Lantana camara subsp. aculeata (L.) R.W.Sanders (syn: Camara aculeata (L.) Kuntze; Camara aculeata var. normalis Kuntze, not validly publ.; Camara aculeata f. sanguinea (Medik.) Kuntze; Camara aculeata f. varia Kuntze; Lantana aculeata L.; Lantana aculeata f. varia (Kuntze) Voss; Lantana bahamensis f. canescens Moldenke; Lantana camara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke; Lantana camara var. sanguinea (Medik.) L.H.Bailey; Lantana camara f. sanguinea (Medik.) Moldenke; Lantana camara f. varia (Kuntze) Moldenke; Lantana coccinea Weigel; Lantana mutabilis Salisb., nom. illeg. (ambiguous synonym); Lantana sanguinea Medik.; Lantana suaveolens Desf., nom. illeg.; Lantana variegata Otto & A.Dietr.) as per Catalogue of life;
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Lantana camara L. subsp. aculeata (L.) R. W. Sanders, Sida 22:394. 2006 (Syn: (≡) Lantana aculeata L. (basionym)) as per GRIN;
Assam; Bahamas; Bermuda; Cayman Is.; Cook Is.; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Fiji; Gilbert Is.; Haiti; India; Jamaica; Kenya; Leeward Is.; Mexico Southwest; Nauru; Niue; Phoenix Is.; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Sri Lanka; Tonga; Zare as per Catalogue of life;
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Lantana • Manipuri: সম্বল লৈ Samballei, Nongballei, থীরৈ Thirei • Hindi: Raimuniya राईमुनिया • Tamil: உன்னிச்செடி Unnichedi • Marathi: Tantani तणतणी, Ghaneri घाणेरी • Kannada: Kakke, Natahu • Telugu: Pulikampa;
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American plant, largely naturalised in India, often grown as hedge plant.
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A common tropical invasive, but also a very pretty garden plant much loved by butterflies.
Flowers are loved by many species of butterflies;
Noxious weed….;
It is one among the 100 worst weed species of the world. Here in Uttarakhand it has replaced natural vegetation so that the food chains are also disturbed in protected areas. There is hardly any enemy of this species in India;
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Key from eFlora of Pakistan:
1Bracts ovate-acuminate. Infloresence, short, cylindrical to spicate. Flowers usually white or pinkish …. Lantana indica
+Bracts linear. Inflorescence umbellate. Flowers usually scarlet, yellow or mixed coloured ….. L.camara
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GRIN gives two different taxa as below:
Lantana camara subsp. aculeata ((≡) Lantana aculeata L. (basionym)) and Lantana camara aggr. (Lantana camara L. aggr.)
Other references like eflora & India sources can be seen at Lantana
In view of these I have the feeling that our common Lantana weed must be Lantana camara subsp. aculeata & not Lantana camara L.
Pl. give your views so that I can make necessary changes in efloraofindia accordingly.


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Flora Picture of the year 2011Muthu Karthick: This notorious weed always gives gorgeous poses for camera; I love the medley of colour in this flower.
Name: Lantana camara L. var. aculeata (L.) Mold.
Family: Verbenaceae
Location: Bear Shola, Kodaikanal, Southern Western ghats
Date: 07 Nov 2010

– lantana is a weed, which can overpower native vegetation easily. It spreads quickly and destroys whatever comes in its way. And to think that it came to India only during WWII. Its seeds are poisonous to birds and humans when raw. 


Lantana camara is having about 600 varities, it has medicinal value as antimicrobial, antiseptic but it is toxic also mainly hepato toxic.


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SYMBIOSIS : 210: Attaching an image of Tailed Jay butterfly on the flowers of Lantana camara.



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Request for ID 06112012GD: What is this very commonly seen shrub?


Looks like Lantana camara, a noxious weed….

 


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I attach images of a very common plant found everywhere and flowers are loved by many species of butterflies. Everybody knows that it is a Lantana, me too!
But, which Lantana? Is it Lanatana camara or is it Lantana alba or Lantana camara var alba?

