Plumeria rubra L., Sp. Pl. 209 1753. (Syn. Plumeria acuminata W.T.Aiton; Plumeria acutifolia Poir.; Plumeria acutifolia var. gasparrini A. DC.; Plumeria angustifolia A.DC.; Plumeria arborea Noronha; Plumeria arborescens G.Don; Plumeria aurantia Endl.; Plumeria aurantia Lodd. ex G.Don; Plumeria aurantiaca Steud.; Plumeria bicolor Ruiz & Pav.; Plumeria blandfordiana Lodd. ex G.Don; Plumeria carinata Ruiz & Pav.; Plumeria conspicua G.Don; Plumeria gouanii D.Don ex G.Don.; Plumeria incarnata Mill.; Plumeria incarnata Ruiz & Pav.; Plumeria incarnata var. milleri (G. Don) A. DC.; Plumeria jamesonii Hook.; Plumeria kerrii G.Don; Plumeria kunthiana Kostel.; Plumeria lambertiana Lindl.; Plumeria loranthifolia Müll.Arg.; Plumeria lutea Ruiz & Pav.; Plumeria macrophylla Lodd. ex G.Don; Plumeria megaphylla A.DC.; Plumeria mexicana Lodd.; Plumeria milleri G.Don; Plumeria mollis Kunth; Plumeria northiana Lodd. ex G.Don; Plumeria purpurea Ruiz & Pav.; Plumeria rubra f. acuminata (W.T.Aiton) Woodson ……….; Plumeria tenuifolia Lodd. ex G.Don; Plumeria tricolor Ruiz & Pav.);
dead man’s fingers (Australia), flower of the cross, frangipani, graveyard tree (Caribbean Islands), Mary’s flower, may flower (Nicaragua), pagoda tree (Far East), plumeria, temple tree (India), West Indian jasmine • Bengali: kathgolop • Hindi: चम्पा champa, गुलाचिन golachin, गुलैन्ची golenchi • Kannada: ಸಂಪಿಗೆ sampige • Konkani: चाम्पॅ champe • Manipuri: খগীলৈহাও khagi-leihao • Marathi: चाफा chafa • Sanskrit: चाम्पेय champeya, चंपक champaka , हेमपुष्प hemapushpa • Tamil: நெல ஸம்பங்கி nela sampangi;
Frankly I have not been able to find any satisfactory specimen of Plumeria alba till now. White flowers are found in both P. alba and P. rubra, and even P. rubra may have acute to obtuse leaves some times in the same tree. The only reliable feature seems to be the prominent marginal connecting vein in P. rubra, and it being poorly developed in P. alba. 
As per efi thread :
Plumerias are identified from leaf apex. P. rubra should have had acuminate leaves.

Plumeria rubra
from GN Khalsa College Karnal Haryana (228Mts)
Small size garden tree

Fragipani flower-MN081011:
Sending a photo of Frangipani flower (Plumeria rubra).
Place : Hong Kong
Date  :  August ’11
Habitat : Cultivated


Plumeria rubra acutifolia (family : Apocynaceae) :: Hooghly, WB:
Attaching images of another Plumeria species.

Species : Plumeria rubra var. acutifolia
Bengali name : GULANCHA
Date : 18-May-2009, 10.40 a.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly), West Bengal
Type : Garden, roadside


Plumeria rubra (Family: Apocynaceae) :: Hooghly, WB:
We have three Plumeria species here. All are either garden plant or planted through plantation programs. I shot these photographs in May, 2009. I fail to post larger images of the flowers as my 5x cannot bring the flowers closer to me.

Species : Plumeria rubra


Bengali name : GULANCHA
Date : 18-May-2009, 10.34 a.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly), West Bengal
Type : Garden, roadside
According to information available at Dave’s Garden there are many cultivar of red frangipani and one cultivar is referred as ‘India‘.
How do i write this ID – Plumeria rubra ‘India’?
Species : Plumeria rubra
Habit & Habitat : tree, garden
Date : 30-03-2012, 9.00 a.m.
Place : Kamarkundu (Hooghly), WB


Plant for ID:
This plant is photographed at Chennai on 1st May 2012.
Botanically I am a layman. Dont know any further details

Plumeria acutifolia

Plumeria rubra L. from Apocynaceae

rubra means RED in latin .

