Olea europaea L., Sp. Pl. 8 1753. (Syn: Olea pallida Salisb. [Illegitimate];              Olea alba Lam. ex Steud.; Olea amygdalina Gouan; Olea angulosa Gouan; Olea angustifolia Raf. [Illegitimate]; Olea argentata Clemente ex Steud.; Olea arolensis Clemente ex Steud. [Invalid]; Olea atrorubens GouanOlea bifera Raf.;  Olea brevifolia Raf.; Olea buxifolia (Sol.) Steud. [Illegitimate]; Olea cajetana Petagna; Olea cayana Raf.; Olea communis Steud. [Invalid]; Olea craniomorpha Gouan; Olea europaea var. buxifolia Sol. ……………; Olea ferruginea (Sol.) Steud.; Olea gallica Mill.; Olea hispanica Mill.; Olea lancifolia Moench; Olea latifolia (Sol.) Steud. [Illegitimate]; Olea longifolia (Sol.) Steud.; Olea lorentii Hochst.; Olea obliqua (Sol.) Steud.; Olea oblonga Gouan; Olea odorata Rozier ex Roem. & Schult.; Olea officinarum Crantz; Olea oleaster Hoffmanns. & Link; Olea polymorpha Risso ex Schult.; Olea praecox Gouan; Olea racemosa Gouan; Olea regia Rozier ex Roem. & Schult.; Olea sativa Weston; Olea sativa Hoffmanns. & Link [Illegitimate]; Olea sphaerica Gouan; Olea sylvestris Mill.; Olea variegata Gouan; Olea viridula Gouan; Phillyrea lorentii Walp.);
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Africa, Medit. to SC. China as per WCSP;
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Albania; Algeria; Angola; Argentina Northeast; Ascension; Baleares; Bermuda; Canary Is.; China South-Central; China Southeast; Corse; Cyprus; East Aegean Is.; Egypt; France; Greece; Hainan; Iran; Iraq; Italy; Korea; Kriti; Krym; Lebanon-Syria; Libya; Mexico Southwest; Morocco; Palestine; Portugal; Sardegna; Sicilia; Spain; Taiwan; Tibet; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Yugoslavia as per Catalogue of Life;
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The olive (Listeni/ˈɒlɪv/ or Listeni/ˈɑːləv/, Olea europaea, meaning “Oil from/of Europe”) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to the coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean Basin as well as the Levant, Palestine, northern Saudi Arabia, northern Iraq, and northern Iran at the south of the Caspian Sea.

Its fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil.
The tree and its fruit give its name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacs, jasmine, Forsythia and the true ash trees (Fraxinus). The word derives from Latin olīva which is cognate with the Greek ἐλαία (elaía)[1][2] and also Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀨𐀷 e-ra-wa (“elaiwa”), attested in Linear B syllabic script.[3][4] The word “oil” in multiple languages ultimately derives from the name of this tree and its fruit.
The olive tree, Olea europaea, is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and Africa.
It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8–15 m (26–49 ft) in height. However, the Pisciottana, a unique variety comprising 40,000 trees found only in the area around Pisciotta in the Campania region of southern Italy often exceeds this, with correspondingly large trunk diameters. The silvery green leaves are oblong, measuring 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in) long and 1–3 cm (0.39–1.2 in) wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted.
The small white, feathery flowers, with ten-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the previous year’s wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves.
The fruit is a small drupe 1–2.5 cm (0.39–0.98 in) long, thinner-fleshed and smaller in wild plants than in orchard cultivars. Olives are harvested in the green to purple stage. Canned black olives may contain chemicals (usually ferrous sulfate) that artificially turn them black. Olea europaea contains a seed commonly referred to in American English as a pit or a rock, and in British English as a stone.
(From Wikipedia on 27.12.13)
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Olea europea subsp. europea, the olives, widely cultivated in Mediterranean region and parts of America, grown in India to limited extent..
The fruits about 4 cm across turn black when ripe.

Both green and ripe fruits are are edible and are eaten raw, pickled, stuffed, pizza toppings or salads. Olive oil is extracted from mature fruits.



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Small Tree for ID : Oman : 191112 : AK-3: Pictures taken at a plant nursery in Muscat on 20/1/2012.

I was told this was found in the wild, brought & planted.

…, could this be the Wild Olive Tree shown by you earlier from California on our group?

The leaves resembled those from your post.


I think yes, Olea europaea


Olea europaea L. !



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The Marvel and the Heritage : 13 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB.
Though dwarf and trimmed, historical Olive trees aged over centuries transplanted with respect to the heritage of the region adorning the engineering marvel in Dubai.  

yes buying selling transplanting olive trees hundreds of years old is a fine tuned science and trade, now. its also fashion for deep pockets that earns them bragging rights. i also admire their knarled trunks, beautiful usually.

… did you get to see them and photograph them in day time? were they well established? or recent transplants? away from their native greek or italian homes.

The tallest structure on Earth is not even a decade old. Olive is a celebrated tree of the Mediterranean and specimens that are more than a few thousand years are known to exist. Olive symbolises peace and victory. I even saw the doves perched on Olive branches. Here the heritage olives are planted to bless a long life to the Burj. The biomimicry in the architectural design with Hymenocallis flower is also very interesting.

Thanks …, nice write up. juxtaposed opposites and their symbolism is interesting, the architect and landscape architect must have had fun doing this.

I am missing the point somewhere, i don’t see the bio mimicry with Hymenocallis flower, sorry. unless the base is round and six buildings jut out from it, a design not so evident in the front views everybody takes.


The architectural inspiration is from trimerous floral diagram of Amaryllidaceae or rather from Hymenocallis that grows in the Arabian deserts. Three petals each in 2 series, a 3 lobed ovary and a central spire that resembles a style that spirals skywards. Even pyres resembling stamens can be seen adnate to the central column.
You can search Google Earth to see this from the satellite, I can’t show it.

yes i had seen comparison with tri-merous floral abstract for this building which is a common motif in that part of the world.
this as you describe is new to to me-
slowly we may a sort of list of architecture inspired by flowers:
lotus:                     temple in Delhi
Amaryllidaceae  :   burj in Dubai

ps i will look it up from the space photos,


This is really a great gesture.. trees are our heritage and they should be given due respect and care…


I think botanical name may be Olea europaea as per Wikipedia



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