The tree exudes a resin. The wood is used in India for boats, canoes etc. Also has medicinal properties;
Incidentally the dry fruits are used in dry flower arrangement and sold in big cities;
la-ger-STROO-mee-uh — named for Magnus von Lagerström, Swedish naturalist … Dave’s Botanary
spee-see-OH-suh — showy or spectacular … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asgiant crape-myrtlepride of Indiaqueen’s crape-myrtlequeen’s flower • Assameseআজাৰ ajara • Bengaliজারুল jarul • Gujaratiજારૂલ jarulમોટો ભોંડારો moto bhondaroતામન taman • Hindiजारल jaralजरुल jarul • Kannadaಹೊಳೆ ದಾಸವಾಳ hole dasavalaಹೊಳೆದಚಳ್ಳ holedachallaಮರುವಾಚಲುಮರ maruvachalumaraನಂದಿ nandi • Konkaniसोटुलारी sotulari • Malayalamഅടന്പു adambuമണിമരുത് manimaruthപൂമരുത് puumaruth • Manipurijarol • Marathiजारूळ jarulमोठा बोंडारा motha bondaraताम्हण tamhan • Mizochawn-puithla-do • Sanskritक्रमुक kramuka • Tamilகதலி kadaliபூமருது pu-marutu • Teluguచెన్నంగి chennangiసొగసులచెట్టు sogasulachettuవారగోగు varagogu • Tuluಚಳ್ಳ challa • Urduجرول jarul
Native to: India
L. indica is usually a shrub less than 4 m tall, whereas L. speciosa is a tree up to 8 m tall; leaves of former are almost sessile (petiole barely 0.5 mm), shorter rarely exceeding 7 cm whereas in latter petiole is 5-9 mm long
and leaves 8-17 cm long;
Hypanthium in former is 4-7 mm long not ribbed, in latter 8-10 mm long and 12-ribbed.; calyx erect in fruit in former, spreading in latter; petals are hardly 16-25 mm long in former, 32-35 mm long in latter; capsule 10-12 mm in diam in former, 17-20 mm in latter
Bark smooth in speciosa and deeply cracked in tomemtosa
Leaves elliptic, petiolate in speciosa and lanceolate, sessile in tomentosa; glabrous beneath in speciosa and tomentose in tomentosa.
Calyx lobes shorter than tube in speciosa and longer than tube in tomentosa.
Calyx not ribbed in speciosa and 12 ribbed in tomentosa.

Lagerstroemia speciosa (Giant Crape-myrtle, Queen’s Crape-myrtle, Banabá Plant for Philippines, or Pride of India[2]) is a species of Lagerstroemia native to tropical southern Asia.

It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 20 metres (66 ft) tall, with smooth, flaky bark. The leaves are deciduous, oval to elliptic, 8–15 cm (3.1–5.9 in) long and 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) broad, with an acute apex. The flowers are produced in erect panicles 20–40 cm (7.9–16 in) long, each flower with six white to purple petals 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.4 in) long.
It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical areas.
(From Wikipedia on 31.7.13)

Lagerstroemia thorellii For Validation : Mumbai : 22AUG15 : AK-44 : 44/44 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
A small, cultivated tree seen in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.
Kindly validate.

Lagerstroemia speciosa

Thanks for correcting me.


It is my pleasure to share few images of Lagerstroemia speciosa  (Lythraceae 

Habit: Medium size deciduous tree. 

Habitat: Cultivated, Avenue Planting 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl  and  800 msl respectively.
Date: 24-05-2014, 15-06-2014 and 18-03-2015


SYMBIOSIS : 841 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of an Alexadrine Parakeet on the fruits of Lagerstroemia speciosa. I have not seen this bird eating fleshy fruits or figs. I have seen it on Teminalia chebula and Terminalia arjun. May be because of its stronger beak (in comparison to Rosering Parakeet) it prefers fruit which are difficult to penetrate.

Tree id: pune mh : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

had planted this as Lagerstroemia reginae or Taman in marathi.

But bloom tells me that its something else.
Pl id this.

It is the same…let it bloom fully..

Yes, Lagerstroemia only. Species to be determined.

I think Lagerstroemia speciosa (syn:  Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz.) as per images herein.

Thank you … Here is the first pic I received.

Will post more pics when I visit the place.
We did tree plantation in a school with kids in Jan 2017, and first year itself its bloomed now.
Thanks for everyone’s help.

Attachments (1)

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 963 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Alexandrine Parakeet feeding on the fruits of Lagerstroemia speciosa (JARUL).

I have recorded this bird feeding on fruits of Teminalia chebula, Terminalia arjun and Lagerstroemia speciosa.
But I have not seen Rose-ring Parakeet feeding on these fruits.
And I have not seen Alexandrine Parakeet feeding on the fruits which are relished by Rose-ring Parakeet.