Plumeria rubra L., Sp. Pl. 209. 1753;
Syn: Plumeria rubra L. forma acutifolia (Poir.) Woods. in Poir., Encycl. Suppl. 2: 667. 1812; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 641. 1882;

 I found the following posts on same plant
… posts
(Red flowers)
(Tri colour flowers)
post 1 post 2
…. post


Plumeria alba from PIET Campus Samalkha:
Plumeria alba
From Panipat Inst of Eng and Tech Samalkha panipat
Family- apocynaceae

Plumeria alba.

Could you kindly educate me how to differentiate P. alba from white flowered forms of P. rubra.

Frankly I have not been able to find any satisfactory specimen of Plumeria alba till now. White flowers are found in both P. alba and P. rubra, and even P. rubra may have acute to obtuse leaves some times in the same tree. The only reliable feature seems to be the prominent marginal connecting vein in P. rubra, and it being poorly developed in P. alba. I would be grateful if any member uploads a true P. alba, focussing on marginal vein to make things clear.



Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)-Plumeria rubra forma rubra from Delhi:
Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)-Plumeria rubra forma rubra from Delhi, cultivated in Khalsa College campus.

I feel this is P.rubra ‘Scot Prat’.


Plumeria for ID : Mumbai : 180912 : AK-3:
Seen this Champa in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on 30/3/2012.

A cultivated tree with pink flowers.
Plumeria species…Plumeria rubra?
Kindly confirm id.

what I have learnt here is

plumeria are best ided from the leaves… not from the flowers
flowers are to put in category of plumeria… thats all
further classification seems to be base don leaves and stem shape and bark etc habit…

yes as … says Plumerias are IDd from leaf apices. Here the apex is acuminate hence this is P. rubra. Here rubra is not alluring to colour and plants with yellow, white and red flowers fall in this sp. The petals are broad and overlapping. The other tree that has obtuse leaf apex is Plumeria alba. This has larger flowers with narrow segments which are usually white. Horticulturals varieties may be several.

Thanks for the information in identifying Plumeria.
I am usually confused between P. alba & P. rubra.

leaves, stem, bark, knubbyness of the trunk etc are all different googling will get you the answers


WHAT IS IN A NAME ( FRANGIPANI ) : Attachments (1).  5 posts by 3 authors.
While going through D V Cowen’s Flowering Trees and Shrubs of India, I came across an interesting piece of information on the common name of Plumeria rubra. This plant is known as FRANGIPANI. This is what Mrs Cowen says about the name,
Frangipani is undoubtedly the commonest name for all these trees, being associated with the very distinctive perfume. Four centuries before the discovery of the Western Hemisphere and of the trees growing therean Italian nobleman, by combining a number of volatile oils, produced a heady perfume which became, and remained a favourite with the noble ladies of Europe. This easily recognisable scent was at once recalled by the early settlers in the Caribbean when they found trees with the same fragrance. So they called them FRANGIPANI, the name of the Italian nobleman.”

I just vaguely remember someone telling me the the meaning of “Frangipani” as “frozen milk” ( may be indicating the latex). Can anyone throw the light ?

—–There is a second explanation of the name (FRANGIPANI ). The French settlers, finding that a wounded tree produced a flow of milky sap called it FRANGIPANIER which means” coagulated milk ”

Thanx … So the “Frangipani” is a french word !

Re: [efloraofindia:152952] WHAT IS IN A NAME ( FRANGIPANI ) : There is a good description at this address:
Hope that helps. 

Thank you so much for forwarding this interesting link.”Frangipanis won’t burn except in extreme (over 500 degrees) temperatures.” was really an unknown fact to me.

Very interesting information.
>> In India the frangipani is a symbol of immortality because of its ability to produce leaves and flowers even after it has been lifted out of the soil.
Forwarding some photographs taken by my friend, in support of this information.
These branches of Frangipani tree were cut in the last week of January (2013). The branches are still flowering (after three months since they were cut)
The photographs were sent to me on first week of May.


Plumeria For ID : Bangalore : 250713 : AK-2 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Pink Plumeria flowers seen in Bangalore on 17/3/13.
A very small plant with hardly any leaves.

