Rhizophora mucronata Lam., Encycl. 6: 189 189 1804. (Syn: Rhizophora candelaria Wall.; Rhizophora longissima Blanco; Rhizophora macrorrhiza Griff.; Rhizophora mangle Roxb.; Rhizophora mucronata f. reducta Hochr.; Rhizophora rugens Ehrenb. ex Schweinf.);
NE-Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.), Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Cameroon, Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland), Taiwan, Ryukyu Isl., Seychelles, Madagascar, Comoros (Mayotte, etc.), New Caledonia, Fiji, Vanuatu, peninsular Malaysia (all coasts), Singapore, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines (throughout), Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isl., Moluccas, New Guinea, Andamans (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Taninthayi), Java, Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind, Indus Delta), Maldives, Bangladesh, Gilbert Isl. (Butaritari, Tarawa, Aranuka, Nonouti, Onotoa), Marshall Isl. (Ailinglapalap), Micronesia (Yap, Faraulap, Woleai, Ifaluk, Truk, Moen, Todiu, Romonum, Dublon, Tol, Udot, Fefan, Losap, Namoluk, Etal, Satawan, Lukunor, Pohnpei, Pingelap, Kosrae), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror), Southern
Marianas (Guam), Tonga (Vava’u), Egypt (SE-Egypt), Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir), Yemen (W-Yemen: Tihama) as per Catalogue of Life;
ree-ZOH-for-uh — bearing roots, referring to the typical aerial roots … Dave’s Botanary
muh-kron-AH-tuh — with a short tip … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Asiatic mangrove, boriti poles, loop-root mangrove, red mangrove, simple-cymed mangrove • Bengali: ভারা bhara, গর্জন garjan, ঝানা jhana, খামু khamu • Gujarati: ચેરિયાં cheriyan, કરોડ karod • Kannada: ಕಾಂದಲೆ kandale, ನಿಜ ಕಂಡ್ಲಾ nija kaandla, ಓಳ್ಳೇ ಕಂಡ್ಲಾ olle kaandla • Konkani: कोंदळं komdalam • Malayalam: പനച്ചിക്കണ്ടല് panachchikkantal, പ്രാന്തൻ കണ്ടൽ pranthankantal • Marathi: डुंबी dumbi, कामो kamo, कांदळ kandal, कुरनो kurano • Oriya: ରାଇ ଗଛ rai gachha • Tamil: கண்டல் kantal, பேய்க்கண்டல் pey-k-kantal • Telugu: అడవి పొన్న adavi ponna, కండ్ల kandla, మంచి పొన్న manci ponna, పొన్న ponna, ఉప్పు పొన్న uppu ponna • Tulu: ಕಂಡ್ಲಾ kaandla
As per efi thread :
R.mucronata since the corolla is hairy. In case of R.apiculata, the corolla is glabrous.
Request for ID….
Date/Time- 05th April 2010, 08.20 a.m.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Vellas, Tahasil- Mandangad, Dist. Ratnagiri, Maharashtra वेळास, ता.- मंडणगड, जि.- रत्नागिरी, महाराष्ट्र
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Close to Sea shore
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
This looks like Rhizophora mucronata.
I also think this plant is Rhizophora mucronata from the Family Rhizophoraceae.
This tree is Rhizophora mucronata Poir.
Tamil Name: Khandal
A bit more information regarding Rhizophora mucronata.
This is one of the Mangrove species and so found in marshy areas.
mucronata is due to the ‘mucronate apex’ i.e. spiny tip forming at apex of leaf emerging out actually from lower side of leaf.
There are two good articles found for R. mucronata. Pls have look at it
pics taken in the mangrove forests at Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Chorao island, Goa in Feb 2009.
More tolerant of sandy and firmer ground than other Rhizophoras.
Grows well in soft mud too and is believed to be among the few that can survive complete daily inundation.
Fruits: Brown, leathery, oval/conical fruit. The seed germinates in the fruit forming a seedling up to 60cm long. The seedling grows straight, has a warty bumpy surface and a pointed tip.
Leaves: Leaf stipule yellowish. Tiny black spots on the underside of the leaf.
Roots: All Rhizophora species have arching stilt roots that emerge from the trunk, hence their scientific name Rhizophora which means “root bearer” in Greek.
These roots not only hold up the tree in soft mud, but are also permeable to gases, while remaining impermeable to salts. In fact, the entire upper root system including the trunk and prop roots that emerge from the branches have this feature. Thus the roots also help the tree to breathe.
Kindly help to id this mangrove tree.
Is this Rhizophora sp.?
Yes it is R. mucronata, the corollas have fallen off and only 4 lobed persistent calyx can be seen.
As we went deeper and deeper into the Pichavaram waters, (Chidambaram, Chennai,Tamil Nadu) we could see clearly the mangroves. On enquiring its name, Ezhumalai rattled off the words “Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora muconata and avicennia” – the scientific name of these trees and proceeded to inform us that this type of vegetation could be found in only two places in India – the Sunderbans and in Pichavaram. And finally we were able to get a good look at the mangroves. Half submerged in water, it seemed to rest as if on its branches while the leaves looked green, shiny and rather appealing. On closer inspection we noticed that the tree sprouts a stem which grows and embeds itself into the ground or should we say the waters. Just the way the branches of the banyan tree grow and pierce the ground to become roots below. No beginning and no end. That’s what even the mangroves looked like.
