Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk., Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. München 8: 276 1878. (syn. Aglaia chartacea Kosterm.; Anomosanthes deficiens (Wight & Arn.) Bl.; Anomosanthes longifolia (Hiern) Pierre; Cupania canescens Pers.; Guioa spathulata C.E.C.Fischer; Hemigyrosa canescens (Roxb.) Bl.; Hemigyrosa canescens (Roxb.) Thw.; Hemigyrosa deficiens (Wight & Arn.) Bedd.; Hemigyrosa longifolia Hiern; Lepisanthes acutissima Radlk.; Lepisanthes angustifolia Bl.; Lepisanthes appendiculata (Hook.fil.) Symington; Lepisanthes assamica Radlk.; Lepisanthes basicardia Radlk.; Lepisanthes deficiens (Wight & Arn.) Radlk.; Lepisanthes eriolepis Radlk.; Lepisanthes granulata Radlk.; Lepisanthes kunstleri King; Lepisanthes langbianensis Gagnep.; Lepisanthes listeri King ex Radlk.; Lepisanthes longifolia Radlk.; Lepisanthes macrocarpa Radlk.; Lepisanthes montana Bl.; Lepisanthes poilanei Gagnep.; Lepisanthes schizolepis Radlk.; Lepisanthes scortechinii King; Lepisanthes sessiliflora Bl.; Lepisanthes tetraphylla var. cambodiana Pierre; Lepisanthes tetraphylla var. indica Pierre; Lepisanthes tonkinensis Radlk.; Lepisanthes viridis Radlk.; Molinaea arborea Blanco (ambiguous synonym); Molinaea canescens Roxb.; Ostodes appendiculata Hook.fil.; Sapindus bijugus Wall.; Sapindus deficiens Wight & Arn.; Sapindus montanus Bl.; Sapindus tetraphyllus Vahl);
Sri Lanka, India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sumatra, peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Negros, Leyte, Mindanao), N-Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor), New Guinea, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing, Bago, Kayin, Mon, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Yangon), Bangladesh, China (Hainan, Yunnan) as per Catalogue of Life;
le-pis-SAN-theez — from the Greek lepis (scaly) and anthos (flower)|
tet-ruh-FIL-uh — four-leaved
commonly known as: four-leaved soapnut, torchwood • Konkani: लोखंडी lokhandi • Malayalam: കുളപ്പുന്ന kulappunna, നായ്ക്കൊല്ലി naaykkolli • Marathi: कारपा karpa, लोखंडी lokhandi • Tamil: நெய்க்கொட்டான் neykkoddaan, பூவந்தி poovanti • Telugu: కొరవి koravi, or కొరివి korivi
Native to: India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Myanmar, Thailand, Malesia
As per efi thread
Lepisanthes tetraphylla was initially confused with Sapindus emarginatus but is distinct in:
Inflorescence appeas from the old braches
Tree is clearly evergreen
Fruit is single unit and not of two or three united drupes
Fruit is velvety

Evergreen trees, to 15 m high; trunk and branchlets crooked; bark reddish-brown, peels off in irregular thin scale, rough; blaze pink-red. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 1.5-20 cm, terete, stout, glabrous, swollen at base; leaflets 4-8, opposite or subopposite; petiolule 3-8 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 6-22 x 2-6 cm, elliptic, oblong, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate, obovate-oblong or oblong lanceolate, base acute, obtuse or unequal; apex obtuse, emarginate, acute or acuminate, margin entire, undulate, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-13 pairs, pinnate, prominent, secondary laterals also prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamodioecious, creamy yellow, crowed in axillary or terminal panicles; branches fulvous-tomentose; sepals 5, hairy outside, glabrous within; outer 2 smaller than inner 3, in 2 rows; petals 4-5, obovate, subequal, obtuse, 2-fid, fimbriate, inner surface callose at base and with 2-3 scales, often scales attached to the claw; disc thick, 4-5 lobed; stamens 8; filaments free, pilose; anthers ovoid; ovary superior, globose, eccentric, trigonus, 3-celled, ovules 1 each cell; style simple; stigma oblique. Fruit a drupe, 2 x 1.5 cm, subglobose or trigonus, orange-yellow, tomentose, apiculate; seed one, oblong, exarillate.  

