Jatropha gossypiifolia L., Sp. Pl. 1006 1753. (Syn: Adenoropium gossypiifolium (L.) Pohl; Jatropha elegans Kl.; Manihot gossypiifolia (L.) Crantz);
Bellyache Bush, Cotton-leaf physic nut • Hindi: रतनजोती Ratanjoti • Manipuri: E-hidak • Tamil: சிறிய ஆமணக்கு Siria Amanakku • Malayalam: Chuvanna Kadalavanakku • Kannada: Chikka kada haralu • Bengali: Lal bherenda;
In Ayurveda the oil from the seeds is used for treatment of eczema and skin itches, though the main use is as renewable source of energy as bio diesel.

Jatropha gossypifolia: Jatropha gossypifolia L.,  Sp. pl. 2:1006. 1753, nom. cons.
syn: Jatropha staphysagrifolia Mill.
Adenoropium gossypifolium (L.) Pohl
Manihot gossypifolia (L.) Crantz
In Ayurveda the oil from the seeds is used for treatment of eczema and skin itches, though the main use is as renewable source of energy as bio diesel.
Common names: bellyache-bush, black physicnut, cotton-leaf physicnut
Gujarati: Ratanjyot
Kannada: Chikka kada haralu
Bengali: Lal bherenda
Tamil: Siria Amanakku
Malayalm: Chuvanna Kadalavanakku

– The current accepted name of this plant as per Kew Plant List is Jatropha gossypiifolia L.   ( Please note in all the earlier posts also the spelling should be with double ‘s ‘ and double ‘ i ‘).

– Stipules are present as a vegetative character in the family Euphorbiaceae. These are in the form of glands in Jatropha I suppose.


ID requested of this species: Brief of Picture taken on 18/07/10 time 07:15 AM Place Asansol, West Bengal: Maximum height around 1 mtrs. Mature leaves turn bright green from reddish brown color as seen in the picture. Live stock normally does not disturb the plant. Very common during the rainy season.


attachments to get identified: Id pl. possibly with desi names to ..is this ‘erandi’ ?
Location – Pench Tiger Reserve

Jatropha gossypiifolia  of Euphorbiaceae family. For more details please check @ FOI


Jatropha gossipifolia: Jatropha gossipifolia. Pl. confirm
Photo from Hyderabad on 13.5.2012.
Following Two threads found in this forum on this plant.
efi thread 1

Yes Jatropha gossypiifolia would be the correct spelling.

Thanks for confirmation.
When searched google for Jatropha gossypiifolia results are coming for J. gossipifolia only

Found the correct term Jatropha gossypifolia

Jatropha gossypiifolia is the correct spelling based on the”Plant List” search.
Whenever I have a ambiguity in spelling I always fall back on Plant List as its published by Kew Botanic Garden. Kindly check the link below.

Jatropha glandulifera Roxb.:

Attaching images of Jatropha glandulifera Roxb.
Species : Jatropha glandulifera Roxb.
Bengali name : LAL-BHARENDA (লাল ভ্যারেন্ডা)
Habit & Habitat : wild shrub, 10 feet, 3 seeds in each fruit
Date : 26/6/12, 10.00 A.M.
Place : Gobra (Hooghly)

Looks like Jatropha gosififolia

Yes, it is Jatropha gossypiifolia. (meaning leaves similar to that of cotton plant: Gossypium)
Nice pictures, though…

Yes Jatropha gossypifolia. In J. glanduligfera flowers are greenish-yellow and leaves not tinged red.

Perhaps this may be the cause for wrong identification.
Yes, Sir it is – Jatropha gossypiifolia… the culprit is –


Thank you Sir for the correct ID and related links. According to plant groups both are LAL-BHARENDA in Bengali, but the book doesn’t describe them.

I apologize for using the rude word, “culprit”, …. internet sometimes is so misleading.

However, i downloaded and read the description of J. gossypiifolia and agreed at once. Attaching the pdf file here, file source is –Daff pdf


ID pl: Clicked at Satara on 23.7.12

Yes …, you are right

it is Jatropha gossypifolia L.

THANKS for the ID … Jatropha gossypifolia L. ( लाल एरंड )

Nice photograph of ” Jatropha gossypifolia“.
Common name: Cotton-leaf physic nut, Ratanjoti .
Family: Euphorbiaceae.

If you share pics of the whole plant then it will be good for our database too. Sometimes it becomes risky to id extreme closeups.

