Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wallich) Z. Y. Li (China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan (Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Nepal, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life)

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Plantago coronopus L. (Cultivated)
(Belgium, England, Denmark, Faeroe Isl., Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, Gibraltar, Baleares, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Sicily, Italy, Croatia, Serbia & Kosovo, ?Bosnia & Hercegovina, ?Montenegro, ?Macedonia, Czech Republic, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Crimea, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, European Russia, Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, ?Armenia, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), Bahrain, Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus), Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt), European Turkey, Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert), Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania), Kuwait, Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Oman (Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir), Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai), Qatar, Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains), Afghanistan (Herat, Kabul, Kandahar), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan), Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.), Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.), Islas Selvagens, Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma), USA (I) (California (I), Massachusetts (I), New Jersey (I), New York (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Texas (I), Washington State (I)), Canada (I) (British Columbia (I), Manitoba (I), New Brunswick (I)), Greenland (I), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), South Africa (I), New Zealand (I), Chatham Isl. (I), Tonga (I) (‘Eua (I)), Chile (I), Brazil (I), Uruguay (I) as per Catalogue of Life)
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Plantago himalaica Pilg. (Pakistan (Hazara), Pakistani Kashmir (Baltistan, Skardu), Jammu & Kashmir (Ladakh, Zanskar, Kashmir), Nepal as per Catalogue of life)

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Plantago indica L. (Introduced)

(Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, Romania, Belgium (I), Switzerland (I), Netherlands (I), Estonia (I), Latvia (I), Lithuania (I), Belarus (I), Spain, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Italy, Serbia & Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Bulgaria, Libya, ?Morocco, Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Armenia, Siberia (W-Siberia), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), Greece (incl. Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley), European Turkey, Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran), Qatar (I), Israel (coastal W-Israel), Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai), Jammu & Kashmir (I), China (I) (Guangxi (I), Hebei (I), Jiangsu (I), Liaoning (I), Sichuan (I), Xinjiang (I), Zhejiang (I)), Tibet (I), USA (I) (California (I), Connecticut (I), Delaware (I), Iowa (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), North Carolina (I), New Hampshire (I), New Jersey (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I)), Canada (I) (British Columbia (I), Manitoba (I), Ontario (I), Quebec (I)), Australia (I) (Victoria (I), South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I)), Argentina (I), Thailand (c) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Plantago lanceolata L. (Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.), Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.), Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro), Austria, Belgium, England, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, Faeroe Isl., Finland, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Hungary, Iceland, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, W-, C-, N- & E-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Baleares, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Sicily, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Crimea, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia) (I), Russian Far East (I), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Japan (I), China (Gansu, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shandong, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Korea (I), Costa Rica (I), Australia (I) (Western Australia (I), Northern Territory (I), South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), Auckland Isl. (I), Marion Isl. (I), Falkland Isl. (I), Tristan da Cunha (I), Gough Isl. (I), Java, New Guinea (alpine), NW-India, N-India, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka (I), Philippines (I), Bahamas (I), Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Jamaica (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I), Montserrat (I)), Puerto Rico (I), Mexico (I) (widespread), Bolivia (I), Panama (I), Peru (I), South Africa (I) (widespread), Namibia (I), Lesotho (I), Botswana (I), Zimbabwe (I), Djibouti (I), Sudan (I), trop. Africa (I), New Zealand (I), Chatham Isl. (I), New Caledonia (I), Lord Howe Isl. (I), Norfolk Isl. (I), French Guiana (I), Ecuador (I), Uruguay (I), Chile (I), Juan Fdz. Isl. (I), Argentina (I), Venezuela (I), Colombia (I), Niue (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I)), Tonga (I) (Tongatapu (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Madagascar (I), Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus), Egypt (Nile Delta), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel), Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania), Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert), Qatar, Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains), Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan, Qunduz, Takhar), Pakistan (widespread), Pakistani Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir, Hawaii (I) (Midway Isl. (I), French Frigate Shoals (I), Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I)), Alaska (I), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Arizona (I), California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), Montana (I), North Carolina (I), North Dakota (I), Nebraska (I), New Hampshire (I), New Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Carolina (I), South Dakota (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I), Wyoming (I)), Canada (I) (Alberta (I), British Columbia (I), Manitoba (I), New Brunswick (I), Newfoundland (I), Nova Scotia (I), Ontario (I), Prince Edward Isl. (I), Quebec (I), Saskatchewan (I)), Greenland (I), St. Pierre et Miquelon (I) as per Catalogue of Life)

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0?ui=2&ik=daa51ef83f&attid=0.1.1&permmsgid=msg-f:1486737889804460434&th=14a1f43bd3e8a192&view=fimg&sz=s0-l75-ft&attbid=ANGjdJ9dBOEY72QJHXnBMr2PmvPVionzR_MY8dbLe8h6WDzdRbt57ZeX7v1aYmJOeX2zftvMsf3GQIaOKD_TertZUtRcuXaCisxKQakFVBytnqW8SkPVEghkOarEdFw&disp=emb
 

