Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma 2: 171 1877. (Syn. Ophioxylon album Gaertn.; Ophioxylon obversum Miq.; Ophioxylon salutiferum Salisb.; Ophioxylon serpentinum L.; Ophioxylon trifoliatum Gaertn.; Rauvolfia obversa (Miq.) Baill.; Rauvolfia serpentina var. obversa (Miq.) Bakh. f.; Rauvolfia trifoliata (Gaertn.) Baill.);
Indian snakeroot, java devil pepper, ichneumon-plant, insanity herb, rauvolfia root, rauwolfia, serpentine wood, snakeroot, snakewood • Assamese: arachoritita • Bengali: চন্দ্র chandra • Gujarati: સર્પગંધા sarpagandha • Hindi: chandrabhaga, छोटा चांद chota-chand, नाकुली nakuli, सर्पगंधा sarpagandha • Kannada: ಸರ್ಪಗನ್ಧ sarpangandha, ಸರ್ಪಗನ್ಧೀ sarpagandhi, ಶಿವನಾಭಿಬಳ್ಳಿ shivanabhiballi, sutranavi, ಪತಾಳಗನ್ಧೀ patalagandhi • Malayalam: അമല്പൊരി amalpori, chuvannavilpori, സര്പ്പഗന്ധി sarppagandhi, suvapavalporiyam • Marathi: harkaya, harki, नाकुली nakuli • Oriya: patalagarar, sanochado • Sanskrit: चन्द्रिका chandrika, नाकुली nakuli, पातालगरुड patalgaruda, सर्पगंधा sarpagandha • Tamil: chevanamalpodi • Telugu: patalaguni, patalagaruda, sarpagandha • Urdu: چاند چهوٿا chota chand, ناکلي nakuli;
These are shiny bright green on the upper surface & pale green on the lower surface. Flowers are white / violet ting.
Folks will use these roots rubbed on stone with water & light yellow paste is obtained & applied for wounds, fever, nervous disorders, giddiness, abdominal pain etc.;
Besides its medicinal value, people believes that it deters snakes;
This Critically Endangered species is also in the Negative List of Exports of Govt. of India, as well as in the Appendix II of CITES. The collection of this species from wild and its trade is banned.
As per efi thread : Sarpagandha and Chasalia comes under the same family Rubiaceae. The inflorescence looks alike when in flower (except the size; flowers are smaller and straight in Sarpagandha). Sarpagandha plants are always smaller than Chasalia. Fruiting inflorescence of Sarpagandha is red whereas in Chasalia it is white.
25032011 pj3 sharing: Please find attached rauvolfia serpentina photographed during monsoon. These are shiny bright green on the upper surface & pale green on the lower surface. Flowers are white / violet ting. Folks will use these roots rubbed on stone with water & light yellow paste is obtained & applied for wounds, fever, nervous disorders, giddiness, abdominal pain etc. We have good population of this herb.
Please take necessary steps to conserve its population in your area, and protect it from the illegal traders.
Rauwolfia serpentina from Herbal garden Samalkha Panipat: Rauwolfia serpentina
From Herbal Garden Samalkha Panipat
Family: Apocynaceae (oleander family)
Rauvolfia serpentina = Rauwolfia serpentina !: An elaborate search in the net tells me that the accepted scientific name of this species would be Rauvolfia serpentina.
I wonder where from the name Rauwolfia serpentina came, as can be seen in many old edition of text books, and also in – http://kbd.kew.org/kbd/detailedresult.do?id=152609 , yet didn’t find any mention in http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-176968 ?
Habit & Habitat : herb, plant height 2 feet avg., wild & cultivated
Date : 25-07-2009 & 27-07-2009
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)
Beautiful shots of Sarpgandha
Thank you …, we also call it SARPAGANDHA in Bengali. We planted those sarpagandha in our school premises and in some of our students’ home-yard in 2009. Moreover, those saplings were collected from the wild.
dont know about this one
Yes & No! Yes, we too have one or two of these confusion. Our school is Vidyamandir, while on the other hand we do not say vidya as in normal practice. There is li and la-e-hraswi ! No, i didn’t see kahani yet!
