Phragmitesaustralis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 2: 324 1841. (Syn: Arundoaggerum Kit.; …………………;  Arundophragmites B. …………; Arundopseudophragmites Lej. [Illegitimate]; ……; Calamagrostisnigricans Mérat; Cenchrusfrutescens L.;  Cortaderiaegmontiana (Roem. & Schult.) Ma. Lyle; Cynodonphragmites (L.) Raspail; Czernyaarundinacea C.Presl; Donaxaustralis Steud. [Invalid]; Oxyanthephragmites (L.) Nieuwl.; Phragmitesaltissimus (Benth.) Mabille ex Debeaux; Phragmitesarundinaceus J.Allam. ex Munro [Invalid]; Phragmitesaustralis var. berlandieri (E.Fourn.) C.F.Reed ……………; Phragmitesbarbatus Stapf [Invalid]; …………….; Phragmiteschilensis Steud. [Invalid] ..; Phragmitescommunis Trin. ………………………; Phragmitescongestus Lowe; ………………….; Phragmitesvulgaris Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. ………..; Phragmitesvulnerans Gilib. ex Asch.;  ..; Reimariadiffusa Spreng.; Remireadiffusa Sieber ex Steud.; Trichoonphragmites (L.) Rendle; Xenochloaarundinacea Licht.);
Tall perennial reed up to 5 m tall; leaf-blades up to 60 cm long, up to 3 cm broad with filiform tip; panicle up to 50 cm long, up to 20 cm broad; spikelets 12-16 mm long with up to 10 mm long silky rhachilla hairs; upper glume lanceolate 5-9 mm long, apiculate; lemma narrowly lanceolate, up to 12 mm long.
Young shoots are used as vegetable. Stalks exude manna-like edible gum. Rhizomes and roots are also edible. Mostly used for thatching, and for making mats and baskets, culms also used for making pens, panicles for brooms.
Suprisingly, Phragmites australis is seen both in tropical and temperate areas and always associated with a wetland. The differences between the tropical and temperate forms need to be worked out in detail. However, Phragmites karkais a different species altogether and not seen in wetlands or lakes, but usually found on hill slopes in middle himalayas. All Phragmites in India are being treated as P.karka by many authors, though the hill form is different from the wetland species whether tropical or temperate. I think this needs further investigation.

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Phragmites australis from Nagin Lake, Kashmir:  Phragmites australis (Cay.) Trin. ex Steud., Nom. Bot., ed. 2, 2:324. 1841.
syn: Phragmites communis Trin.; Arundo australis Cay.
Tall perennial reed up to 5 m tall; leaf-blades up to 60 cm long, up to 3 cm broad with filiform tip; panicle up to 50 cm long, up to 20 cm broad; spikelets 12-16 mm long with up to 10 mm long silky rhachilla hairs; upper glume lanceolate 5-9 mm long, apiculate; lemma narrowly lanceolate, up to 12 mm long.

Common in Kashmir valley in ponds and banks of Dal Lake, Nagin Lake and other lakes in the Valley. Photographed from Banks of Nagin Lake in Kashmir.


 

Reeds are also very common along the marshes along NJ turnpike … across from Manhattan down to the Delaware valley... but the species there is I think P. australis… inflorescence is abit more bulky and
longer than p. communis… but regardless, bird watchers love these stands.. breeding and feeding
grounds for many birds…


…I forgot to ask … is it edible?


Yes … young shoots are used as vegetable. Stalks exude manna-like edible gum. Rhizomes and roots are also edible. Mostly used for thatching, and for making mats and baskets, culms also used for making pens, panicles for brooms.


never knew about the gummy substance… but it makes sense… the plant must be using it to survive in the marshes… as a sort of water – proofing itself.. clever plant…

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Grass for ID : Oman : 131012 : AK-1: Grass commonly found close to water.

Pictures taken in Muscat on 24/7/2010.

Plants were about 5-6 feet in height, may be taller.


 

I hope Phragmites, perhaps P. communis


Yes it is Phragmites australis (also called earlier as P.communis)


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Please ID Grass 01:

Location: Harike, Punjab

Date: 21/12/2012


Phragmites australis
 

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Please ID: Please identify the Grass / Reeds. Apologies for not posting different photograph of the leaves.

Location: Harike, Punjab

Date: 21/12/2012


This must be Phragmites karka


Phragmites australis


Phragmites australis

 

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Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae- Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. from Kashmir-GS4 : 4 images. 5 posts by 4 authors.
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud, Nomencl. bot. ed. 2, 1:143. 1840; 2:324. 1841

Syn: Phragmites communis Trin.
Common names: Common-reed, ditch-reed

Photographed from borders of Nagin Lake, Kashmir


 

 

 

Good Shots Sir I think this plant is also common in our area particularly in water logged areas


This is a temperate plant. That found in Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and other warmer parts of India is P. karka, uploaded my me separately.


Great pictures. The heads looks so much like weedy rice with their long awns. Will post pics tomorrow


Suprisingly, Phragmites australis is seen both in tropical and temperate areas and always associated with a wetland. The differences between the tropical and temperate forms need to be worked out in detail. However, Phragmites karka is a different species altogether and not seen in wetlands or lakes, but usually found on hill slopes in middle himalayas. All Phragmites in India are being treated as P.karka by many authors, though the hill form is different from the wetland species whether tropical or temperate. I think this needs further investigation.


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Grass seen growing at the border of Naukuchia Tal Lake on 23/3/13.

Id please.


Phragmites sp.??


Yes, Phragmites australis


Grass Id from Bangladesh SM022 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).

Habit: Grass

Habitat: Plain land


Try Saccharum


It looks like Saccharum spontaneum


I think Phragmites karka 


Phragmites australis


Phragmites australis

 

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Phragmitis australis?


Phragmites sp?


The plant uploaded seems to be Phragmites australis


Phragmites australis


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from a seasonal nullah from Mohali in Punjab– Feb’10?; which drass is this – efloraofindia | Google Groups


ID requested for unknown species : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 & 2 mb.

Request for Identification

Date: 09th July 2020
Location: Amarabati Road, Madhyamgram, North 24 Parganas, West Bengal
GPS: 22.70 N and 88.45 E
Plant habit/habitat: Wild herb
Plant height: More than 8-10 feet
Leaf length: 41-42 cm for a bigger one (it may larger in next)
Leaf maximum width: 19-20 mm.

Phragmites sp. ??


Sir, I am guessing also with you. Have you enlighten with species level please?


Not much detail information in images. It could be Phragmites karka!


Phragmites australis


References:

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