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pith-eh-sell-LOH-bee-um — from the Greek pithekos (ape or monkey) and ellobion (earring)
DUL-see or DUL-say — sweet or tender

commonly known as: blackbead, camachile tree, madras thorn, manila tamarind, monkeypod, sweet inga, sweet tamarind • Gujarati: વિલાયતી આંબલી vilayati ambli • Hindi: ganga imli, जंगल जलेबी jungal jalebi, kataiya • Kannada: ಸೀಮೆಹುಣಸೆ seeme hunase • Marathi: विलायती चिंच vilayati chinch • Tamil: கொடுக்காப்புளி kodukkappuli

Native to: California through Mexico, Central America, n South America; naturalized elsewhere in tropics; also cultivated 

Evergreen tree with stipular spines; leaves bipinnate; pinnae one pair; leaflets 1 pair, elliptic-oblong, oblique, 2-5 cm long; glands present at the junction of pinnae and leaflets; flowers greenish-white in globose heads aggregated in panicles; calyx 1 mm long; corolla 3-4 mm long; stamens exserted; pod 10-13 cm long, twisted and turgid, 5-9 seeded, with pink or white pulp. 
 
Children love the fruit as it can be seen sold near schools. They look soooo palatable that our local urchins go after them tooth and nail. You must try, if you are Diabetic. 
It is the food plant of the caterpillars of Grass yellow butterflies.    
 

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Request for ID : 050111 : AK-3: This picture is taken here in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman on the 12th of February, 2010. The name given for this was Jangli jalebi. This is used as a hedge for one of the plant nurseries here.
Although the leaves look similar, the flowers seem different. I have not seen the fruits as yet. 
 


 

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Fruits & Vegetable week- Pithecellobium dulce:  Bot. name: Pithecellobium dulce
Family: Mimosaceae
Plant Habit: Tree
Common names: Jangal Jalebi, Vilayatichinch,
This is known by the name “Chijmalai” in Vidarbha region.
I presume everyone in this group would have tasted this fruit.


– i have tasted it it called ‘ban tetul” in bengal commonly found as roadside tree in Kolkata


– I thought of sharing a story. When i started working with Hariyali NGO, we converted some stone quarries in ponds. Then there was no vegitation other than a single tree of this Pithecellobium. I have that as identity mark in all my photos. Latter we planted many trees around, most survived. But still when I show the success in powerpoint to prove it is the same place I telll people “Look this is my friend Pithecellobium, present from first day till today witnessing all activities of Hariyali” and they also aploud loudly in honour for the tree.


– Nice, in out native place they call it Jalebi. And its really sweet and tasty. We had some in our lawns on three sides at my Nanaji’s house.


– Oh yes. But what a nice name. Jungal jalebi! In Tamil it’s called Kodikkapuli.


– I know its name jungle jalebi and seen a lot in DU campus but never tasted it.


– Rather I would say “You must try, if you are Diabetic.”


– Locally it is known as Ganga Amli or Ganga Imli. It is important part of my report on Diabetes. Diabetes Herbs 116. Pithecellobium dulce <http://pankajoudhia.com/album/main.php?g2_itemId=62155>
And Pankaj Bhai, it is Oudhipedia<http://pankajoudhia.com/album/main.php?g2_view=keyalbum.KeywordAlbum&…>not Oudhopedia.  😉


–  … very interesting flow of thoughts … many thanks to everyone.

NATURALIZED, CULTIVATED :: Fabaceae (pea, or bean family) » Pithecellobium dulce 
pith-eh-sell-LOH-bee-um — from the Greek pithekos (ape or monkey) and ellobion (earring)
DUL-see or DUL-say — sweet or tender
 
commonly known as: blackbead, camachile tree, madras thorn, manila tamarind, monkeypod, sweet inga, sweet tamarind • Gujarati: વિલાયતી આંબલી vilayati ambli • Hindi: ganga imli, जंगल जलेबी jungal jalebi, kataiya • Kannada: ಸೀಮೆಹುಣಸೆ seeme hunase • Marathi: विलायती चिंच vilayati chinch • Tamil: கொடுக்காப்புளி kodukkappuli 
Native to: California through Mexico, Central America, n South America


Not sure whether you have experienced it or not but if you take it in large amount you will find typical odd smell in urine and by visiting public urinal during fruiting time, you can guess what users are consuming these days i.e. Ganga Imli. Very typical odd smell. Sorry for sharing odd experience.


