Martynia annua L., Sp. Pl. 2: 618 618 1753 (Syn: Carpoceras angulata A. Rich.; Carpoceras longiflora A. Rich.; Disteira angulosa (Lam.) Raf.; Martynia alternifolia Lam.; Martynia angulosa Lam.; Martynia diandra Gloxin; Martynia jussieui (Steud.) Howell; Martynia pallida Salisb.; Martynia proboscidea Glox. (ambiguous synonym); Proboscidea cordifolia Moench; Proboscidea jussieui Steud.; Vatkea diandra (Gloxin) O. Hoffm.);
Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas, Tortola), Lesser Antilles (Antigua, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Vincent), Aruba, Curacao, Trinidad, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Belize, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Australia (I) (Northern Territory (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I)), Java (I), NW-India (I), Lesser Sunda Isl. (I) (Sumba (I), Timor (I)), New Caledonia (I), China (I) (Yunnan (I)), Cambodia (I), India (I), Myanmar [Burma] (I), Bangladesh (I), Nepal (I), Pakistan (I), Jammu & Kashmir (I), Sri Lanka (I), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (I), trop. Africa (I), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Madagascar (I), Burkina Faso (I), Benin (I), Togo (I) as per Catalogue of life;
devil’s claw, iceplant, tiger’s-claw • Bengali: বাঘনখী baghnakhi • Hindi: बाघनख baghnakh, हाथाजोड़ी hatha-jori, उलट-कांटा ulat-kanta • Kannada: ಗರುಡ ಮೂಗು ಮುಳ್ಳು garuda mugu mullu, ಹುಲಿ ನಖ huli nakha, ಹುಲಿ ಉಗುರು huli uguru • Malayalam: പുലിനഖം puli-nakham • Marathi: विंचवी vinchavi, विंचू vinchu • Nepalese: बिरालो-नङ्ग्रि biralo-nangri, ग्रिध्दरनंकी gridharnankee • Oriya: baghanakhi • Sanskrit: काकनसा kakanasa • Tamil: புலிநகம் puli-nakam, தேட்கொடுக்கி tet-kotukki • Telugu: గరుడముకు garudamukku;


Request for Species ID DKV220811-1:
Location Mhow, Dist Indore, Madhya Pradesh

This is the Devil’s Claw [Martynia annua].

Martynia annua
Family: Martyniaceae
A medicinal plant.

yes Martynia annua, very common in waste land during Monsoon

Martynia Annua : Devil’s Claws ; Tiger’s claws : AK:
Taken growing in Nasik, Maharashtra on the roadside on 25th of September,09.

Nice photogrph of Martynia annua, a member of Martyniaceae. Often found in roadside location.

This is called as nakti, It has two strong hook thorns. The seeds are coal dark. Other end of seed has an eye. So one can make a long chain of these seeds.
I am told they put this chappals to make some sound karr S r S The plants come up after mansoon

Curiously, some of these growing at a friend’s house here in California, USA have seedpods divided into three hooks instead of the typical two. They are otherwise identical.

Attaching my pictures of fruits and seeds. Seeds are very much woody and clawed.

It looks like what I thought were 3-parted fruits on my plants here in California, USA are actually 5-parted. Seems likely that this is a different species.

‘Martynia Annua’ is called ‘Vinchavi’ ‘विंचवी’ in Marathi.…

Martynia Annua is commonly known as: devil’s claw, iceplant, tiger’s-claw • Bengali: বাঘনখী baghnakhi • Hindi: बाघनख baghnakh, हाथाजोड़ी hatha-jori, उलट-कांटा ulat-kanta • Kannada: ಗರುಡ ಮೂಗು ಮುಳ್ಳು garuda mugu mullu, ಹುಲಿ ನಖ huli nakha, ಹುಲಿ ಉಗುರು huli uguru • Malayalam: പുലിനഖം puli-nakham • Marathi: विंचवी vinchavi, विंचू vinchu • Nepalese: बिरालो-नङ्ग्रि biralo-nangri, ग्रिध्दरनंकी gridharnankee • Oriya: baghanakhi • Sanskrit: काकनसा kakanasa • Tamil: புலிநகம் puli-nakam, தேட்கொடுக்கி tet-kotukki • Telugu: గరుడముకు garudamukku

I had seen these flowers on Kaas Plateau near Satara in last monsoon.

