Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; East Himalaya; India; Jawa; Nepal; Nicobar Is.;
Sumatera; Trinidad-Tobago
as per Catalogue of life;
Himalaya to Indo-China, Sumatera to Jawa as per WCSP;
 
¿ nik-TANTH-ez ? — Greek: nyktos (night), anthos (flower); night blooming … Dave’s Botanary
arh-bor-TRIS-tis — Latin: arbor (tree), tristis (dull, sad) … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known ascoral jasminenight jasmine • Assameseপাৰিজাত parijat • Bengaliশেফালী shefaliশিউলি shiuli •Gujarati:હારશણગાર harshangarપારિજાતક parijatak • Hindiहरसिंगार harsingarपारिजात parijatप्राजक्ता prajakta • Kannadaಹವಳಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ havalamalligeಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata • Konkaniपारिजातक parijatak • Malayalamപാരിജാതം parijatamപവിഴമല്ലി pavilamalli •Manipuri:singarei • Marathiपारिजातक parijatakप्राजक्त prajaktaशिवळी shivali • Nepaliपारिजात parijat • Oriyaପାରିଜାତ parijataଶିଉଳି siuli • Sanskrit:पारिजात parijata • Tamilபவளமல்லிகை pavala-mallikai • Teluguపారిజాతము parijatamu • Tuluಗೋಳಿಪದ್ಪೆ golipadpeಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata 

… more namesnight-flowering coral jasminethe weeping nyctanthes • Assameseপানী-পিপলী pani-pipoliশেৱালি shewali • Hindiकेसर kesarनैपालि naipaliनेवारी newariनीलिका nilikaनिशिपुष्पा nishi-pushpaरजनीहासा rajani-hasaशेफालिका shephalikaशिउली shiuli •Oriya:ଅତ୍ଯୂହା atyuhaଗଉଡ଼ଗଡ଼କା gaurdagardakaନୈପାଳୀ naipaliନୀଳକ nilakaନିଶିପୁଷ୍ପ nishipushpaରଜନୀ ହାସ rajani hasaରକ୍ତ ବୃନ୍ତା rakta brunta,ରଞ୍ଜନୀ ranjaniଶେଫାଳି shephaliଶିତ ନିର୍ଗୁଣ୍ଡୀ sita nirgundi • Sanskritअत्यूहा atyuhaमसिका masikaनीलक nilakaनिशिपुष्पा nishipushpa,रङ्गलासिनी rangalasiniरजनीहासा rajanihasaरञ्जन ranjanaरक्तवृन्ता raktavrntaशीफालिका shiphalikaशीतमञ्जरी shitamanjari,शुक्लाङ्गी shuklangiश्वेतसुरसा shvetasurasa • Tamilசேடல் cetalசுபுட்பம் cuputpamசூதம் cutamகச்சாந்தகரை kaccantakarai,மஞ்சட்பூ mancat-puபாரிசாதம் paricatamதுகிர்த்தாளி tukir-t-tali • Teluguబందెడ bandedaపగడపు జిట్ట pagadapu jittaశేఫాలి shephali 

The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn.
This highly fragrant flowered tree looks very beautiful when in bloom. In the morning there is always a carpet of flowers on ground and some opened and some unopened flowers will also be found on the plant in blooming season. Since Tasu (Butea) is not found in abundance in cities and towns, its flowers are dried and its colour is used to celebrate Holi festival. 
 
Siuli is not associated with Durga puja rather Swaraswati puja… because the plant blooms during early spring …. long back people used to stain saree using the orange corolla tube of the flower to wear during the Swaraswati Puja.   

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Nyctanthes arbotristis: Shiuli as we call it in Bangla.

Imaged in Patuli, Kolkata, India
25.12.2010


Nyctanthes arbor-tristis to be precise and its locally called harsingaar and is supposed to be highly medicinal.


This highly fragrant flowered tree looks very beautiful when in bloom. In the morning there is always a carpet of flowers on ground and some opened and some unopened flowers will also be found on the plant in blooming season. Since Tasu (Butea) is not found in abundance in cities and towns, its flowers are dried and its colour is used to celebrate Holi festival.


 

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The common Har singar tree grown popularly in Delhi and other places. 

In marathi Parijat or Parijatak.


Yes .. Now Oleaceae, formerly Verbenaceae.


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VALMIKI : OBSERVER OF NATURE 39: 2 correct images as above. 

