images & identification by several members (1, 2, 3) 
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Images by tspkumar

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myoo-KOO-nuh — from the Brazilian name for these vines … Dave’s Botanary
mon-oh-SPER-muh — single-seeded … Dave’s Botanary 
Pod ovoid, ellipsoid or rhomboid, 7-9×4.5 cm , winged, obliquely plaited on both faces, densly clothed with rusty irritant bristles, 1-seeded, seeds rounded, slightly compressed, dark brown, smooth, shining. 
And Fortunately or unfortunately i hv experienced with both species pod M.pruriens n M.monosperma at my farm (Pune region) !! Skin touch experience was unforgotable n horrible ever !! 🙂
 
Very rare in Eastern Ghats and distributed from E. himalayas, Khasi, Assam, W.peninsula, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
 
Flowers of M. monosperma are nearly white when they bloom at night and get a bluish tinge when they mature sunsequently. Flowers of M. pruriens are deep blue all along. Besides pods of former have only one seed while the latter has many seeds. The habitat is different, evergreen forest for former and deciduous forest for the latter.   

 

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04042011 pj1 Id request: Please see attached climber specially seen fruiting  in March-May. It is covered with small thorn like structures.
Date/Time-: 27/04/11   –     08:30
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-    Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb – Climber
Height/Length- 20cm

I think Mucuna monosperma 


… me to believing it to be Mucuna monosperma



 

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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Week_Mucuna monosperma_ 081111PD05 Flora of Orissa:  sending the photograph of seeds of Mucuna monosperma taken from Ranpur
Name of the species: Mucuna monosperma
Local name: Baidanka
Family: Fabaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild, near perennial streams and rivers at Semi-evergreen forests
Altitude: 200 to 400 m above msl


I am waiting to collect the flowers and young fruits of this plant which has yet to come.


 

 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: Mucuna monosperma -PKA1:  Good to see all very interesting uploads. Sorry for joining late… This is my first post for ongoing “Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week”.
Bot. name: Mucuna monosperma   
Family: Fabaceae
Location: En route Vasota Fort (Mahabaleshwar- Koyna region), Maharashtra.
Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Climber
Local (Marathi name):
Pandhri khajkuiri.


what is the range of distribution in the Western Ghats ?
Could not find any clear information on the internet.


Its climber same as M. pruriens, one will find hard to differentiate if not in fruiting,, its rare in hill station in Konkan..


This is the only photograph available with me. Let me go thru my old collection and see if i can get some more pics.


I have one picture with structure similar to this photographed near Wilderness resort Belgaon-Goa road. (March 2006) Hopefully it appears to be same


Yes … this is also Mucuna monosperma.

Description (Only Pod as i have not seen the flower yet): Pod ovoid, ellipsoid or rhomboid, 7-9×4.5 cm , winged, obliquely plaited on both faces, densly clothed with rusty irritant bristles, 1-seeded, seeds rounded, slightly compressed, dark brown, smooth, shining.
I had also posted the same species from orissa. This one is also very rare in Eastern Ghats and distributed from E. himalayas, Khasi, Assam, W.peninsula, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
Flowering: Nov-Dec and Fruiting: Feb-April.
So please check the flower in this winter.
Id of a fruit: Please help me in identifying this rare fruit ! I was amazed to see it on a climber near Palasambe caves (near Kolhapur) last week (22.2.13). Posting few photos for id.


… most probably the negro bean, Mucuna monosperma (family: Fabaceae).


I second its a Mucuna monosperma !!
N co-incidentaly i hv also saw this climber in same region dat u mentiontiond !! 🙂


Mucuna monosperma


Yes Mucuna monosperma
I have seen it in ghat section between Belgaon and Goa.


Thanx everybody. Is it a local/Indian species, if so, can anyone tell me its Marathi synoname?


There is no binomial nomenclature system in Marathi !!

But in Marathi it has Local name_ Pandhari Khajkuiri / Pandhari Khajkhujali !!
N its Synonym is Stizolobium rugosum.
M.monosperma is native to western ghats !!
(Palasambe region included in W.Ghats) 🙂


…, the Marathi name for your posted plant is पांढरी खाजकुइरी pandhari khajkuiri
References:
1) http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Negro%20Bean.html
2) Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
Many many thanks for sharing this wonderful plant – native of India.


Marathi word_Khajkhujali means Itching (irritation in skin_skin khujana)
Wenever d Pod of Mucuna comes in contact with skin, immediately iching is started over there, so that local people named it as Khaj-khujali / Khaj-kuiri !!
And Fortunately or unfortunately i hv experienced with both species pod M.pruriens n M.monosperma at my farm (Pune region) !! Skin touch experience was unforgotable n horrible ever !! 🙂

I have seen a dermatology book that talks of Farmers getting allergic responses to some vigna leaves, apparently they have some secretion on the tips of their hairs…
But not seen this…
may be it / your experience should be added to medical knowledge about allergic response to the physical or chemical constituents?
Wonder if any body wrote this up… in medical literature?
Also goes to show that knowing the vernacular meaning is so important and knowing the nuances of regional knowledge is soo very important…


The climber was right near the steps of “Palasambe Caves” and a local person warned us about its itching property, so we stayed away from it and didn’t dare to touch it. (By the way, also saw side by side the climber of huge Entada pod ( गारंबी) at the same place.)
…, checked the plant in Flowers of Sahyadri. But off course the photo was of flower and not the pod, so didn’t get the clue. … has mentioned two Mucuna species. Mucuna pruriens ( खाजकुइरी) and Mucuna monosperma (पांढरी खाजकुइरी). Pods of both the species seem to be irritant. But i wonder why one is “पांढरी” ? Flowers of both the species are purple ! and pods too r not white !


