Ichnocarpusfrutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 2: 69 1811. (Syn. Aganosmaaffinis (Roem. & Schult.) G.Don; Apocynumcrassifolium Salisb.; Apocynumfrutescens L.; Beluttakakamalabarica (Lam.) Kuntze; Carruthersiadaronensis Elmer; Chonemorphabantamensis G.Don; Chonemorphamalabarica (Lam.) G.Don; Echitesaffinis Roem. & Schult.; Echitesbantamensis Blume; Echitescaryophyllatus Roth [Illegitimate]; Echitescaudatus Blanco [Illegitimate]; Echitescaudatus Blanco [Illegitimate]; Echitesferrugineus Thunb.; Echitesfrutescens (L.) Roxb.; Echitesmalabaricus Lam.; Echitestrichonemus Zipp. ex Span.; Gardeniasinensis Lour. ex B.A.Gomes [Illegitimate]; Gardeniavolubilis Lour.; Ichnocarpusaffinis (Roem. & Schult.) K.Schum.; Ichnocarpusbantamensis (Blume) Miq.; Ichnocarpusdasycalyx Miq.; Ichnocarpusfrutescens (L.) R. Br. …………; Ichnocarpusleptodictyus F.Muell.; Ichnocarpusmicrocalyx Pit.; Ichnocarpusmoluccanus Miq.; Ichnocarpusnavesii Rolfe [Invalid]; Ichnocarpusovatifolius A.DC.; Ichnocarpusoxypetalus Pit.; Ichnocarpussogerensis Wernham ex S.Moore; Ichnocarpusvolubilis (Lour.) Merr. .; Micrechitessinensis Markgr.; Periplocapalvallii Dennst.; Quiriveliabantamensis (Blume) F.N.Williams; Quiriveliafrutescens (L.) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida; Quiriveliazeylanica Poir.; Springiaindica Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Tabernaemontanaparviflora Poir.; Thyrsanthusparviflorus (Poir.) Miers);
Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to N. Australia as per WCSP;
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Australia (Western
Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland), India (widespread), Jammu &
Kashmir (Kashmir, Jammu), Nepal,
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos,
Cambodia, peninsular Malaysia (widespread), Borneo, Moluccas (Aru, Buru,
Halmaheira, Ceram, Tanimbar), New Guinea, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda
Isl. (Flores, Sumbawa, Timor, Wetar), Philippines (widespread), Palawan,
Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland), Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.),
Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great
Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Sagaing,
Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon)
as per Catalogue of life;
ik-no-KAR-pus — Greek: ichnos (vestige) and karpos (fruit)… An encyclopedia of plants
froo-TESS-enz — becoming shrubby … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asblack creeper • Bengaliশ্যামা লতা shyama lata • Gujaratiશ્યામલતા shyamlata • Hindiबक्खर बेल bakkar belधीमर बेल dhimar belदीर्घ मूला dirgha-mulaकाली दूधी kali dudhiश्यामलता shyamalata • Kannadaಗೌರಿಬಳ್ಳಿ gauriballiಹಾಲುಗೆಣಸು halugenasuಕರೇ ಹಂಬು kare-hambuಕೂಗಲ ಬಳ್ಳಿ koogal balli • Konkaniकांटे भोंवरी kante bhonvriकृष्णसरवा krishnasarwa • Malayalamനന്നാറി nannariപാൽവള്ളി palvalli • Marathiकाटे भोवरी kate bhowariकृष्णसारिवा krishna sarivaश्यामलता shyamalata • Nepaliदुधे लहरा dudhe lahara • Odiaମହିଳା mahilaପ୍ରିଯଙ୍ଗୁଲତା priyangulataଶ୍ଯାମ ଲତା shyama lataସୁଆଁ ନଇ suan nai • Sanskritकृष्णसारिवा krishnasarivaश्यामलता shyamalata • Tamilஊதற்கொடி utar-koti • Teluguకొరంపాల korampalaమానితివ్వ manitivvaముంతగజ్జనము munta-gaj-janamuనల్లతీగ nallatiga • Tibetanthal tras nag po • Tuluಆಚಾರಿಬೂರು acharibooruಪೆರುಬಳ್ಳು peruballu

… more names in Sanskritचन्दनगोपा chandanagopaचिह्नधारिणी chinhadhariniदीर्घमूला dirghamulaगोपा gopaकालघंटिका kalaghantikaकालपेशी kalapeshiकाष्ठसारिवा kashthasarivaकृष्णमूली krishnamuliमह mahaमहाश्यामा mahashyamaमसूरविदला masuravidalaपालिन्दी palindiप्रियवर्णी priyavarniसुभद्रा subhadraउत्पलगोपा utpalagopaउत्पलसारिवा utpalasariva
 

 


 

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02082011-BS-001; An asclepiad for ID from a Village near Karnal:

pls id this climber shot from a village Near Karnal Haryana

Wild, flowers not seen, simple opposite decussate leaves


 

Hemidesmus indicus


May be Tylophora or Hemidesmus I am waiting for its flowers. As till today i could not locate flowers on this climber


Hemidesmus indicus.


