Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200 1753. (Syn: Mangifera austroyunnanensis Hu;             (=) Mangifera mekongensis anon.);
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Images by tspkumar, Rashida Atthar & Dinesh Valke

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mango • Assamese: আম aam • Bengali: আম aama • Gujarati: આંબો aambo • Hindi: आम aam • Kannada: ಮಾವು maavu • Kashmiri: अम्ब् amb • Konkani: आंबॉ ambo • Malayalam: മാവു് maavu • Manipuri: heinou • Marathi: अंबा amba • Nepalese: आँप् aamp • Punjabi: ਅੰਬ amb • Sanskrit: आम्र aamra • Tamil: மா ma, மாங்காய் maangai • Telugu: ఆమ్రము amramu, మామిడి mamidi • Urdu: آم aam;
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Afrikaans: veselperske • Arabic: مانجا Manja, Mangô • Assamese: Ghariyam • Bengali: Aama (Aam) • Burmese: tharyetthi, thayeq, thayeq dhì • Chinese: Mang guo • Czech: Mangovník indický • Danish: Mango • Dutch: Manga, Mangga, Manja, Mangoestanboom, Mangostanboom • English: Indian mango, Mango, Mango tree , Mango-tree • Ewondo: manguier • Fijian: mango • Finnish: Mango, Mangopuu • French: mangue, manguier • German: Indischer Mangobaum, Mango, Mangofrucht, Mangobaum, Mangopalme • Greek: Μάγκο Magko, Μάνγκο Mangko • Hausa: Mangoro (Nigeria) • Hindi: आम Aam • Iloko: mango • Indonesian: mempelam • Italian: Mango • Japanese: Mangoo, Mangou • Kannada: Mavina • Khmer: svaay • Konkani: आंबॉ Ambo • Korean: Mang ko • Lao: Mak mouang, mwàngx • Malay: Ampelam, Mangga, Mangga (Indonesia), Mempelam • Malayalam: Mangga • Manipuri: Heinou • Marathi: अंबा Amba • Nepalese: Aanpa, Amacura • Norwegian: Mango • Persian: انبه • Polish: Mango indyjskie • Portuguese: ambo, manga, mangueira • Roviana: rereke • Russian: Манго Mango • Sanskrit: आम्र Aamra • Samoan: mago • Simbo: lebu • Sinhalese: Etamba • Slovakian: Mangovník indický • Spanish: Mango • Swahili: Mwembe • Swedish: Mango, Mango-arter • Tagalog: Mangang kalabau, Mangga • Tamil: Ma, மாங்காய் maangai • Telugu: Amramu, Mamidi • Thai: ma-muang, mahmuang, mamuang • Tonga: mango • Urdu: Aam, Amba • Vietnamese: xoài • Visayan: Mangga;
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man-GEF-er-uh — bearing mangos
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India
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Native to: s Asia and India
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A large, evergreen tree with dense, spreading foliage. Leaves 15-30 x 3-10 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, alternate, simple, entire, spathulate, dark green, with somewhat wavy lamina. Flowers in terminal panicles or fascicles, greenish-yellow, polygamous, small. Sepals 4-5-partite. Petals 4-5, imbricate, very small. Stamens 4-5, with long filaments. Fruit a fleshy drupe, kidney-shaped, greenish, dark yellow or light red on ripening. Seeds albuminous, one per fruit.
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Edible use:
… unripe fruit as VEGETABLE
… ripe fruit as FRUIT
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VALMIKI : OBSERVER OF NATURE: (mixed thread): 1 correct image as above. Valmiki used CHUTA/AMRA for the same tree, in his Ramayan. The common name for this tree is Mango. Scientifically it is known as Mangifera indica. This is what Chakravarti S Venkatesh says in his ” Our Tree Neighbours “, about the etymology of the scientific name.
“Incidentally it will be of interest to know that the Latin name Mangifera is originally derived from the Tamil word Manga for unripe fruit of this tree.”



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Mangifera indica – Dandeli WLS:  Came across this tall fruiting mango tree in Dandeli. The fruits were very sweet!



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051011GK Mangifera indica flower close ups: (4 images with 3 close-ups of flowers) Beautiful flowers of *Mangifera indica *of Anacardiaceae family.
Taken at Kalpetta Waynad, Kerala on 04-10-11.