Let me move one more step. If you collect the urine and spray it on standing rice crop having infestation of Green Leaf Hopper i.e. Nephotettix sp., you will find less population of insects in coming days. This basic solution can be made more effective by adding other herbs. Unique Traditional Agricultural Knowledge of our country.


In Traditional Healing, our Healers suggest the patients to consume it in bulk and then urinate on wild annuals. Based on the plant growth affected, they diagnose the diseases. I have documented this unique knowledge but it always surprises me as it is not a native species. Not sure the Healers of countries of its origin are aware of it or not? 


I used it as hedge plant, but never saw the fruit.

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Pls help ID — Another Spiny shrub S4: A low growing spiny shrub with binate leaves, growing in outskirts of
Calcutta,
December
No blooms were seen. 


–  Yes it is Pithecellobium dulce, a tree not a shrub.


But why is it called Dulce? Dulche is sweet or gentel. With spines it can’t be gentel, so is any part of it sweet? In wiki I found the name ???? ????? Jungle jalebi
The Fotos of Jangle Jalebi looked somewhat different though!!


– The ripe fruit after peeling is very soft and tender. Very nice to feel. Though many like it I have not tasted any sweet fruit.


DULCE or DULCIS means SWEET.
Yes the fruits are sweet. I imagine why they call Scoparia dulcis as sweet broom :)) SWEET and BROOM sounds contradictory 🙂


Scoparia is known as Mitthi Patti i.e. sweet leaves and since generations the Healers are adding it in bitter decoction to make it sweet. Like Sida it is used as broom by rural people. It is not Meethi Jhadu. मीठी झाड़ू


I think the name ‘jungle jalebi’ refers mainly to the shape of the fruit, and not the taste. I may be wrong though.
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– Yes. The name jungli jilebi is because of the shape.


– Due to shape but also because both are sweet in taste.


– the interesting discussions and the assurance thats it is edible and sweet !  I have seen jungli jalebi trees in Bihar ( now Jharkhand), but have never tasted the fruits!I

   looked up the earlier eflora link which also shows the buds Jungle Jalebi- *Pithecellobium* dulce<http://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/486…>
   It also confirms the id for the  specimen seen in the wild in bangalore., attached below.  I think the second pic, budding twig is  from the same plant too.


Jan 2012

Please Id this wild shrub at Pune

height about a foot

branches trailing about 3 feet in lenght. color looks silvery

leaves in pairs one leaflet smaller than the other size 2.5 cms to 3 cms by 0.8 to 1 cm.

no flowers or fruits till date

There are many such shrubs around


… looks like sapling of Pithecellobium dulce (family: Fabaceae).

 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Pithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) from Dombivli:  Sending photos of Manila Tamarind. In Marathi we call it Vilayti Chinch. Children love the fruit as it can be seen sold near schools.
It is the food plant of the caterpillars of Grass yellow butterflies.


Would come under Mimosaceae. Not Faboideae


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efloraofindia:”For Id 23112011MR1’’ tree with black curled pods and cream flowers Pune:  Kindly Id this tree in a private garden at Pune Date/Time- Nov 2011
Height/Length- about 30 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-cream flowers
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- green and black curled pods


This is Pithecellobium dulce. Aril of the seed is edible.

we call it vilayati tetul, Jilipi tetulsweetish-sourish pulp… like a tamarind….
very popular with local kids… they strip the tree of fruits as soon they discover it…

many a time breaking the branches… recently Kolkta corporation (Most probably them or under their permission) even cut down many of them from crowded streets… dont know their reasons though

DID you get to taste it?


We call it Jalebi in Bihar. The white pulp is very tasty.


Yes I too have tasted this fruit as a child but what I remember is the color of the pods to be a nice rosy pink. Here I saw these black pods and was thinking this to be some other tree.


This is Pithecellobium dulce… we call it Jangali Jalebi (wild Jalebi) in haryana….


Yes …, so next season, visit the tree about three , two weeksand one week earlier than this year if the weather is similar as this year… otherwise… when it is beginning to end the monsoon to see green fruits, and then after navaratri it begins to turn color… slow process … so the timing does not have to be compulsive… but still
go in october end again… hopefully you’ll catch the vibrant greenish- pinkish brownish shades…

I have done it.. timing I mean.. but that was before the digital camera.. the prints do not know where they are in the storage boxes and boxes ???

Jangali Jalebi (wild Jalebi), Jalebi, vilayati tetul, Jilipi tetul so many wonderful common names. Liked them all. In Marathi we call it Vilayati chincha (Tamarind). Always wondered why vilayati (meaning foreign)? Any reasons known …?


