Sausage Tree, Common Sausage Tree • Hindi: बलम खीरा Balam khira, झाड़ फ़ानूस Jhar fanoos • Kannada: Aanethoradu Kaayi, Mara Sowthae • Telugu: Enuga thondamu, Kijili, Naagamalle;
 
Native to: sub-Saharan tropical Africa to South Africa
 
ky-GEL-ee-uh — Latinized form of the Mozambican Bantu name, kigeli-keiaDave’s BotanaryWikipedia
af-ri-KAHN-uh — of or from Africa Dave’s Botanary
 
Evergreen tree reaching 12 m in height; Leaves opposite, pinnate compound; leaflets 5-9, leathery, elliptic to ovate-oblong, up to 10 cm long, entire, strigose beneath; Flowers brick red, 7-9 cm long, 6-8 cm broad, in lax pendulous panicles; calyx campanulate, leathery, irregularly lobed; corolla tube cylindric, limb 6-8 cm broad, 2-lipped, lower lip deflexed, 3-lobed; stamens 4, didynamous; fruit gourd like, up to 50 cm long, hanging from long cord-like stalks.
 
American Indians used to treat Skin malignancy with its juice;
The fruit, while not palatable for humans, is popular with hippos, baboons, and giraffes; 
Mainly grown as a curiosity and ornamental, both for its beautiful deep red flowers and its strange fruit;    

 

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FJ8 031113 :  Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Can you please ID this large tree with this woody fruit. Photo was taken in Fiji in Sep 2013.


This is the Sausage tree, Kigelia africana.
The fruit shape is weird here…

 

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Paschim Medinipur : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).  


To see the open flowers, we must visit the tree at night..


Thank you Sir for all the inputs. Yes Sir, when I reached the place in the morning the flowers were already on the ground!


 

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Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth from Aligarh, UP : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10).  
Attached images may be Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth collected from Aligarh Muslim University Campus, Aligarh (UP). Please validate.
Date :07.04.2014
Location: Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) Campus, Aligarh (UP)
Family : Bignoniaceae
Genus & species : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth
Habitat: Grows inside the AMU campus
Habit : Tree


Nicely composed pics …


 

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TSPNOV2015-56: Images of Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae 

Habit: Tree. 

Habitat: Cultivated. 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Bangalore, Karnataka about 1000 msl and 800 msl respectively. 

Date: 14-05-2014, 16-06-2015, 07-02-2015, 09-02-2015 and 12-02-2015. 


wonderful. you must have got to the tree early morning before the flowers close or fall off. at least that’s my experience when i get to the gardens where they are growing in Bengal. i end up taking pictures of flowers fallen. i love this set 

 

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Can someone help in identifying these road side tree.

Since last three years, Its not flowering only leaves. Its about 12 ft in evergreen trees.
As its roadside no one is watering.
These tree was seen at Dahej near Bharuch, Gujarat.

Taken photo today.


Kigelia africana


I agree with Kigelia


Thanks … Along the road side, bank of Narmada. I also show many trees of well grown Kigelia pinnata


Looks like Kigelia pinnata (Sausage Tree).


Kigelia africana is a strong possibility


 

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Kigelia africana (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location: Bali, Indonesia
Altitude:30 ft.
Date: 11 June 2014

 

 

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Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Kolkata, India
Date: 8 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.


It looks Kigelia pinnata  Bignoniaceae.


Synonym.

Which location in Kolkata …? 


Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden


Location: Lal Bagh, Bangalore, India
Altitude: 3000 ft.
Date: 29 October 2014
Habit: Cultivated 
Attachments (2)

Kigelia africana (accepted name) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location: Bali, Indonesia
Altitude:30 ft.
Date: 11 June 2014

on 10/3/07 in Kolkata; on 6/5/08 in Delhi; dilashad garden (east delhi); 03-10-2008 at Thiruvannamalai, Chennai, India; Lalbaug, Bengalaru on 16th Feb ’09; in Bangalore- June’09?; amravati dist, Maharashtra on 11/05/2008; from Delhi- April’10?; Versova, (Andheri), Mumbai- April’10?; Chennai- June’10; Mhow, Dist Indore, MP; Trees of Delhi- flowers from April to August. Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta- flowers in Mid spring (March-April).  Sausage Tree/ Jhad Phanus/ Balam Kheera (Kigelia africana syn. K.pinnata) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Flowering trees in delhi–Sausage tree(Kigelia africana) – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 


 

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sunbird with kigelia pinnata: i found this beautiful moment at baramati visit. a Sunbird collecting nectar from kigelia pinnata 


– The bird looks like a female of Purple Rumped Sunbird. The plant is actually Kigelia africana (syn: Kigelia pinnata). It happens to be a bat pollinated tree and it is pollinated during evenings. I imagine if the sunbird female was lured by something inside the flower!!


 

 

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Kigelia africana:  This Sausage Tree I photographed @ Empress garden, Pune. Habitat- Planted
Dated- 12 June 11.


