Images
by Neil Soares, Dinesh Valke  (Id by Neil Soares), Raman Arunachalam, Satish Phadke, N Muthu Karthick (id by Neil Soares), Padmanabhan Geetha, Satish Pardeshi (Id by Neil Soares), Arvind Kadus, Parvin Kawale, T Badri Narayanan (Id by Vijayasankar Raman), Satyendra Tiwari (T Badri Narayanan), S Dharma (id by Anurag N Sharma), Tsp Kumar (id by Radha Veach & Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details,
click on the links)

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rad-er-MOK-er-uh — named for Jacob Cornelis Matthias Radermacher, Dutch amateur botanist
zy-lo-KAR-puh — woody fruit … Dave’s Botanary

Native to: India
 

 

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at Shahapur [near Bombay]- (8/4/08?); Flowering season is quite long from Late Feb. upto May sometimesPune; Mulshi Valley, Pune– 21/2/09;  march  5th, 2010, Mid morning- Bandipur Forest on Kerala/ Karnataka border; Malshej Ghats;  Flowering tree – Odina wodier, Family Anacardiaceae, – indiantreepix | Google Groups WFs of Mulshi Valley, Pune – indiantreepix | Google Groups


 

 

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Radermachera xylocarpa: Radermachera xylocarpa
Marathi name: Khadshingi
Today at Phansad WLS ,Maharashtra 


– Pods of Khadshingi
Photographed at Ratnagiri
09Apr.2011


 

 

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Radermachera xylocarpa:  Name of Species: Radermachera xylocarpa
Habit :Tree
Family Name : Bignoniaceae
English Name : Padri Tree
Marathi Name : Khadshing
Hindi Name : NA
Preferred Habitat : Deciduou forests, slopes
Conservation Status : NA
Abundance  : Occasional
Date of sighting : 5th April 2011
Location : Barvi Forest, Badlapur (Maharashtra)
Habitat : Forest Clearing, SLope
Altitude : 130 Mtrs (MSL)
Flowering : Yes
Fruitining  : No


Flowering occurs between March and May but the fruit tend to remain on the trees throghout the year. Sending a few of my photographs.


Nice depicting of the seasonal variations of  foliage , flowering and fruiting by … and ….  Thanks for sharing the photographs.  I am yet to come across this tree in Mysore.


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Radermachera xylocarpa [Kharsing]: Sending a few of my photographs of Kharsing. My previous photographs are available at this link


… Leafless White Beauty


This is typical character of the bark of Radenmanchera


 

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DV :: 08APR12 – 1023 :: ¿ Heterophragma quadriloculare ? at Yeoor Hills: … would like to know if this plant is Heterophragma quadriloculare OR some other member of Bignoniaceae
Place: at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Mumbai.
Time: April 8, 2012 at 10.23am
Habit: deciduous tree
Habitat: mixed deciduous forest
more views:

It is more likely to be Kharsing [Radermachera xylocarpa]. Please refer to my mail on this dated 2nd March 2012 in the thread : Re: MS-020312 -79 ID requested – Bignoniaceae


Am convinced … with your thought.


 

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Names of Plants in India :: Radermachera xylocarpa (Roxb.) Roxb. ex K.Schum.: via Species‎ > ‎R‎ > ‎  Radermachera xylocarpa (Roxb.) Roxb. ex K.Schum. … (family: Bignoniaceae)

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
rad-er-MOK-er-uh — named for Jacob Cornelis Matthias Radermacher, Dutch amateur botanistDave’s Botanary
zy-lo-KAR-puh — woody fruitDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: padri tree, stag’s-horn trumpet-flower tree, white-flowered trumpet-flower treeGujarati: ખડસીંગી khadsingi, ખરસિંગ kharsingKannada: ಪಾದರಿ padariKonkani: घेणशिंगी genashingi, खरशिंगी kharsimgiMalayalam: വെടങ്കുരണ vetankuranaMarathi: खडशिंगी khadshingi, खुरशिंग khurasingaTamil: பாதிரி patiri, வெடங்குறுணி vetankuruni
botanical names: Radermachera xylocarpa (Roxb.) Roxb. ex K.Schum. … synonyms: Bignonia xylocarpa Roxb. • Spathodea xylocarpa (Roxb.) T.Anderson ex Brand. • Stereospermum xylocarpum (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f. • Tecoma xylocarpa (Roxb.) G.Don … The Plants List
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed at Yeoor Hills … 5 MAY 12
… more views on flickr.