[efloraofindia:34589] Pink flower – ID : 13 posts by 10 authors. Attachments (1)

What is the botanical and common name of this tree please? Is there another species with similar flowers in purple?

My guess is Lagerstroemia indica (Lythraceae)

Yes… Lagerstroemia indica. Incidently I saw the same colour in Lagerstroemia speciosa in our area, but of course that is a much taller plant with larger different leaves.

I am also with that.

Lagerstroemia indica is a shrub with alternate leaves.
this plant is Lagerstroemia thoreli Gagnepin….(pink flowers, can be observed in Fort area in Mumbai , and at Goregaon). the other with violet flower is Lagerstroemia reginae Roxb.,
please find the key to identify the species:-
1. Shrub; Six stamens much larger than the rest…….L. indica
1. Trees; Stamens sub equal……………………………..2
2. Flowers up to 0.7 cm across; Very large trees……L. parviflora
2. Flower more than 3 cm across; Small tree………..3
3. Bark peeling; Flowers purple………………………..L. reginae
3. Bark rough; Flowers pink…………………………….L. thoreli

Why is it that the general population in this country are better at naming plants than bird or mammal species? Is it to do with economics? I find it frustrating that people in my town, (Panchkula) cannot name more than 6 bird species in their own language and cannot differentiate between leopards and cheetahs!!!!

… my thought: to name a body or thing is to identify with, rather than without.
That is, we name for the sole reason of identifying the object which has gained importance to humankind in some way or the other.
Much of the importance lies in relation to human health by way of medicinal values the flora has to provide, closely following is economical importance of the plant (or any part of the plant).
This applies to fauna too … all those creatures whose relation to humans have some kind of importance are certainly named.

When we know a person by name we feel more familiarity or attachment than just he or she in the mind. Same way i feel if we know the names of plants and animals we feel or have more attachment for them. Say when i go outstation and see a sparrow still i feel ha it is the same as Thane, or a kingfisher or even some star in the sky. And then we are happy to have a same campanion as of our residence.
But for this i feel that our parents, Grandparents, friends do talk with us related to flora or fauna right from childhood. Not in scientific language but in common language. Or we are curious enough to ask about it.

I feel names are present in all language, what is laking is our knowledge about it. I feel that it is our resposibility too to make the people aware about it by giving lectures, or writing articles, arranging naturewalks, going to scholl and talking with kids etc.

I too think Lagerstroemia with pink flowers is L. thorelii.

Yes, Lagerstroemia thorellii … oversaw the size of flowers … not L. indica.

Yes … distinctly ribbed calyx and much shorter petal claw (L. indica almost as long or longer than limb), and distinct petiole (L. indica not more than 1 mm). An important feature of L. thorelli is also flowers fading or mottled with white. Here we can see this only in one or two flowers.

As per Trees of Delhi (2005), Lagerstroemia thorellii is misaapplied in India for Lagerstroemia speciosa  – from me.  L. reginae Roxb. is also a syn. of Lagerstroemia speciosa


Plant for ID: I bought this plant (2 photos of same plant of last yr and this yr) as Lagerstroemia speciosa (Taman) from local nursery in Mumbai.

However it is not like L.speciosa which has much bigger leaves and spreading branches. It is neither like L.indicus which has smaller leaves than this specimen.
This plant has more close knit branchlets, smaller leaves and smooth ash stem. It is decidous.

Can you help identify this species plss…

This is Lagerstroemia thorellian exotic, a native of Brazil. Please check these links for my photographs and our previous discussion on this.

are you sure … ?

then thank you very much for your ID

great, I wish you well and hope you get tonnes of flowers
if you keep pruning it the shape will be like in that picture in the site of the andhra nursery.. or toptropicals

As per Trees of Delhi (2005), Lagerstroemia thorellii is misaapplied in India for Lagerstroemia speciosa    


Flowers of Lagerstroemia indica: Posting flowers of Lagerstroemia indica L. Photographed on 24th July, 2011 in Besant Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Small to medium sized garden tree.

Had you given the size of flowers, it would have been easy to confirm the ID. They appear to be about 6 cm wide and would be L. reginae. The other sp. L. indica has flowers about 2 cm only, petals are clawed and they are in dense panicles.

it may be Lagerstroemia indica L pls give a complete twing photo clearly showing leaves and infloresence.

I think it is Lagerstroemia flos-reginae.

Agree with … These seem to be the flowers of L.speciosa. Sending my photographs L.speciosa flowers for comparison in a separate mail.

Looks like I was mistakenly placing too much emphasis on flower size and density of flowers on the flowering panicle. Superficially it looked quite different from L. speciosa I had photographed earlier in Adyar Theosophical Society Gardens. Thank you and others for correcting me. Am attaching the photograph which I had earlier identified as L. speciosa to this mail.


Lagerstroemia speciosa flowers: Photographed at my farm at Shahapur in May this year.