Beautiful photographs …,

here are mine…. (7 images)


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efloraindia: 141011BRS66:  Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.

Date/Time-Location- 11.10.2011, NBNP Garden
Place, Altitude, GPS- Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist  640 MSL
Habitat- Garden
Type-Plant Habit- Tree
Planted during 1996. First flowering was notice this year.


Mangifera indica of Anacardiaceae family, the mango tree.

Seems funny, but I thought I got confused. Doesnt leaf look different?
I am going through bad days it seems. I have confusion on Mango tree also :(….


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mango tree ( sprouts): I hope you and/or … sure must be knowing about, this unusual feature of Mango tree. When they flower after Holi some sprout like flowers of green colour also comes out in bunches and they just keep hanging (for months together) with the tree and never turns into fruits.
It happens in one of my mango tree whenever it flowers and then I noticed the same feature in many other mango trees of my area. It effects fruits, in fact fruiting is almost negligible as compared to my other mango trees.

Please tell is it some kind of disease or something else? Is there any remedy to it ?


I have the same problem in my trees. One of the local horticulturalist advised me to cu those branches and burn them. He said that it’s a disease.

It’s an ongoing process of every year.

My problem is those small flies that comes on Mango trees at this time of year. We dont want to use pesticide so any other remedy will be useful if someone can suggest.


Here are two contenders that may be responsible for the symptoms you describe:
1) Anthracnose (Colletotrichumstate of Glomerella cingulata Ston, Spaull and Schrenk) : Severe infection destroys the entire inflorescence resulting in no setting of fruits.Tender shoots and foliage are easily affected which ultimately cause ‘die back’ of young branches. Older twigs may also be infected through wounds which in severe cases may be fatal. Depending on the prevailing weather conditions blossom blight may vary in severity from slight to a heavy infection of the panicles.
2)
a) Powdery mildew (Oidium mangiferae Berthet) : The affected flowers and fruits drop pre-maturely reducing the crop load considerably or might even prevent the fruit set. The characteristic symptom of the disease is the white superficial powdery fungal growth on leaves, stalks of panicles, flowers and young fruits.
http://www.horticultureworld.net/mango-india2.htm



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efloraofindia:” Id 29052012MR1’’ Mango tree with big young leaves at Pune: 28th May 2012 Pune.

Found this Mango tree at a private society at Pune. The branches were cut. It had big sized young leaves almost 11 inches in length. Is it normal for a mango tree to have such big young leaves?. There were other mango trees in the vicinity none were trimmed but none had such big leaves.



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King Kong Kesar: 5 correct images.

One of my highlights of this year’s mango season is a giant Kesar mango. Of all the fruits on the tree, it was the only one that beat the yardstick to reach a size of 11 inches x 5 inches, and weighed an impressive 1.6 kgs! The stone is 9 inches long and 2.2 inches wide at the centre but slender nevertheless!

This exceptional Kesar bore all the virtues of its archetypal siblings: a tantalizing aroma, a uniformly smooth & fibre-free pulp, a multi-dimensional flavour, and a thin peel. It was harvested from Choukoshi Wadi in Bhujpur village (Mundra, South Kachchh); this cheerful farm belongs to one of my uncles – Bipinbhai Bheda – who is an agriculturist.
Have attached some photographs of this marvellous fruit as well as a brief report that appeared in the Gujarati newspaper Mumbai Samachar [06-June-2012]. The farmhands in the last picture are perhaps the only people to have seen it on the tree.

This mango alone produced around three litres of the most deliciously refreshing Mango Panna concentrate! Hope you enjoy seeing these pictures as much as we relished this luscious drink 😉


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Fruit Trees of Bangalore – RA – Mangifera Indica – Mango Tree: For completeness sake let me add these trees also.
It is a matter of astonishment to many that the delicious mango, one of the most celebrated of Indian fruits, is a member of the family Anacardiaceae notorious for embracing a number of highly poisonous plants.
The mango tree is erect, 30 to 100 ft high, with a broad, rounded canopy which may, with age, attain 100 to 125 ft in width, or a more upright, oval, relatively slender crown. In deep soil, the taproot descends to a depth of 20 ft, the profuse, wide-spreading, feeder root system also sends down many anchor roots which penetrate for several feet. The tree is long-lived, some specimens being known to be 300 years old and still fruiting.
Nearly evergreen, alternate leaves are borne mainly in rosettes at the tips of the branches and numerous twigs from which they droop like ribbons on slender petioles 1 to 4 in long. Hundreds and even as many as 3,000 to 4,000 small, yellowish or reddish flowers, 25% to 98% male, the rest hermaphroditic, are borne in profuse, showy, erect, pyramidal, branched clusters 2 1/2 to 15 1/2 in high.  