Can u share exact location in NASIK ?? I m from Nasik I want to see the plant.

that was in 2009. would it still be around?
this paper says its an annual:
i quote/copy paste from it
Among different medicinal plants M. annua are used in Indian traditional medicine and in folklore for many diseases. The leaves and fruits are the biologically active part of M.annua7, 8M. annua belongs to family Martyniaceae (or Pedaliaceae), is a well-known small herbaceous annual plant, distributed throughout India. It is commonly known as the Cat`s claw or Devil`s claw refers to the inner woody capsule which splits open at one end into two curved horns or claws. They produce strange seed pods that attach to the feet and legs of large animals, and include some of the largest hitchhiker fruits in the world9.” end quote.
good luck since its an annual, and its like weed once established, you may yet find it in undisturbed areas, like old abandoned yards, plots were owner has not built houses yet etc.


Flower for ID-MN291011:
Date/Time-………………………….. August 2011 10 a.m.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-………… Kasara, Thane dt.
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- …….Wild (near a dam)
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- ..Shrub
Height/Length-………………………..Medium height


For ID 031111 NS1:
Photographed this plant in wild, today ( 03.11.11), in Bharti Vidyapeeth Campus, Pune.
Plz identify.

This may be Martynia annua from Pedaliaceae
Nice caption, Seeds like Devils Claw 🙂

Martynia annua .
Flowering season appears to be over.
Small woody seeds are observed in some pictures while the green fruits are in the forefront.

My photographs taken in Shahapur by the roadside.


Request for ID 2-7.2012:
Plant photographed at suburban of Chennai on 01.07.2012


This seed was given to me for id By Dr Karuna Verma RDV Uni Jabalpur. I dont have any other information except that this was a shrub.
If possible pls id

Martynia annua

Flora of Chakrata 2013-Martynia annua : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
This soft, branching herb as shot near Assan Barrage.. Martynia annua L.

Wild plant for ID : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Seen on the highway, close to Nanjangud (Karnataka). The flower is very pretty. Would like to know the name of the plant.

how large were these leaves? were there many of them along the highway
Do you have pictures of the flower only
I see a ditch digger in the background
may be all these will be bull- dozzed off
Leaves if large are reminiscent of the great burdock but flowers are not…
so .. would love to see the flower close up and approximate size of the leaves. please

The leaves were quite large in comparison to the flower. Unfortunately this is the only picture I have. We were driving past and there were a few of these on the way. I will try and get better pictures when I go that way next and if they are still surviving!

This is the Devil’s Claw [Martynia annua] – a weed, a native of Mexico naturalised in India.

TThis is Martynia annua popularly known as ‘Kaknasa’ in Ayurveda.

cat’s claw. wonder how did it get into ayruvedic usage?
and wiki page talks of ethnobotanical usage by tribals in india, wonder how long has been here?

This is a common weed seen many wastelands in Mysore. I have seen many near Bogadi area.

Martynia annua from Morni Hills, Haryana:
Here are the pics of Martynia annua (Hath jori) family Martyniaceae
captured from Morni Hills of Haryana Siwaliks.

–  this can be seen at Kovalam sea shore area,  there only I have this.

– ..might be knowing why this is called hath-jori.

– Perhaps these photographs should provide answer
It looks like two hands together.
Common English names are: devil’s claw, iceplant, small-fruit devil’s claw, tiger’s-claw
There is some interesting information given by Dr. Dilip Banerjee at…
The information about its food value can be found here

A common weed in many parts of Chennai and  South India.


martynia diandra:
this photo snapped in  December. Martynia diandra  from thane district /maharashtra

Yes .. this is Martynia diandra. In the month of august or september you will get flowering.

Please help ID flower shot at Talakona Near Tirupati – 030711SS03:
Request help for ID of the following flower plan shot as per details below:
Date/Time- *December 2008*
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-   *Talakona / Nagapatla near Tirupati*
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-  *Wild*
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- *Small Plant*
Height/Length- *3 ft*
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-* As in photo*
Inflorescence Type/ Size- *NA*
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- *Like orchid*

This is Martynia annua….common names Devil’s Claws or Tiger’s Claws.