This plant is called “Jharul“.

state flower of maharashtra


Lagerstroemia speciosa fruiting:  Sending a few of my photographs of the fruit of Lagerstroemia speciosa / L.flos-regina / Jarul / Taman. They were taken at my farm 2 weeks ago.

Flora of Haryana: Lagerstroemia speciosa from NDRI Campus Karnal: Lagerstroemia speciosa
Avenue tree from roadside area in NDRI campus karnal

Lagerstroemia for ID : 090811 : AK-2: Taken at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on 8/7/08.
A small tree with two colored flowers.


Lagerstroemia speciosa:  Flora of Kaiga_ID_Please_09082011 PJ2.

Date/Time-: 25/05/11   –    10:00
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 12m

Yes this is Lagerstroemia speciosa (Family: Lythraceae)

L. indica is usually a shrub less than 4 m tall, whereas L. speciosa is a tree up to 8 m tall; leaves of former are almost sessile (petiole barely 0.5 mm), shorter rarely exceeding 7 cm whereas in latter petiole is 5-9 mm long
and leaves 8-17 cm long; Hypanthium
in former is 4-7 mm long not ribbed, in latter 8-10 mm long and 12-ribbed.; calyx erect in fruit in former, spreading in latter; petals are hardly 16-25 mm long in former, 32-35 mm long in latter; capsule 10-12 mm in diam in former,
17-20 mm in latter.


Lagerstroemia for ID : Oman : 090811 : AK-3:
Taken at one of the gardens here at Muscat, Oman on 20/8/08.
A cultivated small tree.
Purple flowers as seen.

This also looks like Lagerstroemia speciosa. L.indica is generally called Crepe Myrtle.

Yes this is L speciosa a very common avenue tree in Kolkata

The Queen’s Flower tree / Pride of India / Crepe flower tree –  Lagerstroemoia flos-regina is a synonym of L.speciosa locally called Taman / Jarul is also the state tree of Maharashtra.  The Crepe Myrtle treeLagerstroemia indica is an exotic, a native of China.


ID 300911 SB02:  From Mumbai
Attached with Fruits
Pictures taken on September 2011

No not a Mangrove at all..100% sure of it. Taken from a forest area of SGNP.

What is the size of the fruits?
Persistent calyx is nicely observed…. Leaves do look like Lagerstroemia….

the fruit was about >1.5 – 2 cm.

Lagerstroemia speciosathe State Flower of Maharashtra.

Yes, Named after Magnus Lagerstroem, friend of Linnaeus.

Tree ID- Is this Pride of India?: Date:01/04/2012. Location: Cox Town, Bangalore

Looks like Lagerstoemia speciosa to me. I imagine why they call it pride of India. This should an exotic plant.

Yes indeed it is- the local name is jarul I think. Just. 1 week after I took this photo, the purple flowers are blooming 🙂

Yes. Looks like Lagerstoemia speciosa ( syn. Lagerstroemia flos reginae, ) only. I am sending the photographs from Mysore city in a separate mail. The tree is in full bloom in various parts of this city.


ID No. 100412 MS 93-Lagerstroemia speciosa, syn. Lagerstroemia flos reginae,:

JARUL / JAROOL in Bengali.

fruit : Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. from Hooghly: Attaching fruits / capsules of Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. But i regret that i have no seed pics.

Species : Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. (syn. Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz.)
Bengali name : JAROOL / JARUL
Date : 15-03-2012, 10.00 a.m.
Place : Gobra (Hooghly), WB
Lagerstroemia sp. ID from Hooghly 19-04-12 SK-3: Found this Lagerstroemia sp. bloomimg with all its glory. I think it is Lagerstroemia speciosa, but these flowers are more violet (& less pink) than my earlier records in 2009. My questions are –
1) What are the differences between L. speciosa & L. indica ?
2) Is there any other species that looks like L. speciosa ?
Species : Lagersroemia sp.
Habit & Habitat : tree, about 20-25 ft., roadside plantation
Date : 17-04-2012, 18-04-2012

Place : Krishnarampur (Hooghly), WB

Affirmative. This is Lagerstroemia speciosa [L. flos-regina] locally called Jarul / Taman. The other species that can be confused with this is L. thorelli – a native of Brazil.


Is this Lagerstroemia speciosa:  First time in life, I have tried to identify a tree and I think I have got
it right (with the help of Is it Lagerstroemia speciosa? It was a medium-sized tree, purple flowers, blooming in summer.

Affirmative. This is Lagerstroemia speciosa [L.flos-regina] locally called Jarul / Taman. Its also called the Queen of Flowers / Pride of India and is the State Tree of Maharashtra.

… small correction: jarul / taman is the State Flower, amba (mango) is the State Tree of Maharashtra.

Conceded. Thanks … My ‘Armed Jarul Tree’ [please refer to my previous posts on this] was also flowering yesterday. Sending a few photographs.
the road i commute daily in Hooghly, WB: 2 correct images as above.
Species :
Habit & Habitat : tree, roadside
Date : 26-04-2012, 10.10 a.m.