There is great variation in the form, size, color and quality of the fruits. They may be nearly round, oval, ovoid-oblong, or somewhat kidney-shaped, often with a break at the apex, and are usually more or less lop-sided.
Ref. Peurdue


Beautiful Shots of Mango Tree


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Mango-Macro: Sharing a Macro image of Mango flower. I hope U will like this..
(Bot. name: Mangifera indica     
Family:
Anacardiaceae).


Another best ever possible close up of the flower of a very common plant which made it very special … Awesome shot.



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Mangifera indica from Panipat- 2011: This “Aam” tree was shot in March 2011 from Panipat, Mangifera indica Linn., Sp. Pl. 200

A large, evergreen tree with dense, spreading foliage. Leaves 15-30 x 3-10 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, alternate, simple, entire, spathulate, dark green, with somewhat wavy lamina. Flowers in terminal panicles or fascicles, greenish-yellow, polygamous, small. Sepals 4-5-partite. Petals 4-5, imbricate, very small. Stamens 4-5, with long filaments. Fruit a fleshy drupe, kidney-shaped, greenish, dark yellow or light red on ripening. Seeds albuminous, one per fruit.

probably this is the second post of close up shot for mango flower in the group. Great going. Superb shot



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FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( AAM -1 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore, in which AAM has been mentioned.


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Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore, in which AAM (Mangifera indica) is mentioned.

This song is the national song of Bangladesh.


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It is my pleasure to share few images of Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae 

Habit: Evergreen tree. 

Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forest 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 and 800 msl respectively 

Date:11-05-2014 and 03-03-2015


Nice display …



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Mangifera indica : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 07MAY17 : AK-08 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

Green Mangoes seen on the tree last week.

Are these any local ones?


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SK1047 28 MAR-2018 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation :  4600 ft.
Date : 16 April 2015
Habit : Cultivated
 
Only flower images.

Isn’t it Mangifera indica…!!


Yes it is.



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in Goa– 30/1/08; in Mumbai and much of Maharashtra– (29/2/08); in Jan. end & Feb. in Kolkata; in March’ 08  –Mumbai; Thane in Maharashtra – 14/3/08; at Aarey road, Mumbai, on 22 Nov. ’09; Trees of Delhi- Flowers (‘Baur’) first seen in mid Feb., reaching a peak in March.

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Anacardiaceae (cashew family) » Mangifera indica
Synonym: Mangifera domestica
man-GEF-er-uh — bearing mangos
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India
Native to: s Asia and India
Edible use:
… unripe fruit as VEGETABLE
… ripe fruit as FRUIT
some facts:
The mango exists in two races, one from India and the other from the Philippines and Southeast Asia
The tree is long-lived with some specimens known to be over 300 years old and still fruiting

Quoted from California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc<http://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/mango.html>
Symbolic status:

… National Fruit of India
… State Tree of Maharashtra, India



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Fruits & Vegetables Week: Mangifera indica, the mango: Mangifera indica, the mango, a large number of varieties are grown in India and elsewhere in tropical climate. 


– I am sending photos of the Alphonso Mango tree planted by me at Pattambi, Kerala.  It is a grafted one and the very first year it started flowering, but the flower did not become fruits as I think the tree is very small.  Hope it will fruit this year.



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Big mango tree in Yelagiri : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)- around 800 kb each.

Big mango tree in Yelagiri



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Mangifera indica—for sharing : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

It seems my earlier mail has not reached you. Wonder why.
pictures taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Of Lonavala, Pune in Feb. 18

Location : Thenhlum, Mizoram
Altitude : 400 – 900 m.
Date : 05-07-2012
Habit : Large evergreen tree with long straight trunk; fruits small.
Habitat : Wild
Mizo : Hai-va-hmim
Note : Fruits edible. It is the smallest fruit among the Mangifera, I think

Mangifera linearifolia (Mukh.) Kosterm. ??? 

