Keys in Flora of Bhutan (with habitat and flowering):
l. Leaflets glabrous; petals equalling sepals; ovary 2-celled 1. L. senegalensis (Lower valleys and terai. Subtropical and terai forests, 250—900m. February- March)
+ Leaflets pubescent; petals longer than sepals; ovary 3-celled 2. L. rubiginosa (Terai forests, 150-250m. April—June)

1. Fruit parted, glabrous …. L. rubiginosa
2. Fruit either lobed or if parted tomentose …. L. tetraphylla

Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh. (Nepal, N-India (Darjeeling, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu), Sikkim, Laos, Vietnam, Java, Australia (Queensland), peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isl., New Guinea, Moluccas, Thailand, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan), Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Yangon), Singapore, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)


(Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, N-Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, ?Congo (Brazzaville), D.R. Congo (Zaire), South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, S-Somalia, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Mozambique, Malawi, Angola, Madagascar, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, S-India (Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, Bangladesh, Thailand, China (S-Yunnan), Nicobar Isl. (North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl.), Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Chin) as per Catalogue of Life)






Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk. (Sri Lanka, India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sumatra, peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Negros, Leyte, Mindanao), N-Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor), New Guinea, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing, Bago, Kayin, Mon, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Yangon), Bangladesh, China (Hainan, Yunnan) as per Catalogue of Life)

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
(Thw.) Leenh.
Large shrub Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests    
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Lepisanthes senegalensis (Juss. ex Poir.)
Tree Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,  Madurai, Tirunelveli
Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl.) Radlk. Small
or medium sized tree
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983



Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Lepisanthes tetraphylla Sapindus tetraphylla, Otophora spectabilis, Lepisanthes eriolepis Sapindaceae Kurpa


An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-



Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details with Illustration-
Lepisanthes tetraphylla

Forest trees of South India: Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Andhra Pradesh and neighbouring states like Maharashtra by S. G. Neginhal, 2004 – Nature447 pages

Lepisanthes : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Lepisanthes

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of thespecies available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome


Pl. go throughLepisanthes‎‎ ‎(Sapindaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.