Polygala arvensis Willd., Sp. Pl. 3(2): 876 876 1802. (syn: Polygala angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Polygala arvensis Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Polygala arvensis var. hirsuta (Mukerjee) D.B. Deb; Polygala arvensis var. latifolia (Chod.) S.S.R. Bennet & M.B. Raizada; Polygala brachystachya DC.; Polygala chinensis f. arvensis (Willd.) Chod.; Polygala cyanolopha Hance; Polygala kinii Courtois; Polygala linarifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Polygala monspeliaca Blanco; Polygala polyfolia Presl.; Polygala quinqueflora Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Polygala senduaris Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Polygala shimadai Masam.);
India (Indian Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Ryukyu Isl., Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Sumatra, ?Java, Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba), Sulawesi, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Semirara, Mindanao), Moluccas (Ceram, Ambon), New Guinea, peninsular Malaysia (Johor), Cambodia, Vietnam, Andamans (South Andamans), Nicobars (Central Nicobars), China (Anhui, ?Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Hainan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Taiwan (I), Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia), Micronesia (Pohnpei) as per Catalogue of Life;
Field Milkwort • Hindi: Mirdoi, संजीवनी Sanjivani • Malayalam: katu-vistna-clandi, kodatsjeri • Tamil: Milakunankai, Chankankolakacceti, Chankankolakam, Chitaninankai;
(As per efi thread: As raceme is long, I feel it may be Polygala elongata Klein ex Willd. (syn. of Polygala glaucoides L.) Also lateral petal seems to be obovate as in this species and not orbicular as in Polygala arvensis Willd.)
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002- Description & Keys- P. furcata, javana, persicariifolia, telephioides, chinensis, buxiformis, bulbothrix, erioptera, wightiana, rosmarinifolia, linarifolia, arvensis & elongata

Came across this small herb on the way to Sagargad. Looks like a “Polygala sp.” ID pl.
Date/Time: 11-07-2010 / 10:30AM
Location: On the way to Sagargad near Alibag

Habitat: wild
Plant habit: Herb

Leaves alternate, 2 to 3 cm, almost sessile

Polygala arvensis, perhaps!
Hope you experienced the aroma of its fresh root!

Polygala arvensis is a great shot

Wonderful shots again.
Last year you had posted same plant which I had included on the Indiantreepix blog on Polygalaceae.
The characteristic petals just look marvelous esp. the lowermost petal  which is boat shaped or saucer shaped -keel with a fringed crest .
What I could gather from species name………………….
arvensis = from Latin meaning fields,
As a species name, means “found in cultivated fields” (as either a crop or a weed).

Can you recollect the habitat of the plant you observed? Please comment.

Great memory …
I had found this herb in open field at altitude of around 700 ft above Sea Level, (definitely not in cultivated fields). It was in open grass land.

found in the field just means field and not crop fields. They are found commonly in the grasslands may be thats one reason why they are
called so. It a widespread plant found from Tropical Asia to Australia. Poly means MANY and gala means MILK, may be because it bears milky latex in greater amount comparatively.



pl help in plant Id,
photo taken on 06/09/09 at amravati Maharashtra.

I seems to be Crotaleria sps.

It is Polygala arvensisPolygalaceae

ID Request 150813SG : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting ID of following herb. Photos taken on 7Aug13.

Looks like Polygala arvensis.. 


efloraofindia:”For Id 08112012MR1’’ wild herb with yellow flowers at Pune:
26/09/2012 Pune
Requesting identification of a wild herb on the outskirts of Pune. Yellow flowers. Sorry I do not have dimensions

Some Polygalaceae member.

Can this be Polygala arvensis?
Id help

I am not very comfortable with the Identification of the yellow flowered Polygalas found around Pune. I need to explore further or examine the species carefully for conclusive ID characters. You have rightly given the link for the species I had seen and posted earlier.
The fringed central petal is the characteristic of Polygala genus for sure.

To me also appear close to images at Polygala arvensis


Small herb from Bihar for Id:

Looks like species of Polygala

To me also appear close to images at Polygala arvensis



Flora of Chakrata 2013:: Polygala arvensis for validation : Attachments (5). 4 posts by 2 authors.
This one was also shot from the same location as posted earlier…
I could identify this as Polygala arvensis Willd.
I hope to get validation/correction for this post too..

Yes, … you are on dot.

Plant with aromatic roots:
Could this be a species of Polygala ???
A small plant collected from the grasslands of Manikkunu Hills near Kalpetta, Wayanad District, Kerala
Collection date: 08.10.2009
The roots of the plant has a characteristic smell..

It is certainly a Polygala sp. but needs more photos for confirming.
Yes Polygala do have characteristic smell in roots. I have also collected a Polygala crotolaroides which have a characteristic flesh and aromatic roots

Polygala arvensis



ARJUL20 Fabaceae herb for ID : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
Could it be a Crotalaria sp.?

Found in Bangalore 13th July

Possible ID- Polygala arvensis of Polygalaceae?

Does not look like Polygala….a legume as per your original views..

Probably polygala….?

… has rightly identified the plant himself
Polygala arvensis Willd.

No doubt. It is Polygala. But species need confirmation as species differentiation based on the appendages on the seed.

Thank you very much … Please pass on the thanks to … as well. I will certainly look out for the seeds when I visit the place where I collected this plant this weekend.

Yes it is polygala arvensis

I think it should be Polygala arvensis Willd., as raceme is short and wing petals are pubescent as per keys and details at
Please Validate Polygala glomerata var. langbianensis ? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Please Validate Polygala glomerata var. langbianensis ?
Location: Maharajganj, Uttar Pradesh
Altitude: 95 mt.

Other recipients:
I guess it is close to the ID Thank You Saroj Kasaju
I guess it is close to the ID

To me also appear close as per images and details at Polygala glomerata

Appears more closer to Polygala arvensis as per comparative images at Polygala


Wild Plant for ID : Nasik : 28JUL21 : AK-12: 2 images.
Seen near the Gangapur grasslands last week. (28.7.21)

Pl. check Polygala sp.

Polygala arvensis Willd.


Polygala arvensis Willd.: 8 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 305m.
Date: 28 August 2021 
Habit : Wild
Only BSI has mentioned its distribution in Nepal.
Any member can confirm its distribution in Nepal ?

Mentioned in Sasinath herbarium – Nepal Journals Online:

One more article, but nowhere  mentioned its location.
1 attachment


Polygalaceae: Polygala arvensis Willd.: 1 image.
synonyms: Polygala polyfolia C.Presl, Polygala kinii Courtois, Polygala arvensis Wall.
location/date: Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, February 1992