Murraya koenigii (Linn.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2:315. Hook. f. (syn. Bergera koenigii Linn.; Camunium koenigii (L.) Kuntze; Chalcas koenigii Kurz. ex Swingle; Chalcas siamensis (Craib) Tanaka; Murraya foetidissima Teys. & Binn.; Murraya siamensis Craib; Nimbo melioides Dennst.);
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Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Nepal, Sikkim, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, China (S-Yunnan, S-Hainan, Guangdong), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma], Java, Pakistan (introduced), trop. Africa (introduced), Mozambique (introduced), Fiji (introduced), Christmas Isl. (Austr. (introduced)), Mauritius (introduced), Réunion (introduced), Andaman Isl. (introduced), Nicobar Isl. (introduced), Singapore (introduced), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (introduced), Maldives (introduced) as per Catalogue of Life;
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Images by tspkumar

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mer-RAY-yuh — named for Johann Andreas Murray, Prof. of botany and medicine
ko-NIG-ee-eye — named for Johann Gerhard Koenig, Danish naturalist and botanist
Dave’s Botanary

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An important ingredient of Indian and Oriental cuisine
Medicinal: Ayurveda, Folk and Sidha
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commonly known as: curry leaf • Assamese: bishahari, narasingha • Bengali: কারিগাছ kari gaas, কারিপাতা karipata • Garo: sam khatsi • Gujarati: મીઠો લીમડો mitho limdo • Hindi: गन्धेल gandhel, कढी पत्ता kadhipatta • Kannada: ಕರಿ ಬೇವು kari bevu • Konkani: करब्याव karbyav • Malayalam: കറിവേപ്പ് karivepp • Marathi: झिरंग jhiranga, कढीनिंब kadhinimb • Mizo: arpatil • Nepalese: मिठो निम mitho neem • Oriya: ଭୁରୁସୁଙ୍ଗା bhurusunga • Punjabi: ਗਾਂਦਲੂ gandalu, ਗੰਦਲਾ gandla • Sanskrit: अलकाह्ययः alakavhayah • Tamil: கறிவேம்பு kari-vempu, கரியநிம்பம் kariya-nimpam, கருவேப்பிலை karu-veppilai • Telugu: కరివేపచెట్టు kari-vepa-chettu

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Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China; naturalized elsewhere in tropics

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A large, deciduous shrub with thin dark-brown or greyish bark. Leaves 15-30 cm long, pale green with terete, pubescent rachis. Leaflets 10-25, 2-3 cm long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, apex acuminate. Flowers 0.5-1.0 cm long, white, sweet-scented in terminal corymbose panicles or umbels. Sepalssmall, acute. Petals oblong, dotted. Fruit a subglobose, rugose berry, shining, light yellowish-green when unripe turning red to gradually purplish-black on ripening.

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Sep 2011

Pune
Garden
Height  6-7 ft


Yes Kadi patta, Murraya koenigii.


Kadi patta. This is the food plant of caterpillars of Mormon butterfly.  I attach a photo of the butterfly which just came out from its chrysallis.


I too have a story to tell.
when I came to europe there were very few indian shops and indian restaurants. It took some months, till i discovered an indian shop. I bought a few leaves of Kadi patta and put them in my pocket. Every time when I felt homesick, i used to crush the dry leaves and smell them. They were my best friends in those days.


The leaves are also added to oil and applied to hair for good growth.



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Rutaceae Week: Murraya koenigii from Panipat- 2012:  This is to share with you Murraya koenigii (Linn.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 315, 1825; Collett, Fl. Simlensis 79; Bergera koenigii Linn., Mant. 563, 1771.
Vern.: Gandhela, Curry Patta, Kath Nim.
A large, deciduous shrub with thin dark-brown or greyish bark. Leaves 15-30 cm long, pale green with terete, pubescent rachis. Leaflets 10-25, 2-3 cm long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, apex acuminate. Flowers 0.5-1.0 cm long, white, sweet-scented in terminal corymbose panicles or umbels. Sepalssmall, acute. Petals oblong, dotted. Fruit a subglobose, rugose berry, shining, light yellowish-green when unripe turning red to gradually purplish-black on ripening.

Shot on May 6, 2012 from IB College campus, Panipat


We have one for years, growth stunted for reasons unknown, never flowered and finally we cut it. Only a few shoots remain.