I shot these photos on 17/02/2012 at around 10 A.M.


I think this is Lantana camara


Noxious weed….


Thank you for the information. This is a very common species here, growing on roadsides and along the sides of railway track. I am drawn to this plant because many butterfly species visit it.


Appears similar to white coloured form as at Lucid Central.


Yes Sir, it is Lantana camara L.



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Lantana camara L. from Kamrup district: (7 pictures) Attached images areLantana camara L. collected from Kamrup district, Assam
Date :20.02.2013
Location: Kamrup district
Family : Verbenaceae
Genus & species:Lantana camara L
Habitat: Grows wild on Waste places.
Habit :Straggling shrub
Inflorescence : Spicate head

Nice pictures … Was just wondering how far it has reached; in almost all parts of India.


Good pictures of this invasive alien plant. It is one among the 100 worst weed species of the world. Here in Uttarakhand it has replaced natural vegetation so that the food chains are also disturbed in protected areas. There is hardly any enemy of this species in India.



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Lantana indica Roxb. SN Mar 30 : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
Lantana indica Roxb. Fam: Verbenaceae; Shrub growing in the hedges of agriculture land, near Shimoga Karnataka


But this looks like Lantana camara only, …


Yes this should be Lantana camara. L. indica is extremely different. For comparison, please find images of L. indica collected from Nelliyampathy Forest, Palakkad during November 2013.


Yes, it is Lantana camara only.


Lantan indica have an elongated inflorescence axis. It produce white flowers in Uttarakhand.


There are several hues of flowers, rudimentary spines were seen in the specimen I studeied. Lantan camera mostly available in plani areas That is the reason for wrong identification. I accept the comments of you friends.


Why is there a varied hue of colours in L.camara sir? Is that because of the altitude variations?


Yes, it is due to altitude, that is what in Matthew flora of Tamilnadu carnatic says, edaphic factor may also play role. Several cultivated dwarf varieties of Lantana are are available in the nurseries.



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Plant for ID 022812-JK : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).

would be great if anybody could guide me to the direction of what flower this might be. I suspect this could be obvious but I have no education in botanic and the variable colours and inflorescence make it difficult to parameterize the search on web.
I have only single picture, sorry. Taken around Pookode lake in Kerala (~770 m above sea), on July 28, 2012. Growing wild, bloom smelled intensively if I remember correctly.


Lantana camara.

Yes, magenta Lantana camara



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Lantana camara—-for sharing and validation :  1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Pic taken at Aamby valley rd., Lonavala, Pune in July14.


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Lantana camara var.aculeata—-for sharing and validation : 1 post by 1 author.  Attachments (1)
Pic taken at Aamby valley rd., Lonavala, Pune in July14.

 


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Attached images are Lantana camara L.  



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Lamiaceae & Verbenaceae Week: Verbenaceae, Lantana camara from Delhi: Lantana camara the Common American plant, largely naturalised in India, often grown as hedge plant

Photographed from Delhi



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Lantana camara the Common American plant, largely naturalised in India,

often grown as hedge plant Photographed from Delhi


this is what’s crowding out the native plants

its also considered a weed that needs to be controlled in beachside properies in florida, if found on your seaside garden your neighborhood office would send you notices!!!



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Lamiaceae (incl. Verbenaceae) Fortnight-PC-)4-Lantana camera-1705.2015 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
snaps of Lantana camara were taken at BRD, Tuglakabad, New Delhi, in 2013.


 

Lantana spp.
Another common ornamental Lantana taken on different dates. This could be Lantana camara, but I am not sure.
in Mumbai / Thane gardens on various dates

efi page on Lantana camara subsp. aculeata 


Thank you for sharing.


Lantana indeed, but don’t know further



Lantana from Fremont, California.

Cultivated, garden shrub.