It is most often found fallen on ground because the flowers bloom at night and bats pollinate it. And by the weight of these bats, the corolla usually fall off leaving the gynoecium on the floral stalk.


 

 

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efloraindia: 011011 BRS 49:  Pl. find the attached file contain flower of Sausage tree Kigelia pinnata from Anaikatti, (Opp. to Arsha Vidya Gurukulam) Coimbatore Dist.,


Yes Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. of Bignoniaceae family is the new name and Kigelia pinnata is a synonym now


 

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3rd ID REQUEST- ( Wardha, Nagpur ) -171111VS:

Date/Time- 12:00 Noon

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Wardha, 20* 44′ 39.15″ N – 78* 36′ 09.58″

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- District Court

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree

Height/Length- 50′ high tree

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Photo attached

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- 1.5″ ~ 3″/ Redish

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-

Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- No Fragrance


Looks like Kigelia africana ( Family: Bignoniaceae)??


agreed………it is commanly known as balamkhira, a member of bignoniaceae family


Yes Syn. Kigellia pinnata
Night blooming tree. Pollinated by bats.


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Tree for ID – 191111 NS2: Photographed dis tree today ( 19.11.11) at Bund Garden, Pune.
Plz Identify.


… sausage tree, Kigelia africana ?


…, Sausage tree’s fruits look like cucumber, this one looks different.

Attaching pics of sausage tree and this one .


I think … identification is correct. Such variations in fruits are seen. For e.g. check the link
http://nature.jardin.free.fr/arbre/nmauric_kigelia_africana.html


also the angle of camera to the fruit will make it look short and stumpy, not longish if the maker is kind-a standing under the fruit!!!


I am also in favor of Kigellia africana.
Bignoniaceae


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Tree for Id: This tree is standing in Village Tala (Bandhavgarh National Park)of Distt Umaria.

Land owner planted this tree thinking it’s Cashew nut tree.
May I request you to please help in ID this tree.
Height about 25 feet and tree is about 20 yrs old.
Flower stems hanging from the tree. Pictures attached.


its Kigelia (i , not a second l) africana
… has nice pic at the wiki essay : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kigelia


Its Kigelia pinnata It’s found in Central Africa near riverside.
God knows how it landed in India and that too in nurseries.


I agree with … It is Kigelia pinnata. American Indians used to treat Skin malignancy with its juice.


 

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Bignoniaceae Week :: DV :: 30 OCT 10 :: Kigelia africana at Vaghbil: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.

ky-GEL-ee-uh — Latinized form of the Mozambican Bantu name, kigeli-keiaDave’s BotanaryWikipedia
af-ri-KAHN-uh — of or from AfricaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: sausage tree
Native to: sub-Saharan tropical Africa to South Africa
References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaKew RBG 
avenue tree at Vaghbil on 30 OCT 10


 

Bignoniaceae Week :: Kigelia africana : Sausage Tree : Muscat,Oman : AK: Sharing pictures of Kigelia africana, the Sausage Tree from Muscat, Oman.

A couple of cultivated trees seen in a garden known as Riyam Park, overlooking the sea.

Fruits are eaten by Hippos & Rhinos in Africa.


 

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Bignoniaceae Week :: :: Kigelia africana at Mumbai:: PKA17:  Kigelia africana at Sagar Upwan-Mumbai.


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Bignoniaceae Week :: Kigelia africana, (Lam.) Benth. <=> Sausage Tree – Bangalore – RA : The blood-red flowers of the sausage tree bloom at night on long, ropelike stalks that hang down from the limbs of this tropical tree. The fragrant, nectar-rich blossoms are pollinated by bats, insects and sunbirds in their native habitat.

The mature fruits dangle from the long stalks like giant sausages. They may be up to two feet long and weigh up to 6.8 kg. The flowers are seen hanging from the tree while they haven’t opened. After they open, they fall off quite soon.  
The fruit, while not palatable for humans, is popular with hippos, baboons, and giraffes.
Mainly grown as a curiosity and ornamental, both for its beautiful deep red flowers and its strange fruit.
 

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Bignoniaceae Week : : UD 006 : : Kigella pinnata from Victoria memorial grounds Kolkata:    Kigella pinnata from Victoria memorial grounds Kolkata

These are planted planned gardens, so this is obviously planted, about 40 years ago… Well couldn’t be naturalized, its native of Africa…  
But what pulled us to this tree was this huge fruit , all wrinkled up and when we managed to open it, it was rotting with lots of seeds inside… not one of them looked healthy..  
And the flowers .. smelled sort of… not pleasant,  fallen of course … they open at night and fall off in the morning…  
The green canopy is dense, looking up one sees these whorls of leaves…
Bark is smoothish, greyish and being Bengal hosts moss and lichen…


Nice depiction …


 

 

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Bignoniaceae week :: Nonnatives: SMP: Kigelia africana : Pune/Chennai: Kigelia africana
Syn. Kigelia pinnata.
Sausage tree.
Very commonly seen planted in cities in India.


