Oncoba spinosa Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 1: cxiii, 103-104 cxiii 1775. (Syn: Lundia monacantha Schumach. & Thonn.; Oncoba monacantha (Schumach. & Thonn.) Steud.) as per POWO;
South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal), Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Mali, Burkina Faso, Gabon, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Sao Tome, Cameroon, S-Chad, Central African Republic, D.R. Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen), Australia (I) (Queensland (I)), Venezuela (I), Cuba (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
snuff-box tree, fried egg tree, fried-egg flower;


Oncoba spinosa:
Fried egg tree
Pl. Validate
Yesterday at Alibag (Mohina Macker’s Farm)

– Yes it is Oncoba spinosa, The fruit is edible.

Flowering Tree | 20May2011AR02 from Bangalore:
Flowering Tree | 20May2011AR02 from Bangalore

Date/Time-15 May 2011 08:23 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Lalbagh, Bangalore
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-, Urban, Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Tree
Height/Length-approx – 12 feet  approx
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape – Ellyptic, Toothed Margin, 8-15cms
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts – 6cms, White,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- —Green, Globose, 4cms,

…. looks like Mesua ferrea … the leaves here seem to be broader … some other species of Mesua ?

Oncoba spinosa ? Recently I have photographed this flower at Muscat.

Oncoba spinosa. -Leaf and fruit description do agree in many aspects.
 From the link http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantnop/oncobspin.htm
// The leaves are simple, ovate-elliptic in form with a somewhat pointed tip and rounded, broad base. The leaves are dark, glossy green in colour and somewhat leathery and hairless. The margins are coarsely toothed.
    The rounded fruit of up to 60 mm in diameter, consists of a hard shell that becomes dark-reddish brown when mature and small, with shiny brown seeds embedded in a dry, sour, yellowish pulp. Fruit can be found on the tree from April to July. //

100%  Oncoba spinosa
first time i saw fruits of this beautiful flower

In one of flower photos, the central part (pistil?) is not visible.
Do these show different stages of flower development or is there any other significance?
.., could you please tell me where to locate this tree inside Lalbagh?

1. Walk from Lalbagh glass house  towards the Band stand
2. Look for Dillenia Indica – the Elephant apple tree – (towards your left)
(During this time, the elephant apple tree can be easily spotted for it has literally no leaves but hundreds of large riped fruits on the every branches and on the ground. Probably  leaf shoots now ).
3. Just opp. to this tree is one of the tallest tree in Lal bagh. ( No name plate, I have to request for ID in eflora to know the name)
4. Next to this is our beautiful Oncoba spinosa – with 2-3 flowers per tree hidden among the leaves.
5. Look for the green fruits in the tree crown, again they are well camouflaged.
6. Plan to go before July, for the fruiting season ends then.

Pistil- the female part of the flower made up of the stigma, style, and ovary.
Perfect flower.
A flower that has both the male parts and female parts in the same flower.


oncoba spinosa:
a few weeks ago


Large Shrub for ID – 160412 – RK: Not sure of ID of this shrub. Tho’ the label on the plant says ‘Flacourtia’, flower does not match with Flacourtia pic in flowersofindia. Pics taken on 08-04-12 at 10.30 am in Lalbagh Botanical Gardens, Bangalore
Untitled document –

i think this is oncoba spinosa

This is not Oncoba spinosa

checked with wikipedia [ following … advice on indianaturewatch]. I think this is Oncoba spinosaFried Egg Tree, Snuff Box Tree. Wiki mentions family as Salicacea; flowersofindia – Flacourtiaceae. More inputs welcome..

Oncoba spinosa

Is this Dillenia indica:
I photographed this planted tree at Koregaon park, Pune.
Date- 3rd July 2011.
Height – 9-10 feet.
Flower looks like Indian catmon/ चालता but leaves look slightly different.

this is not Dillenia indica this is Oncoba spinosa
Family: Flacourtiaceae
Fried Egg Tree

Any information whether it has long (up to 5cm long) spines on branches. Was there lenticels on young branches?


Oncoba spinosa : 290112 : Oman : AK:
Adding pictures of Oncoba spinosa taken in Muscat, Oman over a period showing the different stages of flowering.
A small, cultivated, garden tree about 5 feet in height.

Good and complete set of pictures

Small Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 200413 : AK-3 : Attachments (4).  7 posts by 4 authors.
Small tree seen at Lalbagh on 18/3/13.
White flowers.
Is this Oncoba spinosa?
The flowers looked a bit different, hence wanted expert opinion & validation.