Flowering and fruiting: February-July
Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests, also in the sacred groves
Indo-Malesia and Africa

260311-PR-To ID- Chennai:
This is a tree laden with bunches of small flowers which are typically hiding below the leaves. Someone in a neighbouring house said it had fruits like a sapota.-( could have been guessing.)
The tree is in a private residence in Mylapore, Chennai.

– Yes, it matches the pics of Lepisanthes tetraphylla. I seem to be running into Sapotaceae of late ; saw a Chrysophyllum cainito for the first time last week. There was a small ( 8-9 feet) pruned specimen of this tree at Agri-Horti garden but photogrphy is not allowed there. So I was lucky to stumble on this tree, seen over the wall of a cousin’s house.


efloraindia, request for ID 016042011rks1:
photo is clicked at matheran, near panorama point.

–  I guess it is Lepisanthes tetraphylla ?
Tamil Name: ‘Karadi pungan’

Lepisanthes tetraphylla as indicated by ..


Request Tree ID 150 – Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA:

The board in Lalbagh says: Nephelium

It looks like Lepisanthes tetraphylla to me.

Thanks …


ID plz SG4 :  2 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.

Need ID of following attachment
Location: Hajimalang’

Check for Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Family: Sapindaceae).

Yes, Lepisanthes tetraphylla

Lepisanthes tetraphylla | Matheran :  Attachments (3).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Species : Lepisanthes tetraphylla
Family: Sapindaceae
Location : Matheran, Maharashtra
Observed on : March, 2013
Description : Small fragrant tree, in evergreen forest.

Very good find … The pinnate leaf with 2-3 leaflets characteristic of this is nicely seen too. (Similar to Sapindus)


Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 281113 : AK-2 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
A medium sized tree with buds.
Did not see the flowers.
Id please.

Link Lepisanthes tetraphylla, (Vahl) Radlk. <=> Kurpa Tree

Lepisanthes tetraphylla, photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi
This plant was initially confused with Sapindus emarginatus but is distinct in:
Inflorescence appeas from the old braches
Tree is clearly evergreen
Fruit is single unit and not of two or three united drupes
Fruit is velvety

Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk.
at Karnala Bird Sanctuary on 01 APR 12
at Karnala Bird Sanctuary on 30 MAY 09

identification no010415sn1 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Kindly help in identification.
location: aambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune
plant habit:shrub?
height:about 6-7 ft.
other info:drooping leaves

Lepisanthes tetraphylla

Seems to be Lepisanthes tetraphylla. Family Sapindaceae



ANNOV39/39 Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Family: Sapindaceae
Date: May 2015
Place: Kodachadri, Shimoga District, Karnataka

Habit: Tree
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest, near a water falls

Could it be some other Lepisanthes sp? Has 4 pairs of leaves and shouldn’t it be having only 2 pairs.

Name could be a misnomer sir. It can have 3-6 pairs of leaflets.



Lepisanthes tetraphylla Radlk. (fr. Matheran) : VG-MAY-04 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Sharing some images of Lepisanthes tetraphylla [Sapindaceae], an attractive understorey tree, flowering & fruiting.
The photographs of the buds, the flower close-up, and the fruits are from three separate trees. Most of the leaves in these trees had three pairs of leaflets. The fruit is coated with a silvery down, very prominent when young.
Observed on the 24th of April, 2016 in Matheran (courtesy of …).

Marvellous details.

Lepisanthes tetraphylla—-for sharing : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Photos taken at Aamby valley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in mar.15


Fwd: fruit green from dapoli : mixed thread: Attachments (1) – 5 Mb.
Place lonawala mawal taluka
Pune Maharashtra India
Fruit green
White flowers

Attachments (1) – 5 Mb.

Attachments (1) – 5 Mb.

