Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 749 749 1826. (syn. Ambulia sessiliflora (Vahl) Baill. ex Wettst.; Benjaminia glabra Benj.; Hottonia sessiliflora Vahl; Limnophila griffithii Hook.fil.; Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Griff.; Limnophila taoyuanensis Yang & YenStemodia sessiliflora (Vahl) F.Muell.; Stemodiacra sessiliflora (Vahl) Hiern; Terebinthina glabra (Benj.) Kuntze; Terebinthina sessiliflora (Vahl) Kuntze);                        
Java, Bhutan, India, Darjeeling, Java, peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi Isl.),
Singapore (I), Myanmar [Burma] (Shan), Nepal, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Vietnam,
China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hunan,
Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Japan (Honshu,
Shikoku, Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., North Korea, South Korea, Southern Marianas
(Guam), USA (I) (Florida (I), Georgia (I), Texas (I)), Bolivia (I), Slovakia (I)
as per Catalogue of Life;       
Common name: Asian Marshweed, Dwarf Ambulia, Stalkless Marshweed

S.E. Asia Escaped into a number of countries where conditions are suitable and sometimes classified as a weed – in paddy rice fields of India, China, Japan and the Philippines. Now is naturalized in several counties in Florida from south Florida to the panhandle.  

Very adaptable; has been found growing in mountain streams, lakes, rivers and even damp soils. 
Looks superficially rather similar to Cabomba but it has leaves in proper whorls, about 1.2 inches (3cm) in diameter. The leaves are pinnate and bright green in colour. Under strong light the leaves take on a reddish hue. Can reach over 16 inches (40cm) in height. The submerse leaves are very different from the emerse forms – dark green, more or less lance-shaped.
The fruit are capsules, ellipsoid, 3.5-5.5 mm long, green-brown when submersed, dark brown when emersed.
Quite commonly used as a bunch plant in aquariums. Needs medium light (more light results in better growth and appearance)and a nutrient-rich water column. Benefits from the addition of CO2. Like many stem plants, it tends to take on a leggy growth in poor light.
Propagated by cuttings.
Growth conditions: Ph 6-7.5 3-25 dGH 3-25 dKH Temperature 22 – 28’C
A nutrient-rich substrate also benefits the plant. May be confused with other stem plants with similar appearance
(From Wikipedia on 15.8.13)

The species occurs from India east through Bhutan, Nepal and southern China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang) to the Korean Peninsula and Japan and south through Bangladesh, Indochina, the Philippines, the Mariana Islands, Malaysia and Singapore to Indonesia (eFloras 2011, GRIN 2011).
The species occurs in a wide variety of wetland habitats, including the margins of ponds, swamps, rice fields, seasonally inundated habitats along streams and low-lying wet areas. 
(From  IUCN Red List (LC) ) 


On 2/11/08 at Bot. Gardens in Hyderabad, AP. It was a mat like herb along a water pond.

It may be Limnophila indica, but I am not very sure.

Thanks, … for the feedback.

It appears a bit different from Limnophila indica pictures at link
However, I think it may be Limnophila sessiliflora (Asian or Dwarf Ambulia), see the links:
Lucidcentral (with flowering pictures also),

ID of Limnophila sp. from Assam KD 03 April : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Attached images may be sp. of Limnophila. Please ID the plant sp.
Date :19,02.2015
Location: Assam
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Genus& species : Limnophila sp.
Habitat: Grows wild on wetland
Habit :Herb 

Limnophila species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available) 

The plant uploaded seems to be Limnophila indica known as Indian Marshy weed.

Limnophila sessiliflora.. 



Limnophila sessiliflora : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

sharing picture of Limnophila sessiliflora
Family Scrophulariaceae
Found growing in post harvested paddy field
at Sawantwadi MH

Very good posting …



Requesting id: (mixed thread): On 29.10.2011 found this submerged plant in Perambadi lake, Kodagu (Coorg), Karnataka.
The one on shore was similar to the submerged one;

A guess, this could be Limnophylla heterophylla

A spelling correction, please read the suggested name as Limnophila heterophylla of Plantaginaceae family.

I agree with … id for the third picture. First two could be of a Myriophyllum species.

This should be Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume as per details herein.


Aquatic plants from Assam KD 04 JUL 2017 : 11 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Attached images are aquatic plants. Pl. ID the plants 
Date :09.06.2017
Location: Assam
Habitat: Grows on stagnant water body on hilly area

Is it not Limnophila sp.?

Also check for Cabomba species 

What about Ceratophyllum submersum.

I think not matching with Ceratophyllum & Cabomba species available so far in efi.
Limnophila species so far in efi.

It looks like underground leaves of Limnophila aromatica. but I cant be sure without seeing the upper part.


Id280810phk :  Attachments (2).  11 posts by 6 authors.

An aquatic herb at Alibag, Maharashtra

Limnophylla most probably…

This indeed Limnophylla

Limnophila heterophylla perhaps

Verbascum species

When you put this taxa for search on google, most of the plant that comes on the search are either Cabomba aquatica and Limnophila aquatica and sometimes L. sessiliflora. We shouldnt always trust the links on internet. Even renowned sites have issues.
As the name suggests, heterophylla, when the plants emerge outside water the leaf morphology changes and it is very much different from the part submerged in water.
I am still not sure of the species of above plant but to confirm Limnophila the best thing is to smell it. It has a very pleasant camphor+fennel.

Can be Limnophila indica (L.) Druce or Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume as per FoC illustration.


These are pictures of some aquatic plants. These pics were taken in Western Ghats in Maharashtra. According to me there are 3 plants. It was a fresh water stream. I want to know their names..

4th one must be Chara.
was it under water?

I can identify the one in the last photograph as I have it in my aquarium and I also frequently see it in rivers and pools in konkan. It is a Cobomba spp.
As for the first three photographs, I really have no idea.

Following links gives many pictures of many Limnophila species & may be it helps you in your identification:

Lucid Central

It seems … is right, Pic 1 is a mixture, Pic 2 & 3 are Limnophila sessiliflora and the 4th is L. aquatica.

Pictures of Chara appear different at link: as does pictures of Cobomba species at link:

your first three pics are of pogostemon dacennense most probably if you have taken  these pics from some plateues in maharasthra and fouth
one is most probably of Ceratophyllum sp. 

3 can beLimnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume and 4 can be Limnophila heterophylla (Roxb.) Benth. 




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