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0?ui=2&ik=daa51ef83f&attid=0.1.1&permmsgid=msg-f:1495443097661866599&th=14c0e192f9f20267&view=fimg&sz=s0-l75-ft&attbid=ANGjdJ-J8nJuMIdQHKeUJ8keqMj8DROd-AMgPEfYEBXJB6mPp0FotKOq66vlPAOjSgH9aTt5dmbWgzBPshCg_J49TxFd-2DNBSJ1qR_ZcSEcrkC9eYBH67vBScX1yK4&disp=emb

 

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Plantago major L. (Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.), Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.), Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava), Austria, Belgium, England, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, Faeroe Isl., Finland, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Hungary, Iceland (I), Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, W-, C-, N- & E-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Gibraltar, Baleares, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Sicily, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Crimea, Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Armenia, Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia), Russian Far East, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Mongolia, China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan), Taiwan, Tibet, Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), Greece, Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus), Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel), Jordania (S-Jordania), Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Oman (Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir), Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai), Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains), Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Parwan, Takhar), Pakistan (widespread), Pakistani Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir, Andamans (I), Nicobars (I), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Shan), Bhutan, Darjeeling, Sikkim, India, Laos, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (I), Java, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Philippines (I), Vietnam, Costa Rica (I), Australia (I) (Western Australia (I), South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), South Georgia Isl. (I), Tristan da Cunha (I), Gough Isl. (I), Galapagos Isl. (I), Belize (I), Peru (I), Panama (I), South Africa (I) (widespread), Namibia (I), Lesotho (I), Zambia (I), Angola (I), Zimbabwe (I), Sao Tome (I), New Zealand (I), Chatham Isl. (I), Nicaragua (I), Guatemala (I), Honduras (I), Seychelles (I), trop. Africa (I), New Caledonia (I), Lord Howe Isl. (I), Fiji (I), Christmas Isl. (Austr. (I)), Norfolk Isl. (I), Guyana (I), Surinam (I), French Guiana (I), Bolivia (I), Ecuador (I), Chile (I), Uruguay (I), Juan Fdz. Isl. (I), Mexico (I) (widespread), Argentina (I), Brazil (I), Venezuela (I), Bahamas (I), Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Jamaica (I), Puerto Rico (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (St. Croix (I), St. John (I), Tortola (I)), Lesser Antilles (I) (Antigua (I), Barbados (I), Dominica (I), Grenada (I), Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I), Montserrat (I), Saba (I), St. Lucia (I), St. Vincent (I)), Isla Margarita (I), Colombia (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Chagos Arch. (I) (Diego Garcia (I)), Cook Isl. (I) (Rarotonga (I)), Marshall Isl. (I) (Kwajalein (I)), Niue (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Huahine (I)), Tonga (I) (Tongatapu (I), ‘Eua (I), Vava’u (I)), American Samoa (I) (Tutuila (I)), Western Samoa (I) (Upolu (I), Savaii (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Madagascar (I), Hawaii (I) (Midway Isl. (I), Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I)), Alaska (I), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Arizona (I), California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), Montana (I), North Carolina (I), North Dakota (I), Nebraska (I), New Hampshire (I), New Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Carolina (I), South Dakota (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I), Wyoming (I)), Canada (I) (Alberta (I), British Columbia (I), Labrador (I), Manitoba (I), New Brunswick (I), Newfoundland (I), Nova Scotia (I), Northern Territories (I), Ontario (I), Prince Edward Isl. (I), Quebec (I), Saskatchewan (I), Yukon (I)), Greenland (I), St. Pierre et Miquelon (I) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Plantago ovata Forssk. (SE-Spain, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, China (I) (Fujian (I), Xinjiang (I)), NW-India, Socotra, Bahrain, Cyprus (N-Cyprus), Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt), Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert), Jordania (S-Jordania), Kuwait, Oman (Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert), Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai), Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria), United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Afghanistan (Farah, Kabul, Kandahar, Nangarhar, Nimroz), Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Rawalpindi, Lahore), Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.), Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma), Myanmar [Burma] (I), Thailand (c) as per Catalogue of life)
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.
Keys in Flora of Bhutan:
1. Ovules and seeds 2; bract long searious-cuspidate: 2 abaxial sepals largely fused . . . . . .. 4. P. lanceolata
+ Ovules and seeds 4- c 27; bract very short herbaceous cuspidate; 2 abaxial sepals free . . . . .. 2
2. Ovules and seeds (4-)5: sepals c 1.7mm. barely exceeding c 1.3mm deep capsule base . . . .. 3. P. depressa
+ Ovules and seeds 6-c 27: sepals 2.3-2.8. much exceeding c 0.8mm deep capsule base . . .. . .. 3
3. Ovules and seeds (6-)11-c 27, 0.8-1.2mm; corolla tube 2-3mm; capsule not exceeding 4mm . .. 1. P. erosa
+ Ovules and seeds (6-)7-9(-11), 1.2-2.3mm; corolla tube 3-3.5mm; capsule often exceeding 4mm .  . .. 2. P. sp. A

.