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mer-RAY-yuh — named for Johann Andreas Murray, Prof. of botany and medicine
ko-NIG-ee-eye — named for Johann Gerhard Koenig, Danish naturalist and botanist
Dave’s Botanary
Apr 14, 2012 … at Sagar Upvan, Mumbai
An important ingredient of Indian and Oriental cuisine
Medicinal: Ayurveda, Folk and Sidha

commonly known as: curry leaf • Assamese: bishahari, narasingha • Bengali: কারিগাছ kari gaas, কারিপাতা karipata • Garo: sam khatsi • Gujarati: મીઠો લીમડો mitho limdo • Hindi: गन्धेल gandhel, कढी पत्ता kadhipatta • Kannada: ಕರಿ ಬೇವು kari bevu • Konkani: करब्याव karbyav • Malayalam: കറിവേപ്പ് karivepp • Marathi: झिरंग jhiranga, कढीनिंब kadhinimb • Mizo: arpatil • Nepalese: मिठो निम mitho neem • Oriya: ଭୁରୁସୁଙ୍ଗା bhurusunga • Punjabi: ਗਾਂਦਲੂ gandalu, ਗੰਦਲਾ gandla • Sanskrit: अलकाह्ययः alakavhayah • Tamil: கறிவேம்பு kari-vempu, கரியநிம்பம் kariya-nimpam, கருவேப்பிலை karu-veppilai • Telugu: కరివేపచెట్టు kari-vepa-chettu
Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China; naturalized elsewhere in tropics
References: Flowers of IndiaeFloraNPGS / GRINENVIS – FRLHTDDSA
more views: Apr 14, 2012 … at Sagar Upvan, Mumbai
May 29, 2010 … at Rajgurunagar, near Pune

May 15, 2010 … at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai



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SYMBIOSIS : 376 :  Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a red vented Bulbul on the fruits of Murraya koenigii (CURRY LEAF TREE/ CURRY PATTA/ MITHA NIM).



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SYMBIOSIS : 524 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a male Common Mormon butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii (MITHA NEEM/ KURRYPATTA).



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SYMBIOSIS : 526 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a male Common Palm Fly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii (CURRYPATTA/ MITHA NEEM).



 

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SYMBIOSIS : 528 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of Red Base Jezebel on the flowers of Murraya koenigii (CURRY LEAF/ MITHA NEEM).



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Shrub/Tree ID from Bangladesh SM134 :  5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).

Habit: Shrub/Tree
Habitat: Park

Location: Dhaka City


Excellent shot!
Isn’t it the curry leaf plant (Murraya koenigii)?

Agreed 100%!


It is definitely Murraya koenigii. … should crush the leaves to get a distinctive smell.



SYMBIOSIS : 627 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a male Leopard Lacewing butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii.

This plant is famous Curry Leaf Tree. This image is a contribution by Tili Ray, a 12th standard student.

Titli is a good observer of nature. She has taken keen interest in documenting butterfly of this area.



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SYMBIOSIS : 628 :  1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of a Male Painted Courtesan butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii. Common name of this plant is Curry Leaf Tree. This image is by a student of standard 12th. Titli is a good observer of nature and is documenting the butterflies of this area.



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SYMBIOSIS : 629 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of a Common Mime (Dissimilis form) butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii.

This image was taken by Titli Ray, a school student who is documenting butterfly fauna of this area.



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SYMBIOSIS : 630 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of a Tailed Jay butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii. This image is by Titli Ray a 12th standard student who is documenting the butterfly fauna of Cooch Behar.



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SYMBIOSIS : 639 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of a male Chocolate Albatross butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii.

This image was taken by Titli Ray, a student of std 12.



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SYMBIOSIS :638 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).

Attaching an image of a female Leopard Lacewing butterfly (by Titli Ray) on the flowers of Murraya koenigii . This plant is the famous Curry Leaf Tree.



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Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. SN Oct 01 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3).
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng wild curry leaf plant from Anekal area of Urban Bangalore.

The shrubs are having different aroma and considered as different Chemo type. This wild plants are available from neighboring districts of Bangalore.


This plant also grow here in Uttarakhand upto mid hills but the leaves are less aromatic than South Indian plants. Fruits are also edible in addition to leaves which are famous as curry leaves.


