Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 131 1785. (Syn: Campydorum verticillatum (L.) Salisb. [Invalid]; Convallaria leptophylla D.Don; Convallaria stellifolia Peterm.; Convallaria verticillata L.; Evallaria verticillata (L.) Neck. [Invalid]; Polygonatum angustifolium Bubani [Illegitimate]; Polygonatum erythrocarpum Hua; Polygonatum jacquemontianum Kunth; Polygonatum kansuense Maxim. ex Batalin; Polygonatum leptophyllum (D.Don) Royle; Polygonatum macrophyllum Sweet; Polygonatum minutiflorum H.Lév.; Polygonatum roseum Hook. [Illegitimate]; Polygonatum verticillatum var. gracile Baker ex Aitch.; Polygonatum verticillatum subsp. stellifolium (Peterm.) K.Richt.; Sigillum verticillatum (L.) Montandon; Troxilanthes angustifolia Raf.);
Europe to China: Afghanistan, Albania, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Belgium, Bulgaria, China North-Central, China South-Central, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Himalaya, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Italy, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Qinghai, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia as per POWO;

VoF Week :: Polygonatum verticillatum at Valley of Flowers:
Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All. … (family: Asparagaceae)

2 AUG 12
Valley of Flowers … about 11000 – 12000 ft

Important Medicinal Plant… We could get its flowers also, will share soon


VoF Week: ASPARAGACEAE – Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All.:
Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 131 (1785).

Family Asparagaceae
Distribution: Widespread – Europe to China
Present pic from Valley of Flowers National Park, Uttarakhand


Valley of Flowers National Park, Uttarakhand; Astawarga or Astavarga of Ayurveda – efloraofindia | Google Groups


ASTAVARGA: MEDA – Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All. – efloraofindia | Google Groups:
ASTAVARGAAstavarga literally meaning a group of 8 medicines has been frequently used in Ayurveda for various purposes. Of these, 5 are found in
Chavanyaprash too.
Next few lines are copied from following reference:

1. VRIDDHI – Platanthera edgeworthii (Hook.f. ex Collett) R.K.Gupta, Fl. Nainital.: 349 1968). [= Habenaria edgeworthii Hook.f. ex Collett,
Fl. Siml.: 504 (1902)]

In lower part of India Habenaria acuminata (Thwaites) Trimen, may be used as substitute.
Uses: It is emollient, aphrodisiac, rejuvenating and tonic and is beneficial in aggravated vata and pitta, burning sensation in the body, hyperdipsia, fever, cough, epilepsy, insanity, emanciation and general debility (Bhav Prakash, kai, Nirs, so, Ni, Ni, Ra)

2. RIDDHI – Habenaria intermedia D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 24 (1825).

Uses: Ridhi is Sheetvirya, pacifies vata, pitta, rakta doshas. It is useful in consumption and fevers. It increases kapha dosha and shukra
dhatu. It is intellect promoting, aphrodisiac, rejuvenating, tonic and cures emaciation, epilepsy, cough, skin diseases, haematemesis and
general debility.

3. JIVAK – Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3: 123 (1995). [= Malaxis acuminata D.Don, Prodr. Fl.
Nepal.: 29 (1825)]

Uses: It is sheet virya and calms down vata, rakta and pitta doshas and is beneficial in burning sensation of the body, fever, and consumption. It increases kapha and Shukra dhatu. It is aphrodisiac and tonic. It cures haematemesis, aggravated vata and pitta doshas, seminal weakness, dipsia, emaciation, tuberculosis and general body weakness. It increases body flesh and is jeevniya.

4. RISHBHAK – Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 673 (1891).

Uses: Tubers are efficacious cure for pitta, rakta, vata doshas. It is useful in phthisis, burning sensation in the body, fever and increases
Kapha and shukra. It is styptic, aphrodisiac and tonic. It is an effective cure in vitiated pitta and vata, seminal weakness, dysentery, emaciation and general debility.

5. KAKOLI – Roscoea alpina Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 361 (1839)

Uses: Root fingers are sweet sheetvirya, pacifies vata pitta, fever due to vitiated vata-pitta. It is beneficial in consumption, burning sensation in body, increases Kapha dosa and shukra. It is also an effective cure for pains due to pitta, vata, rakta dosha, thirst due to pitta, rakta pitta etc.

6. MEDA – Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 131 (1785).

Uses: Meda rhizomes are sweet in taste sheetvirya, pacify pitta dosh and increase kapha and shukra dhatu. They are beneficial in phthisis,
burning sensation in the body, and fever (Dhan.Ni.).They are emollient, aphrodisiac, tonic, galactagogue, and beneficial in aggravation of pitta, cough, ulcers, skin diseases, general debility and vulnerary.

7. MAHAMEDA – Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 380 (1839).

Uses: According to Dhanwantri Nighantu, Mahameda is sweet in taste, sheet virya, increases Kapha and shukra dhatu and is beneficial in
consumption burning sensation, and fever. Various Nighantus describe its properties as emollient aphrodisiac, galactagoue, tonic and useful
invitiation of vata-pitta, strangury seminal weakness, anorexia and general body weakness.

8. KSHIRKAKOLI – Lilium polyphyllum D.Don in J.F.Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 388 (1840).

Uses: It promotes appetite and pacifies vata, pitta, rakta dosas. It is efficacious in bleeding disorders, cardiac diseases, dyspnoea, cough,
consumption and diseases of urine system and is vrsya (tonic). Bulbs are refrigerant, galactagogue, expectorant and aphrodisiac. They are
useful in bronchitis, burning sensation, hyperdipsia, rheumatalgia and general weakness in the body.

Unfortunately I dont have the last one,

KSHIRKAKOLI – Lilium polyphyllum D.Don in J.F.Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 388 (1840).

I would be grateful if anyone could add….
My apologies for being unable to provide the last one and I dont wish
to add any link from internet pictures.

I was waiting for this. I hope I have this one in my herbarium, but perhaps I won’t be able to digitise it before January, 2011. May be some members have photographs of live plants.

No problems. I am sure you must be having others too. You may add them and give your valuable comments too.

VoF Week: Polygonatum verticillatum from Govindghat Ghangriya Trek and Valley:

Polygonatum verticillatum from Govindghat Ghangriya Trek and Valley
Plant posted here are shot from two different places
Hope both are Same
Local name is Maida. This is a plant in Ashtakwarg

Yes …

SK1912 13 May 2019 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7) – around 700 kb each.

Location: Phulchoki, Lalitpur, Nepal
Altitude: 2391 m.
Date: 8 May 2019
Habit : Wild
Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle ??

I think more closer to images at Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All.

Thank you.
Attachments (4)

Enclosing images and text from Stainton for further verification.
Attachments (4)  

Enclosing Comment on FB page from Aaron.
… The cirrhose or curved leaf tip is a common feature on many of the verticillate Polygonatum. It is present in stewartianum, kingianum, cirrhifolium, and many others. What needs to be looked at is the chromosome number and molecular placement of samples throughout the Himalaya. There are polyploids with different base numbers of x=14 and x =15, and then many different habitat preferences and morphology.

I am still confused about the ID of this sp. !

I think your plant is Polygonatum verticillatum. Petals are very distinct. Cirrhifolium has much longer tendrils on a narrower leaf.



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