Attaching the image of the 39th member of the series. Valmiki mentioned Parijat in Ramaya. There are two contenders for this tree as per the botanical literature.
1.Nyctanthes arbortristis . Commonly known as Coral Jasmine. This is Harsinghar in Hindi and Sephalika/ Seoli in Bangla. Legand says that in the earlier life this plant was a beautiful girl and was in love with Sun God. As the Sun did not notice this unilateral love the girl died. A plant came up at that place. As Sun neglected her the flowers of this plant fall on the ground before the Sun rises.
2. Erythrina variegata. Commonly known as Indian Coral Tree. In Bangla it is Palita Mandar. It is known as Dadap in Hindi. 

It has to be Harsingar, and not Erythrina which has been mentioned by Valmiki as Parijat


I had a big Parijatak tree (1st flower) at my mothers home giving lots of flowers. Esp in Shravan many people used to come to gather these flowers to offer to God for what is called ‘Lakholi’ meaning offering One Lakh flowers. It used to give me great pleasure to shake this tree to drop flowers and collect them in inverted umbrellas for these people. Thanks for sharing this story behind this lovely flower which I did not know. There is also a mythological story about Parijatak which I would like to share

During samudra manthan (churning of the ocean), the gods had obtained Parijataka, the tree with divine fragrance. This tree was planted in the garden of Indra, the king of gods. One day, SageNarada went to this garden and collected some flowers that had fallen from the tree and gave them to Rukmini, Krishna’s wife. Rukmini was very happy but when Satyabhama, another wife of Krishna, smelled its fragrance, she asked Krishna to bring her the tree. After defeating Indra, Krishna brought the tree on earth. But a quarrel started between Rukmini and Satyabhama, as both of them wanted the tree.
Krishna planted the tree in Satyabhama’s courtyard in such a way that its flowers fell in Rukmini’s house and in this way both his wives were happy.

Nice story telling. We have added you in the group anyway.
Even I remembered the story first time when i saw the photo.
Now I will like to add the child play related to parijataka.
When we were kids we use to play the game of grocery shop. Here we use to sale many things in which the seeds of plants, dal, flowers and what not were included . And we use to deal with parijat seeds as monney- Paisa. It used to be valued as 10 paisa. If papadi seeeds available it use to be valued as 100 paisa or 1 rupee.
Gone is the childhood and the days.

Yes I too remember paying with Paisa of Parijatak. … story reminds me of it.


Many consider Adansonia digitata as Parijat tree. But this was a nice story.


I believe Adansonia is not native to India–when might it have been introduced, I wonder?


And yes I am surprised how it never struck me to use Parijatak seeds as Paisa in childhood for this game which I too played. These seeds do look like paisas.


There are many regional mish mash… like Adansonia being mistakenly called Parijat…

Since ADANSONIA was most likely introduced in India  in the last millenium/  centuries into the present era ie about 14th to 17th century AD … .it could not be a mythic tree!!!
It is mentioned as Goraksi in Raja Nighantu.. an Ayurvedic text supposed to have been written in the 17th century AD by Narahari Pandit …  It is not found in the classic texts of Ayurveda.
AND such regional mistaken usages adds to our confusion….
BUT PARIJAT of Indian Puranic Granthas like Ramayana and Mahabharata …  is ONE: Nycthenthes arbotritis Linn…
Valmiki mentions Parijat in Uttarkanda, Ayodhyakanda and …in describing travels in Himalayas and again in gardens of Ayodhya, Chitrakut and Panchavati…….
and Kalidas speaks of Parijat in Kumarasambhava and in Raghuvansha .. coolectively at least 8 eight times….
AND PARTIJAT AND HARSINGAR are the same thing… NOT different… Most modern translations of OLD Nighanthus mention Parijat (sanskrit) and its synonyms … Harsingar (Hindi), Shiuli (Bengali) …
… what lovely stories…
My mom’s garden had two.. both looked out on the ground that was next to some huts, these women folk
used to spread their freshly washed sari under my mom’s trees and collect the flowers fallen during early morning hours…  the red pedical (is that the right term) of the flower and dry and use it as substitute for saffron… Many others used the flowers for worship …
my memory is best for the fragrance that used to waft up into my mom’s bedroom at about 4 am… punctually…
such memories!!!

