Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii (A.DC.) de Juana, Bouteloua 24: 152 (2016). (syn. Ligustrum candolleanum Blume; Ligustrum candolleanum Decne. [Illegitimate]; Ligustrum neilgherrense Wight; Ligustrum obovatum Decne.; Ligustrum perrottetii A.DC.; Ligustrum perrottetii var. neilgherrense (Wight) Mansf.; Ligustrum walkeri var. tubiflorum C.B.Clarke);
Laccadive Is., S. India, Andaman Is. as per WCSP;
Andaman Is.; India; Laccadive Is. as per Catalogue of Life;
Kardal, Kungin, Kangain;
lig-GUS-trum — an old name for privet … Dave’s Botanary
¿ per-ROT-tay-tee-eye ? — named for George Samuel Perrottet, Swiss-born French botanist and horticulturist … Flowers of India
commonly known asNilgiri privet • Kannadaಕೂಲಿ ಮರ koli mara • Malayalamപിങ്കൻ pinkanപുന്നു punnu • Marathiकुंगीण kungin,लोखंडी lokhandiमेडसिंग medsing • Tamilசிற்றழிஞ்சில் cirralincilகோலி koliபுன்கு punku 

I am attaching the photographs of a shrub. Place : Himad Gopala Swamy
Hills, near temple.
 Date of  photographs: 29.9.2011

ID17102011phk: 3 images.
A medium sized tree at Malshej Ghat,Maharashtra

Branchlets covered by lenticels is a character of Ligustrum (Oleaceae family) and ovate leaves are characteristics of L. perottetii A.DC. of Oleaceae family.

ligustrum perrottetii
a few weeks ago in mahabeleshwar
a short tree or a tall shrub with fragrant flowers and glossy leaves


tree with green fruits mm1 13 03 2013 : 7 images. 6 posts by 5 authors.
tree with green fruits, mahabaleshwar
first week of march, 2013
small tree with fruits which were about 15mm long
saw quite a few of these trees
would very much appreciate an id

Looks like Ligustrum perrottetii?

I too thinks so

many thanks for the id
though I should have known it as I had photographed the flowers of this species in september 2012
attaching them in this mail

yes this is Ligustrum perrottii

I thought Ligustrum fruits turn black early. Surprised that not a single fruit is mature enough to be black here in the pictures. That would have made the ID easier.
Am I right?


Sirumalai 090714 TBN 3 for id/ TBN July 6 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date           :06.07.07                                                              
Location     :Sirumalai hills, Dindigul dt, TN
Altitude      :3000ft
Habitat        :wild
Habit           :small tree
Height         :15 to 20 ft
Leaves         :
Flowers       :heady smell

Sorry. There were no close up shots. This was taken long back. Can this be related to Murraya

Ligustrum perrottetii of Oleaceae?

Thanks … The smell of the flowers was quite overpowering.

Ligustrum neilgherrense var. obovata : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
The profuse flowering of this tree species as Ided by Dr. Almeida was seen predominantly last week (2.10.10) at Amboli, Maharashtra. As explained by sir the sticks are removed, slightly burned to get different coloured walking sticks.

I could not understand the meaning of “different coloured walking stick”. Can you kindly explain it to me.

Different colours of paint can be applied on the wood to match your clothes instead of just brown and white … ! Just like you like to have different coloured fruits all the time!! Hope your research is going well. One more important use I forgot to mention earlier is that this is a non-conventional seed oil plant and the quality of oil is similar to olive oil.


Flora of Munnar :: Ligustrum perrottetii FOR VALIDATION :: DV13JUL : 4 posts by 3 authors. 7 images.
Date: June 3 – 6, 2014 … Elevation: around 1600m asl
¿ Ligustrum perrottetii ?
Dear friends, please validate the ID.

Nice photos of L. perrottettii

Thank you very very much … for validating the ID.


via Species‎ > ‎L‎ > Ligustrum perrottetii A.DC. … family: Oleaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
lig-GUS-trum — an old name for privet … Dave’s Botanary
¿ per-ROT-tay-tee-eye ? — named for George Samuel Perrottet, Swiss-born French botanist and horticulturist … Flowers of India
commonly known asNilgiri privet • Kannadaಕೂಲಿ ಮರ koli mara • Malayalamപിങ്കൻ pinkanപുന്നു punnu • Marathiकुंगीण kungin,लोखंडी lokhandiमेडसिंग medsing • Tamilசிற்றழிஞ்சில் cirralincilகோலி koliபுன்கு punku
botanical namesLigustrum perrottetii A.DC. … synonymsLigustrum candolleanum Blume • Ligustrum neilgherrense Wight • Ligustrum obovatum Decne. … The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1.