Place : Gobra (Hooghly), WB

The link of my recent uploads on Lagerstroemia speciosa is efi thread.


Lagerstroemia speciosa from Trivandrum:

A few pictures of Lagerstroemia speciosa (Family: Lythraceae) from Trivandrum city.

A common ornamental tree. Just thought of sharing the beautiful flowers and buds that caught my attention while walking in the city.

Beautiful shots, we have them too here, in West Bengal.

Beautiful photographs. These are very common in Mysore city also. Common name : Pride of India.

State flower of Maharashtra.



Lagerstroemia: can u guide me for the difference between Lagerstroemia tomentosa and Legerstreomia microcarpa. i am a bit confused as according to me the flowers in both the cases is white however i think there is a substantial differene in the bark. i am attaching photographs of both the plants one named Lag tom is surely (i suppose) Lagerstroemia tomentosa and the other, named Lag mic, with a different kind of bark but almost similar fruits is Lagerstroemia microcarpa ?


fruit : Lagerstroemia speciosa from Alipore:

Attaching fruit images of Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.
Species : Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.
Habit & Habitat : tree, garden, roadside
Date : 25-05-12, 1.48 p.m.
Place : The Agri-Horticultural Society of India, Alipore (KOLKATA)


Is this Lagerstroemia speciosa ?- Flora of Madhya Pradesh: This shrub was photographed at a garden at Betul, MP on 12 th dec 11.
Looks lik Lagerstroemia sp. It had no flowers but just dried fruits.
Leaves were turning reddish.

Affirmative. The local name is Jarul / Taman. My photographs of this are available in the archives of this group.

Today, it is the ‘Queen of Flowers’ as has been described in the book, ‘Some Beautiful Indian Trees’ by Ethelbert Blatter & Walter Samuel Millard (BNHS, 1977).
Plant – Lagerstroemia speciosa
Date/Time- 09/04/2009 @ 10.01 A.M.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Gobra (Hooghly District), West Bengal (lat 22.690527383783994N, long 88.27815055847168E)
Habitat- Roadside plantation
Plant Habit- Tree
Height- 20 ft. approx.
Leaves Type- oblong, lance-shaped
Inflorescence Type- “…a foot in length springing from the branch as an upstanding spike”
Flowers Colour- pink
Fruits Type/ Shape- fruits are globular
seeds- pale brown
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- The tree exudes a resin. The wood is used in India for boats, canoes etc. Also has medicinal properties.
Info source : Book – ‘Some Beautiful Indian Trees’ by Ethelbert Blatter & Walter Samuel Millard (BNHS, 1977 edition)


Sharing the images of Lagerstroemia speciosa from Coimbatore: Sharing the images of Lagerstroemia speciosa from NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore.

Yes very beautiful tree, Lagerstroemia speciosa (Linn.) Pers. is state flower tree of Maharashtra. The tree was named by Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century for his plant lover friend the Swedish merchant Mannus von Lagerstrom..


Flora picture of the year 2012 – Sandhya Sasidharan:  A picture of a Lagerstroemia speciosa tree, nothing rare or spectacular but a tree close to my heart. 

It was photographed last April from the Trivandrum Public Library compound
This tree perhaps as old as the library always was a beautiful and green presence.
But sadly when I went to the library yesterday I found the tree gone.
Hadn’t been to the library for the past two months and didn’t know that the old friend had fallen.
All I could see was the fallen tree chopped up in a pile. But from the base of the fallen trunk new shoots had sprung up, like flames of hope. I chose this picture as the flora picture of the year 2012 as a tribute to this tree friend. Also remembering that even the things we deem common have so much beauty, enriching our lives.They too are disappearing fast…

Wishing that in 2013 this Earth of ours will be a lot more greener, beautiful and peaceful. Let us all put in our best for this green pursuit.

Very beautiful and touching flora pic …

yes. when a much loved tree dies or is felled, it feels so sad… but like you said the sprouts are the new hope

Why nothing spectacular. It is spectacular. Aptly the flower of this tree has been selected as the State flower of Maharashtra.

Nice story associated with a beautiful tree. I have added this to Flora Picture 2012


SYMBIOSIS: Attaching an imge on symbiosis, in which an Alexandrine Parakeet is feeding on the fruits of Lagerstroemia speciosa (syn Lagerstroemia flosreginae), commonlly known as Queen’s Flower. This plant is known as Jarul in Hindi and Bangla. Incidentally the dry fruits are used in dry flower arrangement and sold in big cities.


lagerstroemia speciosa, chandigarh : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author. one of the commoner trees in chandigarh

07072013 ASP 87 :  Attachments (1).  3 posts by 3 authors.

Please ID this tree with fruits. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in March 2013. Could this be Cestrum?