ID requested of DSC8386:
Photo taken in Asansol(W.B.) date: 31/07/11 time: 09:05 AM.
These plants having a height of around 1.1/2 ft. normally having 2/3 flowers open at a time. This could be a coincidence but the number of plants which I saw were mostly by the roadside. This I have not seen in a particular place normally wherever I saw it’s the same situation.

it is Devil’s Claw [Martynia annua] Vinchavi in Marathi

Devil’s Claw (Martynia annua) .  A common weed in Mysore city.

ID Help NR 250716-1 : 5 posts by 3 authors.
Find attached few pics for ID. Am new to this and am not very sure about the rules. Am giving enuf information here. If you need more info or something needs to be changed in the way i send stuff for ID, kindly lemme know. Thanks in advance.
Location: Bangalore

Do you have any other picture showing the flower clearly ?

Unfortunately no. I thought this was a common one and a distant shot was enuf to ID it. So didn’t bother to take any other pics 😊. Will look out for the plant again.

Thanks, … Multiple shots showing leaves, flowers (petals & sepals), fruits, petioles, habit (complete plant), habitat etc. are required for proper Id.

For all plants, common or otherwise, it is better to record all the necessary details. This plant is Martynia annua L


Submission of Martynia annua with white flowers : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Normally Martynia annua bears pink/rose coloured flowers with blotch, but intersetingly I found a pure white flowered variety in a village Nellore district

Thanks … really nice observation..!!

14082018 SD 3 : 11 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Please assist with Plant ID.
Location: Aravalli Biodiversity Park, Delhi


Pic was taken today (15.8.18), and no, it was not labelled because it’s not a garden, it is an ecological restoration project on a huge piece of land

Martynia annua L. [Martyniaceae].

Martynia annua : 4 posts by 3 authors.
I want pic and info, availability of Martynia annua plant in NASIK.
Kindly provide the info

we have a page—z/m/martyniaceae/martynia/martynia-annua-l
you can clik on the links, look at the case, communicate with the member visa here. easy. hope that helps

I think … may help you in the matter.

Martynia annua L. (Martyniaceae) – Claw of Tiger, Cat or Devil also known as Ice-plant,
Native to Mexico and Southern America, is a most common naturalized plant species found across country.
It can be seen commonly in the months of July to October along agricultural fields, grasslands and open scrub lands. Introduced as an ornamental plant escaped, naturalized and now has become weed.
In Nashik this is most common plant in open lands and along agricultural farms. Please find attached images clicked just few minutes ago. Location Gangapur Village.
Attachments (4)


Fwd: Martynia annua L. : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)- 2 & 4 mb.
visited village Jhinti Sasan, dist- Khorda, Odisha on 7/10/2019, collected photos of Martynia annua L. (Baghanakhi) plant

Attachments (2)- 2 & 2 mb.

Attachments (2)- 2 & 2 mb.

at kanakeshwar, Alibag– 22/8/08; Mhow, Dist Indore, Madhya Pradesh- Oct’09?; Mhow, Dist Indore, Madhya Pradesh- Nov.’09?; on the way to Kaas plateaus, Satara district, in Sep ’09; in Nasik, Maharashtra on the roadside on 25th of September,09; 27-06-10- Bangalore; Elagiri hills – Tamilnadu- July’10?; at Kanakeshwar, Alibag- 11/8/10;

MS/ID/OCTOBER/2020/4 – ID of the plant Martynia annua : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Please confirm the ID of the plant photographed in Chennai:
Martynia annua 

My opinion is correct ID !


Martynia annua L.: 11 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 725 m.
Date: 27 July 2021
Habit : Wild

Seeds of Martynia annua collected when we go to Our farm site🙏
In old time Shepherds poot this seed on its shoes and when its walk shoes make sound and small insect and animals go out from his walk area🙏
1 image.

Yes. … This is seen around here in wastelands. Very common.


Martynia annua from Nagrota, Jammu-GS02052022-1: 8 high res. images.
Martynia annua clicked from Nagrota, Jammu, J & K, a common roadside weed, 22-8-2011

Superb images. I am familiar with this plant as it is seen in many places (wild) here. ID is correct.


Martynia annua L. :: Sasunavghar, Thane district :: Sep 12, 2009 · JUN23 DV568: 1 image.

Martynia annua L.
Sasunavghar, Thane district :: Sep 12, 2009 · 8:08 AM IST :: about 14 m (46 ft)
Many thanks to Radha Veach and Bharat Godambe for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Martyniaceae: Martynia annua L.: 1 high res. image.
synonym: Martynia diandra Glox.
location/date: Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *