Ichnocarpusfrutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 2: 69 1811. (Syn. Aganosmaaffinis (Roem. & Schult.) G.Don; Apocynumcrassifolium Salisb.; Apocynumfrutescens L.; Beluttakakamalabarica (Lam.) Kuntze; Carruthersiadaronensis Elmer; Chonemorphabantamensis G.Don; Chonemorphamalabarica (Lam.) G.Don; Echitesaffinis Roem. & Schult.; Echitesbantamensis Blume; Echitescaryophyllatus Roth [Illegitimate]; Echitescaudatus Blanco [Illegitimate]; Echitescaudatus Blanco [Illegitimate]; Echitesferrugineus Thunb.; Echitesfrutescens (L.) Roxb.; Echitesmalabaricus Lam.; Echitestrichonemus Zipp. ex Span.; Gardeniasinensis Lour. ex B.A.Gomes [Illegitimate]; Gardeniavolubilis Lour.; Ichnocarpusaffinis (Roem. & Schult.) K.Schum.; Ichnocarpusbantamensis (Blume) Miq.; Ichnocarpusdasycalyx Miq.; Ichnocarpusfrutescens (L.) R. Br. …………; Ichnocarpusleptodictyus F.Muell.; Ichnocarpusmicrocalyx Pit.; Ichnocarpusmoluccanus Miq.; Ichnocarpusnavesii Rolfe [Invalid]; Ichnocarpusovatifolius A.DC.; Ichnocarpusoxypetalus Pit.; Ichnocarpussogerensis Wernham ex S.Moore; Ichnocarpusvolubilis (Lour.) Merr. .; Micrechitessinensis Markgr.; Periplocapalvallii Dennst.; Quiriveliabantamensis (Blume) F.N.Williams; Quiriveliafrutescens (L.) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida; Quiriveliazeylanica Poir.; Springiaindica Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Tabernaemontanaparviflora Poir.; Thyrsanthusparviflorus (Poir.) Miers);
Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to N. Australia as per WCSP;
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Australia (Western
Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland), India (widespread), Jammu &
Kashmir (Kashmir, Jammu), Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos,
Cambodia, peninsular Malaysia (widespread), Borneo, Moluccas (Aru, Buru,
Halmaheira, Ceram, Tanimbar), New Guinea, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda
Isl. (Flores, Sumbawa, Timor, Wetar), Philippines (widespread), Palawan,
Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland), Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.),
Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great
Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Sagaing,
Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon) as per Catalogue of life;
ik-no-KAR-pus — Greek: ichnos (vestige) and karpos (fruit)… An encyclopedia of plants
froo-TESS-enz — becoming shrubby … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: black creeper • Bengali: শ্যামা লতা shyama lata • Gujarati: શ્યામલતા shyamlata • Hindi: बक्खर बेल bakkar bel, धीमर बेल dhimar bel, दीर्घ मूला dirgha-mula, काली दूधी kali dudhi, श्यामलता shyamalata • Kannada: ಗೌರಿಬಳ್ಳಿ gauriballi, ಹಾಲುಗೆಣಸು halugenasu, ಕರೇ ಹಂಬು kare-hambu, ಕೂಗಲ ಬಳ್ಳಿ koogal balli • Konkani: कांटे भोंवरी kante bhonvri, कृष्णसरवा krishnasarwa • Malayalam: നന്നാറി nannari, പാൽവള്ളി palvalli • Marathi: काटे भोवरी kate bhowari, कृष्णसारिवा krishna sariva, श्यामलता shyamalata • Nepali: दुधे लहरा dudhe lahara • Odia: ମହିଳା mahila, ପ୍ରିଯଙ୍ଗୁଲତା priyangulata, ଶ୍ଯାମ ଲତା shyama lata, ସୁଆଁ ନଇ suan nai • Sanskrit: कृष्णसारिवा krishnasariva, श्यामलता shyamalata • Tamil: ஊதற்கொடி utar-koti • Telugu: కొరంపాల korampala, మానితివ్వ manitivva, ముంతగజ్జనము munta-gaj-janamu, నల్లతీగ nallatiga • Tibetan: thal tras nag po • Tulu: ಆಚಾರಿಬೂರು acharibooru, ಪೆರುಬಳ್ಳು peruballu
… more names in Sanskrit: चन्दनगोपा chandanagopa, चिह्नधारिणी chinhadharini, दीर्घमूला dirghamula, गोपा gopa, कालघंटिका kalaghantika, कालपेशी kalapeshi, काष्ठसारिवा kashthasariva, कृष्णमूली krishnamuli, मह maha, महाश्यामा mahashyama, मसूरविदला masuravidala, पालिन्दी palindi, प्रियवर्णी priyavarni, सुभद्रा subhadra, उत्पलगोपा utpalagopa, उत्पलसारिवा utpalasariva
pls id this climber shot from a village Near Karnal Haryana
Wild, flowers not seen, simple opposite decussate leaves
May be Tylophora or Hemidesmus I am waiting for its flowers. As till today i could not locate flowers on this climber
Hemidesmus indicus to me as well.
Certainly not Ichnocarpus frutescens as Ichnocarpus frutescens is in flowering stage in our area. Hemidesmus indicus is also doubtfull as Hemidesmus indicus is there in my college and looks different from this, however may be a variety id H indicus. I am trying to catch this in flowering stage to get any concrete idea
In the absence of flowers, the colour of latex may be used to distinguish these two. The latex is yellowish in Quirivelia frutescens (Ichnocarpusf.), whereas, it is milky white in Hemidesmus indicus.
Latex was surely milky white
Then it is surely Hemidesmus indicus 🙂
i guess Ichnocarpus frutescens from family Apocynaceae
This is 100 percent not Hemidesmus indica. I had plenty around my house in Chennai. I will upload the photographs after searching from my archive.
… latex test has been done taht is milky white. I am still searching this plant in flowering when i wil get that i will share
I guess the roots of Hemidesmus indicus are aromatic pls check it.
My pictures of Quirivelia frutescens for comparison.
This does not look like Hemidesmus indicus to me. My photographs of Anantmul are available at this link
seen in flowering stage surely Ichnocarpusfrutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton.
I photographed this plant yesterday on roadside in Panpatha Sanctuary.
Basically it’s a creeper.
I saw Common Crow butterfly laying on this plant.
Plant height about 8-10 inches. Leaves about 3-4 inches long.
Looks like Hemidesmus indicus
Yes, Hemidesmus indicus
its Ichnocarpus frutescens
Agree with … Ichnocarpus frutescens
My Id is wrong, you are right …
This looks like Combretum albidum [C.ovalifolium] to me.
It is Ichnocarpus frutescens
Any way, This plant was growing on roadside so perfectly legal to bring it home and grow it in the garden to see the flowers for Perfect Validate ID.
Ichnocarpus frutescens from Chakrata region
Yes, I agree with … id.
No … i could not see fruits
Yes Ichnocarpus frutescens, pods are very thin and size around 5-7 cm long, dark brown color,,
ID No. MS 101012 -106 – Ichnocarpus frutescens – ID confirmation requested: Attaching herewith the photographs of Ichnocarpus frutescens. Photo was taken in a shrub jungle near Mysore in Karnataka on 07.10.12. ID confirmation requested.
Yes …, I agree with the id.
Yes … You are right
Ichnocarpus frutescens …. Please validate AS-18Oct2012: This plant looks like Apocynaceae : Ichnocarpus frutescens…. Please validate.
No tendrils or spines were visible, so I was wondering how these climb. Another plant which had similar leaves had grown to 16 ft over a coconut tree, but since it was not flowering I cannot be sure if it was the same.
Ichnocarpus frutescens 100%
…, Thanks for the response. I was not sure if there are similar looking species to rule out
150513 ASP 17 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Please identify this plant. Unfortunately no flowers or fruits. It is a medicinal herb and a woody climber. Photo was taken in March 2013 in a herbal garden in dry part of Northern Sri Lanka.
Yes, it looks like Ichnocarpus frutescens to me too.
Hooghly today – Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This seems to be Ichnocarpus frutescens R. Br.; SHYAMA LATA (শ্যামা লতা) in Bengali (also DUDHI LATA as per Bengal Plants).
Yes, you are right. ..we call this “Bandar Bel” due to its being high up on the trees and shrubs. ..
Fwd: [efloraofindia:188198] Plant Id from Bangladesh 110514SM : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4).
Habit: Shrub/ woody climber
Habitat: Scrub Jungle in plain land
Location: Tatulia, Panchagar
Ichnocarpus frutescens, Apocynaceae
……………….. Thanks …
We only one in this genus
ARJUL49 Climber for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Bangalore July 2014
looks like Ichnocarpus frutescens
ID Please : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
A climber at Bandhavgad National Park, M.P.
Ichnocarpus frutescens (Apocynaceae).
nice pics, Thanks …
another white flower with fimbriated ends
would be nice to remember its physical looks…
purifies blood and possibly liver
Climber For ID : Tiny White Flowers : Bangalore : 04DEC14 : AK-13 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Very tiny star shaped flowers, resembling Crape Jasmine.
Curious to know the id.
Seems like Cryptolepis buchananii
It doesn’t look like Cryptolepis buchananii to me.
May be some other Species of Cryptolepis.
Experts kindly verify.