Not Cestrum..this can be Lagerstroemia speciosa

Yes, I agree. Lagerstroemia speciosa

July 2013 off Pune -Satara road
requesting identification of a small road side tree. There were 4-5 such trees. the trees were full of buds and very few open pink-lavender flowers. Sorry the road was very crowded and could not get any close up images
is this Lagerstroemia speciosa? Id help the post where … has explained the differentiating features of L. indica and L. speciosa

Affirmative. This is the Queen’s Flower [L.speciosa]. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.

Please check these three links

Many thanks for validating the Id and providing the links. extremely beautiful pictures of the flowers, fruits and the flowering tree. I wish I travel on the same road in near future and get to see the beautiful flowers from near


Help with ID please. Clicked at Bangalore.

This is the Queen’s Flower [Lagerstroemia speciosa].

Lagerstroemia saplings :  Attachments (5). 2 posts by 2 authors.
I ordered these (enclosed pics) saplings as Lagerstroemia lanceolata (Nana as called locally in Marathi).
However, I presume these are not L.lanceolata which have much smaller and rounder leaves.

Can you confirm if these are L.speciosa (Taman) or other spp ?

This looks like Jarul / Taman [L.speciosa] to me too. A close-up of the leaves would help.

Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers from Assam : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8).
Attached images are Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers .  
Date :04.06.2014
Location: Assam
Family : Lythraceae
Genus & species : Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers  
Habitat: Grows wild on Hill slopes.

Habit : Tree  

Yes, a beautiful tree to watch when in flowering. It is blooming nowadays here in Pantnagar.

Tree for ID x : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8).
Tree found on the outskirts of 

BangaloreJune 21st

Probably some species of Lagerstroemia?

Can it be narrowed down further without fully open flowers, sir?

The tree is Lagerstroemia speciosa itself.


Will be glad to know the name in Gujarati for Lagerstroemia speciosa.

three names are  seen…
moto bhandaro:  મોટો  ભંડારો
and ful bhondari:   ફૂલ
hope it helps

મોટો ભોંડારો [Moto Bhondaro], જારૂલ [Jarul], and તામન [Taman] have all been used in the absence of an original Gujarati name for L. speciosa. Being a cultivated import in Gujarat, these names have been adopted from the native names of this tree in other vernacular languages. The latter, when written as તામણ, is also a familiar synonym of ધામણ [Dhaman] – Grewia tiliifolia.

The natural occurrence of such an iconic tree tends to be eclipsed by its widespread cultivation; it would be pertinent to remember its natural distribution in this context.

“The tree is indigenous to the Western Ghats from about Belgaum southwards through North and South Kanara to Malabar and Travancore, in evergreen forests, especially in the neighbourhood of rivers and streams. It is also found in Ceylon, Burma and eastwards to the Malay Peninsula, Australia and northwards to China.” – H. Santapau, Common Trees, 1966.

Thank you very much … for the names, and the excellent elaboration.

Especially about its use as ornamental / avenue tree almost all over country, it always made me wonder about range of distribution in India. Its flower is designated as State Flower of Maharashtra – the state government must have done this choice based on some good reasoning.

Thanks very much, … for your inputs too; they help.

via Species‎ > ‎L‎ >  Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. … family: Lythraceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
la-ger-STROO-mee-uh — named for Magnus von Lagerström, Swedish naturalist… Dave’s Botanary
spee-see-OH-suh — showy or spectacular … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asgiant crape-myrtlepride of Indiaqueen’s crape-myrtlequeen’s flower • Assameseআজাৰ ajara • Bengaliজারুল jarul • Gujaratiજારૂલ jarulમોટો ભોંડારો moto bhondaroતામન taman • Hindiजारल jaralजरुल jarul • Kannadaಹೊಳೆ ದಾಸವಾಳ hole dasavalaಮರುವ maruva • Konkaniसोटुलारी sotulari • Malayalamഅടന്പു adambuമണിമരുത് manimaruthപൂമരുത് puumaruth • Manipuri:jarol • Marathiजारूळ jarulमोठा बोंडारा motha bondaraताम्हण tamhan • Mizochawn-puithla-do • Tamilகதலி kadaliபூமருது pu-marutu • Teluguసొగసులచెట్టు sogasulachettu • Urduجرول jarul

The flower of “Pride of India” is the State Flower of Maharashtra (tamhan, Marathi: ताम्हण).

botanical namesLagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. … synonymsLagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz. • Munchausia speciosa L. (basionym) …NPGS / GRIN

Very beautiful as always..

In the book “Plant Resources of Western Ghats and Lowlands of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi District” (by BV Shetty, KM Kaveriappa & KG Bhat), there are two more names for this tree – “chella” and “nandi” – in addition to “hole daasavala”. Would these be the Tulu names of this tree? They are mentioned simply as “local names” in the book.

Thanks very much … for this feed.

