Poa bulbosa L., Sp. Pl. 70 1753. (Syn: Paneion bulbosum var. viviparum (Koeler) Lunell; Poa alpina Pall. ex Roem. & Schult. [Invalid]; Poa attenuata var. desertorum (Trin.) Griseb.; Poa brizaeformis Trab.; Poa bulbillifera Chrtek& Hadac; Poa bulbosa subsp. crispa (Thuill.) Tzvelev ………; Poa carniolica (Mutel) Kerguélen; Poa cephalonica H.Scholz; Poa compressa Schrenk ex Griseb. [Invalid]; Poa concinna var. carniolica Mutel; Poa crassipes Domin; Poa crispa Thuill.; Poa delicatula Tzvelev; Poa delicatula Wilh. ex Steud. [Invalid]; Poa desertorum Trin.; Poa eigii Feinbrun; Poa iconia Azn.; Poa montana Balansa [Illegitimate]; Poa nevskii Roshev. ex Ovcz.; Poa nevskii Roshev.; Poa pasqualii Heldr. ex Parl. [Invalid]; Poa perligularis H.Scholz; Poa praecox Borbás; Poa prolifera F.W.Schmidt [Illegitimate]; Poa protuberata Schur [Invalid]; Poa psammophila Schur; Poa pseudoconcinna Schur; Poa rhenana Lej. [Illegitimate]; Poa vivipara R.Br. [Illegitimate]);
Europe to Xinjiang, Macaronesia to Himalaya, Cape Prov.: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia; Introduced into: Alberta, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Chile South, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand South, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Australia, South Dakota, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming as per POWO;
Bulbous bluegrass, Bulbous meadow grass;

Poa bulbosa is a species of grass known by the common name bulbous bluegrass. It is native to Eurasia and North Africa, but it is present practically worldwide as an introduced species. It is widespread in the United States and southern Canada. It was introduced to the eastern United States around 1906 and the western US in 1915 as a contaminant in shipments of alfalfa seed.[1] It was intentionally planted on both the east and west coasts[2] to control weeds and prevent erosion.[1] Today it is a common grass across the continent and is a noxious weed in some areas.[3] It is a sturdy, hardy, persistent, aggressive grass that easily outcompetes many other plants and becomes the dominant species in disturbed habitat types, such as overgrazed fields.[1]

This is an annual or perennial[2] grass forming dense clumps up to about 60 centimeters tall. The stems are smooth and hollow and usually have bulbous sections at their bases about a centimeter in length. The grass is more likely to have bulbous sections if it is growing in a drier area, and study has indicated the bulbous sections are mostly water.[2] If the bulbous bases are detached and replanted they can give rise to new plants.[1] The inflorescence is a wide cluster of branches bearing green leaflike spikelets with darker bases that contain bulbils. Viable seed is rarely produced, and the plant usually reproduces asexually via its basal bulbous sections and via bulbils.[2] Although the plant reproduces vegetatively (asexaully) most of the time, it has been shown to possess high genetic variability.[1]

Many types of animals, including wild and domesticated ruminants, small mammals, and birds, readily consume this grass, especially the bulbils in the inflorescences, which contain some starches and fats.[2] The grass is used as a fodder and a pasture grass in parts of its native region.[4]

(From  Wikipedia 0on 21.4.13)


Grass For ID : Srinagar : 23JUN16 : AK-37 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Grass seen in Srinagar on the 24th April.

Picture unclear. Still I guess Poa bulbosa

Yes Poa bulbosa


Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae- Poa bulbosa from Kashmir-GS97 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Poa bulbosa Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:70. 1753.

This interesting grass from Kashmir, photographed from pasture slopes in Pahalgam develops bulbils from spikelets, an exhibition of vivipary.
Photographed in June, 2010

Seeing this species for the first time. Flowers are replaced by bulbils thus acting as a mean of multiplication. It also happens in Polygonum viviparum where flowers are replaced by bulbils. But in both cases seeds are neither formed nor germinate on the mother plants thus differing from true vivipary.