Phalaris minor Retz., Observ. Bot. 3: 8 1783. (Syn: Alopecurus otiporensis Griff. [Invalid]; Phalaris ambigua Fig. & De Not.; Phalaris aquatica Thunb. [Illegitimate]; Phalaris aquatica var. minor (Retz.) Mutel; Phalaris arundinacea var. minor (Retz.) Paunero; Phalaris brevis Trin.; Phalaris capensis Thunb.; Phalaris decumbens Moench [Illegitimate]; Phalaris gracilis Parl.; Phalaris haematites Duval-Jouve & Paris [Invalid]; Phalaris mauritii Sennen [Invalid]; Phalaris minor f. bracteata Jansen & Wacht. ……………; Phalaris nepalensis Trin.);
Macaronesia, Medit. to Himalaya and Eritrea: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Chad, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, France, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Nepal, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia; Introduced into: Alabama, Alaska, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Austria, Azores, Bolivia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, China South-Central, Colombia, Colorado, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Florida, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Hawaii, Japan, Kermadec Is., Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Magadan, Maryland, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, South Australia, South Carolina, Tasmania, Texas, Ukraine, Victoria, Western Australia, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
little seed canary grass, small-seeded canary grass, small canary grass, lesser canary grass;


Date/Time- 11th March, 2012

Location- Place- Merrut, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat- Wild

Plant Habit- Shrub/Herb  



AP1- Plant for id from Ambala Cantt Haryana: please help me to identify this plant..
Photographs taken on 10 April 2012
Place: ambala cantt
month: April
habitat: garden
habit: smal, herbaceous

stem: weak

This one should be Phalaris minora very common weed, in the wheat fields.

yes. Phalaris minor


grass Hooghly 28-213 sk : Phalaris sp. ? : 9 images. 10 posts by 4 authors.
Found this grass yesterday on roadside, at Gobra, Hooghly. H & H : about 1.5 ft. tall, there was only those seen in the first photo

Yes … this should be Phalaris minor Retz. most probably, a common weed of wheat crop, at times a nuisance…

… both are absolutly right

Phalaris minor

Yes. Phalaris minor


This is a noxious weed in wheat fields..
Lesser canary, Phalaris minor Retz.

Yes … Nice photographs.



Phalaris minor Retz., Obs. Bot. 3:8. 1783.
A common weed in wheat and Mustard fields in winter in Delhi. Can be easily confused with species of Phleum. Photographed from Khalsa College Botanical Garden in Delhi, in February.

Very beautiful photographs.


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae-Phleum paniculatum from Kashmir-GS95 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Phleum paniculatum Huds, Photographed from Srinagar Kashmir, often found as weed at lower altitudes.

I would have definitely said Phalaris minor on seeing the above photographs, this is so close…thanks for showing..

This is Phalaris minor

Thanks … for correction. I had not known about Phalaris minor when in Kashmir, and saw it for the first time in Delhi.
As reported in FBI Phalaris minor does not ascend above 1500 m. This was growing at alt of 1700 m. May be it has now extended to Kashmir valley.
We had similar plant collected from Srinagar and Ladakh which I had identified as Phleum paniculatum. I am uploading both for confirmation.

For Identification: Monocot : 5 posts by 2 authors. 1 high res. image.
The plant was collected from Salbari, P. O. : Sukna. Dist.: Darjeeling. West Bengal. 

looking like phalaris minor

Thank you very much sir


ID Requested – Monocot Species 2: 2 images.
Location – Nalanda, Bihar
Germination period- March
Dicot Species

The 2nd pic features Phalaris sp., cf. P. miima. 1st pic probably initial stage of the same.

Phalaris minor


Phalaris minor Retz.: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Thecho, Lalitpur, Nepal
Date: 07 April 2024
Elevation: 1401m.
Habitat: Wild