ANDEC10 Ligustrum perrottetii : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (8)
Nelliyampathy, Kerala
November 2014


Ligustrum perottetii – 181214 – RK-1 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Lalbagh, Bangalore – 14/12/2014 Tall shrub
Common name – Nilgiri Privet


Agumbe :: large shrub FOR ID :: DVJAN52 : 2 posts by 1 author. 5 images.
Agumbe Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 26 DEC 2014 Altitude: about 700 m asl

ID please.
The plant could be small tree OR possibly a large shrub, about 12 – 15 ft high; with dense foliage.
The leaf arrangement looked random. Large panicle with flower measuring to about 4 – 6 mm (not confident).

Many thanks to … for the ID … Ligustrum perrottetii A.DC. … at my flickr photostream.

Images by tspkumar


129-TSP-ID-13DEC2016-3: A medium sized tree @ Mullaianagiri,Chikmagalur,for ID :10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly examine and identify this Tree

Habit:A medium sized tree 

Habitat:Wild,Shola forest 

Sighting:Mullaianagiri,Chikmagalur,Karnataka,about 1700 msl 

Date: 05-11-2015

At the outset  (based on the fruits)  the tree looks like Spondias dulcis. But not sure  as the photographs are not clear. Are there any more  photos clearly depicting the  foliage and flowers etc. for proper ID

It is tree belongs to the family Oleaceae- Chionanthus ramiflorus Roxb.(= Linociera ramiflora (Roxb.) Wall.)

Its Ligustrum perrotetii

I do not see the plant. Both are closely related plants. I agree with …

Thanks … Noted the ID.

11122017BHAR01 species from Kolli hills : 20 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (4)
Found in Kolli hills of Eastern ghats.
Small tree.

Fruits remind me of Oleaceae

A species of Ligustrum

It is Ligustrum gamblei Ramamoorthy; ref Flora of Tamilnadu & Carnatic by K.M.Mathew

Chionanthus mala-elengi (Dennst.) P.S. Green

It is not Chionanthus mala-elengi (Dennst.) P.S. Green. Pl check this photograph at

Comparative photographs in the web do not tally with Ligustrum gamblei Ramamoorthy

To me also look different from images at  http://www.biotik
Can it be Ligustrum perrottetii A. DC as per images herein.

It seems you are correct; for lack of clear flower picture and measurements it is difficult to judge at first glance sometimes.

You may be right. But it is difficult to judge in the absence of the comparative photographs to verify.

Ligustrum gamblei Ramamoorthy SN July 10 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Ligustrum gamblei Ramamoorthy; Oleaceae from Conoor area of Nilgiri, Tamilnadu

Never seen this. Thanks for sharing this species.

Is this the same as Ligustrum Perrottetii (or neilgherrense). Found at Nilgiris, 1300 MSL on a steep mountain slope. Attachments (1)

The following may be relevant:
1. Ligustrum (Oleaceae) in Southern India – Jstor by PS Green – ‎1990

Summary: Ligustrum (Oleaceae) in southern India. P. S. GREEN. Summary. A critical review of the material in the Kew Herbarium of Ligustrum from the Western Ghats, including some recent collections, has led to the conclusion that only one species, L. perrottetii A.DC., should be recognised, although one or two aberrant forms need to be studied in the field.

2. From Biotik:
Ligustrum gamblei Ramamoorthy
Ligustrum perrottetii A. DC.

05122014Niju01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
silent valley

It seems Ligustrum gamblei Ramam.

More likely to be Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii (A.DC.) de Juana as per images and details herein and as per Biotik link on this species rather than those at Biotik  

Requesting plant id: please find attached photos for id.

Date/Time- 06.11.2010/ 13.00
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- TALAKAVERI, KODAGU, KARNATAKA, 4350 FT
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- WESTERN GHAT, HIGH ELEVATION evergreen forest

– yes, looks like Ligustrum perrottetii A. DC.