Hooghly Today : Jatropha gossypiifolia L. : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
I have an earlier upload, identified by experts.
A little while ago as i was trying to find the same plant in Bengal Plants, i found –
J. gossypifolia L.; F. B. I. v. 383.; J. glandulifera E. D. J. 52. (not gossipii; no F. I. connection; native of Brazil)

Now, what is that “E. D. J.”? some kind of journal?

Excellent photo, close up of the flower (second image), nice………..


EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Jatropha gossypifolia from Panipat NS-08 :  Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.

This common ornamental with shining leaves and beautiful flowers was shot from Panipat…

Jatropha gossypipfolia



Jatropha gossypiifolia L. is planted as an ornamental shrub in Pantnagar.

Okay once again.


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Jatropha gossypiifolia : Flower Show,Mumbai : 081113 : AK-48 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Seen at the Flower Show in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.


Jatropha gossypifolia
Grows freely on open spaces in Pune



Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Jatropha gossypifolia from Delhi-GS-55 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.

Jatropha gossypifolia L., Sp. pl. 2:1006. 1753, nom. cons.

syn: Jatropha staphysagrifolia Mill.
Adenoropium gossypifolium (L.) Pohl
Manihot gossypifolia (L.) Crantz
In Ayurveda the oil from the seeds is used for treatment of eczema and skin itches, though the main use is as renewable source of energy as bio diesel.

Common names: bellyache-bush, black physicnut, cotton-leaf physicnut

Excellent photos once again Sir.


Came across this Shrub on the way to Sagargad (11-07-2010).
Bot. name: Jatropha gossypiifolia
Family: Euphorbiaceae

You are right


Euphorbiaceae fortnight:: Jatropha gossypiifolia (NSJ-13) : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Jatropha gossypiifolia ?? 



wonders of seeds and stories ! :  11 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1).

I have a facebook account, though registered with a “fake” id. Don’t ask me why “fake”… it has reason I won’t explain here. I would rather say it is not a case of forgery, but a ‘dummy’ id to hide oneself. In that account I am attached to a group that shares pictures of wild plants of West Bengal, for identification or otherwise. Sometimes I try to identify and othertimes I fail. The group is not much active, me too!
In that group I have a friend, another Didi – …
About a year ago, in that facebook group, when I posted a flower of Jatropha gossypiifolia L., that too with a wrong ID (Jatropha glandulifera Roxb.), Ruby Di asked me, “Isn’t it PUTUL GACH?”
(PUTUL = Doll; GACH = tree/plant)
I enquired, “What is PUTUL GACH, … Di?”
… Di replied, “Er phaler bhetar choto choto putul thake, amra chotobelay deshlai bakse pasha-pashi shuie rekhe kheltam!”
(Small dolls can be found inside the fruits of this shrub, we used to play with those keeping them inside empty match-box!)

I thanked … Di a lot for this hidden treasure of Jatropha!

Nice share, …!  They indeed look like cute little dolls!

Thanks Surajit ji for sharing…. Cute little dolls..

This is the only seed I loved to collect in my childhood. I spent my early childhood in a town. Later, when I was 12, we moved to the village we are still living.

After moving in to our new home, our own, I searched the surroundings. To my utter amazement I noticed the seeds of KUNCH in a wasteplace behind our new building. My mom told me that it was called KUNCH and it was used to weigh gold! From that day I regularly visited the place to collect KUNCH seeds. I had a small container filled with these beautiful seeds.
But later on, I have never found this vine anywhere. Even after becoming a member of this group, when I searched new places for new species, I have seen it only once in Hooghly. The 2nd time it was in Jhargram.

Someone told me that this vine can be seen in places where there is enough human excreta!

Since … suggested to initiate this thread I now request Didi to add her story, of seeds of Cardiospermum halicacabum. I came to know about this heart shaped marks from …, in my earlier upload of this species.

Now, Didi, here is the photograph of the seed with heart.

Really interesting narration of PUTUL GACH story, thanks … for sharing this, many such correlations are not even recorded by us, it is nice that you have shared one such story..
And, thanks for the nice photo of seeds with heart..

yes agree with you
Originally what iad thought was we should all share some snippets of stories about seeds here and I had said to … that he should start this thread separately and that it would take a life of its own…
I meant all would contribute some stories about seeds
Its not compulsory but even the ethnobotanical stories from the field would be appropriate…
so do tell us some stories as you and all remember or as they come up

Thank you very much Sir. I have a couple of more stories, but presently I do not have related photographs, I will share when I have those.

One more thread for this seeds and story thread
… just showed a radish pod along with some flowers… Memari-skDec11 – Raphanus sativus L.
these is a story there…


In 1970-80s shampoo wasn’t popular in rural area, neither detergent powder. REETHA was extensively used for washing hair and woollen clothes. When my mom or some other like my aunt or didi (cousin) used them I used to collect seeds, whcih were sort of marbles to me!