2 attachments


Same Mangifera sp is attached herewith to help id.

1 image.


Thanks, …
Both species appear quite close as per GBIF specimens:
https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/gallery?taxon_key=3662568 (Mangifera linearifolia- all specimens from Thailand)
https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/gallery?taxon_key=3662645 (Mangifera khasiana Pierre – all specimens from India, but no fruiting specimen)
Hi, …, What are the species reported from your area ?
Going by leaf venation as per specimen, I think close to Mangifera khasiana Pierre (Distribution: India (Meghalaya), Sikkim as per Catalogue of Life).
As per SPECIES OF MANGIFERA – Bioversity InternationalMangifera linearifolia is not mentioned anywhere (probably a syn. as per them).
In India, M.indica, M. khasiana, M.andamanica and M. sylvatica only are mentioned.

So it is most likely to be M. khasiana.


Only Mangifera indica and M.sylvatica are recorded in my State- from … as per reply in another thread.


Are these images from the same tree in MS Nov., 2020/01 Mangifera for ID ?

Here the beak of the fruit looks different.


But I am not able to find the description of M. khasiana.
… has stated in another thread (Mangifera sylvatica?) that ‘The fruits of the M sylvatica as per Flora of India, 4.5-6 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide. The fruits are acuminate with protruded tips in M. khasiana and M. sylvatica’.

If this is true, it may be M.indica only.


Going by the Mangifera keys, it may be Mangifera indica only.



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Re: Mangifera sylvatica? : 7 posts by 4 authors. 4 images.

This is from Rajnagar, Kumarghat, Tripura
It is called bon am or laxmi am with little flesh but sweet in taste.
The tree is very tall and found in deep forest. It is not cultivated at all.
I suspect it to be Mangifera sylvatica
Please identify

I guess it is correct ID !


What is the size of the fruit vis-à-vis normal Mango ? Is it half in length? Not clear from your images.
Also I do not see pointed portion of the fruit as in
However, some images on net sites do not show the pointed portion as in

Thanks for the mail. Indeed I’ve seen the Mangifera sylvatica in Andaman, when I was serving in Port Blair. It is of somewhat sour taste.
The fruits of the M sylvatica as per Flora of India, 4.5-6 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide. The fruits are acuminate with protruded tip in M. khasiana and M. sylvatica. From the photos given, I think it is of M. indica only!


What was the size of these compared to those of normal mangoes ?

2 inches. The petiole is long and leaves are different. Forest dept says it is Mangifera sylvaticaNo pulp and the seed is big as that of fruit. There are significant patches of red colour on the fruit, so it is laxmi am.

I think this may also turn out to be Mangifera khasiana as per discussions at MS Nov., 2020/02 Mangifera sp. (khasiana ?) for Id.


Only Mangifera indica and M.sylvatica are recorded in my State


Mangifera linearifolia (Mukh.) Kosterm. ??


For your suggested id, pl. see my comments at MS Nov., 2020/02 Mangifera sp. (khasiana ?) for Id.


Thanks, …, I am not finding a description of Mangifera khasiana on the net.

Could you pl. help us with the description?


Thanks, … Based on the keys at Mangifera khasiana description, we should take it M.indica only


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i want to share native name of Mango plant in Santali with script and its transliteration as:

Mangifera indica in Santali : ᱩᱞ ul

…, thank you very much for this fabulous contribution/ validation of Santali names of plants, and for providing them in native script.

…, many thanks to you for continuously providing the Nepali names of plants, and for providing them in Devanagari script.


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Mahua and Mango in marriage ritual.

(An excerpt from the children  book   “Etoa munda won the battle that I was reading again  to daughter Nesara after many years . This folk song  mentions names of trees Mahua and Mango in a beautiful way in the rituals)
“The Lodha_(tribals from West bengal, Orissa, Assam) bridegroom has to get married to a Mango tree before he can marry his bride.
Similarly a girl has to marry a Mahua tree”
During the ceremony, the women sing:
The bride will be married to the Mahua tree!
The groom will be married to the Mango!
How happy will the wedding be !
The groom’s name on the mango leaf!
The bride’s name on the mahua leaf,!
How happy will the wedding be. !!

(-Mahasveta devi  ( Etoa Munda won the battle))


Very nice, …

This shows close association of human beings with the trees and plants.


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