google Groups Earpod Wattle tree – efloraofindia | Google Groups Jatropha curcas L. [Euphorbiaceae] – efloraofindia | Google Groups

   
Jatropha curcas : Nasik : 08JUL19 : AK-20 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Seen on a mountain slope in Nasik in the last week of June.

For validation please.


No doubt in J. curcas


References:

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