ENVIS / FRLHT does mention transcribed Kannada names: challa, chella.
I tried all sorts of permutation / combination of cha / che + lla in Kannad script – but was not able to get satisfactory results in Kannad site nor in the dictionaries that I refer – Kannada Kasturi and Rev. Ferdinand Kittel’s.
Since names in Tulu are not mentioned explicitly, I would consider them to be Kannarese.
ನಂದಿ nandi in Kittel‘s dictionary seems to be a generic name (with prefixed descriptors) given to wood of various trees including couple of Lagerstroemia sp. (microcarpa and parviflora).
ENVIS / FRLHT for L. reginae (syn of L. speciosa) lists nandi. I would go with including this “nandi” in my notes.
Thank you very much …

I will re look (search) and revert if I get any lead on challa / chella with help from Kannad folks.

The introduction of the book (by Shetty et al.) begins with a description of Tulu Nadu. BV Shetty, a remarkable botanist, is no more. I was given this book last year by his niece, she had spoken about several Tulu names in it during conversation and hence the query. I can only surmise that the book contains a mix of local names in the prevalent regional languages, the dominant being Tulu. An explicit mention about the language of the local names would have been ideal.
Found an old “Tulu-English Dictionary” (1886) by Rev. A. Männer and you might be interested in downloading it from this hyperlink. It contains “the names of about 600 plants” with the following prefatory remark: “About half are taken from ‘Five Hundred Indian Plants’ by C. Stolz, and the others have been obtained in other ways, careful investigation being required in some cases.” [pp. v-vi].
Have attached the screenshots of some relevant portions. There are some entries on challa / challamara / chalimara [pp. 223-224] but they don’t seem to match with L. speciosa.
Attachments (3)

Thank you very much … for this response.

Local names for plants in South Kanara district by default would be in Kannada, often shared by Tulu, unless has its own distinct name(s). South Kanara district is the native place of Tulu community. A resource like dictionary is a great help to reach to exact words.
I have downloaded the “Tulu-English Dictionary” … though bit slow in rendering pages and search. It is certainly a great help in checking transcribed Kannada / Tulu words.
Yes, could locate ಚಲ್ಳಮರ challamara – meaning, monkey-fruit tree.
ಚಲ್ಳಮರ does not yield any results on search. BUT, since it has an entry in dictionary, I would place confidence on using the name holedachalla appearing in ENVIS/FRLHT for L.speciosa.
ಹೊಳೆ hole = river
ದ da = pertaining
ಚಲ್ಳ challa = some part (most probably fruit) of monkey-fruit tree
thus ಹೊಳೆದಚಲ್ಳ holedachalla

Will include the name for L. speciosa for Kannada.

Many thanks … for your continuous support on providing various links / web resources making it easier for me to compile names in regional languages, especially the links to Tulu – English dictionary. In due course, I have gathered few links which help me additionally in getting to Tulu and Kannada names.
ಚೆಲ್ಲ chella OR ಚೆಳ್ಳ chella (Kannada names) … find their entries in a booklet called Latin and Kannada names of indigenous and medicinal plants of Mysore by S G Narsimhachar [PDF available at the link] … though would not be displaying them in the front list – it is found in a more descriptive name – ಹೊಳೆದಚಳ್ಳ holedachalla.
ಚಳ್ಳ challa … is the Tulu name, found mentioned in one literature Medicinal plants of Tulunadu [PDF] of Shodhaganga database.
Thanks once again, …
Names update:

 • Tuluಚಳ್ಳ challa

Some minor mistakes in spellings.  Correct spellings are: അടമ്പൂ adumpoo മണിമരുത് manimaruthu പൂമരുത് poomaruthu.

In my view all other names are O.K. except Chelle. Chelle/ Chelle hannu –  is a common name specifically applied to Cordia dichotoma especially to the fruits which are sticky. Perhaps you have taken or derived this word from FRLHT where it has been given  names like ‘challa, chella holedaasala, chella maruvaachala’ .   

For your information.

Thanks very much, dear …, for pointing to this error..
The error seems to have crept in various sites … I depended on Alar –
  1. the tree Cordia dichotoma (= C. myxa) of Boraginaceae family.
  2. its plum used in making pickles.
  3. another tree of the same family, Cordia obliqua.
  4. its plum.
  5. the tree Lagerstroemia speciosa (= L. flos-regianae) of Lythraceae family; Indian blood wood.
  6. another tree of the same family Lagerstroemia lanceolata.

I will correct my notes shortly.