Oncoba spinosa

Yes it is

It is definitely Oncoba spinosa.


Oncoba spinosa
Also considered under Flacourtiaceae

The golden and white combination of this flower is so beautiful and gorgeous!! And thanks to the photographer for such expertise!


Salicaceae (Including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight : Oncoba spinosa : Muscat,Oman : 08FEB14 : AK-6 : Attachments (12).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Oncoba spinosa from Muscat, pictures taken at different dates.
A cultivated, ornamental, small tree.
Posting under the family fortnight.
…, under which family would this be?

Beautiful pictures …  Oncoba spinosa is now fallen under the family Salicaceae on the basis of molecular study. Previously it was included under Flocourtiaceae.

Salicaceae (Including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight : For ID Confirmation : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 08FEB14 : AK-7 : Attachments (7). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Reposting under family fortnight.
Identified earlier as Oncoba spinosa on our group.
…, kindly verify.

Yes it is Oncoba spinosa. Also called “Fried egg Tree“.

Attached are pictures of Oncoba spinosa from a nursery in Lonavala, Maharashtra in July 2013.
Requested to please validate ID.

Lovely captures …

PLANT FOR ID 24 SMP29DEC2008 : 13 posts by 8 authors. Attachments (3).

This tree was spotted on 29 dec 2008 in Aundh Rakshak society.
Alternate leaves can be observed with dentate or crenate margin.

Flower appears similar to Mesua ferrea (Nagkesar, Nagchampa) though leaves shape is a bit different.

Could it possibly be something in the Tea family (Theaceae) if not in Guttiferae? (I’m sorry, I do not know the climate of the region from where this came…)

The picture of the flower appears very much to similar to the given picture of Tea plant (Camelia sinensis) in his book FFOS by Shrikant Ingalhalikar.
It is from Tea family.
Can the tea plant grow to this height if not cut.(This is a cultivated tree in one bungalow about 15-20 feet high.) or some other species. It does look like Mesua ferrea but the leaves are alternate here and different unlike those of Mesua which are opposite.

although the flowers look like Mesua ferrea, the leaves are quite different. I had earlier sent a pic. of M. ferrea. In the latter leaves are lanceolate and opposte. Hence it can not be M. ferrea. The leaves neither look Tea plants. The plant may belong to a  Syzygium sp

My colleague says it might be Gordonia (Theaceae).
Gordonia lasianthus is a tree and looks similar but the stigma is different. 

I think Clusiaceae family as well as Theaceae Family can be checked. Both these families have similar type of flowers.

I just recollected that flowers of “Schima wallichii” looked some what identical to flower posted here. I thik, this Schima wallichii tree also grows very tall.

Schima wallichii leaves have small serrated margins right? Also the trunk would be itchy 🙂

Isn’t it Oncoba spinosa?

Yes … It got identified as Oncoba spinosa long back. This was clarified later but the old post still remains


Tree for id SN Aug 23 :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Lower branches with some spines.

Oncoba spinosa


Oncoba spinosa – 201214 – RK – 2 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments(5).
09/11/2014 – Lalbagh, Bangalore. Tall shrub.


Pls help in identifying this plant 01 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Attaching the image. 
Location – Govardhan Ecovillage, Palghar district, Maharashtra
New leaves emerging on the plant.
A thorny plant.
The images i am posting are of plants that were planted by my senior as part of herbal garden he wanted to create. But, he had to leave abruptly, so I am looking for help in identifying these plants.

It may be Scolopia crenata of Flacourtiaceae

Looks different from images at Scolopia crenata
Try species at Flacourtia

Here are pictures of a flower that appeared on the plant in context. and also the pic of its dried flower.
Hope this helps further in accurate identification.
Attachments (2)


Dried flower form another angle.
Attachments (1)

yes it looks like Scolopia crenata

Most probably Oncoba spinosa (Salicaceae, reviously Flacourtiaceae)

Other recipients:
It does look like Oncoba spinosa regards Radha
It does look like Oncoba spinosa

Thanks … and all.
Indeed, it looks closest to Oncoba Spinosa.
I waited one year for it to flower, to figure out the name. the wait seems to have been rewarded.
Can this plant be propagated by grafting or air-layering becuase it has not produced any fruits/seeds this year?



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