…, it isn’t Cryptolepis for sure. I typed it with Ichnocarpus in mind. It definitely is Ichnocarpus frutescens as … pointed out.
Yes, thanks for the correction.
Now, the id seems correct as per the link……
TSP-JUN2016-08-396:Images of Ichnocarpus frutescens : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)
It is my pleasure to present few images of Ichnocarpus frutescens (Apocynaceae)
Habit: Woody climber
Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forests
Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl and 800 msl respectively
Date: 08-10-2014, 20-10-2014, 09-12-2014, 01-10-2015 and 15-10-2015
Names of Plants in India :: Gujarati names of Ichnocarpus frutescens : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please validate Gujarati names of Ichnocarpus frutescens …
ધૂરીબેલ dhuribel, કાલી ઉપલસરી kali upalsari
Ref: Street Ayurveda (and a couple of blog sites, all carrying ditto content).
To my knowledge, Ichnocarpus frutescens is known as શ્યામલતા in Gujarati. The names ધૂરીવેલ and ઉપલસરી (also known as ઉપલસારી or ઉપલસળી) are commonly used for Hemidesmus indicus.
કાળી ઉપલસરી could well be a plausible candidate for Ichnocarpus frutescens but I have not encountered it so far.
Thank you very very much … This is great help.
I will go with શ્યામલતા !
Names of Plants in India :: Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton : 1 post by 1 author. 1 image.
Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton … family: Apocynaceae
Bakkar – in Hindi script you have written bakkhar i. e. you have united first letter of alphabet with second letter. First letter is to be united again with first letter of the alphabet and not second one.
Thanks … I could not understand what you expressed.
I am going with bakkhar as बक्खर, of which one of the meanings found in various online Hindi dictionaries is:
Did you mean to say बक्कर ? which also means बकरा, billy goat.
Okay …, My knowledge in Hindi is limited as it is not my mother tongue.
But dear …, I am not sure whether I am correct with my justification.
Author citation for Ichnocarpus frutescens : 3 posts by 2 authors.
How would the author citation for Ichnocarpus frutescens written ?
The last among the three, seem to be written widely.
Most current & widely accepted follow Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) W.T.Aiton as per the following;
Thanks … Yes, Much of the top sites refer to (L.) W.T.Aiton, though many papers, even of recent times put it as R. Br. … and therefore the query.
I will revise my notes to show (L.) W.T.Aiton in some time.
Names of Plants in India :: Hindi names of Ichnocarpus frutescens : 7 posts by 3 authors.
Please validate following two Hindi names of Ichnocarpus frutescens listed at ENVIS-FRLHT
A very good venture!
Bengali names are also collected.
To me Hindi translation appears to be Ok. But I don’t know the meaning etc.
Thanks …, I will go ahead to add these names. Will revise them in case we get validations otherwise.
Fwd: Presence of Ichnocarpus frutescens : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 mb each.
Sir, photographed today (6.10.19) in naturally grown, blooming condition with white flowers of woody rambling shrub, locally called in Odiya as Suaanlata (Ichnocarpus frutescens)in the big govt residential area approx. 1/2acre of type, VIII, unit 6, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, used in Deepabali badabadia puja for the ancestors & made some fishing articles in rural areas., Sir, pl validate
I concur with you … for I.frutescens,
MS/ID/AUGUST/2020/15 – ID of the plant sps. : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (9)
Please ID the photos received from Chennai. Photographed last week (30.9.20).
Resembles closely: Ichnocorpus frutescens. Confirm the ID.
I guess this is correct ID !
I too agree with you both
Yes. Seen recently in full bloom in Bangalore.
SK 2761 27 September 2020 : 12 posts by 3 authors. 3 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location: Chobhar, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 14 September 2020
Producing milky sap when leaf detached.
It looks like an Apocyanaceae member
Hemidesmus species ?????
Looks close but does not match elevation.
Looks close as per images and details at Hemidesmus indicus
It is found at similar elevation in Western Ghats as per details herein.
Pl. also check in Flora of Bhutan and other sources.
Thank you …!
Any idea about its flowering and fruiting phenology ? There seems to be multiple months for its flowering months in efi posts.
July to Jan. as per book link at Flora of Peninsular India
Most likely … Let me wait for flowering season if I am lucky!
20 Identify weed plant : 5 images.
Please identify the weed plant.
Name of plant:
Location: near Reserve Forest,
District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:. 05.11.2020, 12.20pm
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: climbing branches weak stem
Height: 03 meters
Leaves shape: oval
Flower: diameter:08mm, white
Ichnocarpus frutescens ??
Yes, it’s …
Latex of this plant is yellow coloured.
Is ID wrong …?
No doubt in ID …, Ichnocarpus only, In Apocynaceae there’s some yellow coloured latex members,
Colour indicated only for clarification.