Species as per Flora of Peninsular India:


.

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Plantago
afra
L.
Herb Eastern Ghats,
Naturalized, Native of Eurasia
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Salem
Plantago erosa Wall. is a synonym of Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wall.) Z.Yu Li Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, High
elevation, Naturalized, Native of Eurasia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni
Plantago exigua Juss.ex Murr. Herb Western
Ghats, Naturalized, Native of Eurasia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Plantago lanceolata L. Herb Western
Ghats, Naturalized, Native of Eurasia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Plantago ovata Forssk. Herb Western
Ghats, Naturalized, Native of Eurasia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri

 
 
 
 
Plantago lagocephala BUNGE (? Cultivated as no distribution as per FOP & FOC)
 
Plantago media L. (? Cultivated as no distribution as per FOC)
 
 
 

.
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Plantago asiatica Plantaginaceae Asian Plantain
Plantago coronopus (Cultivated) Plantaginaceae Buck Horn Plantain
Plantago lanceolata Plantaginaceae Ribwort Plantain
Plantago major Plantaginaceae Broad Leaf Plantain
Plantago scabra = Plantago arenaria Waldst. & Kit. Plantago indica, Psyllium indicum, Psyllium scabrum subsp. orientale Plantaginaceae Indian Plantain


.

Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of Pakistan (Distribution):

Plantago afra Linn. (Spain, Mediterranean regions, Afghanistan to Pakistan)

Plantago amplexicaulis subsp. bauphula (Edgew.) Rech. f. (Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Arabia, Southern parts of Iran, Pakistan and Western India)

Plantago ciliata Desf.

Plantago ciliata subsp. ciliata (North Africa and south-west Asia) 

Plantago depressa Willd. (From east Ural through Sibiria up to Amur and Ussur region, Sakhalin, Manchuria, Transbaikalia, Mongolia, Altai, Dzung Tarbagate, Tien Shan, Sinkiang, Tibet, Afghanistan and the mountains of Western Himalaya eastwards to China and Japan)

Plantago exigua Murray (From Egypt to south Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan)
Plantago gentianoides subsp. griffithii (Decne.) Rech. f. (Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Pamir Alaj, Mountains of Western Himalayas and Tibet)
Plantago himalaica Pilger (Pakistan, Kashmir and North-Western India)
Plantago indica Linn. (Europe, North Africa, south-west Asia, eastwards to Iran and the mountains of Tian Shan) = Plantago arenaria Waldstein & Kitaibel
Plantago lanceolata Linn. (Europe, North Africa, south Asia to the mountains of TienShan and Pamir Alaj; introduced all over the world)
Plantago major Linn. (Throughout Europe, northern and central Asia, introduced all over the world)
Plantago ovata Forssk. (From Mediterranian regions to the deserts of Kizil Kum, Afghanistan and Pakistan)

Plantago stocksii Boiss. ex Decne. (Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan)



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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):

Plantago erosa Wall. (India, Ceylon, Himalaya (Kumaun to Bhutan), Assam, Burma, S. E. Tibet, W. China) is a synonym of Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wall.) Z.Yu Li

Plantago exigua Murr. (Egypt, S. Iran, Afghanistan, N. Pakistan, Himalaya (Nepal))

Plantago himalaica Pilg. (W. Pakistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))

Plantago lanceolata L. (Europe and Asia eastwards to Tien Shan and Himalaya, a commonly introduced weed elsewhere)

Plantago major L. (Europe and W. Asia, widely introduced elsewhere)


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Plantago arenaria Waldstein & Kitaibel [native to N Africa, SW Asia, Europe, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia (W Siberia), and Tajikistan; naturalized in Australia, India, Japan, North America, and Pakistan]. 
Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa (Wallich) Z. Yu Li [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka].
Plantago depressa subsp. depressa [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, E Russia]. 
Plantago gentianoides Sibthorp & Smith subsp. Griffithii (Decaisne) K. H. Rechinger  [Afghanistan, Kashmir, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan; SW Asia (Iran)].
Plantago lanceolata Linnaeus [Bhutan, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe, North America].
Plantago major Linnaeus [India, Nepal, Pakistan; C, N, and SW Asia, Europe].
Plantago ovata Forsskål [native to Mediterranean region; naturalized in C, E, and S Asia and North America].

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Medicinal Plants Cultivation & Their Uses By H. Panda (2002)- Details-


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An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-

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Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-

Plantago asiatica L.


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Plantago : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Plantago (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


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Pl. go throughPlantago ‎(Plantaginaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details.

May I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice. 


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