We had a discussion earlier on this issue. Dear … had answered this query.
resolved? not really…
Long time ago i read a a few lines about Alfred Nobel stating that he was afraid of mathematics in his childhood and that’s why he didn’t have any Nobel prize in Mathematics! There was another explanation too!
Don’t know if Linnaeus had same experience with the ‘W’ or not!
poor mr Linnaeus,
Rauvolfia serpentina: This plant is growing in our garden at Tala Bandhavgarh Umariya M.P.
Hooghly Today : Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz : Attachments (5). 3 posts by 2 authors.
I have an earlier upload of this plant, an excellent learning session from …
It is very surprising that this plant is now known as SARPOGANDHA (সর্পগন্ধা) in Bengali. But, in earlier literature it is CHANDRAA (চন্দ্রা).
Besides its medicinal value, people believes that it deters snakes. Let us see what Roxburgh noted.
Please, see the text on the top of the page of the above link.
06072013 ASP 84 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Please ID this medicinal plant with purple/white flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Dec 2012.
06072013 ASP 83 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Please ID this medicinal herb with red flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Dec 2012.
Plant for ID (ii) : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7).
Found in Bangalore
Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz [Apocynaceae].
Rauvolfia serpentina, Rare in Bangladesh
Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz from Assam: 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).
Attached images are Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz collected in wild state.
Family : Apocynaceae
Genus & species : Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz
Habitat: Grows wild on hill slopes
Distribution : rare
Plant For ID : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 070614 : AK-16 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
A small plant seen growing wild near the waterfalls on 18/5/14.
Is this Rauvolfia serpentina?
Yes it is. It is found in the area as wild.
HAL 6 2014/12/18 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Please ID this small shrub. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Mar 2013.
Instinctively looks like Rauvolfia serpentina. Closer look in the field will confirm ID.
Identification : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz (accepted name) ??? : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location: Kurintar, Chitwan, Nepal
Altitude: 900 ft.
Date: 13 April 2012
Accepted name. Is it frequent there?
This was my first sight but I believe it is abundant in moist forest from msl to 1200 m.
TMC Biodiversity Park Thane
Date: April 15, 2018 … Altitude: about 15 m (50 feet) asl
Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz
Rauvolfia serpentina at Amarkantak forest department nursery, Madhya Pradesh : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly confirm Rauvolfia serpentina, photographed in July 2018 at the Amarkantak forest department nursery, Madhya Pradesh.
nice to see active nursery stock but did not the botanists at the forest dept or the nursery itself verify the seed source and identify them ??? as consumers we rely on such horticultural expertise? is that reliance correct?
Shrub for identification! : 18 posts by 8 authors. Attachments (1)- 3 mb.
Could you please help identifying this species?
Photographed in August 26, 2018,
Observed in floor of Sal forest.
Elevation 700m, midhills, central Nepal.
Thanks, …, Do you have any image showing full plant?
yes full plant would help
Here is the one I have. I focussed only on fruiting part. Did not take full plant. Its lesson for future. It was only 40-60 cm tall.
Attachments (1)- 3 mb.
Can this be Rauvolfia serpentina?
Thanks, …, I feel may be some Rubiaceae member.
I was a bit too slow. I see that Rauvolfia serpentina has already been suggested
No doubt…. Rauwolfia serpentina only
Thank you. It could be some species close to Rauwolfia serpentina.
Or it could be some plant from rubiaceae.
Had it been Rubiaceae, the calyx lobed would have been seen over the top of the fruit… so it is Apocynaceae…
Good observation …; I endorse with you.
so my first impression was ok. yet in the pictures, the fruits berries seem “jointed”. does that bother anyone or is it just the angle of photo
In Apocynaceae family there is a tendency for ovaries to be apocarpous though style and stigma are fused
thanks for the scientific reason. did you look at the fruits i have question about
do you see what i see? but do take a look. just for my sake.
I guess it is Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz only. url
RAUVOLFIA SERPENTINA : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Attaching four collages of Rauvolfia serpentina (SARPAGANDHA).
RAUVOLFIA SERPENTINA : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Rauvolfia serpentina with flowers and fruits.
Rauvolfia serpentina AT/JUNE2020/13 : 2 posts by 2 authors.
Details on Sarpagandha
Plant for ID : Nasik : 30OCT20 : AK-54 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
A small, cultivated plant seen in Nasik.