 

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Trees of Lalbagh, Bangalore – Radermachera xylocarpa – Padri Tree:  Padri Tree is a large deciduous tree from Jacaranda family, growing up to 5-10 m tall. It is usually found in dry deciduous forests of Central India. It is a rare species in the Central Indian region with very thin and scattered population.  
It is widely cultivated as ornamental, for the showy flowers.  
Stem is short and erect, with gray, soft, scaly bark. Oppositely arranged leaves are double-pinnate, 1-4 ft long. Leaflets are 3-9, 5-8 cm long, elliptic, oblong, sharp tipped, with a rounded base. Fragrant white flowers appear in dense panicles at the end of branches. Flowers are 4-6 cm long, funnel shaped, white tinged with yellow. Stamens are 4 in unequal pairs. Capsules are long, up to 1 m, 5 cm wide, curved and woody.
Flowering: March-April. 
rad-er-MOK-er-uh — named for Jacob Cornelis Matthias Radermacher, Dutch amateur botanist
zy-lo-KAR-puh — woody fruit … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: padri tree, stag’s-horn trumpet-flower tree, white-flowered trumpet-flower tree • Gujarati: ખડસીંગી khadsingi, ખરસિંગ kharsing • Kannada: ಪಾದರಿ padari • Konkani: घेणशिंगी genashingi, खरशिंगी kharsimgi • Malayalam: വെടങ്കുരണ vetankurana • Marathi: खडशिंगी khadshingi, खुरशिंग khurasinga • Tamil: பாதிரி patiri, வெடங்குறுணி vetankuruni
Native to: India
References: Flowers of IndiaNPGS / GRINENVIS – FRLHTDDSAFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant  
at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Thane on 20 JUN 12
at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Thane on 05
at Mahuli near Shahapur, Maharashtra on 22 FEB 09


Yet another good set of pictures …


 

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Bignoniaceae :: Radermachera xylocarpa, (Roxb.) K. Schum. <=> Padri Tree – Bangalore – RA: Padri Tree is a large deciduous tree from Jacaranda family, growing up to 5-10 m tall.   

It is usually found in dry deciduous forests of Central India. It is a rare species in the Central Indian region with very thin and scattered population.   
It is widely cultivated as ornamental, for the showy flowers.  
Stem is short and erect, with gray, soft, scaly bark. Oppositely arranged leaves are double-pinnate, 1-4 ft long.
Leaflets are 3-9, 5-8 cm long, elliptic, oblong, sharp tipped, with a rounded base.
Fragrant white flowers appear in dense panicles at the end of branches. Flowers are 4-6 cm long, funnel shaped, white tinged with yellow. Stamens are 4 in unequal pairs.
Capsules are long, up to 1 m, 5 cm wide, curved and woody.  
Flowering: March-April.
Link


Nice Set. … you are making this week a special One 


 

 

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Bignoniaceae Week :: Natives :SMP: Radermachera xylocarpa. Pune:  Bignoniaceae Week :: Natives
Radermachera xylocarpa.
खड शिंगी
Pune


very nice. I dont think we see it on the east coast\


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Cumbum 310313 TBN 3 for id : 6 images. 7 posts by 5 authors.

Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date : 23.03.13                                                           
Location : Cumbum west western ghats, ridge on Tamilnadu Kerala border
Altitude :approx 3000 ft
Habitat :wild forest bordering plantation
Habit :small tree
Height :20 -30 ft
Leaves :compd? multipinnate
Flowers :white ? campannulate
Fruits :pod dehiscent with small protuberances on surface
Local name :does not know


Nice pictures of Radermachera xylocarpa (Bignoniaceae).


Is this tree found in M.P.
I think I saw this fruit on Bandhavgarh Fort but now that area is out of bound for tourists so I can not confirm it.


Yes this tree is found in M.P., locally known as Garud tree.
Its long tuberculated pods are sold in local market as “Garud phalli“.
These pods are presumed to repel the snakes so locally kept in houses for this purpose. I am attaching the pic of pods, though its quality is very poor.


Yes Radermachera xylocarpa


 

 

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FRUIT FOR id Attachments (1 + 1). 3 posts by 2 authors. 
This picture was taken In Bandhavgarh in April 2007.
May I request you to please help in ID of this tree.
tree is about 10-12 meter tall with these pods hanging in summer March April  


Could this be Radermachera xylocarpa? I had posted a similar looking pod from Cumbum west, Tamilnadu, which was identified as Radermachera xylocarpa by …


Flower matches to Jaimangal on Flowers of India.
I am posting a flower picture for validation.


 

 

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Fwd: [efloraofindia:179412]For Id 140114JM1 Attachments (3). 6 posts by 3 authors.
pls name this plant. i found it very near to my village.
if possible give hindi name as well.


This is Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz

Check this link for all local names.
To me it looks more like Stereospermum xylocarpum, syn. Radermachera xylocarpa, Bignoniaceae.
It is confusing without fruit or flowers, but I think the texture of the leaves and bark is distinctive.
Check this link for local names!
http://flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Padri%20Tree.html


This could be of Stereospermum chelonoides.
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Fragrant%20Padri%20Tree.html


Stereospermum chelonoides has uni-pinnate leaves.. But in this case, its distinctly bi-pinnate, suggesting either Radermachera or Oroxylum.

Based on the bark, being flaking off and NOT smooth, I agree with … with the ID-
Radermachera xylocarpa (Roxb.) Roxb. ex K.Schum.


Thanks … for the correction and reasoning. I agree with the id Radermachera xylocarpa.


Agree with … This is Kharsing [Radermachera xylocarpa]. This could also be confused with Mokha [Schrebera swietenioides].