Mucuna pruriens and M. monosperma are neither confused nor mistaken . The foremer has a long pod and the latter has somewhat round pods


Thanks … for elaborating your sighting. Many thanks … for the clarity among the two pods.

…, the word पांढरी (meaning white coloured) must have some reasoning while it was assigned to this M. monosperma – one case could be just to logically separate the two plants.

Perhaps, some aspect of M. monosperma is “whiter” (read “brighter”) than the M. pruriens.

It could be just any aspect like stem, leaf, bud, flower, seed OR even the root.
Those familiar with this colour logic may help us out.

Flowers of M. monosperma are nearly white when they bloom at night and get a bluish tinge when they mature sunsequently. Flowers of M. pruriens are deep blue all along. Besides pods of former have only one seed while the latter has many seeds. The habitat is different, evergreen forest for former and deciduous forest for the latter.


Many thanks for sharing your observation about white flower..!
Dear …
here I’m sending a description of Mucuna sp., M.monosperma & M.pruriens. pz find in attachment ! In d description it is mentioned that bristles which present on pod r irritant. I hope description ll helpful !! 🙂
Reference Source: FLORA OF THE PRESIDENCY OF BOMBAY BY THEODORE COOKE, CLE. Vol-1


Since you have mentioned that you haven’t seen M.pruriens, I am attaching a picture of pods of M.pruriens. Pod bristles are considered as allergic, though the seeds are medicinal.


Some of my photographs of Mucuna pruriens are available at this link



 

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Mucuna monosperma Wt. : Attachments (3).  1 post by 1 author.
Mucuna monosperma Wt.; Fam: Fabaceae

24/02/2013, Gonikoppal, coorg, Karnataka; altitude 900m
Woody liana on trees, fruiting

Mucuna monosperma Wight

at Yana Rocks on December 17, 2012

along KSH No. 46 on May 24, 2013


Came across this one on the way to Vasota fort (January).

Bot name: Mucuna monosperma


Thanks for sharing this sighting …
Was under the impression that the distribution is not in northern Western Ghats.

Seen this climber at Jog Falls and Yana.
Bot. name: Mucuna monosperma
Family: Fabaceae

 

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TSP-MAY-26-355-Images of Mucuna monosperma (Fabaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to present few images of Mucuna monosperma (Fabaceae)

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=2126&cat=1

Ref: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Negro%20Bean.html 

Habit: A woody climber 

Habitat: Wild, dry deciduous forest fringe, by a pond 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 05-02-2016 


Very-2 beautiful images.


 

Please validate the name baldhregra for Mucuna monosperma, and give it in Devanagari script.


Baaldhengraa बालधेंग्रा


 

 

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via Species‎ > ‎M‎ > Mucuna monosperma Wight … family: Fabaceae ~ Papilionaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
myoo-KOO-nuh — from the Brazilian name for these vines … Dave’s Botanary
mon-oh-SPER-muh — single-seeded … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asnegro bean • Gujaratiકાગડોળિયો kagadoliyo • Kannadaಅಣಿಪೆ ಬಳ್ಳಿ anipe balli • Konkaniव्हडली खातखुतली vhadhli khatkhutli • Malayalam:മലന്താളി malanthalli • Marathiगोडीकुइरी godi kuiriमोठी कुइली mothi kuili • Nepaliबालधेंग्रा baldhengra • Oriyaବାଇଢଙ୍କ baidonka • Tamilபெரியதெள்ளுக்காய் periya-tellukkay • Teluguఏనుగదూలగొండి enugadulagondi 
botanical namesMucuna monosperma Wight … synonymsCarpopogon monospermum Roxb. • Mucuna anguina Wall. • Mucuna monosperma (Roxb.) DC. • Stizolobium monospermum (Wight) Kuntze • Stizolobium rugosum Moon … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
December 17, 2012 … Yana Rocks, Uttara Kannada 


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Mucuna monosperma at kali Tiger Reserve : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

Seen this large climber with whitish coloured stout stem in Kali Tiger Reserve (North Karnataka).
Bot. name: Mucuna monosperma
Family: Fabaceae
Date/Time: 21-01-2018 / 11:00AM


 

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Climber Id from Bangladesh_SM_1446 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Location: Sangu Matamuri Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandarban 
Picture taken: February, 2019

Mucuna monosperma.

Its Mucuna monosperma


 

References:






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