This is a small tree with very fragrant flowers. Pic-Lalbagh-12-07-09.

I think closer to images at Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii (A.DC.) de Juana

Thank you so much sir; I am also visited at july-2016 in Lalbag Botanic garden, same name plate. really happy.


Trees of Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA Ligustrum robustum, (Roxb.) Blume <=> Wild Privet Tree: 5 images.
Shrub or small tree, twigs conspicuously white-speckled; leaves ovate to lanceolate, to 3 in. long, acute at apex and base, entire, glabrous; flowers in erect, terminal panicles 4-6 inches long

Ligustrum For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 09DEC14 : AK-30 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Small, ornamental tree with tiny white flowers.
Pictures taken on 8/11/14.
For Species id please.

Ligustrum robustum (Roxb.) Blume

Ligustrum robustum, (Roxb.) Blume <=> Wild Privet Tree

I think closer to images at Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii (A.DC.) de Juana

ANSEPT16 Requesting Id of a tree : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

Please provide probable identity of genus
4th September 2014

Ligustrum, I think.

Likely to be Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii (A.DC.) de Juana as per comparative images at Ligustrum


Tree for ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 181012 : AK-2:
A small cultivated tree seen at Lalbagh Gardens, Bangalore on 24/7/2012.
Tiny white flowers and leaves resembling Ficus benjamina.
Id please.

It looks like Ligustrum sp. (Oleaceae)

Looks like Ligustrum sp.

Likely to be Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii (A.DC.) de Juana as per comparative images at Ligustrum

Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 17SEP14 : AK-20 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
A small tree seen on 18/3/2013 in the garden with tiny white flowers.
Ligustrum Species?

Ligustrum some‎ species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)


Location: Amboli, Sindhudurg Dist, Sahayadri Hills Maharashtra.
Date: 15-Sep-2017
Local people call it Kapasi. It attract many butterflies.
Please find attached pictures. Does not have better picture than this.
Please help find id.

Ligustrum perrottetii A.DC. [Oleaceae].


in Amboli, Western ghats Maharashtra– July 2008; Mahabaleshwar– 8th Nov 2009;  at an elevation of 950 msl in Satyamangalam forests on 21 Jan 2010;

Tree for id 270110MK1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Ligustrum??021209PKA2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
PLANT FOR ID 159 SMP NOV 2009 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
PLANT FOR ID SMP17/8/2008 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Mahabaleshwar, MH :: Ligustrum for ID :: ARK2020-084 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Seen this in Mahabaleshwar, MH in March 2020.
I guess this is Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii based on efi pics.
Requested to please validate.

Thanks, …, for the wonderful presentations.
I also think close to Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii as per comparative images at Ligustrum


Amboli, MH :: Tree with fragrant white flowers for ID :: ARK2021-091: 6 images.
This was seen at Amboli hill station, MH in Aug 2021.
This was a very common tree and was flowering profusely all over.
It had a very beautiful fragrance.
The moment I saw it, the name Ligustrum stuck, is it Ligustrum robustum subsp. perrottetii?
Requested to please provide ID.

Looks close.


389 ID wild tree: 14 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: near Santhanpara, Idukki Dist., Kerala
Altitude: 3000fsl
Flower date: 12NOV2022, 02.50pm
Habitat: wild moisture, misty hill, wind
Plant habit: small tree, erect, branches, branchlets, hard woody stem 20 inches base circumference, rough brown bark, white spots on young stem
Height: 04 meters
Leaves: opposite, elliptic, acute, simple, glossy, size upto:12×6cm
Flower: terminal panicle racemose, clustered, 04 petals, diameter:07mm, white, good fragrance
Fruit: berry green into dark violet, ovoid size:13×7mm, edible lite sweet
Seed: brown single, ovoid size:9×2mm

Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Looks close to Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton

Something close, but different, please check the collage. This tree has good population there,

Olea paniculata?

I think close to images at—z/o/oleaceae/ligustrum/ligustrum-perrottetii

… suggested it is Chionanthus ramiflorus, thanks a lot.
Yes it is very close to Ligustrum perrottetii, thank you very much for ID my plant,



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