Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 346; 2:, pl. 84a or 98, f. 1 1839. (syn: Betula ciliata Steud.; Populus ciliata Wall.; Populus pyriformis Royle);
Tibet, China (Yunnan), Bhutan, India, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), Nepal, Pakistan
(Dir, Chitral, Swat, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir (Hazara,
Murree, Kashmir), Sikkim as per Catalogue of Life;
Himalayan poplar; Bengali: bangikat; Hindi: bagnu, ban pipal, chalaun, chalni, chalun, pahari pipal, safeda; Nepali : bangikat, Bhote pipal;
Populus ciliata (Himalayan Poplar), is a large deciduous tree with tall clean straight trunk and wide rounded crown. The bark of the young trees is smooth greenish-grey and the bark of the old trees is dark brown with vertical cracks. Leaves are broadly ovate with serrulate-crenate and hairy margins. Flowers are drooping raceme catkins appear before or with leaves. Populus ciliata flowers are dioecious, individual flowers are either male or female. Perianth of male flowers is bell-shaped and female flowers are bluntly toothed. Their capsule encloses an average of 100–150 seeds, which are covered by long silky hair.
Populus ciliata prefers moist cool places and grows in sandy, loamy, and clay soil. It grows well in acidic or neutral soil conditions. Shade inhibits the growth of P. ciliata.
Populus ciliata is a dioecious tree which is pollinated by the wind. The fruits grow in about 3 months after pollination. Seed dispersal takes place from about the middle of June to the middle of July depending upon the climate. It can reproduce through seed and vegetative means.
Populus ciliata is chopped for food and stored to be fed to livestock during the times of food shortage.
Populus ciliata is used as fuel wood.
Populus ciliata wood is used for making boxes for packing purposes, also for poles, trucks and barrow-trays, coaches, furniture and cross-beams.
Populus ciliata provides paper for writing, wrapping and printing.
Bark is used to make tonic, stimulants and blood purifier. The paste of the bark when mixed with the ash of cow dung can be used to treat muscular swellings.
(From Wikipedia on 9.2.14)
Salicaceae (including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight: Populus ciliata from Mussouri, Uttarakhand, SC02 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
This is the most common species of Populus in India. It is also known as Himalayan Poplar.
Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle
Large deciduous tree, generally 20-25 m high. Leaves alternate, simple; blades ovate, broadly ovate to ovate-cordate, 8-19 x 6.5-11.5 cm, closely and irregularly crenate-serrulate;. Catkin solitary, axillary, appearing before the leaves.. Male catkins slender, cylindric, pendulous, lax-flowered; male flowers: pedicellate; stamens many; filaments 1.2-1.8 mm long, glabrous,. Female catkins longer than the male catkins, 14-29 cm long, pendulous, lax-flowered, sessile; female flowers: pedicellate; ovary ovoid, 4-4.5 mm long, greenish, glabrous, sessile; style 3, distinct; stigmas 3-4-lobed, variously lobed. Infructescence 10-17 cm long, lax; capsules ovoid-conical, 3-4-valved, brown, glabrous; seeds many, ellipsoid, 1-1.5 mm long, with tufts of persistent and spreading hairs from base.
Fl.:March-April; Frt.: June.
Distribution: INDIA (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh); NEPAL; BHUTAN; MYANMAR; CHINA; PAKISTAN; AFGHANISTAN.
P.ciliata is also a temperate tree here in Uttarakhand.
Unusually, seedlings/ saplings of this species were recorded by one of my friend above 4000m altitude in Valley of Flowers. Usually it occurs in 2000-3000m altitude range. Some people associate this occurrence at or above 4000m with upward creep of plants due to global warming.
Salicaceae (including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight: 04022014GS2 Populus for ID from Ranikhet, Uttarakhand -GSFEB-5 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Populus sp. photographed from Chaubatia Gardens in Ranikhet, Uttarakhand. Please help in ID.
This is Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle showing fruiting catkins
Salicaceae (including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight: 04022014GS1 Populus for ID from Mandi Himachal Pradesh -GSFEB-4 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Populus sp. photographed from Mandi in Himachal Pradesh. Please help in ID.
This is also Populus ciliata.
Attachments(1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle with fruiting catkin.
A lot of Poplar plants were seen in Manali as well as in Lahaul Spiti valley. Last week Jun 09
Some had fruits as depicted in the picture
Can anybody tell its Bot. name?
It Populus, probably P. ciliata. I will check species further.
The species is Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle.
Salicaceae and Flacourtiaceae Fortnight: Populus sps. from Paddar valley: SKR01 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
It is correctly identified
Salicaceae (including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight: Populus species from Manali region for ID SMP 7 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
I spotted this large tree near Manali.
Please provide ID.
This is Populus ciliata
P. balsamifera or is it Populus ciliata ? : 4 posts by 1 author.
I think, think this is P. balsamifera
…, Kindly go through. It was cultivated but now has become naturalized. Often insect infested and forms unique type of galls looking like insect larvae.
These photographs may also help. Attachments (2)
Or is it Populus ciliata ?
I think matches with images at Populus ciliata
Populus Species For ID : Srinagar : 14JUN16 : AK-21 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Poplar tree seen in Srinagar on 27th April.
For Species id please.
Is this the Poplar was getting all the headlines in agroforestry in Haryana and Punjab? like this 2012 report? The leaves are so pretty on a poplar.
I think it does not matches with images at Populus ciliata
Populus species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
Catalogue of Life POWO The Plant List Ver.1.1 Tropicos GRIN Flora of China FoC illustration Flora of Pakistan FoP illustration Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal Flowers of India India Biodiversity Portal Wikipedia worldagroforestry Populus ciliata Plants For A Future database report