India (U): Bihar; Delhi ; Gujarat ; Haryana; Himachal Pradesh; Madhaya Pradesh ; Maharashtra; Punjab ; Rajasthan; Tamil Nadu; Uttar Pradesh ; West Bengal and other countries as per ILDIS
 
English: Californian bur clover, Toothed bur clover, Toothed medik; Hindi, Punjab: Maina; Delhi: Maina, Chandausi;
 
A spreading, glabrous, annual with prostrate branches. Stipules laciniate. Leaves trifoliate with long petiole. Leaflets obovate-cuneate, 1.2 x 0.5 cm, faintly denticulate, glabrous, apex mucronate, base cuneate-deltoid. Flowers yellow, few, solitary or umbelled. Pods 0.5 x 0.5 cm, subglobose, of 2-4 spirals, margins with a double row of spines.
  
 




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Medicago polymorpha from Kaithal-2012: This one is M. polymorpha Linn., Sp. Pl. 779; M. denticulata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1414, 1802
A spreading, glabrous, annual with prostrate branches. Stipules laciniate. Leaves trifoliate with long petiole. Leaflets obovate-cuneate, 1.2 x 0.5 cm, faintly denticulate, glabrous, apex mucronate, base cuneate-deltoid. Flowers yellow, few, solitary or umbelled. Pods 0.5 x 0.5 cm, subglobose, of 2-4 spirals, margins with a double row of spines.
The plant is a very common weed of winter and sometimes it becomes very dominant in the field, often found growing with other seasonal weed Melilotus alba.
Shot from my village in Kaithal, Haryana in March 2011


Peculiar shaped structures.
Apt information added. With so many …..ates matching in the illustrated pictures.
laciniate
trifoliate
obovate
cuneate
denticulate
mucronate

160312::Merrut::Sl. No.-1:

Date/Time- 11th March, 2012

Location- Place- Merrut, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat- Wild


Plant Habit- Shrub/Herb 

Link-

http://www.projectnoah.org/​spottings/9598450


 
Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Medicago polymorpha from Delhi:  Medicago polymorpha Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 779. 1753.

Annual herb easily differentiated by laciniate stipules, larger leaflets 1-2 cm long, larger fruits usually more than 4 mm with spines parallel to the disc.
Photographed from Delhi


 

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Fabaceae herb for ID 280212MK02 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9).
Please help me to identify the Fabaceae species.
Date: 02 Oct 2011
Place: Private garden of Ooty, Nilgiris TN
Alt: c. 2000 metres

Leaves: 3 x 3; tri foliolate; margin serrate
Inflorescence: 1cm across with yellow flowers
Pods: spinous and spirally coiled;

A trailer herb among grasses.


Medicago polymorpha


Yes, Medicago polymorpha Linn. Syn. M. denticulata Willd. a common weed here these days, especially affecting the yield of wheat crop. Cattle, however, relish this…


Thank you … Now I could remember …, I saw these dried fruits along with husks in wheat pack. Thank you for pointing out.


Medicago polymorpha Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 779. 1753.

Annual herb easily differentiated by laciniate stipules, larger leaflets 1-2 cm long, larger fruits usually more than 4 mm with spines parallel to the disc.
Photographed from Delhi


interesting seed pod


 

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This is a common weed of wheat fields, sharing pics from our area..
Medicago polymorpha var. polymorpha…!!


… all about this plant is beautiful. The leaves are beautiful; the fruits match them in design. Nicely captured too.


and wondered why are the pods prickly? do they stick to passer by cattle hairs?


Thanks … Yes the fruits stick to grazing cattle and any other passing through.. a nice dispersal kit !!



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Medicago polymorpha ABFEB2018/06 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (10)

Continuing with the wild plants found in the cultivated areas, I am sharing here the burclover. The bur-like fruits, yellow flowers and clover-like leaves point to this species but I could be making a mistake. Please advise.
Medicago polymorpha
Near Dal Lake, Dharamshala, HP
1800m approx.
28 February 2018

Yes …, Medicago polymorpha, quite abundant in and around wheat crop in our area…!!   


Superb capture of all aspects of the plant. 


 

 

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Herb for ID, Anuppur Madhya Pradesh NAW-MAR19-01 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this herb growing as a weed with minute yellow flowers on agricultural fields in Anuppur district, Madhya Pradesh, photographed in February 2019.

Medicago polymorpha of Fabaceae ? 


Thanks, …, for the id. I also agree with your id as per Medicago polymorpha

References:


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