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This is a nuisance, spreading very rapidly through entire Himalayan range, and to every available place in plains too, almost impossible to eradicate.. one of the very dangerous IAS, as they are categorized..
These pics were recorded from Ujjain, M.P.
Lantana camara

even the root pieces sprout and the seeds are eaten birds and dropped far from mother plant …

various countries have made them weeds to be irradiated



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Need ID confirmation of this typical Lantana sp. : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)- around 600 kb each.
The attached pictures show Lantana sp. with typical features of its stem and branches. Stem and branches are free from any kind of prickles in whole of its plant instead, they are smooth and sticky. Kindly, let me know the exact species of this Lantana plant.
This plant is widely distributed on the plains and hills of Papum Pare, Arunachal Pradesh.

Typical Lantana camara sans prickles. Is it elevation speaking ?


Elevation is less than 500m above mean sea level


In that case it can be a variant.


https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/29771

From this comprehensive link about lantana camara, I got this
L. camara is a highly variable species which has been widely cultivated for over 300 years. Hundreds of cultivars and hybrids exist (Howard, 1969) and most of them belong to the L. camara complex (Stirton, 1979). Cultivars can be distinguished morphologically (flower size, shape and colour; leaf size, hairiness and colour; stem thorniness; height and branch architecture), physiologically (growth rates, toxicity to livestock) and by their chromosome number and DNA content (Stirton, 1979; Gujral and Vasudevan, 1983; Scott et al., 1997). Two groups are often recognised: one with few or no spines commonly found in the neotropics and one with spines in other parts of the world where the species is troublesome (Howard, 1970; Swarbrick, 1986). In the Pacific Islands the most common variety is the prickly L. camara var. aculeata (Thaman, 1974).
Lantana camara var. lantana should be the autonym for non-prickle variety, though this name is not in use.
In the plant list , there are more than 20 synonyms , not all making sense .

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Need ID Confirmation for this typical Lantana sp. : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)- around 600 kb each.
The attached plant pictures show the unique features of the Lantana sp. Whole plant does not have any prickles and the young branches are sticky.
It is widely grown in different areas of Papum Pare of Arunachal Pradesh.

Lantana camara var. aculeata ??


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per details herein and as per another thread: Need ID confirmation of this typical Lantana sp.


In the Pacific Islands the most common variety is the prickly L. camara var. aculeata (Thaman, 1974). ”

Quotes statement is taken from https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/29771 .
That means, non prickly variety should be L. camara var. camara.
I must admit, I could not find a description for var. camara in one and half hour on net.
Flora of Pakistan gives some 6-7 varieties, no description, no var. camara.

In fact in a 1996 article on JSTOR, a drawing showed L. camara var. camara with prickles.


Thank you Sir for the clarification. I found this paper about several Lantana species and I hope this will help in the future (attached a pdf document)

Attachments (1) – Lantana_Key_spp_var.pdf- A taxonomic revision of Lantana sect. Lantana (Verbenaceae) in the Greater Antilles



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Lantana camera L. SN Mar 41 : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Lantana camera L (= L. aculeata L.); Fam: Verbenaceae, shrub, out skirts of Chennai


A minor spelling correction: Lantana camara


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pix of Lantana pl: 2 correct images as above.

Does anyone have pics of Lantana to share ?.


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana


First image is of Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. 


2nd image may be something like Lantana montevidensis ‘Pot of Gold’ as per Lucid Central, not being erect.



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LANTANA FLOWER QUERY: I needed ur expert guidance on this flower of the lantana that I have attached. It is orange in colour and is in full bloom in the lower shiwaliks. Could u tell me whether this orange colour is rare as compared to the standard yellow/pinkish flowers? Could u tell me in general about the lantana weed?


– This not rare at all. It is seen everywhere in the south. I have plenty of it along my fencing and am struggling to get rid of the young plants that sprout in the farm. The birds are fond of its fruit and it grows without any problem wherever it is dropped.