Many thanks to … for help with Rajasthani name via Instagram  – सेंजजा senjaja …

la-ger-STROO-mee-uh — named for Magnus von Lagerström, Swedish naturalist … Dave’s Botanary
spee-see-OH-suh — showy or spectacular … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: giant crape-myrtle, Indian bloodwood, pride of India, queen’s crape-myrtle, queen’s flower • Assamese: আজাৰ ajara • Bengali: জারুল jarul • Dogri: राजा पंजतारा raja panjtara, रानी मेहंदी rani mehendi • Gujarati: જારૂલ jarul, મોટો ભોંડારો moto bhondaro, તામન taman • Hindi: जरूल jarul • Kannada: ಹೊಳೆ ದಾಸವಾಳ hole daasavaala, ಹೊಳೆಮತ್ತಿ holematti, ಮರುವಾಚಲುಮರ maruvaachalumara • Khasi: ajhar, dieng ther • Kokborok: gang jarul • Konkani: सोटुलारी sotulari, तामण taman • Malayalam: അടമ്പൂ adumpoo, മണിമരുത് manimaruthu, പൂമരുത് poomaruthu • Manipuri: ꯖꯔꯣꯜ jarol • Marathi: जारूळ jarul, मोठा बोंडारा motha bondara, ताम्हण tamhan • Mizo: chawn-pui, thla-do • Rajasthani: सेंजजा senjaja • Sanskrit: क्रमुक kramuka • Santali: ᱵᱟᱦᱟ baha • Tamil: செம்மருதம் cem-marutam, கதலி kadali, பூமருது pu-marutu • Telugu: చెన్నంగి chennangi, సొగసులచెట్టు sogasulachettu, వారగోగు varagogu • Tulu: ಚಳ್ಳ challa, ಮರ್ವ marva • Urdu: جرول jarul
botanical namesLagerstroemia speciosa subsp. speciosa … heterotypic synonymsLagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz. • Lagerstroemia reginae Roxb. • Sotularia malabarica Raf. … and many more at POWO

Bibliography / etymology

Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
giant crape-myrtle, pride of India, queen’s crape-myrtle
Indian bloodwood
  • Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia
  • for Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
queen’s flower
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
আজাৰ ajara
  • XOBDO – a ‘descriptive dictionary’ of the languages of the North-East India … also এজাৰ ejara
  • or এজাৰ ejara … ৱিকিপিডিয়া – মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
জারুল jarul
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
राजा पंजतारा raja panjtara, रानी मेहंदी rani mehendi
  • Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with these names … facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
જારૂલ jarul, મોટો ભોંડારો moto bhondaro, તામન taman
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
जरूल jarul
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಹೊಳೆ ದಾಸವಾಳ hole daasavaala
ಹೊಳೆಮತ್ತಿ holematti
ಮರುವಾಚಲುಮರ maruvaachalumara
~~~~~ KHASI ~~~~~
ajhar, dieng ther
~~~~~ KOKBOROK ~~~~~
gang jarul
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
सोटुलारी sotulari, तामण taman
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
അടമ്പൂ adumpoo
മണിമരുത് manimaruthu, പൂമരുത് poomaruthu
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
ꯖꯔꯣꯜ jarol
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
जारूळ jarul, मोठा बोंडारा motha bondara, ताम्हण tamhan
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
chawn-pui, thla-do
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଜାରୁଲ୍ jarul
~~~~~ RAJASTHANI ~~~~~
सेंजजा senjaja
  • Many thanks to Sonu Kumar for help with this name via Instagram
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
क्रमुक kramuka
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
ᱵᱟᱦᱟ baha
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
செம்மருதம் cem-marutam
  • for Indian bloodwood … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
கதலி kadali
பூமருது pu-marutu
  • for Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
చెన్నంగి chennangi
సొగసులచెట్టు sogasulachettu
  • వికీపీడియా – స్వేచ్ఛా విజ్ఞాన సర్వస్వమ
  • సొగసులచెట్టు sogasulachettu = beautiful tree
వారగోగు varagogu
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಚಳ್ಳ challa
ಮರ್ವ marva
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
جرول jarul
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in States and Union Territories of India ~~~~~
Andhra Pradesh, *Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; also widely cultivated

* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state

~~~~~ x ~~~~~

SYMBIOSIS : 792 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a male Alexandrine Parakeet on fruits of Lagerstroemia speciosa (JARUL)

Fwd: IT’S A WONDERFUL WORLD : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Right in front of our house here there is a small park. A Lagerstroemia speciosa (JARUL) is visible from the balcony of our house. Yesterday I saw a number of Alexandrine Parakeet enjoying the fruits of this tree.
Attaching a collage of that event.

Fwd: IT’S A WONDERFUL WORLD- Lagerstroemia speciosa : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Right in front of our house here there is a small park. A Lagerstroemia speciosa (JARUL) is visible from the balcony of our house. Yesterday I saw a number of Alexandrine Parakeet enjoying the fruits of this tree.
Attaching a collage of that event.

SK1725 14 Jan 2019 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 2 MB.
Location : Sentosa , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012
Altitude  131 m.
Habit : Cultivated
Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. ??

To me also appears close to images at

Attachments (1) – 6 Mb.


on 13/4/06 in Kolkata. Just started flowering in Kolkata- 6/4/08; in Pune- April first fortnight; 4-5  trees flowering in Delhi (Lodhi Road & Mayur Vihar Ph-1) since 24 April’08; in Mumbai, Thane, Kolad (Raigad) [Maharashtra]- 28/4/08; on 12/4/08 at Jigani, Bangalore; profusely in Kolkata & Delhi- 10/5/08; at Delhi on 7.5.08; in Tadoba third week of April, 2009; Lalbagh,Bangalore-April’08; Trees of Delhi- flowers from late April to June: another flush in the rains. Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta- flowers in early summer (April- May) with a 2nd flush in early monsoon (July-August).
Profusion of pink blossoms – Lagerstroemia speciosa – indiantreepix | Google Groups Flowering trees in delhi–Jarul(Lagtrstoemia speciosa) – indiantreepix | Google Groups My Armed Jarul Tree – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Maharashtra’s state flower – Tamhan – indiantreepix | Google Groups Lagerstroemia speciosa – Queen Crape Myrtle Lagerstroemia speciosa at Rani baug, Mumbai – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Cause of these leaf changes in a queen’s crepe myrtle (pride of India) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Bath in a Jarul (Lagerstroemia speciosa) leaves- Purple Sunbird (female) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
hello, – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Adventitious roots on Jarul – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Lagerstroemia? – efloraofindia | Google Groups

SYMBIOSIS : 1397 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Alexandrine parakeet feeding on the fruits of Lagerstroemia speciosa (JARUL)

Alexandrian parakeet on Lagerstoemia

I think we should keep this esp. since it shows the fruit capsules, opened up


… at a resort  in Virajpet, Coorg

Date: November 11, 2019 … Altitude: about 910 m (3000 ft) asl

Lagerstroemia ¿ species ?  

Dear friends,
Here, the fruits are in huge clusters. The flowers resemble those of L. speciosa, however are smaller and are in large clusters, and normally are in mix of white and purple colours. Please help ID.

looks close to Putranjiva?

But the fruits in first pic and flowers in second pic are of Lagerstroemia. Both pics are of same tree.

Sorry, I meant to reply on your other Lagerstroemia post. By mistake replied on this one.

Oh, ok, thanks, …

But those fruits are certainly not of Putranjiva, I am sure.

its not putranjiva. its a prolifically pollinated flowered inflorescence. hence this cascading fruit bunch. its lagerstomia.

so to see the lagerstomia flower pollinated i one would need to go to virajpet, coorg. nice to remember

forgot to say the flowers are seen. lagerstomia

I think two different species.
First may be Lagerstroemia microcarpa Wight, while 2nd may be what you stated. 

Both pictures are of Lagerstoemia speciosa,

I could not find any drooping inflorescence in Lagerstroemia speciosa as per images herein.

On further scrutiny, I think … may be right.

But what could be the reason for such drooping inflorescence.

Thank you very much … I think the inflorescence starts drooping when fruits develop and mature.



Lagerstroemia speciosa @ Mumbai : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

I maintain all lockdown precautions but take short evening walks.
Today I captured the attached photo on my mobile phone.
One friend jokingly commented that the ‘corona’ was ‘striking’ and the corolla also looked like corona and we laughed.
The resemblence to the virus is so uncanny I thought I’d share the picture of the bloom with you.

This is called wide angle macrophotography, made possible by mobile phone sensors.
The conventional macro lens allows us to take excellent close up photo’s but depth of field is restricted. Here we get a much greater DOF not possible with conventional macro lens.
…, now even specialized wide angle macro lenses are available at reasonable price from Chinese manufacturers.

L F R : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) – 4 mb.
Looks like Lagerstroemia sp. Could be Lagerstroemia speciosa !

Most likely this may be Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. as per comparative images at Lagerstroemia

Lagerstroema flos reginae : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) – 4 mb.
Kind friends of this group
Please inform if these are correctly identified.
Lagerstroema flos reginae
Why is colour of the younger sapling so much brighter than the grown up tree?

Also check for L.indica. Is the plant grown in the pot or a branch fixed to the soil?

Thank you for your help. The smaller plant is in a pot.
Larger tree has light flowers in my post

It is very surprising. L.flos reginae is a tree. How such a small plant can flower ? Is it a grafted one.

Yes sir, it looks as if its a grafted one; Once again the colour shade is so bright. Is that commonly observed?

Here I have not seen any grafted varieties. Only saplings raised from seeds are sold in the nursery. They take minimum of  2-4 years to flower.

Most likely this may be Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. as per comparative images at Lagerstroemia


Santali name of Lagerstroemia speciosa subsp. speciosa:
Please help with English transcription of the Santali name ᱵᱟᱦᱟ
Reference: Wikipedia

English transcription of the Santali name ᱵᱟᱦᱟ shall be Baha which means flower.


Lythraceae: Lagerstroemia speciosa Pers.: 1 image.
location/date: Jabalpur Distr., Madhya Pradesh, October 1994



The Plant List  GRIN  Flora of Pakistan  Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  Wikipedia  Wikimedia Commons  Top Tropicals  Dave’s Garden 

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