Simply because it is an American plant, naturalized in other parts of the world.


In Gujarat it is known as Goras aamli.

Tamarind is referred to as Aamli in Gujarati.
Dont know about Goras but Goras might be (might be – a thought by me) due to the color – creamish white (Gora).


Vilayati JILIPI :
1: jilipi...it looks like one.. all curled up… jalebi is pronounced jilipi in kolkata.
but I personally would have have chosen that name … because of its taste subtleties and not the looks…
       1a: like jalebi: its somewhat sweet as opposed to the real IMLI.
1b: best jalebis are those made from the mixture/khiru that is perfectly fermented overnite.. and then the jalebi made, dipped in sugar syrup… has a tangy sour inner taste and and overlying sweetness… thats what this tastes like… 
2: VILAYATI: its foreign… does not matter if its really from outside India or not… anything thats not in their ancestral history or memory bank is considered foreign by the villagers … and anything that’s even from another state is called VILAYAti,,,,
As far as this tree… Central america is her home, brought by the spaniards to the phillipines to improve soil mainly, its a nitrogen fixer, being a fabaceae … of the pea family…. from their the dutch apparently brought it to se asia and Burma… there to India..
its botanical name first appeared in 1795 identified from the Cormondel coast I think… untill then it was only called with local names it seems or who brought it… …
Isn’t it an irony that it was first studied and described Botanically and named ” Pithecellobium dulce ” from India, but was not of indian origin… such is history of world forestery ….

Very Interesting.. and source of confusion and a rich source for anybody and many “anybody..s’ who may wish to follow and do research in languages, botany, slave trade, colonialism, spaniards, dutch french english colonials and their appetite for riches and naval expansion etc… and their cruetly.. some has been written but a lot remains to be unearthed and written about…


you are right , … lists it from Pavagadh, among other places in Gujarat… lets see what the Gujarati or Gujarat based botanists here at eflora /indiatreepix tell us…
is it GORUS or Goraa-s pronounciation would be different…and so would the meaning…


It is also known as Jungle Jalebi.


It is really an irony that it was first studied and described Botanically and named ” Pithecellobium dulcefrom India, but was not of indian origin. The generic name refers to the curly pod, that mimics an ape’s earring (pithekos ellobium), and the species name Latin “dulce” refers to the sweet taste.


it is pronounced as Gorus and not Goraa-s actually.

However when i tried to look into the etymology i could come up and think of only with the said information, as it is introduced actually by Goraa-s which might have (i repeat again (MIGHT HAVE) eventually become Gorus, by spreading/dissemination through word of mouth (as it happens in many cases).

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Fabaceae – Mimosoideae – Bangalore – RA – Pithecellobium dulce – Madras Thorn Tree – Jungle Jalebi: Large, nearly evergreen tree that grows up to 20 m or more in height, Madras Thorn has a broad crown (to 30 m across) and a short trunk (to 1 m thick)

At the base of each leaf is normally found a pair of short, sharp spines, though some specimens are spineless. Leaves are deciduous but foliage is persistent, as the new leaves appear while the old ones are being shed


 

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Fabaceae – Mimosoideae- week Pithecellobium dulce from Coimbatore.: Sharing the images of Pithecellobium dulce from Coimbatore.


Nice Catch of “Jungle Jalebi



“Id 05012012MR1” Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week :: Pithecellobium dulce at Pune: sharing pictures of Pithecellobium dulce at Pune which I posted for Id though these pictures are nothing compared to … excellent photographs of the same plant


Yes currently flowering. Pods will emerge later.


… every photo taken by us are our beautiful babies !!


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(images by Din

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esh

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Valke)

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Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week :: Pithecellobium dulce near Yeoor Hills: Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

pith-eh-sell-LOH-bee-um — from the Greek pithekos (ape or monkey) and ellobion (earring)
DUL-see or DUL-say — sweet or tender

Mar 15, 2008 … at base of Yeoor Hills, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra
commonly known as: blackbead, camachile tree, madras thorn, manila tamarind, monkeypod, sweet inga, sweet tamarind • Gujarati: વિલાયતી આંબલી vilayati ambli • Hindi: ganga imli, जंगल जलेबी jungal jalebi, kataiya • Kannada: ಸೀಮೆಹುಣಸೆ seeme hunase • Marathi: विलायती चिंच vilayati chinch • Tamil: கொடுக்காப்புளி kodukkappuli
Native to: California through Mexico, Central America, n South America; naturalized elsewhere in tropics; also cultivated
References: Flowers of IndiaTop TropicalsDave’s GardenZipcode ZooEcoPort
more views: Jun 21, 2007 … at base of Yeoor Hills, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra
Dec 19, 2007 … at base of Yeoor Hills, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra
Apr 20, 2008 … at base of Yeoor Hills, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra


Photographs of the fruits are so lively. Fruits looking fresh and tempting. One feels like plucking it right away and eat it. Great series of photographs once again.


wonderful set of the fruits… they look soooo palatable that our local urchins go after them tooth and nail… not one to be had around here… my neighbor hood and the boy’s school compound and even the ill fated AMRI hospital pavement has a few… but no fruits last a day to photograph… such is life of a jungli jalebi…

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Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week :: Pithecellobium dulce at Mumbai:   Sharing few photographs of Jungle Jalebi.
Bot. name: Pithecellobium dulce   
Family: Mimosaceae
Habitat: Looks like Wild? Not sure..
Plant Habit: Tree
Fruits are edible. In Nagpur region, this is also called as ” Cheesemalai“.
 


Lovely fruits. We use to eat them during our childhood.


not sure if this plant has naturalized in any part of our country, in and around Thane and Mumbai: planted.


I am not sure, we have reasonably good population here and i had also seen it at many places at Silvassa. Many of the places it was looking like wild one. This is just an observation..


yes, its an exotic tree, planted in many states of India, fruits are edible, but i have not found any of the this tree coming up by itself at least in Maharashtra.. 


 

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Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week: Pithecellobium dulce from Delhi: Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth., London J. Bot. 3:199. 1844 syn: Inga dulcis (Roxb.) Willd.; Mimosa dulcis Roxb.
Common Names: blackbead, camachile, guayamochil, Madras-thorn, Manila-tamarind, sweet-inga
Evergreen tree with stipular spines; leaves bipinnate; pinnae one pair; leaflets 1 pair, elliptic-oblong, oblique, 2-5 cm long; glands present at the junction of pinnae and leaflets; flowers greenish-white in globose heads aggregated in panicles; calyx 1 mm long; corolla 3-4 mm long; stamens exserted; pod 10-13 cm long, twisted and turgid, 5-9 seeded, with pink or white pulp.
Very commonly planted in Delhi along roadsides. Photographed from Delhi Ridge. 


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Pithecellobium dulce from Panipat-2011: This is the famous Jungle jalebi- Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. London J. Bot. 3:199. 1844; Inga dulcis (Roxb.) Willd. Sp. pl. 4(2):1005. 1806; Mimosa dulcis Roxb.Pl. Coromandel 1:67. 1798
This large shrub or a medium sized tree was shot from Assandh Road, Panipat in 2011.


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Pithecellobium dulce (family : Fabaceae) Hooghly, WB: Sharing images of what we call JILIPI-GACH (JILIPI = jilebi & GACH = tree). In older days village kids sometimes used to eat its seeds. I also tasted once and found it bland. It is a common tree grown on roadside or inside uncultivated area of villages.
species = Pithecellobium dulce


Yes, nice and I have also heard it called biliti tetul in parts of kolkata around hedua and around dhakuria lakes….

It is interesting to note that the Bengali name given to this one in “Plant Groups” (by H. Mukherji) is DEKANI TENTUL. But, we, all villagers from various corners call it by JILIPI GACH which didn’t find its place in the book.


 
Pithecellobium dulce from Panipat-2011: (8 images) This is the famous Jungle jalebi- Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. London J. Bot. 3:199. 1844; Inga dulcis (Roxb.) Willd. Sp. pl. 4(2):1005. 1806; Mimosa dulcis Roxb.Pl. Coromandel 1:67. 1798
This large shrub or a medium sized tree was shot from Assandh Road, Panipat in 2011.


Observing this tree regularly to shoot its flowers!!!!!! Beautiful Catch


 

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ID- small tree- leaves coming out from branch- small white flowers: Spotted at IITM Campus, Chennai. Have seen this in several other places- seems to be a common tree, but the way the leaves come out directly from the branch (what I am saying is porobably technically wrong) seems distinctive.


The pics are not clear, what can be guessed is, Pithecellobium dulcis…


I agree with … probable id.
Tamil name: ‘Kodukkapuli’ கொடுக்காபுளி


 

Request for ID:  

I found this plant in residential places of warangal.
Dist: Warangal
State: Andhra Pradesh; India
Please identify the plant. Pics are attached.