– lantana is a good butterfly attraacting shrub. i have the yellow ad commo pink varieties. How can I get the other coloues mauve, orange , red, white???  i do not think they grow from seed. FA


Lantana is nothing new to India….. agree… and this color is  neither… I have seen this quite often in western
India along roadsides, as weeds…. never photographed it (ha ha) because its a “weed”.  I have yellow in my garden here…very hardy . and pinkish mauve  in a hanging basket.. that vareity is not so hardy…,


– yes there are varieties of colours in flowering. First I thought this could be due to the the altitude variation, but later on it was not true. experts could throw light on this.


– During student life I was not aware of existence of orange flowered Lantana. I met him during College Tour to Ooty. Later I observed it many times specially on hills. Orange flowered Lantana is commonly planted in gardens due to its color. Orange flowered Lantana is used as medicine along with other Lantana.
Invasive Alien Flora of India used in Traditional Healing. Part-1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HcEVmfbNjAg


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Lantana: My Lantana story is out in the May issue of Planet Earth. It has an emag but you have to register. Look at pages 40-43. I have a PDF for those interested.


I never knew its branches are that strong that they can be turned into furniture.. extraordinary…. live and learn I guess..



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SYMBIOSIS : 1333 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Emigrant visiting flowers of Lantana.

Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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FROM THE NATURE: 1 correct image as above.

Attaching few images. First image is on symbiosis, where a Peacock Pansy butterfly is on Lantana. Second image is of a samara which I collected from Lalbag at Bangalore in 1994. This samara is18cm in length and 11cm wide. I don’t know the identity of the plant. Third image is of Large Caggagewhite butterfly on the flower of a plant whose identity is not known to me. And last image is of the leaves of the plant in image three. Can anybody help me?


Number 2…the very large almost 7 inches long samara could be from a tree from south america I have seen in a western botanical garden …. a legume… yellow jacaranda … may be one is planted in Bangalore… were there jacaranda type trees near by your collection site? the sweep of the fibres from the wing remind me of the one I
have seen…neither photographed nor collected and saved… the seed itself looks fuzzy…is it? could be a drying effect of sooo long a time..since 1994…


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author. Attaching an image of a Chocolate Albatross (Male ) butterfly on the flowers of Lantana.


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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SYMBIOSIS : 476 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a
Common Mormon (male) butterfly on the flowers of Lantana


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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SYMBIOSIS : 683 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching an image of a Common Grass Yellow butterfly on the flowers of Lantana


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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SYMBIOSIS : 1369 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Common Mormon butterfly visiting flowers of Lantana.


I love it esp the middle picture with the writings on them


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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SYMBIOSIS : 1331 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Jay visiting flowers of Lantana.

Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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SYMBIOSIS : 1322 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Wanderer visiting flowers of Lantana.

I wish … makes posting separate images in his every posts instead of collage. However it is his choice. 


we don’t interfere with … choice. its extremely nice of him to include us in his mailings and we are the richer for it.


Not interference just my wish !


ok, then


Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana



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SYMBIOSIS : 1332 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Lemon Pansy visiting flowers of Lantana.

Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per comparative images at Lantana


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Lantana involucrata in FOI : 5 posts by 2 authors.

I think you are right … This may be a white cultivar of Lantana camara. Its leaves are pointed or blunt, similar to Lantana camara, and not rounded like Lantana involucrata. This was photographed in cultivation, so no question of it being wild at all. Thanks for this important correction.


Side view, to show the linear bracts.

Attachments (1)


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Lantana camara ? : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
this is Lantana camara ? Ajanta, Maharashtra, wild, january 2020.

Yes!


Yes, appears to be Lantana camara subsp. aculeata as per images and details herein.


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Lantana camara: 3 high res. images.
Habit: shrub
Location: Rajouri
State: jammu and kashmir

Yes, it’s ma’am will you try complete set if possible, that might worthy,


Location: Rajouri (jammu and kashmir)
Date:11-04-2021
Habit: Shrub


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Lantana camara: 2 high res. images.
Location Rajouri j and k
Habit: shrub


Location Rajouri, jandk
Habit: Shrub or Tree
Date: 15-04-2021


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References:

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