These three photographs (i.e. IMG_20180428_093621.jpg, IMG_20180428_093617.jpg & IMG_20180428_093623.jpg) are of Lepisanthes tetraphylla Radlk. [Sapindaceae].

near Girnar Forest, Junagadh – Gujarat- 15 Nov 2008; Sudhagadh (a hill fort near Pali), Maharashtra: 3rd May 2009; Matheran on 14 March, 2009; 

Fw: [indiantreepix:16446] Fwd: [indiantreepix:15409] Tree from Delhi for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree from Delhi for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Sapindus emarginatus or Lepisanthes tetraphylla?? – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Lepisanthes tetraphylla – indiantreepix | Google Groups
… names of Lepisanthes tetraphylla – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree id at Sudhagadh – indiantreepix | Google Groups
tree for ID 2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
tree for ID 2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Id 10/04/08 phk – indiantreepix | Google Groups
for ID 170309ET 79 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Please identify this plant , details as follows :
Date: 26.04.2010 /10. 45 am.
Location:Periaaruvi valley, Alagarkoil, Natham Taluk,N 10* 07′; E 078* 14′
Habitat: Wild
Habit: small tree
Height: 10 feet.
Leaves :like mango
flowers and fruits as in picture.
Tamil name: Koovamuthi
Please do the needful,

Please check Lepisanthes. Might be L. tetraphylla

L. tetraphylla is quite convincing … http://www.flickr.com/search/?s=rec&w=all&q=Lepisanthes+tetraphylla&m=text

Many thanks for your response. I followed the link that you had given. I find that the fruits especially do not match. Sorry for the botheration. Please clarify.

The plant belongs to the family SapindaceaeLepisanthes erecta (Thw.) Leenh. Thraulococcus erectus (Thw.) Radlk. (Which is provided in Gamble’s Flora.)

Lepisanthes tetraphylla, from me too.

ANFEB22 Lepisanthes tetraphylla : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Family: Sapindaceae
Date: January 2015
Place: Paripathodu, Aralam WLS, Kerala
Identified by: …

Beautiful !!


Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk. :: Matheran :: May 22, 2023 · 10:44 AM IST: 15 images.
Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk.
Matheran, Raigad, Maharashtra :: May 22, 2023 · 10:44 AM IST :: about 800 m (2,625 feet) asl


Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk. :: Matheran :: Apr 1, 2023 · JUN23 DV221: 9 images.

Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk.
Matheran :: Apr 1, 2023 · 3:36 PM IST :: about 800 m (2,625 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist


515 ID wild tree: 12 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: bloomed near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 10DEC2023, 05.15pm
Habitat: wild moisture evergreen misty sloppy canopied alpine
Plant habit: small tree, erect branches, hard woody cylindrical stem 07 inches base circumference, rough silvery brown bark
Height: 07 meters
Leaves: alternate even pinnate, leaflets false opposite (06 pairs) elongated/elliptic acute simple glossy wavy size upto: 20×8cm, whitish sprout
Flower: axillary densely spike inflorescence, clustered, diameter:05mm (partially opened), off white, strange smell
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

It reminds me of Sapindaceae —> Lepisanthes sp.

Yes, it is Lepisanthus sps. Thank you very much for ID my tree. Flowers, leaves and leaf arrangement of L. rubiginosa are very close to my tree. In my tree, inflorescence clusters were centralised only in old branches. Even though, the specimen collected as fallen inflorescence and flower. Sprout images will be provide as soon as possible.

Sharing sprout images, captured because of amazing whites in the wilderness on 19th December 2022 from an another nearby spot.  I think it’s is of same kind tree having 03 feets height.
3 high res,. images.

I think the cauliflorous inflorescences in your photographs are indicative of Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk. [syn. Lepisanthes deficiens Radlk.]. Quite a variable species. Please refer to the attached key by JP Pascal & BR Ramesh.
PS: In the attached key, L. deficiens is misspelt as L. decipiens. The publication details are mentioned in the file name.
1 attachment.

Yes, it is Lepisanthes tetraphylla, thank you very much for ID my plant





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