Looks to be Pithecellobium dulce..


I too with … id.


Manila Tamarind or Madras Thorn is the common name. This tree is a native of Central America. The fruits are edible.


To me too! Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. of the family Mimosaceae commonly known as Jangal Jalebi as pods contain sweetish edible pulp.


Request for ID of the plant: I found this plant in a rural place in India, state Andhra Pradesh, Warangal district at normal residential area.


Pithecellobium dulce


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 318 : 1 image. 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Redvented Bulbul on the flowers of Pithecellobium dulce. This tree is commonly known as MANILA TAMARIND. It is known as JUNGLE JALEBI in Hindi.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS :319 1 image. 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of Redbase Jezebel butterfly on the flowers of Pithecellobium dulce. This tree is commonly known as MANILA TAMARIND. It is Jungle Jalebi in Hindi and Jilapi in Bangla.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 320 Attaching an image of a Chestnut Tailed Starling on the flowers of Pithecellobium dulce. The tree is commonly known as Manila Tamarind. It is Jungle Jalebi in Hindi and Jilapi in Bangla.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 362 Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Blue-throated Barbet on the fruit of Pithecellobium dulce (MADRAS THORN, MANILA TAMARIND, JANGLE JALEBI).


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 364 Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Red Vented Bulbul on the fruits of Pithecellobium dulce (MADRAS THORN/MANILA TAMARIND/JANGLE JELEBI).


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 367 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Jungle Babbler on the fruits of Pithecellobium dulce (MANILA TAMARIND, MARAS THORN, JUNGLE JELEBI).


 

 

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Request Tree ID (x-13) Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting id of this tree (picture taken at Mumbai).


Pithecellobium dulce (Madras Thorn) from Mimosaceae family. Fruits are edible.


Pithecellobium dulce


Also Pithecellobium guatemalensis. Common name-Manilla tamarind.


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small tree for ID – Tiruvanamalai and Bangalore – 07022014-NAW1 Attachments (4). 3 posts by 3 authors.

Kindly identify this small tree with characteristic thorns in pairs. Photographed in Bangalore beginning Jan and Tiruvanamalai end Jan 2014.
Height of trees 4-6 metres. trunk in last picture 7 cm diameter.
inflorescence in picture about 1.5-2 cm wide. leaves in pairs about 3 cm long. 

Its Pithecellobium dulce (Mimosaceae) called Madras Thorn. The mesocarp of pods is edible.

Tamil name: Kodukkaapuli


Yes Pithecellobium dulce

The characteristic leaves are seen here along with the inflorescence


Red vented Bulbuls feeding on Jungle jalebi Pithecellobium dulce : 1 post by 1 author.

Yesterday evening observed a succession of Red-vented Bulbus voraciously feeding on the ripe fruits of Jungle Jalebi Pithecellobium dulce. There were territorial fights-fleeting but claiming to the fruit pod. This was also because fruits were rapidly diminishing on the tree. The feeding continued until light faded. The place is New Palam Vihar a residential colony in Gurgaon, Haryana. The tree had grown from dispersed seeds on a vacant house plot. Would appreciate if the group can share any observations of other birds feeding on Jungle Jalebi.
I tried to photograph, but the time (evening).and location-the tree was shadowed by a taller acacia nilotica tree, made it near impossible to get a record shot.
Looking forward to hearing from you,


 

 

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TSPNOV2015-28: Images of Pithecellobium dulce (Fabaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (8)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Pithecellobium dulce (Fabaceae)
Habit: Medium tree
Habitat: Wild.
Sighting: Chikmagalur and Hassan, Karnataka about 1000 msl.
Date: 26-01-2014, 6-02-2014, 29-11-2014, 03-02-2015 and 23-03-2015


 

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Plant scientific name idetification_Mohanpur 4 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 4 Mb. 
I have collected some plant species for my study in Mohanpur, West Bengal. I am not able to identify these 4 plant species. Could you please help me out in the same?

The image labelled ‘T15.jpg’ is of Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. [Leguminosae].


I wonder your local urchins did not tell you its local name

it ban tetul and a little search on google or our site would have led you to a diagnosis, … Its very common in parks and city streets in Bengal. are you doing your ethnic – ethnobotany or ecological research ?


 

 

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Pithecellobium dulce : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)

Here is another tree I am trying to identify.
Can you please help?
For sieze reffende I have included my hand (it’s touching the leaves).


Manila tamarindPithecellobium dulce


References:

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