Plumerias are identified from leaf apex. This is P. rubra and should have had acuminate leaves

Plumeria For ID : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 310713 : AK-3 : Attachments (1). 8 posts by 3 authors.
Plumeria seen at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on 15/4/2011.
For the species id please.

It could be Plumeria ”Donell Smithii”.

Thanks for a possible id. On searching, I am unable to find Plumeria with that name although there are a few other flowers. Experts kindly help.

Almost 16 year back … from Kasturirangan’s Nursery supplied a similar grown up Plumeria plant named as P.”Donel Smithii” to be planted in Kerala.

Probably the plant is a variety of P.rubra

Thanks to you and … for follow up and id of my Plumeria.


Plumeria For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 230114 : AK-17 : Attachments (1).  5 posts by 2 authors.
Plumeria seen at Lalbagh on 15/4/12.
Species id please.

Probably Plumeria rubra Cultivar?

Thanks for a possible id … Plumerias are a bit confusing for me.

I think there are only two plumeria species (temple tree), rest of them are all cultivars (around 250 of them)Plumeria obtusa L.

Thanks for your feedback.
How do we differentiate between the two?
My posted picture is suggested to be Plumeria rubra cultivar by …

By the leaves,

Loc.: NhaTrang, Vietnam
Date: July, 2012

Thanks, … It matches well with Plumeria rubra as per Trees of Delhi: A Field Guide
Trees of Delhi: A Field Guide By Pradip Krishen (2006) states that Plumeria alba misapplied to Plumeria obtusa

Thanks a lot for the efforts …!

Yes it is P. rubra. Only yesterday I corrected P. alba on Flowers of India which was actually P. obtusa.

In P. alba leaves are much narrower and more importantly without marginal band of connected veins.


Plumeria acuminata : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Plumeria rubra , Apocynaceae


Plumeria For ID : Kenya : 03MAR15 : AK-1 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
An old picture of mine taken in Jan 2009.
For the correct id please.

Plumeria species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

Plumeria acuminata

Plumeria For ID : Mumbai : 31AUG15 : AK-62 : 62/62 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Plumeria seen at a garden in Mumbai.
With white flowers

Plumeria rubra acutifolia

Plumeria Pods : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 29JUN16 : AK-50 : 12 posts by 6 authors.
Plumeria Seed Pods were observed in Lalbagh on 28th March, 2016.
This is the first time I have seen pods on a Plumeria.

pods on a Plumeria. I thought it is folicales…. ?

Nice, i wish i could see its follicles too.. because here in Lahore Pakistan, i never saw its fruiting, only flowers present.. i read somewhere that Plumeria rarely produce fruiting during cultivation in non native range.

The species is, if i am not wrong, Plumeria rubra var. bicolor?

Thanks for the Species id.
Whether pods or follicles, I leave it to the experts to define…being a non botanist myself.

yes. India, it seems there are not many plumeria trees that develop pods i.e. have the apparatus to make fruits? i have seem many in Hawaii and some in SE pacific islands and Australia, but none in this lower gangetic plains. Love to see this. was this the only tree of plumeria with pods? ALSO I WOULD LIKE TO KNOW IF OTHER MEMBERS HERE HAVE SEEN THEM? in their parts of the country or the world.

There is some  description though not picture… on the net
of a single long dangling fruit in a plumeria. I quote:
“Plumeria Fruit Description
The plumeria tree blooms in the summer and features waxy, showy flowers consisting of five petals in a funnel shape. When the flowers begin to wither, they are replaced by long, slender fruit. A nonedible seedpod, the plumeria fruit reaches lengths of between 6 to 12 inches and features a dry, brittle covering. The brown seedpods do not attract any wildlife. The fruit isn’t showy and won’t create a litter issue in your yard.” from this following URL:

What i have seen: the seeds inside are papery on one end light airy fly off in the air type seeds that disperse as soon as the wind blows.

where as as i googled images for Plumeria seed pods i get this: tonnes of pictures of the follicles. In this picture the lower two are from a claifornia blog  the lady has shown one pod dangling for a whole year!!! May be that’s what we have in Lalbagh?? I dont think Plumerias are of two classes, one with pods and second with follicles.
please tell us either way and give papers citations etc. 