You have added so much to my knowledge of this beautiful delicate flower Parijatak. Some call it Prajakta some Parijatak What is the real name out of the two? And yes the fragrance of this flower is just divine.
I have another wonderful memory associated with this tree. Every year a tailor bird made its nest on this tree and sang the sweetest whistle I have ever heard. I have never understood out of all the trees why did it always
choose this tree so close to my house? 

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ID 210911 SB03: Location Mumbai
To me, it seems to be the foliage of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
However, need further confirmation.

looks like Nyctanthes arbortristis (Parijat or Harsingar)


Yes looks like Parijatak. It gets flowers with divine fragrance


Yes, white flowers with orange stalk, which i have read is often used as an adulterant in Saffron. Also, the flowers are supposedly believed to be favorite of Lord Shiva.


Is it to my Knowledje they are a favourite to Lord Krishna ha ha
This flower has been discussed in a previous thread but I do not know how to give a link to a thread but some mythological stories 1.Nyctanthes arbortristis . Commonly known as Coral Jasmine. This is Harsinghar in Hindi and Sephalika/Seoli in Bangla. Legand says that in the earlier life this plant was a beautiful girl and was in love with Sun God. As the Sun did not notice this unilateral love the girl died. A plant came up at that place.As Sun neglected her the flowers of this plant fall on the ground before the Sun rises.

There is also a mythological story about Parijatak which I would like to share
During samudra manthan (churning of the ocean), the gods had obtained Parijataka, the tree with divine fragrance. This tree was planted in the garden of Indra, the king of gods. One day, SageNarada went to this garden and collected some flowers that had fallen from the treeand gave them to Rukmini, Krishna’s wife. Rukmini was very happy but when Satyabhama, another wife of Krishna, smelled its fragrance, she asked Krishna to bring her the tree. After defeating Indra, Krishna brought the tree on earth. But a quarrel started between Rukmini and Satyabhama, as both of them wanted the tree.
Krishna planted the tree in Satyabhama’s courtyard in such a way that its flowers fell in Rukmini’s house and in this way both his wives were happy.
any particular reason why you have written the name as Nyctanthes arbor-tristis with a dash?

I grew up playing under them… and collecting flowers… local women came to collect these ..they used to leave their saris spread under the trees.. since the flowers open around 4 am and drop as the day light becomes harsher..best one were the ones that dropped early on.. used for various pujas… and some underhanded folks use the dried stalks to adulterate saffron sold in the market … 


 

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I found this shrub, bearing tablet/button like fruits, beside a playing field. Most likely it is a wild variety and the shrub was covered with several climber weeds.

Species : Unknown


Type : wild (may also be planted) shrub of about 10 ft.


Date : 10-March-2012, 2.05 p.m.


Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly), WB


… most probably the parijataNyctanthes arbor-tristis (family: Oleaceae).


Oh my goodness! I know very much this plant. We call it SIULI or SHEPHALI in Bengali and it is very much associated with DURGA PUJA. Now, i remember its fruits! What a memory loss! Would have to take ‘Brahmi’!


Siuli is not associated with Durga puja rather Swaraswati puja… because the plant blooms during early spring …. long back people used to stain saree using the orange corolla tube of the flower to wear during the Swaraswati Puja.


I might be wrong again. Didn’t noticed it carefully. I can only remember that i have seen, many a times, puja-ads / greetings card bearing images of ‘KASH PHOOL & SIULI PHOOL’. I can remember its sweet smell and orange tinge. I feel nostalgic when i remember those beautiful stories of village lass making garlands using those flowers!
However, please take a look at :
5) many many more!


This Nyctanthes arbor – tristis
The Parijatak tree fruiting.
Flowering seems to be over.
Family :Oleaceae


Parijatak in Marathi. White flowers with orange tube of corolla.


 

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. from Hooghly:

The only flower that brings nostalgia to NRI Bengali and fill hearts with the sweet memories of golden old days is the same flower that once produced vibes in the creative minds of poets and novelists. The flower is SHIULI or SHEFALI in Bengali, often depicted along with the Saccharum spontaneum to announce the arrival of Devi Durga.
Species : Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.
Bengali Name : SHIULI, SHEFALI
Habit & Habitat : small tree, once very common in front yard
Date : 4/7/12, 12.12 P.M.
Place : Hooghly


very nice, …
but why only NRI Bengali…
I would think its all indians… not just bangali… I found them crazy about this flower in Gujarat and Kutchh, Bombay and Madhya Pradesh …
and the unscrupulous busnessmen who adulterate saffron with the orange pedical of the flower…

Sorry to restrict the SHEFALI, didn’t know about rest of India. I used “NRI” because i thought they would feel more pang, since they are thousands miles away.