Hemidesmus indicus to me as well.


Certainly not Ichnocarpus frutescens as Ichnocarpus frutescens is in flowering stage in our area. Hemidesmus indicus is also doubtfull as Hemidesmus indicus is there in my college and looks different from this, however may be a variety id H indicus. I am trying to catch this in flowering stage to get any concrete idea


In the absence of flowers, the colour of latex may be used to distinguish these two. The latex is yellowish in Quirivelia frutescens (Ichnocarpusf.), whereas, it is milky white in Hemidesmus indicus.


Latex was surely milky white


Then it is surely Hemidesmus indicus 🙂


i guess Ichnocarpus frutescens from family Apocynaceae


This is 100 percent not Hemidesmus indica. I had plenty around my house in Chennai. I will upload the photographs after searching from my archive.


… latex test has been done taht is milky white. I am still searching this plant in flowering when i wil get that i will share


I guess the roots of Hemidesmus indicus are aromatic pls check it.



This does not look like Hemidesmus indicus to me. My photographs of Anantmul are available at this link


seen in flowering stage surely Ichnocarpusfrutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton.

 

 


 

 

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Plant from ID from Bandhavgarh:

I photographed this plant yesterday on roadside in Panpatha Sanctuary.
Basically it’s a creeper.
I saw Common Crow butterfly laying on this plant.

Plant height about 8-10 inches. Leaves about 3-4 inches long.


 

Looks like Hemidesmus indicus


Yes, Hemidesmus indicus


its Ichnocarpus frutescens


Agree with … Ichnocarpus frutescens


My Id is wrong, you are right …


This looks like Combretum albidum [C.ovalifolium] to me.


It is Ichnocarpus frutescens


Any way, This plant was growing on roadside so perfectly legal to bring it home and grow it in the garden to see the flowers for Perfect Validate ID.


Yes Ichnocarpus.

 


 

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Flora of Chakrata: Ichnocarpus frutescens from Chakrata region: 6 images.

Ichnocarpus frutescens from Chakrata region

pls validate


Yes, I agree with … id.


No … i could not see fruits


Yes Ichnocarpus frutescens, pods are very thin and size around 5-7 cm long, dark brown color,,


 

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ID No. MS 101012 -106 – Ichnocarpus frutescens – ID confirmation requested:  Attaching herewith the photographs of Ichnocarpus frutescens. Photo was taken in a shrub jungle near Mysore in Karnataka on 07.10.12. ID confirmation requested.


Yes …, I agree with the id.


Yes … You are right


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Ichnocarpus frutescens …. Please validate AS-18Oct2012: This plant looks like Apocynaceae : Ichnocarpus frutescens…. Please validate.
A scandent shrub / climber photographed in the outskirts of Chennai, flowering sparsely in end September.

  • The leaves are opposite, entire, blade is stiff, shiny and smooth above,, whitish, sub-glabrous below. New growth is bronze tinged, as are the branchlets.
  • The Flowers are small, calyx 3 to 4mm, the petals are 6-8 mm long and distinctive, narrrowing into filiform ends, twisted, fringed only on the right margin

No tendrils or spines were visible, so I was wondering how these climb. Another plant which had similar leaves had grown to 16 ft over a coconut tree, but since it was not flowering I cannot be sure if it was the same.


Ichnocarpus frutescens 100%


…, Thanks for the response. I was not sure if there are similar looking species to rule out

 


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150513 ASP 17 : Attachments (1).  4 posts by 4 authors.

Please identify this plant. Unfortunately no flowers or fruits. It is a medicinal herb and a woody climber. Photo was taken in March 2013 in a herbal garden in dry part of Northern Sri Lanka.


 

Ichnocarpus sp?


Yes, it looks like Ichnocarpus frutescens to me too.

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Hooghly today – Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.

This seems to be Ichnocarpus frutescens R. Br.; SHYAMA LATA (শ্যামা লতা) in Bengali (also DUDHI LATA as per Bengal Plants).


 

Yes, you are right. ..we call this “Bandar Bel” due to its being high up on the trees and shrubs. ..

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Fwd: [efloraofindia:188198] Plant Id from Bangladesh 110514SM : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4).