Some of my photographs of Kharsing are available at these links.
Please also check my first set of photographs at this link {which have wrongly been labelled as Mokha [Schrebera swietenioides]} 


 

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DSAPR01/01 Tree identifcation request : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
What tree is this – growing in the forests of Coorg.
White flowers slighlty offensive smell. Pod long and covered with spines. Thanks in advance


Looks like Radermachera xylocarpa (Bignoniaceae).


Excellent … – seems bang on! I collected the pods as well and they match the description. It appears to be a tree endemic to the peninsula yet this is the first time I came across it. Beautiful specimen.


 

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Radermachera xylocarpa : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3).  

Radermachera xylocarpa
Marathi name: Kharsing
At Tansa WLS,Maharshtra
25March,2015


 

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75-TSP-ID-07JUN2016-2:Tree @ Chikmagalur for ID : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Kindly identify this Tree 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forest, an escape..? 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 08-05-2016 


This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare]. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this. Please also check this link


I was hesitating between Heterphragma quadriloculare and Radermachera xylocarpa.
Heterophragma tends to flower when the tree is in leaf, whereas Radermachera flowers when the tree is leafless. The latter also flowers later in the season.
Wondering what made you decide, …?


Varas [Heterophragma quadriloclare] flowers when the tree is in leaf  as seen in my photographs [attached below]

Kharsing [Radermachera xylocarpa] typically flowers when totally leafless as seen at these links.
From my notes over the last few years Varas generally flowers between January and March with new leaves sprouting around July to August, whereas Kharsing flowers between March to May.
Attachments (5)

Thanks … on your serious thoughts.


Yes more possibility that it is Radermachera xylocarpa


 

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A ‘Nectar Thief’ : 12 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (4)

Photographed at my farm at Shahapur [near Bombay] – a Purple Sunbird [Cinnyris asiaticus] ‘thieving nectar’ from the flowers of Radermachera xylocarpa [Kharsing].
Flowers pollinated by sunbirds are usually red in colour and tubular in shape eg. the Bonfire tree [Firmiana colorata]. As the bird drinks nectar, pollen rubs off onto its beak and head and is then transported to pollinate the next flower it visits.
White flowers are generally pollinated by insects [flies, bees, moths] and bats.
‘Mutualism’ is a symbiosis in which both partners benefit- ie. the bird gets a nectar meal as a reward for assisting in pollination of the flowers.
Hence as seen in the photographs here, the sunbird is indulging in ‘nectar thieving’ by stealing nectar through holes it has made in the corollas of the flowers.

Beautiful capture and interesting info.
By the way Radermachera xylocarpa seems to be a little uncommon tree. One sole member is seen in Pune city on Pune University to Aundh road.
Earlier I had thought it to be Heterophragma quadriloculare.(Waras)
Though both are from Bignoniaceae family.There is a small difference.
The R. Xylocarpa flowers have a distinct yellow colour in their funnels with fairly pure white colour of the flowers as against H. quadrloculare. Also the fruits differ….Have yet to see the KHARSHING or wild bull’s horn.


Attaching my pictures. Attachments (2) 


Great pictures there! Does R. xylocarpa fruit readily in your area?


Thanks for your comments. Kharsing is a fairly common tree in my area, but on point of fact have observed it flowering for the first time.This may be because they are not too many really large tree around- presumably the villagers may have cut them down for whatever reason.
This tree being on my property is protected. Incidently there were 2 pods on the tree [what … has labelled ‘Wild Bull’s Horns]. Am sending you a photograph of the same. Attachments (1)

Radermachera is a genus of 15-16 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to southeastern Asia. They are evergreen trees reaching 5-40 m tall, with bipinnate or tripinnate leaves, and panicles of large bell-shaped, white, pink, pale purple or yellow flowers 5-7 cm diameter.
The genus is named after Jacob Cornelis Matthieu Radermacher, the 18th century Dutch naturalist who cataloged much of the flora of Java and Sumatra.


For last three years I am observing this tree(Radermachera xylocarpa) flowering and the season is quite long from Late Feb. Upto May sometimes. Even at present the tree is in full bloom …..with not a single leaf visible as against Heterophragma quadriloculare.(Waras) on which lot of foliage is observed along with flowers. The bark of (Radermachera xylocarpa) is more yellowish. So far I don’t remember observing any fruit(Sheng/?shing) on it …will certainly try to observe this year.


Just to support your observation, I am sharing a photo I took this morning from my balcony (at quite a distance) which I think demonstrates exactly what you are saying. In this case, it looks like that the sunbird has pierced the base of the flower because of the upright position of the flower, preventing the bird from ‘dipping in’ from top. Attachments (1)


I am too attaching a similar photo of a Purple sunbird demonstrating how it reaches (steals) for the nectar from tubular flowers like Ipomea….In the other image, you can also see the insertion made at the base of the flower…… 
I think this has great evolutionary significance, because the sunbirds by doing this, avoids the payment of pollination services in exchange of the nectar reward…..so such plants might sure, some day(??), would evovle to fix this :)) Attachments (2)


Your photos are such a delight. Hope to see more on Indiantreepix in future.


 

References:
The Plant List  GRIN (Different from The Plant List) Flowers of India  ENVIS – FRLHT  DDSA  CAB Abstracts

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