Murraya koenigii also occurs in Himachal Pradesh to altitudes of 1200 m asl and at many places forms the major understory in forests. In Himachal it is prized for its ‘tooth sticks’ that are routinely chewed by local people, especially so in digestive problems.
Yes, I agree with … Local people also eat its fruits, though not very commonly.


is there a scientific paper or two that describes in some detail these various “chemo” types of the curry leaves???
I have two in my balcony, one purchased from a local food market has yellowish green leaves and not much flavor, other that had sprung up in an garden grounds where I had left some potted pots to see what comes up. That curry plant has absolutely green leaves and best curry patta flavor. Both soils are the same and both sit next to each other on a sill, get the same westerly sun and food on a regular basis.
Makes me wonder,  this thread makes me wonder more… and hence the question.


this may interest you:

http://www.bhatia-nurseries.com/curry.htm


Thanks … Nice info for recipe in the first link. appreciate it.
and Nari Bhatia I know him and his nursery, in NJ.. I knew him when his nursery was open to people,, . he had been a major (often the only) supplier of all the curry leaf plants we got from mid to late 90s and the millenium decade .. often his traveling nursery was his car trunk, curry patta was of very flat taste… not really the curry patta smell and they flowered and fruited inside houses even when about three feet tall or less. and it was not his dwarf variety… regular that was supposed to have grown to be a full tree!!! different … He now lists three varieties I see. and am glad if has succeeded..
but in Bengal we get very different plants from different sources and vendors…

that’s why i was wondering if anybody had done chemical analysis etc. and published  …  since many drug companies are now trying to get thyroid effecting neutraceuticals from the leaves. If the strength of the smell/taste relates to strength of the neutraceutical content?



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TSP-JAN2016-25-25:Images of Murraya koenigii (Rutaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Murraya koenigii (Rutaceae

Habit: Tree

Habitat: Cultivated, Culinary usage

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl

Date: 10-05-2014, 11-05-2014, 22-11-2014 and 01-03-2015


 


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27-TSP-ID-11JAN2016-4: Murraya koenigii for validation. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

Kindly validate….Murraya koenigii (Rutaceae). Leaves and flowers very much similar to the common curry leaves both in aroma, though less pungent, and appearance.The locals call it “Kadu Karibevu” in Kannada. ‘Karibevu” is the common M.koenigii that is cultivated. ‘Kadu’ means wild..!

Habit: Tree

Habitat: Wild, Semi-evergreen forest

Sighting: Narasimharajapura, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl

Date: 11-03-2015


Yes …


I also feel that your ID is correct …



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Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7) – around 500 kb each.
Location:  Gyanerswor, Kathmandu, Nepal  
Date: 16 April 2018
Altitude: 4400 ft.
Habit: Cultivated
Nepali Names : मेचिया साग  Mechiyaa Saag  / मिठो नीम Mitho Neem  / नीम कौरी Neem Kauree / बौगुरेती Bauguretee  / बोगाइनो Bogaaino / बोकिनी Bookinee
FOI gave Murraya koenigii as synonym !

9 June 2018!

Attachments (1)



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SYMBIOSIS : 1213 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Red base Jezebel visiting flowers of Murraya koenegi (CURRY LEAF)



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SYMBIOSIS : 1214 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Common Leopard visiting flowers of Murraya koenigi (CURRY LEAF).



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Rutaceae Week- Murraya koenigii from Coimbatore.:

Tamil : கறிவேப்பிலை

Its spicy leaves are used in all almost veg and non -veg food (especially in Tamil Nadu and Kerala).



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Kalatope id – Al050812:  A shrub for id from Kalatope

Location Kalatope, Dam side, Chamba
Altitude 1200 mts
Habit Shrub
Habitat wild
Season April
Height 5 feet


I think Murraya koenigii (Kari patta).


…. I thought the smell seemed familiar..
but was not willing to put it in my food for testing till confirmed…. At last I will have some fresh supply… :))



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Rutaceae week: Murraya koenigii:  Rutaceae week: Murraya koenigii (Curry leaf plant)
A potted plant in my house.
Native. Unarmed. Laeflet pinnate 5 or more; base unequal. Flowers bisexual, anthers linear. Aromatic plant.



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Rutaceae week:: Murraya koenigii at Mumbai: Bot. name: Murraya koenigii
Common name: Kari patta
Family: Rutaceae
Location: Mumbai.



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Rutaceae Week – Bangalore – RA – Murraya koenigii – Curry Leaf Tree:   Curry Leaf tree is a small or medium sized tree, most famous for its aromatic leaves that provide curry spice. Curry leaves are extensively used in Southern India and Sri Lanka (and are absolutely necessary for the authentic flavour), but are also of some importance in Northern India.

It is a small tree, growing 4-6 m tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter.
The leaves are pinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, each leaflet 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm broad. They are highly aromatic.
The flowers are small white, and fragrant. The small black, shiny berries are edible, but their seeds are poisonous.
Together with South Indian immigrants, curry leaves reached Malaysia, South Africa and Réunion island. When cooking, the leaves are generally used fresh off of the tree. Outside the Indian sphere of influence, they are rarely found.
The yellow “curry powder” that is common in Western countries is actually not curry at all, but a mix of spices intended to mimic the true curry flavor. The yellow color comes from turmeric root.