Finally, found these flowers on the tree itself, on 26/10/12, in Hooghly


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sharing the images of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis: Sharing the images of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis from NBNP, Coimbatore.


Nice view of the flowers of “Haar-Shringar

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. (Night-flowering Jasmine)
The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn.
Pictures are taken from Bitati, North Dum Dum,  Kolkata during October, 2013. 


Very beautiful clicks … thanks for a series on state flowers from our country…

 

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PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : SHIULI -1 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1). 
I was working on the plants mentioned by Rabindranath Tagore in his songs, for last one year or so. There are some 60 distinct plants mentioned by the poet in different ways. I was posting those to the friends who can read Bangla. … suggested that it will be worth if English translation of the songs are posted on the images of the plants. On suggestions from … I could borrow ENGLISH WRITINGS OF RABINDRANATH TAGORE. Published by Sahitya Akademi (kind curtsy Prof. Debnarayan Roy of A B N Seal college, Cooch Behar) and got only two songs of my requirement. In one of the song SHIULI is mentioned. Posting that song.

 

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. SN Sep 38 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3). Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. Fam: Oleaceae, (Harsingar) cultivated shrub from Chennai area


Thanks … for posting my beolved ‘Pavizha malli’Coral jasmine. Here some flowers also. Attachments (1)


 

 

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There are 69 songs by Tagore where Bakul has been mentioned. I could post only 19 translated versions out of those 69. I am trying  for more. Till then I will be posting some translated versions of songs where Shiuli has been mentioned (there are 23 songs in which this name is mentioned.). In addition there are songs where the same flower is mentioned as Shephali/ Shephalika/ Parijat/ Seuti etc. Scientifically this flower is Nyctanthes arbor-tristis.

Attaching first song of this series.


 

 

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FLOWERS/TREES MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( SHIULI-2 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)  
Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore in which Shiuli has been mentioned.


 

 

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Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore, in which Shiuli has been mentioned.


 

 

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Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore, where Shiuli has been mentioned.


 
FLOWERS AND PLANTS IN RABINDRA SANGIT ( SHIULI-5 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

 

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Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore, where Shiuli has been mentioned.


 

 

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Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore, where Shiuli has been mentioned.


 

 

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Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore, in which PARIJAT has been mentioned. Scientifically the plant is known as Nyctanthes arbor-tristis.

 

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.
The common Har singar tree grown popularly in Delhi and other places.


its very common in bengal

Hindus use it in puja and Jain temples put them by the deity’s knees for the sitted Murtis

non temple going jains use them to put near the sacred granthas and pothis.

I love the 3 to 4 am scent wafting in when the flowers first open.

the seeds are medicinal, if i remember correctly

This shrub with beautiful fragrant flowers is also placed in Verbenaceae…in some works in Nyctaginaceae/Oleaceae..
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis ..”Haar-Shringar” or “Paarijat


I love these fragrant flowers
Beautiful pictures


Beautiful pictures Sir. Early morning the flowers lay beautiful cover over the ground.


 

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Attaching the translated version of a song by Tagore in which SHIULI (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) has been mentioned.

 

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FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : SHIULI-9/DHAN -1 : 1 post by 1 author. 1 correct image as above.

Attaching translated version of another song by Tagore in which SHIULI has been mentioned. In the same song DHAN has also been mentioned.

 

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Attaching translated version of another song by Taore in which SHIULI has been mentioned.

