Cenchrus ciliaris L., Mant. Pl. 2: 302 1771. (Syn: Cenchrus anjania Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. [Invalid]; Cenchrus bulbosus Fresen. ex Steud.; Cenchrus bulbosus Fresen.; Cenchrus ciliaris var. anachoreticus (Chiov.) Pirotta ……..; Cenchrus glaucus C.R.Mudaliar & Sundararaj; Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. ex Steud.; Cenchrus melanostachyus A.Camus; Cenchrus mutabilis Wight ex Hook.f. [Invalid]; Cenchrus rufescens Desf.; Pennisetum cenchroides Rich. [Illegitimate]; Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link ……….; Pennisetum distylum Guss.; Pennisetum incomptum Nees ex Steud.; Pennisetum longifolium Fenzl ex Steud. [Invalid]; Pennisetum oxyphyllum Peter; Pennisetum pachycladum Stapf [Spelling variant]; Pennisetum panormitanum Lojac.; Pennisetum petraeum Steud.; Pennisetum polycladum Chiov.; Pennisetum rangei Mez; Pennisetum rufescens (Desf.) Spreng.; Pennisetum teneriffae Steud.) as per The Plant List;
Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link, (syn: (≡) Cenchrus ciliaris L. (basionym); (=) Cenchrus glaucus C. R. Mudaliar & Sundararaj; (≡) Pennisetum cenchroides Rich.; (=) Pennisetum incomptum Nees) as per GRIN;
Sicilia, S. Greece, Africa, Arabian Peninsula to Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, California, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Guyana, Hawaii, Honduras, Japan, Jawa, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Malaya, Marquesas, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia as per POWO;
Common name: Buffel Grass • Hindi: Anjan, dhaman, Baiba, Kusa, Dhamanio • Tamil: Kollukattai • Telugu: Kusa

Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass or African Foxtail Grass; syn. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), Southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily).[1]

It is a perennial grass growing to 50 cm tall. The leaves are linear, 3–25 cm long and 4–10 mm wide. The flowers are produced in a panicle 2–14 cm long and 1–2.6 cm wide.[2]
Cenchrus ciliaris has become naturalised and often an invasive species in Australia, the southwestern United States, Hawaii, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Macaronesia.[1]
In the Sonoran Desert it was introduced for erosion control. In the Mexican part of the Sonoran Desert, it is still being planted and irrigated for livestock grazing.
It spreads very quickly and will often kill local native plants such as palo verdes by taking away nearby water. This plant has a very low ignition threshold and can burst into a raging flame even during the peak growing season. Its flammability and quick regrowth allow it to compete successfully against almost all vegetation in this region.[3]
(From Wikipedia on 14.4.13)


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae- Cenchrus ciliaris from Delhi-GS25 : Attachments (6). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Cenchrus ciliaris a common species along roadsides and parks in Delhi.

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week :: Poaceae : Cenchrus ciliaris from Singhpura- NS 22: Attachments (5). 5 posts by 3 authors.
This one is very common, in dry, waste places and around field boundaries..I hope this is Cenchrus ciliaris L. shot from my village in Kaithal..


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae-Cenchrus setigerus from Delhi-GS26 : Attachments (3). 6 posts by 4 authors.
Cenchrus setigerus less common in Delhi, mostly growing in drier habitats.

Cenchrus setigerus do not have outer bristles or they are reduced. This one is different. Are the bristles having antrorse or retrorse barbs. (Kindly check whether the inflorescence runs smooth or interrupted when you run your finger from bottom to top

Thanks a lot … I was also doubtful about this one.
I hope these are C. setigerus (2 specimen attached)

cenchrus ciliaris



Grass For ID : Oman : 200214 : AK-12 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
A wild grass seen on 24/5/13 in Muscat, Oman.

All are Cenchrus ciliaris


Grass 3 : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)- 3 Mb each.
on Oct 2016, Horsley Hills, Andhra pardesh

It is Cenchrus biflorus Roxb.,

Cenchrus ciliaris

Submission of Cenchrus biflorus : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Plant name: Cenchrus biflorus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 238. 1820.
Ver.name: Indian sandbur (Eng.).
Family: Poaceae
A tufted annual, culms geniculately ascending, 10-60 cm high. Culm internodes hollow, nodes glabrous. Lateral branches branched. Leaves basal and cauline; leaf-sheaths scabrous; ligule a fringe of hairs; lamina linear or lanceolate, 2-25 × 0.3-0.8cm, flat and rigid. Panicle linear, 2-15 cm long. Spikelets sessile, 1-3 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles. Fertile spikelets 2-flowered, the lower floret barren or rarely male; the upper fertile, comprising 1 basal sterile floret and 1 fertile floret. Glumes without keels and dissimilar. Lower glume lanceolate, membranous; upper glume ovate. Anthers 3. Nut ovoid.
Habitat & location: Occasional in dry sandy soils. Photographed at Somasila.

Plz don’t mind but this is cenchrus ciliaris

Cenchrus biflorus

There must be some confusion. These photos do not look like to be true C. biflorus but may be C. ciliaris as pointed out by …
I have posted photos of true C. biflorus just recently, please see, YS – Apr2020-10.

I think … is right. It is more likely a deformed inflorescence of Cenchrus ciliaris and not C.biflorus.

smriti van Jaipur– 6.8.2009; in Delhi; March 6, 2010, 10 am- Vikas Puri, New Delhi;

Pennisetum ciliare from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Cenchrus ciliaris – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Grass week: Pennisetum ciliare from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups


efloraindia: 11111 BRS148:

Pl. find the attached file contain photo of grass for id. request.
Location: CODISSIA Complex, Coimbatore
Habitat: Urban (road side)
Habit: Grass

look like some Pennisetum species,

It is cenchurus species

Cenchrus biflorus Roxb. ??

Cenchrus ciliaris

Grass For ID : Oman : 200214 : AK-13 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
A very old picture taken on 5/9/2008 of another wild grass in Muscat.

Perhaps this is Cenchrus ciliaris

Looks close. I hope … would validate!

May I request you to post a high resolution images.

Adding the original image.

Cenchrus ciliaris


Grass for ID : Oman : 200214 : AK-14 : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Adding pictures of a wild grass seen recently in Muscat on 17/12/2013.
Id please.


Yes. Cenchrus probably C.ciliaris

Yes …


Grass: Identification of plant specimen: 1 high res. image.
Kindly help me in identifying the plant specimen.

Seems Cenchrus sp.,

Cenchrus ciliaris

Cenchrus ciliaris


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