This is REETHA, don’t know the species, trifoliatus or mukorossi.

wonderful memories

As … suggested this thread I remembered –

that about a couple of years a junior student found a few seeds on his way to school. He collected not because he wanted to know the name of the tree, in fact I was not at all interested in flora world, he collected because those looked very attractive to him. There were 4 or 5 seeds and he gave me all. I kept those in my home for reason unknown to even myself! A few days ago I searched my room and found one of those Adenanthera pavonina L. seeds. I am yet to see or record this tree. As I googled a little while ago I came across another similar looking one – Lucid Central.


Jatropha gossypifolia : For Validation : Maharashtra : 14JUN15 : AK-8 : 08/08 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Seen growing wild in Ahmednagar district.

Kindly validate.

Oh yes.

Jatropha gossypifolia

Yes, it is Jatropha gossypifolia.

Flora of Madh: Jatropha gossypiifolia L. : VG-JUL-02 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

Sharing some images of Jatropha gossypiifolia, a common exotic weed in the Madh belt of Malad, North Mumbai.

yes and its a weed of drier areas of southern west bengal village lands

Jatropha gossypiifolia L. from Assam KD 03 Aug 15 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Attached images are Jatropha  gossypiifolia L. from Assam 
Date :04.08.2015
Location: Assam
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus& species : Jatropha  gossypiifolia L.
Habitat: Road side wild plant
Habit : Shrub 


It is my pleasure to share few images of Jatropha gossypifolia (Euphorbiaceae 

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Wild- Waste lands 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 and 800 msl respectively. 

Date: 6-07-2014, 23-08-2015 and 24-11-2015

NR250716-3 : 2 posts by 1 author.
Find attached few pics for ID. Am new to this and am not very sure about the rules. Am giving enuf information here. If you need more info or something needs to be changed in the way i send stuff for ID, kindly lemme know. Thanks in advance.
Location: Bangalore


Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

Flower for Id -ID25052017SH1 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Mumbai (near one of the mangroves)

Date – 14.05.2017

Jatropha gossypiifolia L. [Euphorbiaceae].


Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane

Date: May 1, 2018 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl

Jatropha gossypiifolia  L.

Plant for ID, Rajasthan, NAW-AUG18-02 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Kindly identify this plant withred flowers photographed in August 2018, in Ajmer district, Rajasthan.

Pl. check

Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

Could it be Jatropha gossypiifolia?

Thanks, … Confirmed so by …

shouldn’t the younger leaves be redder with not so wide leaflets, shouldn’t they be more pointed ended? its a common weed in dryer parts of Bengal in unkempt lands.

Jatropha gossypiifolia L. : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- 3 mb each.
Location : Marina Bay Garden , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012

Elevation : 25 m.

Habit : Cultivated


Other recipients:
ID is correct. These plants are seen in my locality.
ID is correct. These plants are seen in my locality.

its a weed in Bengal




on 13/9/08 at Vanasthalipuram in Hyderabad, AP; at asola on 27.7.08; in Herbal garden, Delhi- Aug’09?; in Udaipur- Sept’09?; in Mhow, Dist Indore, Madhya Pradesh- Oct’09?; in Gende Hosalli, Karnataka on 11-11-09; on the way to Sagargad (11-07-2010); at Aliabg, Maharashtra- 6/8/10;  Bellyache Bush (Jatropha gossypifolia) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Flowering tree for id – indiantreepix | Google Groups Jatropha gossypifolia ID 300809GS3 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Request Species Id 121009 DKV 1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Wild Flower for Bot. ID-181109-RK-3 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Jatropha gossipifolia – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Jatropha gossypiifolia – efloraofindia | Google Groups

Euphorbiaceae week :: Jatropha gossypifolia: ‘Jatropha gossypifolia’ is called ‘Vilayati Erand’ ‘विलायती एरंड’ in

Jatropha gossypifolia

Growing wild in Pune.


05122019EPT40 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- around 650 kb each.
Jatropha gossypiifolia ?
Location : Chennai outskirts 
Date :07.08.2019
Elevation : 33 mts.
Habitat : Roadside natural fences 
Habit : medicinal plant – shrub

Yes sir !


Other recipients:
100% correct. Thank you. Saroj Kasaju
100% correct.


Attaching three images of Jatropha gossypifolia.


Euphorbiaceae: Jatropha gossypiifolia L.: 1 high res. image.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997




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