Lolium temulentum L., Sp. Pl. 83 1753. (syn: Bromus temulentus Bernh.; Craepalia temulenta (L.) Schrank; Lolium aegyptiacum Bellardi ex Rouville [Invalid]; Lolium album Steud. [Invalid]; Lolium annuum Lam.; Lolium arvense With.; Lolium asperum Roth ex Kunth [Invalid]; Lolium asperum Roth; Lolium berteronianum Steud.; Lolium cuneatum Nevski; Lolium decipiens Dumort.; Lolium giganteum Roem. & Schult. [Invalid]; Lolium gracile Dumort.; Lolium gracile Hegetschw. [Illegitimate]; Lolium gussonei Nyman [Invalid]; Lolium infelix Rouville; Lolium linicola A.Braun [Invalid]; Lolium longiglume St.-Lag. [Invalid]; Lolium lucidum Dumort.; Lolium maximum Willd.; Lolium maximum Guss. [Illegitimate]; Lolium pseudolinicola Gennari; Lolium remotum f. asperum Anghel & Beldie; Lolium robustum Rchb.; Lolium speciosum Steven ex M.Bieb.; Lolium temulentum f. arvense (With.) Junge ……………; Lolium triticoides Janka);
Macaronesia, N. Africa, Temp. Eurasia: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Morocco, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia; Introduced into: Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Guatemala, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Ireland, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Socotra, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wyoming, Yukon, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
bearded darnel, Bearded ryegrass, Darnel, Poison darnel; Hindi: Mochni;  Punjab: Mostaki;

Lolium temulentum, typically known as darnel, poison darnel or cockle, is an annual plant that forms part of the Poaceae family and part of the Lolium genus. The plant stem can grow up to one meter tall, with inflorescence in the ears and purple grain. It has a global distribution.

Darnel usually grows in the same production zones as wheat and is considered a weed. The similarity between these two plants is so great that in some regions, darnel is referred to as “false wheat“.[1] It bears a close resemblance to wheat until the ear appears. The spikes of L. temulentum are more slender than those of wheat. The spikelets are oriented edgeways to the rachis and have only a single glume, while those of wheat are oriented with the flat side to the rachis and have two glumes. The wheat will also appear brown when ripe, whereas the darnel is black.[2]
(From  Wikipedia on 20.4.13)

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae-Lolium temulentum L. from Kashmir-GS83 :  Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
Lolium temulentum Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:83. 1753.
Bearded Rye-grass, the annual species is locally common as weed of cultivation and along rodsides in Kashmir. Photographed from Srinagar, Kashmir in June, 2010


Need ID of fodder grass for buffaloes: 2 images.

Black soil

Lolium temulentum

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