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Images by Dr.Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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Keys as per A Revision of Malvaviscus (Malvaceae) by Billie L. Turner and Meghan G . Mendenhall (1993): 

4a. Cultivated, mostly sterile, rarely producing fruits; flowers pendulous, the corollas mostly 42-70 mm long; leaves ovate and sub-glabrous; widespread in gardens and often escaping or persisting following cultivation -…………………. M . pendulifiorus

4b. Wild and cultivated, usually fertile and producing red or white fruits; flowers usu-lly erect, the corollas mostly 15-50 mm long; leaves variable in shape and vestiture; throughout southern and central M exico, south eastern United States, West Indies, and rarely coastal areas of northern South America, occasionally cultivated and persisting elsewhere.

   5a. Leaves rather uniformly 3- lobed and mostly obtuse at the apex, strongly cordate; stems and petioles diffusely pubescent with overlapping stellate hairs that form a velvety vestiture only rarely exceeding 0 .25 mm high; mostly United States, just barely extending into Mexico along the Gulf coastal regions of Tamaulipas – M. arboreus var. drummondii

   5b. Leaves various, but the blades usually acute at the apices, truncate or cordate; stem and petioles variously pubescent to glabrous, but the vestiture usually not as described above, if evenly velvety-pubescent then some or most of the hairs exceeding 0.25 mm; widespread throughout tropical and subtropical habitats of Mexico, Central America, and West Indies, rarely elsewhere in cultivation. -…….. M. arboreus var. arboreus







Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. var. arboreus (Cultivated throughout in India. Native of tropical America)
Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. var. penduliflorus (DC.) Scheryin (Cultivated throughout in India. Native of tropical America) Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC.



























Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name






















Malvaviscus
arboreus
Cav. var. arboreus
Shrub Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All districts Milagai poo
Malvaviscus arboreus Dill ex Cav. var. penduliflorus (DC.) Schery =  Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC. Sub
shrub
Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Matthew,
1999
All
districts
 















 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Malvaviscus arboreus var. arboreus Malvaviscus arboreus var. mexicanus Malvaceae Sleeping Hibiscus
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Malvaviscus drummondii Malvaceae Wax Mallow
Malvaviscus penduliflorus Malvaceae Pendulous Sleeping Hibiscus

Malvaviscus arboreus var. arboreus (Mexico to Peru and Brazil, occasional in West Indies; cultivated all over the world) 
Malvaviscus arboreus var. penduliflorus (Mocino & Sesse ex DC.) Schery (Common in Mexico and extending to Ecuador and Venezuela. Cultivated in various parts of the world) Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC.


Malvaviscus arboreus var. arboreus Cav. (Cultivated in the tropics generally)
Malvaviscus arboreus var. penduliflorus Cav. (South America. Widely cultivated in the tropics)


Species with description & keys in Flora of China [Distribution other than China]:
Malvaviscus arboreus Cavanilles [native to Central and North America (SE United States); now widely planted in tropical and warm temperate regions, sometimes naturalized].
Malvaviscus penduliflorus Candolle [cultivated in Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Africa (Egypt, Tanzania), Americas, Pacific islands; origin unknown but probably Mexico].


Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Malvaviscus conzattii Greenm. Synonym of Malvaviscus arboreus var. arboreus


Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-

Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach By Kumudranjan Naskar (1986)- Details-

Malvaviscus conzattii Greenm. Synonym of Malvaviscus arboreus var. arboreus


Malvaviscus (Malvaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Malvaviscus (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide updated complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Malvaviscus page with images of species in efloraofindia (done mainly by Bhagyashri Ranade ji).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.



Pl. go through Malvaviscus (‎‎‎Malvaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


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