Travelogue and some more photographs on
May 23, 2008
Pichavaram , Chidambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu)
Do I understand that your message says that mangroves are only found in two places of India — the Sunderbans and in Pichavaram ?
OR am I missing some context?
India has about 4000 sq. km of Mangroves, about 50% of which falls in Sundarbans, a sizeable chunk can be found in Gujarat (mainly in Kuchchh area) and Andaman Nicobar Islands (Gujarat and A&N= together about 30%), rest mainly in Orissa (Mahanadi delta), Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra (Together about 15%). Scattered are some patches in Goa, Kerala; TN and other places. Some claim more species diversity in Gujarat than Sundarbans, others refute. Bangladesh has the largest mangrove tract.
Thanks for the relevant information, …
Intention of querying was to check for any misunderstanding.
The plant showing vivipary seems to me a Rhizophora sp. possibly R. mucronata
We at Thane are also lucky in having a mangrove belt as we have the creek coming from Arabian sea on two sides from Trombay and Bassein creek as well as we have an estuary Of Ulhas river which flows down towards Arabian sea as a result we have mangroves that need more of fresh water like Rhizophora as well mangroves that grow well in more saline waters like Avicennia marina in addition there is good number of Sonneretia trees also.
Came across this Mangrove tree at the backwaters near Ganapatipule. The roots and fruits (Seed pods?) looks unique. Could this be Rhizophora mangle, i.e. Red mangrove plant ?
I hope this plant is Rhizophora mucronata, very common around the place you are denoting.
Rhizophora mucronata from Devgad: Sharing a flower pic. of a Mangrove tree Rhizophora mucronata (Family: Rhizophoraceae).
Location: Devgad, Maharashtra.
Habitat: Wild (Mangrove)
Plant Habit: Tree.
Kindly have a look at the link for photographs of Habitat and Tree.
Names of Plants in India :: Rhizophora mucronata Lam.: Rhizophora mucronata Lam. … (family: Rhizophoraceae)
ree-ZOH-for-uh — bearing roots, referring to the typical aerial roots
muh-kron-AH-tuh — with a short tip … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Asiatic mangrove, boriti poles, loop-root mangrove, red mangrove, simple cymed mangrove• Bengali: ¿ ভারা ? bhara, গর্জন garjan • Gujarati: કરોડ karod • Kannada: ¿ ಕಾಂದಳೆ ? kandale, ನಿಜ ¿ ಕಾಂದಳೆ ? nija kandale, ಒಳ್ಳೆ ¿ ಕಾಂದಳೆ ? olle kandale • Konkani: ¿ कोंदळं ? komdalam • Malayalam: പനച്ചിക്കണ്ടല് panaccikkantal • Marathi: कामोडुंबी kamodumbi, कांदळ kandal • Oriya: ରାଇ ଗଛ rai gachha • Tamil: கண்டல் kantal, பேய்க்கண்டல் pey-k-kantal • Telugu: అడవి పొన్న adavi ponna, మంచి పొన్న manci ponna, ఉప్పు పొన్న uppu ponna
botanical names: Rhizophora mucronata Lam. … synonyms: Mangium candelarium Rumphius • Rhizophora candelaria Wight & Arn. • Rhizophora longissima Blanco • Rhizophora macrorrhiza Griff. … The Plants List
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Photographed at Devgad, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra … 12 MAY 12
… more views on flickr.
Could you guide me on how to tag the images with google earth KML file. I recently acquired Garmin GPS adn would like to follow the same practice.
I use Picmeta PhotoTracker … http://www.picmeta.com/download.htm
Download the software (hopefully, freeware yet)
You should be able to proceed from here.
Update, names revised / added …
Velas, March 2014 :: Requesting ID confirmation of this plant at Velas, Konkan Coast, Maharashtra :: 25MAR2014 :: ARK-20 : Attachments (6). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting to please validate ID of this plant captured at Velas near Harihareshwar, Konkan Coast, Maharashtra in March 2014.
Is it Rhizophora mucronata?
Yes R.mucronata since the corolla is hairy. In case of R.apiculata, the corolla is glabrous.
The images are really nice showing all features.
Konkan, May 2014 :: Rhizophora mucronata :: 16JUN14 :: ARK-30 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7).
Requesting to please validate the ID (Rhizophora mucronata) of this mangrove captured in a small village near the Konkan coast, Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
This is R. mucronata.
Tree for Id ( from Sundarban)- ID17022018SH1 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Tree for Id pl.-This is a mangrove. We were told that these peculiar arrow-like pods after maturation fall vertically in the mud so that they germinates fast.
Location – Sundarban, West Bengal
Date – Nov. 2017
Rhizophora mucronta ..
it is showing vivipary, seed germinated in fruit
Rhizophora mucronata Poir.
Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · 12:14 PM IST :: about 14 m (46 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach and Nandan Sreejith for validating the ID at iNaturalist
Rhizophora mucronata Poir.
Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · 11:47 AM IST :: about 12 m (39 ft) asl
Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 POWO
Flora of China
FOC illustration Flora of Pakistan FOP illustration Flora of peninsular India