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via Species‎ > ‎N‎ > Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. … family: Oleaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
¿ nik-TANTH-ez ? — Greek: nyktos (night), anthos (flower); night blooming … Dave’s Botanary
arh-bor-TRIS-tis — Latin: arbor (tree), tristis (dull, sad) … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ascoral jasminenight jasmine • Assameseপাৰিজাত parijat • Bengaliশেফালী shefaliশিউলি shiuli •Gujarati:હારશણગાર harshangarપારિજાતક parijatak • Hindiहरसिंगार harsingarपारिजात parijatप्राजक्ता prajakta • Kannadaಹವಳಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ havalamalligeಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata • Konkaniपारिजातक parijatak • Malayalamപാരിജാതം parijatamപവിഴമല്ലി pavilamalli •Manipuri:singarei • Marathiपारिजातक parijatakप्राजक्त prajaktaशिवळी shivali • Nepaliपारिजात parijat • Oriyaପାରିଜାତ parijataଶିଉଳି siuli • Sanskrit:पारिजात parijata • Tamilபவளமல்லிகை pavala-mallikai • Teluguపారిజాతము parijatamu • Tuluಗೋಳಿಪದ್ಪೆ golipadpeಪಾರಿಜಾತ parijata 
… more namesnight-flowering coral jasminethe weeping nyctanthes • Assameseপানী-পিপলী pani-pipoliশেৱালি shewali • Hindiकेसर kesarनैपालि naipaliनेवारी newariनीलिका nilikaनिशिपुष्पा nishi-pushpaरजनीहासा rajani-hasaशेफालिका shephalikaशिउली shiuli •Oriya:ଅତ୍ଯୂହା atyuhaଗଉଡ଼ଗଡ଼କା gaurdagardakaନୈପାଳୀ naipaliନୀଳକ nilakaନିଶିପୁଷ୍ପ nishipushpaରଜନୀ ହାସ rajani hasaରକ୍ତ ବୃନ୍ତା rakta brunta,ରଞ୍ଜନୀ ranjaniଶେଫାଳି shephaliଶିତ ନିର୍ଗୁଣ୍ଡୀ sita nirgundi • Sanskritअत्यूहा atyuhaमसिका masikaनीलक nilakaनिशिपुष्पा nishipushpa,रङ्गलासिनी rangalasiniरजनीहासा rajanihasaरञ्जन ranjanaरक्तवृन्ता raktavrntaशीफालिका shiphalikaशीतमञ्जरी shitamanjari,शुक्लाङ्गी shuklangiश्वेतसुरसा shvetasurasa • Tamilசேடல் cetalசுபுட்பம் cuputpamசூதம் cutamகச்சாந்தகரை kaccantakarai,மஞ்சட்பூ mancat-puபாரிசாதம் paricatamதுகிர்த்தாளி tukir-t-tali • Teluguబందెడ bandedaపగడపు జిట్ట pagadapu jittaశేఫాలి shephali 
Coral Jasmine is the State Flower of West Bengal (shiuli, Bengali: শিউলি).
botanical namesNyctanthes arbor-tristis L. … synonymsBruschia macrocarpa Bertol. • Nyctanthes dentata Blume • Nyctanthes tristisSalisb. • Parilium arbor-tristis (L.) Gaertn. • Scabrita scabra L. • Scabrita triflora L. … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 

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It is my pleasure to share few images of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Oleaceae 

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 01-04-2014, 12-08-2014 and 14-10-2015



 

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Fwd: RABINDRA SANGIT : PARIJAT-1/2 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Attaching two songs along with image of PARIJAT. These songs have been translated by Rumela Sengupta.

As per The Useful Plants Of India (C S I R Publication) there are two contenders for PARIJAT
(a) Erythrina variegata (Indian Coral Tree)
(b) Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (CORAL JASMINE/ HARSHINGAR/ SHIULI/ SHEPHALI)
As the flowers at (b) is with fragrance, the image of that has been incorporated.
In addition Postal Department issued a stamp on PARIJAT along with a first day cover (The image was of Adansonia digitata/BAOBAB TREE but the description was that of the plant at b.)

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ID ?- srinagar uttarakhand 9-9-18 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Looks more like Parijath. Please post better quality photos.


To me also appear to be same. Is it planted? 

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Oleaceae) from Haryana.. : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Here am sharing some images of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Haar-singar) from Haryana taken in October 2018…!!

 

 

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation :  4500 ft.
Date  October / November  2018
Habit : Cultivated

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22/2/08 in Kolkata- and in Jan.’07; Vadodara (28-10-09); Pune- July’10; Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta by Sh. R.K. Chakraverty & S.K.Jain states that it flowers from autumn to winter (September- January). Trees of Delhi states that it flowers in August peaking in September-October. Harshingar/ Night Jasmine/ Coral Jasmine/ Tree of sadness/Seoli (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) – indiantreepix | Google Groups

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13012020EPT52 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

? Nyctanthes arbortristisCoral jasmine – Parijatham 
Location : Chennai outskirts
Date : 11.01.2020
Elevation : 23 mts.

Habitat : Urban garden
Habit : cultivated – pot


Yes, …, as per Nyctanthes arbor-tristis


 

References:

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