Here are the seedpods of Plumeria rubra :
I think these match with … photos.


Plumeria rubra ??? : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Location: Kualalumpur, Malyasia 
Altitude: 180 ft.
Date: 23 February 2017  

Is it a Plumeria var. ?

Yes, …

Could it be Plumeria Scott Prett?

I think it should be Plumeria rubra (as per images herein) only as per acuminate leaves.

Plumeria rubra FOR VALIDATION :: Dattaji Salvi Udyan :: 01 MAY 18 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.
Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane
Date: May 1, 2018 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl
Plumeria ¿ rubra ?  

Yes, I agree with you

(3/4/08) in Kolkata; Phirojshah Mehta Garden, Malabar Hill, Mumbai- 02nd May 2009; Mukali, near Attappadi- May 15, 2010;  at Buxa Tiger Reserve area- Oct’10?;  from Delhi;  Mumbai- Nov.’10?; As per ‘Beautiful trees & shrubs of Calcutta’, flowers appear profusely from early spring to late autumn (Feb.- Oct.) with intermittent flowering in winter months. As per ‘Trees of Delhi’, it flowers from May to July, with another flush late in the rains.


Frangipani- Jainti- Buxa Tiger Reserve – efloraofindia | Google Groups
3 pictures for you – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Grasshopper – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Fruits of Plumeria rubra – indiantreepix | Google Groups
a picture for you – indiantreepix | Google Groups
The Temple Tree – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Plumeria rubra- Frangipani, Champa, Crimson Temple Tree, Red/ White/ Maxican Frangipani, Pagoda Tree, Red Jasmine Tree, Gobur Champa, Lal Gulachin – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Apocynaceae (oleander family) – Plumeria rubra acutifolia – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Apocynaceae (dogbane, or oleander family) » Plumeria rubra forma tricolor from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Apocynaceae (dogbane, or oleander family) » Plumeria rubra forma acutifolia from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups
PLANTED / GARDEN :: Apocynaceae (dogbane, or oleander family) » Plumeria rubra – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)-Plumeria rubra forma rubra from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups

Plumeria rubra L. : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)- 3 Mb.
Location : Marina Bay Garden , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012
Elevation : 25 m.
Habit : Cultivated

if its on the same tree you have caught a relatively rare phenomenon

is it on the same tree ? sometimes its very frustrating ….because you never really answer the comment

It seems to be plumeria vars.


Plumeria rubra :: Kanakeshwar, near Alibag :: 25 DEC 19 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.
Kanakeshwar forest  near Alibag
Date: December 25, 2019 … Altitude range: about 200 ft (60 m) to 1200 ft (365 m) asl
Plumeria rubra  L.


Plumeria rubra L. : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 11 June  2020
Altitude: 1300 m.
Habitat : Cultivated
Nepali Name: चोया फूल Choya Phool / गलैँची Galainchee

Thank you very much …, for Nepali names of one of the most popular ornamental plants.
Are the names restricted only to this species – P. rubra, or is it shared by all Plumeria spp. ?

All rubras !

Thank you very much, … So, do we have different Nepali names for the other popular Plumeria obtusa, P. stenophylla, P. alba ?

Only this sp. recorded officially so far in Nepal !

Okay, thank you very much, …


Plumeria rubra L. :: Virar, Thane :: Apr 1, 2007 · JUN23 DV496: 4 images.

Plumeria rubra L.
Virar, Thane :: Apr 1, 2007 · 4:13 PM IST :: about 54 m (177 ft) asl
Many thanks to Scott K. Johnsgard and Bharat Godambe for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Plumeria rubra L. :: Thane, Maharashtra :: Mar 15, 2008 · JUN23 DV531: 2 images.

Plumeria rubra L.
Thane, Maharashtra :: Mar 15, 2008 · 4:05 PM IST :: about 11 m (36 ft) asl
Many thanks to Scott K. Johnsgard for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Apocynaceae: Plumeria rubra: 1 high res. image.
Plumeria rubra in Andhra University campus, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh


Apocynaceae: Plumeria rubra: 1 high res. image.
Plumeria rubra from Andhra university campus






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