Habit: Shrub/ woody climber
Habitat: Scrub Jungle in plain land
Flowering: Winter

Location: Tatulia, Panchagar


Ichnocarpus frutescens, Apocynaceae


……………….. Thanks …
We only one in this genus

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ARJUL49 Climber for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).

Bangalore July 2014


 

looks like Ichnocarpus frutescens


 

Supporting …


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ID Please : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

 

Id please

A climber at Bandhavgad National Park, M.P.


 

 

Ichnocarpus frutescens (Apocynaceae).

I.frutescens in eFI.

Beautiful pictures.


nice pics, Thanks …
another white flower with fimbriated ends
would be nice to remember its physical looks…
purifies blood and possibly liver

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Climber For ID : Tiny White Flowers : Bangalore : 04DEC14 : AK-13 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Climber seen growing wild on 9/11/14.

Very tiny star shaped flowers, resembling Crape Jasmine.

Curious to know the id.


Seems like Cryptolepis buchananii


It doesn’t look like Cryptolepis buchananii to me.

May be some other Species of Cryptolepis.

Experts kindly verify.


…, it isn’t Cryptolepis for sure. I typed it with Ichnocarpus in mind. It definitely is Ichnocarpus frutescens as … pointed out.


Yes, thanks for the correction.
Now, the id seems correct as per the link……
Images by tspkumar

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TSP-JUN2016-08-396:Images of Ichnocarpus frutescens : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to present few images of Ichnocarpus frutescens (Apocynaceae

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=373&cat=1

Ref: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Black%20Creeper.html

Habit: Woody climber

Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forests

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl and 800 msl respectively

Date: 08-10-2014, 20-10-2014, 09-12-2014, 01-10-2015 and 15-10-2015


 

Please validate Gujarati names of Ichnocarpus frutescens
ધૂરીબેલ dhuribel, કાલી ઉપલસરી kali upalsari

Ref: Street Ayurveda (and a couple of blog sites, all carrying ditto content).


To my knowledge, Ichnocarpus frutescens is known as શ્યામલતા in Gujarati. The names ધૂરીવેલ and ઉપલરી (also known as ઉપલસારી or ઉપલસળી) are commonly used for Hemidesmus indicus.

કાળી ઉપલરી could well be a plausible candidate for Ichnocarpus frutescens but I have not encountered it so far.


 

 

Thank you very very much … This is great help.

I will go with શ્યામલતા !
 

 


 

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via Species‎ > ‎I‎ >
Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton … family: Apocynaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ik-no-KAR-pus — Greek: ichnos (vestige) and karpos (fruit)… An encyclopedia of plants
froo-TESS-enz — becoming shrubby … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asblack creeper • Bengaliশ্যামা লতা shyama lata • Gujaratiશ્યામલતા shyamlata • Hindiदीर्घ मूला dirgha-mulaकाली दूधी kali dudhiश्यामलता shyamalata •Kannadaಗೌರಿಬಳ್ಳಿ gauriballiಹಾಲುಗೆಣಸು halugenasuಕರೇ ಹಂಬು kare-hambuಕೂಗಲ ಬಳ್ಳಿ koogal balli • Konkaniकांटे भोंवरी kante bhonvriकृष्णसरवा krishnasarwa •Malayalamനന്നാറി nannariപാൽവള്ളി palvalli • Marathiकाटे भोवरी kate bhowariकृष्णसारिवा krishna sarivaश्यामलता shyamalata • Nepaliदुधे लहरा dudhe lahara • Odia:ମହିଳା mahilaପ୍ରିଯଙ୍ଗୁଲତା priyangulataଶ୍ଯାମ ଲତା shyama lataସୁଆଁ ନଇ suan nai • Sanskritकृष्णसारिवा krishnasarivaश्यामलता shyamalata • Tamilஊதற்கொடி utar-koti •Teluguముంతగజ్జనము munta-gaj-janamu • Tibetanthal tras nag po • Tuluಆಚಾರಿಬೂರು acharibooruಪೆರುಬಳ್ಳು peruballu
… more names in Sanskritचन्दनगोपा chandanagopaचिह्नधारिणी chinhadhariniदीर्घमूला dirghamulaगोपा gopaकालघंटिका kalaghantikaकालपेशी kalapeshiकाष्ठसारिवा kashthasarivaकृष्णमूली krishnamuliमह mahaमहाश्यामा mahashyamaमसूरविदला masuravidalaपालिन्दी palindiप्रियवर्णी priyavarniसुभद्रा subhadraउत्पलगोपा utpalagopa,उत्पलसारिवा utpalasariva
botanical namesIchnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton … synonymsAganosma affinis (Roem. & Schult.) G.Don • Apocynum frutescens L. • Beluttakaka malabarica (Lam.) Kuntze • Chonemorpha malabarica (Lam.) G.Don • Echites frutescens (L.) Roxb. • Tabernaemontana parviflora Poir. … and many more at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
December 15, 2012 … Yana Rocks, Uttara Kanadda


Updated: added two names in Hindi … बक्खर बेल bakkar belधीमर बेल dhimar bel


Bakkar – in Hindi script you have written bakkhar i. e.  you have united first letter of alphabet with second letter. First letter is to be united again with first letter of the alphabet and not second one.


