Keys from Flora of Bhutan (Habitat, Elevation and Flowering- fruiting period):

1. Flowers in large panicles 6-25cm . . . .. 2
+ Flowers in short sometimes branched racemes 1 -6cm . . .. 3
2. Leaves dentate or serrate, pubescent . . …….. 1. M. macrophylla (Subtropical and Warm broad-leaved forests, 600-1700m. February-May)
+ Leaves entire, glabrous . . . .. 2. M. ramentacea (Terai forests. December-March)
3. Leaves coriaceous, rugose above . .  . ..3. M. rugosa (Broad-leaved forests, 1500-2440m. November- March)
+ Leaves membranous, smooth . . . . .. 4 
4. Leaves and young stems pubescent; leaves large, 10-30 x 5.5-13cm …….  4. M. argentea (Cool broad-leaved forests, 2130—2440m. April)
+ Leaves and young stems glabrous (or finely puberulous in M. montana); leaves mostly small, 7-16 x 2-10cm . . . .. 5  
5. Young shoots puberulous; leaves puberulous on midrib beneath, without translucent veins but minutely punctate; racemes short, mostly 1-2.5 cm…. 7. M. montana (Subtropical and terai forests, 300-410m. March-May)
+ Young shoots glabrous; leaves glabrous beneath with translucent elongate or reticulate minor veins; racemes often 2.5-6cm . . . . .. 6
6. Leaves subentire to shallowly sinuate or serrulate; lateral veins spreading; minor veins conspicuously translucent and reticulate. . ..5. M. chisia (Margins of Evergreen oak and Warm broad-leaved forests, often on rocky slopes and cliffs, 1250-2100m. February-May)
+ Leaves usually coarsely serrate; lateral veins ascending; minor veins inconspicuously translucent, elongate, not reticulate ….. . . .. 6. M. indica (Subtropical (often secondary) and terai forests, 200-l250m. February-May)


Maesa manipurensis Mez (Assam to China (W. Yunnan): Assam, China South-Central as per POWO)

Maesa ramentacea (Roxb.) A. DC. (China (Yunnan, Guangxi) to Tropical Asia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)


Maesa rugosa C. B. Clarke (E. Himalaya to China (NW. Yunnan) and Myanmar: Assam, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Tibet as per POWO)


BSI Flora of India Checklist (Distribution):

Name Distribution
Maesa andamanica Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Maesa argentea Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Uttarakhand, West Bengal
Maesa arunachalensis Arunachal Pradesh
Maesa bengalensis Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland
Maesa chisia Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal
Maesa grandiflora Assam
Maesa indica var. indica (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Manipur, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, West Bengal)
var. angustifolia (A. DC.) C.B. Clarke in Hook.f. (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal)
var. perrottetiana C.B. Clarke in Hook.f. (Assam, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
Maesa kurzii Meghalaya
Maesa macrophylla Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, West Bengal
Maesa manipurensis Manipur, Nagaland
Maesa ramentacea Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram
Maesa rugosa Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal
Maesa truncata Arunachal Pradesh
Maesa velutina Endemic to India: Karnataka, Kerala


Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Maesa indica (Roxb.) DC. Shrub/ small tree Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanniya kumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni,
Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhu nagar


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Maesa indica Baeobotrys indica, Maesa dubia, Maesa indica var. perrottetiana Myrsinaceae Wild Berry
Maesa montana Maesa formosana, Maesa martinii, Maesa henryi Myrsinaceae Mountain Maesa


From Biotik:
Maesa indica (Roxb.) DC



Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (distribution):

Maesa acuminata A. DC. (Nepal)
Maesa argentea (Wall.) A. DC. (Himalaya (Garhwal to Sikkim), N. Burma, W. China)
Maesa chisia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Assam, N. Burma)
Maesa macrophylla (Wall.) A. DC. (Himalaya (Kumaun to Bhutan))
Maesa montana A. DC. (Tropical Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), Assam, east to W. China)


Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China [Distribution other than China]:

Maesa argentea  [India, Myanmar, Nepal]

Maesa chisia [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal]

Maesa indica [India, Vietnam]

Maesa manipurensis  [Bangladesh, E India]

Maesa montana [India, Myanmar, Thailand].

Maesa ramentacea [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam]
Maesa rugosa [India]


Notes on the distribution of Maesa velutina Mez (Myrsinaceae) – a rare and endemic plant from India by M.M. Sardesai & S.R. Yadav- Journal of Threatened Taxa | | April 2011 | 3(4): 1735–1736


Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific By Christophe Wiart (2006)- Details-
Maesa ramentacea


Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India, Volumes 30-32; Volumes 34-35 (1992)-
MAESA NAYARII – A NEW SPECIES OF MYRSINACEAE FROM ARUNACHAL PRADESH 0 S TMZ denticulate margin ; corolla lobes are ovate-. An interesting species of the genus Maesa Forsk. was collected during …


Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details- p. 273-
Maesa indica


Maesa : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Maesa

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Maesa page (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Primulaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.