Complete & great set of pictures. At home, we used to eat the ripe fruit pulp. Never knew the seeds could be poisonous. Asian Koel feast on this fruit and drops the seed. One can see a large number of strewn around under this tree.



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Rutaceae week: Murraya koenigii (কারী পাতা) from Hooghly:

Attaching images curry-leaf plant that i recorded today and on 06-May-2012. Though we call this plant KAARI-PAATAA (কারী পাতা) in Bengali, it is also known as CHAANACHUR-PAATAA(GAACH) (চানাচুর পাতা /চানাচুর গাছ) in some interior villages. I am sorry that i don’t have any flower picture.
Species : Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel.
Habit & Habitat : garden shrub
Date : 10-05-2012 & 06-05-2012 (my own plant)
Place : Hooghly, WB

ID help : efi thread



 

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Rutaceae week: Bergera koenigii from Karnal: Bergera koenigii from Karnal growing wild on roadside area


leaves remind me of curry patta… 

new name of species to me



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Rutaceae week:Murraya koenigii – Curry leaves: In Chennai vegetable shops, after the purchase, we are given a bunch of curry leaves free of cost (As a goodwill for regular customers.).



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Rutaceae Week: Murraya koenigii from Delhi:  Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.

syn: Bergera koenigii L.
Coomon names: currybush, curryleaf, Indian bay
Hindi: Curry patta

Photographed from Delhi



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Caterpillars: voracious eaters of leaves: Here is a photograph of three caterpillars of a Common Mormon butterfly that has finished almost all the leaves of a exotic orange plant in our 17th floor balcony. In order to pupate into their adult form they need to feed a lot and it is a constant battle for food plants to prevent its leaves from being eaten. This is a well researched subject with both caterpillar and plant trying to outdo each other.

During the course of their life cycle caterpillars evolve through a numbers of stages called instars before they go into the pupa stage. In this case a photograph depicts the first stage where the caterpillar looks like a bird dropping. A subterfuge to avoid being eaten. Four more caterpillars are busy demolishing the leaves of our Curry Leaf plant.

In the Africa savannah studies have shown that Acacia plants are able to increase their level of toxins to prevent herbivores from eating all their leaves.


…, beautiful photos of the caterpillar. Here is a photo of male mormon butterfly, just come out from its chrysallis.



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Fruit Trees of Bangalore – RA – Bergera Koenigii – Curry Leaf Tree:  Curry Leaf tree is a small or medium sized tree, most famous for its aromatic leaves that provide curry spice. Curry leaves are extensively used in Southern India and Sri Lanka (and are absolutely necessary for the authentic flavour), but are also of some importance in Northern India.

It is a small tree, growing 4-6 m tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter.
The leaves are pinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, each leaflet 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm broad. They are highly aromatic.
The flowers are small white, and fragrant. The small black, shiny berries are edible, but their seeds are poisonous.
Together with South Indian immigrants, curry leaves reached Malaysia, South Africa and Réunion island. When cooking, the leaves are generally used fresh off of the tree. Outside the Indian sphere of influence, they are rarely found.
The yellow “curry powder” that is common in Western countries is actually not curry at all, but a mix of spices intended to mimic the true curry flavor. The yellow color comes from turmeric root.
I like to eat the fruits a lot.
Attachments:Curry Leaf Tree – 0004.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – 0007.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – Bark.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – Canopy.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – Flower.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – Fruit.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – Leaf.jpg, Curry Leaf Tree – Tender Fruit.jpg

I think Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. is accepted name …


…Yes Murraya koenigii
Family : Rutaceae


Good to see flowers and fruits of Curry leaf tree in single upload.



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SYMBIOSIS :323 :  1 image. 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Tailed Jay butterfly on the flowers of Murraya koenigii. This plant is our famous Curry Leaf.



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SYMBIOSIS : 1215 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Indian Cabbage White visiting flowers of Murrya koenigii.

1 image.
Is this Murraya koenigii? Are there other species of Curry in India?
Date: 26th June 2020
Time: 1711 hrs
Location- Eco-park, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh

Habitat- Wild, on the hilly slopes (very widespread)


Looks like . Did you crush leaves and smell? That s the best way !


Yes. It smells like Curry. I was wondering if there are different species of curry in wild, in India.


I guess ID is correct!


References:

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