 

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Bignoniaceae week::Kigelia Africana:  Kigelia Africana (Sausage tree) flowers, fruits from Mahabalipuram.


 

 

Bignoniaceae Week: Kigelia africana from Delhi : Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. in Hook., Nigir. Fl. 463. 1849.

Syn: Bignonia africana Lam.; Crescentia pinnata Jacq.; Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) Rev. Bign.
Common names: Sausage tree
Evergreen tree reaching 12 m in height; Leaves opposite, pinnate compound; leaflets 5-9, leathery, elliptic to ovate-oblong, up to 10 cm long, entire, strigose beneath; Flowers brick red, 7-9 cm long, 6-8 cm broad, in lax pendulous panicles; calyx campanulate, leathery, irregularly lobed; corolla tube cylindric, limb 6-8 cm broad, 2-lipped, lower lip deflexed, 3-lobed; stamens 4, didynamous; fruit gourd like, up to 50 cm long, hanging from long cord-like stalks.
Commonly planted along roadsides and parks in Delhi.


 

 

Bignoniaceae Week : : UD 008 : : Kigelia pinnata Magnificent old tree from the Hort: There is this magnificent old tree at the edge of the grand lawn at the horticulture garden Kolkata  
Kigella pinnata A Magnificent old tree from the Hort
This tree is about 60 years old or may be older…
By Novermber its bare almost , all leaves fall off, leaving a startling appearance with these thisk big elongated pods still hanging on…Fallen pods liter the lawn
Each about 8 to 10 inches long from this tree (the one at Victoria memorial makes pods about 12 to 14 inches long, sometimes even longer)
The pods here were so fresh the day I took these pictures, the surface fuzz was still fresh and velvety to the touch..
Does anyone know why would a hard walled seed pod need to grow fuzz on its surface???


Interesting fruits…We call these Balam Khira


… nice photo set, especially the pods’ pictures. Many thanks for sharing.
Inadvertent typo in name — just that this post appears in future search – putting the correct spelling here:
Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC. … syn. of Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.


 

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Jan 2013 Bund garden road Pune

medium ht tree with fruits. no flowers were seen. Kindly validate if this tree is Kigelia africana


Yes it is. The flowering is over and the tree is in fruiting stage at most places in Pune.

Kigellia africana also called as ‘Sausage tree’ due to the huge sausage like fruits. (Seen here)

Family : Bignoniaceae.


Yes … It is African Sausage. U seem to have missed the flowers in last month. Bright maroon coloured flowers of this tree bloom at night. Look very beautiful but smells very foul. U can photograph them early morning around 6.00-6.30 am. Locally in marathi they are known as “वाघूळ फूल” as the pollination is carried out by bats. I m attaching a flower image taken near my house in Versova, Mumbai.


Many thanks for your msg. The pix of the flowers you have captured are really very beautiful. Nice name in Marathi too. The label to the image says Hatti Ladoo Jhaad. does it mean हत्ती लाडू झाड़ ? any particular reason for this name? Thanks for all the info about this tree


Thanks … for the name वाघूळ फूल (vaghul phul) and thanks … for discussing हत्ती लाडू झाड़ (hatti ladoo jhaad).


The Hatti Ladoo Jhad name seems to be derived from the almost foot long fruits that it bears. It remembles like the ragi balls fed to domesticated elephants.


Yes …. Searching of names of plants leads us to search for HOWs and WHYs … almost always very interesting sessions.
And sometimes though the names (English transliterated) are found in various resources – they are not found mentioned in dictionaries, they are lesser known to people … thus – getting them in native script gets difficult.


 

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Fwd: KIGELLIA PINNATA : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
I saw this plant for the first time at Pachmarhi in 1975.

Hindi name JHAD FANOOS is quite appropriate as the arrangement of flowers resembles chandelier.
Attaching two collages  of this plant. Forest department must have planted these on the road side of Cooch Behar.
some of them are blooming now. Common name is
SAUSAGE TREE.


very nice. its interesting that its growing by a roadside.  the fruits grow to be very big, (see below) 
I wonder what do these neighborhood folks do with the fruits or seeds?
we have several in the kolkata area
one is famous one in victoria memorial grounds on the northeast corner lawn
another in the large army garden enclave in the salt lake area
another i think i saw in the horticulture garden and of course the shibpur botanical garden
i have not yet seen it outside of a deliberate planting, at least in Calcutta 
the fully grown fruits get very big (the leaf here is from a nearby other tree) 
thats a size 8 shoe = 9.5 inches long
in victoria memorial garden lawn 
i believe its a fruit from the year before
the tree still only had buds for that current year

It also called balamkhira and hakims say that Balamkhira bana de pet ko heera. It is used for stomach ailments


way to go. thanks for telling us. how is it used? do you know?
the seeds or the bark?


Its seeds are dried and grind to make powder. This powder is used with luke warm water.


 

References:

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