As per efi thread: Female Cones of 4 Pinus species of Himachal Pradesh 1. Pinus wallichiana 2. P. roxburghii 3. P. gerardiana 4. P. patula (Cultivated, Central american)

 


  

Pinus canariensis C.Sm. ? (Cultivated- Kashmir) (Macaronesia, Canary Islands (La Palma, Tenerife, Gran Canaria, El Hierro) as per Catalogue of Life)


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Pinus caribaea Morelet (Cultivated- South India)


 

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Pinus gerardiana Wall. ex D.Don (Afghanistan; China, S Xizang (Tibet); India, Jammu-Kashmir; N Pakistan as per Catalogue of Life) (As per efi thread: I would like to clarify one more point that In India Pinus gerardiana (Chilgoza pine) is distributed only in Himachal Pradesh and parts of Jammu & Kashmir. So far no population of Chilgoza pine is recorded in Uttrakhand. Pinus wallichiana (Blue pine) has needles in fasicles of 5 where as in Chilgoza pine it is 3 needles.)


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Pinus roxburghii (left) and  P. gerardiana (right)

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Pinus halepensis Mill. (Cultivated- Kashmir) (Mediterranean, from Morocco and Portugal to Greece and the coast of Libya at Jabal al Akhdar, and in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, SW Syria as per Catalogue of Life)




Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon (NE India: Assam; China: Yunnan; Indochina: Kampuchea [Cambodia], Lao PDR, Myanmar [Burma], Thailand as per Catalogue of Life)



Pinus nigra J.F.Arnold (Cultivated- Kalimpong, West Bengal)


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Pinus nigra subsp. laricio Maire (Cultivated- Manali, HP)


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Pinus patula Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham. (Cultivated) (Mexico: in a few localities in Tamaulipas, in Quertaro, Hidalgo, Mxico, Distrito Federal, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas as per Catalogue of Life) (Differences as per efi thread: P.wallichiana is the Himalayan Blue Pine, which is very distinct by its 5-needled spur as against the 3-needled spur in most other species. The cones of P.wallichiana are solitary, very long and cylindrical as against P.patula which has several ovoid cones in a cluster. The leaves of P.wallichina are not drooping as in P.patula)


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Pinus roxburghii Sarg. (Himalaya, from Pakistan to NE India, Arunachal Pradesh (Assam, Kameng District) as per Catalogue of Life) (As per efi thread:

Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii) is a tree in lower Himalayas (elevation from 800m to 1900m). Chir pine plantations were raised by Britishers mainly to obtain resin. The forests of Chirpine are dry and more prone to fire. While Blue pine (Pinus wallichiana) starts from 1800m elevation to 2500m or above also. Blue pine occurs in slightly wet areas or moist areas. Hence fire occurence is less in Blue pine forests)


Pinus roxburghii (left) and  P. gerardiana (right)

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Pinus wallichiana A.B.Jacks. (Himalaya: from Afghanistan (Hindu Kush) to NE India; China: SE Xizang [Tibet] and NW Yunnan; N Myanmar [Burma] as per Catalogue of Life)  (As per efi thread: I would like to clarify one more point that In India Pinus gerardiana (Chilgoza pine) is distributed only in Himachal Pradesh and parts of Jammu & Kashmir. So far no population of Chilgoza pine is recorded in Uttrakhand. Pinus wallichiana (Blue pine) has needles in fasicles of 5 where as in Chilgoza pine it is 3 needles.

Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii) is a tree in lower Himalayas (elevation from 800m to 1900m). Chir pine plantations were raised by Britishers mainly to obtain resin. The forests of Chirpine are dry and more prone to fire. While Blue pine (Pinus wallichiana) starts from 1800m elevation to 2500m or above also. Blue pine occurs in slightly wet areas or moist areas. Hence fire occurence is less in Blue pine forests.)
(Differences as per efi thread: P.wallichiana is the Himalayan Blue Pine, which is very distinct by its 5-needled spur as against the 3-needled spur in most other species. The cones of P.wallichiana are solitary, very long and cylindrical as against P.patula which has several ovoid cones in a cluster. The leaves of P.wallichina are not drooping as in P.patula)


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Botany For Degree Gymnosperm (M.E.) By P C Vashishta, A K Sinha, Anil Kumar, P.C.Vasishta (1998- with description & distribution-
 
 





















Pinus gerardiana Pinus gerardii Pinaceae Chilghoza Pine
Pinus kesiya Pinus kasya, Pinus khasia, Pinus khasyana Pinaceae Khasi Pine
Pinus roxburghii Pinus longifolia Pinaceae Chir Pine
Pinus wallichiana Pinus excelsa, Pinus griffithii Pinaceae Himalayan Blue Pine


  








Pinus picea PALL. (misapplied name. In the past this name has been erroneously used to refer to Abies sibirica Ledeb.)



 
Pinus: 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated efi page on Pinus

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links.

Any comments are welcome.


 

Pl. go throughPinus‎‎ ‎(Pinaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice. 


 

 
 

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