Thanks … I could not understand what you expressed.

I am going with bakkhar as बक्खर, of which one of the meanings found in various online Hindi dictionaries is:
  1. कई प्रकार के पौधों की पत्तियों और जड़ों आदि को कूटकर तैयार किया हुआ वह खमीर जो दूसरे पदार्थों मं खमीर उठाने के लिए डाला जाता है
  2. बकरा, billy goat

Did you mean to say बक्कर ? which also means बकरा, billy goat.


Okay …,  My knowledge in Hindi is limited as it is not my mother tongue.


But dear …, I am not sure whether I am correct with my justification.

I wish someone validates this name बक्खर बेल bakkhar bel (or may be बक्कर बेल bakkar bel), as well as धीमर बेल dhimar bel.



 

How would the author citation for Ichnocarpus frutescens written ?
  1. Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton
  2. Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) R. Br.
  3. Ichnocarpus frutescens R. Br.
The last among the three, seem to be written widely.

 


Most current & widely accepted follow Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton as per the following;

http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/species/id/9a3c0cb0f3815cf88826ace1076b4186


Thanks … Yes, Much of the top sites refer to (L.) W.T.Aiton, though many papers, even of recent times put it as R. Br. … and therefore the query.

I will revise my notes to show (L.) W.T.Aiton in some time.


 

Please validate following two Hindi names of Ichnocarpus frutescens listed at ENVIS-FRLHT
  1. bakkar-bel = बक्खर बेल
  2. dhimar-bel = धीमर बेल

 

 


 

A very good venture!
Why don’t you start collcting Bengali names too?


Bengali names are also collected.


To me Hindi translation appears to be Ok. But I don’t know the meaning etc.

 

 


Thanks …, I will go ahead to add these names. Will revise them in case we get validations otherwise.


Fwd: Presence of Ichnocarpus frutescens : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 mb each.

Sir, photographed today (6.10.19) in naturally grown, blooming condition with white flowers of woody rambling shrub, locally called in Odiya as Suaanlata (Ichnocarpus frutescens)in the big govt residential area approx. 1/2acre of type, VIII, unit 6, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, used in Deepabali badabadia puja for the ancestors & made some fishing articles in rural areas., Sir, pl validate


I concur with you … for I.frutescens,


 

MS/ID/AUGUST/2020/15 – ID of the plant sps. : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (9)

Please ID the photos received from Chennai. Photographed last week (30.9.20).

Resembles closely: Ichnocorpus frutescens. Confirm the ID.

I guess this is correct ID !


I too agree with you both


Yes. Seen recently in full bloom in Bangalore.


SK 2761 27 September 2020 : 12 posts by 3 authors. 3 images- 6 to 7 mb each.

 

Location: Chobhar, Kathmandu, Nepal

Date: 14 September 2020
Elevation: 1340m.
Habit: Wild
Producing milky sap when leaf detached.

 


It looks like an Apocyanaceae member


Hemidesmus species ?????


Looks close but does not match elevation.


Looks close as per images and details at Hemidesmus indicus
It is found at similar elevation in Western Ghats as per details herein.

Pl. also check in Flora of Bhutan and other sources.


Thank you …!
Any idea about its flowering and fruiting phenology ? There seems to be multiple months for its flowering months in efi posts.

July to Jan. as per book link at Flora of Peninsular India


Also see Ichnocarpus frutescens as per 02082011-BS-001; An asclepiad for ID from a Village near Karnal


Most likely … Let me wait for flowering season if I am lucky!


 


Please identify the weed plant.

Name of plant:

Location:  near Reserve Forest,                      

                        Chathamattom, Ernakulam 

                        District, Kerala PIN:686671

Date:.               05.11.2020, 12.20pm

Altitude:           1700fsl

Habitat:            wild moisture

Plant habit:      climbing branches weak stem 

                        annual/perennial

Height:             03 meters

Leaves shape: oval

Flower:             diameter:08mm, white

                         non fragrant


Ichnocarpus frutescens ??

Yes, it’s …


Latex of this plant is yellow coloured.


Is ID wrong …?


No doubt in ID …, Ichnocarpus only, In Apocynaceae there’s some yellow coloured latex members,


Colour indicated only for clarification.


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