Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume, Bijdr. 286 1825. (Syn: Aerides guttata (Lindl.) Roxb. ….; Anota violacea (Rchb.f.) Schltr.; Epidendrum hippium Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don ..; Gastrochilus blumei (Lindl.) Kuntze …..; Limodorum retusum (L.) Sw.; Orchis lanigera Blanco; Rhynchostylis albiflora I.Barua & Bora …..; Saccolabium blumei Lindl. ……..; Sarcanthus guttatus Lindl. ….);
rin-koh-STY-liss — Greek: rhynchos (beak), stylis (small pillar) … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchid • Assamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool • Bengali: কপৌ ফুল kopou phool • Coorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Hindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi mala • Kannada: ದ್ರೌಪದಿ ಮಾಲೆ draupadi maale, ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande, ಸೀತಾಳೆ seetale • Konkani: पणस केळी panas keli • Malayalam: അണ്ണാന്താളി annaan thali, അണ്ണാന് വാലന് annaan vaalan, ആഞ്ഞിലി മരവാഴ ansjili maravara, ബിട്ടി മരം മരവാഴ biti maram maravazha, ദ്രൌപദി മാല Draupadi mala, സീതമുടി sitamuti • Manipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjirei • Marathi: गजरा gajara, पणस केळी panas keli, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veni • Nepali: घोगे गावा ghoge gava, थुर thur • Telugu: చింత రణము chintaranam • Tulu: ಓಪತಿಮಾಲೆ opathimale
Native to: India, tropical Asia
Rhynchostylis retusa is the State Flower of two states in India, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
RHYNCHOSTYLIS RETUSA: At this time of the year, we have Rhynchostylis retusa (a common orchid of this place) in plenty. You must be knowing, in Assam girls decorate their hair with this orchid, in BIHU dance (in their language the flower is known as KOPOP PHUL). Attaching an image of this beautiful orchid.
– I have documented information about Traditional Formulations in which this orchid is added as important ingredient. Many of these formulations are used in treatment of Sickle Cell Anaemia.
You can find my pictures of this orchid in coming parts of this series.
Medicinal Herbs for Sickle Cell Anaemia © Pankaj Oudhia.
DV :: 05SEP091037 :: Acampe ¿ praemorsa ?: Please validate this epiphytic plant to be Acampe praemorsa.
Place: Aarey Milk Colony, near Chota Kashmir …. on Google Maps<http://goo.gl/maps/Xsw1>…
Altitude: 118 ft above asl.
Date / Time: September 5, 2009 at 10.37am IST
[image: ¿ Acampe sp. ?]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/3892669080/>
this plant is Rhynchostylis retusa … via response from .. to my flickr mail.
Names of Plants in India :: Rhynchostylis retusa: Rhynchostylis retusa
[image: Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/4780021370/>
[image: Flowers of India]<http://www.flowersofindia.in/catalog/slides/Foxtail%20Orchid.html>
[image: Discussions at efloraofindia]<https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#%21searchin/indiantreepix/Rhyn…>
[image: more views in flickr]<http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Rhynchostylisretusa&m=tags&z=m>
[image: more views on Google Earth]<http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/geo/india/&tags=Rhynchostylisret…>
State Flower of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam
rin-koh-STY-liss — from the Greek rhynchos (beak) and stylis (small pillar)
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip
commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchid • Assamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool • Coorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Hindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi mala • Kannada: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Konkani: panas koli • Manipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjirei • Marathi: गजरा gajara, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veni • Nepali: ghoge gava • Oriya: pumam • Telugu: chintaranam
botanical names: Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume … synonyms: Aerides retusa (L.) Sw. • Epidendrum retusum L. • Gastrochilus retusus (L.) Kuntze • Limodorum retusum (L.) Sw. • Orchis lanigera Blanco • Saccolabium retusum (L.) Voigt • Sarcanthus guttatus Lindl. … and more at The Plants List
Names revised, added …
Telugu: చింతరణం (Chintaranam)
Rhynchostylis retusa :: ghoge gava in Nepali: How would the name ghoge gava for Rhynchostylis retusa, be spelt in Nepali … घोगे गावा ?
Today one of my Nepali friends informed that Rhynchostylis retusa is popularly known as सुनाखरी (Sunakhari) in Nepal. He was not aware of the name Ghoge Gava.
Many thanks … for the possible name सुनाखरी for Rhynchostylis retusa.
सुनाखरी is the general name for all orchids whereas घोगे गावा Ghoge Gaavaa / थुर Thur is the specific name for R. retusa.
Rhynchostylis retusa :: State Flower of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh: Rhynchostylis retusa is the State Flower of two states in India, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool is its name in Assamese.
Failed to find any mention of its local name in Arunachal Pradesh …
perhaps because there are too many languages prevalent there.
Yet will be glad to know of any common name (other than foxtail orchid).
For instance, sita pushpa, draupadi pushpa are mentioned in web pages related to orchids of the state, though not clearly.
Arunachal Pradesh is blessed with a cultural diversity of more than 30 major tribes and most of them are also good at speaking Assamese language. Most of the times, its a connecting language between people
belonging from two different communities.
The most popular name for Rhynchostylis retusa in Arunachal is Kopou phool only. However, there are many other local names used by different indigenous communities.
Orchids on Orchid: Was at my farm at Shahapur during the Diwali holidays. Baby orchids [presumably also Fox-tail orchids] were sprouting on the epiphytic roots of a large Fox-tail [Rhychostylis retusa] orchid. Sending a few photographs.
Wow, thats an interesting observation. Those plantlets are so small yet they have such thick roots…
That’s an interesting observation and you are lucky to have a farm where these guys grow naturally.
031111PD05 Aerides multiflora Flora of Orissa: sharing the images of Aerides multiflora taken from Ranpur.
Name of the species: Aerides multiflora
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Altitude: 400 to 700 m above msl
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
it is Rhynchostylis retusa and not Aerides multiflora.
I think … is correct.
The lip in this picture is that of R. retusa and not Aerides.
Please A. multiflora
INTRASPECIFIC COLOUR VARIATION IN ORCHID: Colour variation in Rhynchostylis retusa (Lindley) Blume
Attaching an image of a Large Cabbage-white butterfly on the flowers of Rhynchostylis retusa (an orchid).
Rhynchostylis retusa : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Rhynchostylis retusa Flower closeup.
Location – Murbad. Thane Dist. MH.
Orchidaceae Fortnight: 02102013 for ID from Bhimtal in Uttarakhand GS-9: Attachments (2). 5 posts by 2 authors.
Please help in the ID of this epiphytic orchid photographed from Bhimtal in Uttarakhand in April
This is a Rhynchostylis retusa. Please note the retuse leaf apex.
Thanks a lot …. Now I can ay I have several identified orchids
Ofcourse there is no doubt about it sir.
Orchidaceae fortnight :: Rhynchostylis retusa :: Tungareshwar WLS :: DV39 : 5 images. 6 posts by 5 authors.
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume
rin-koh-STY-liss — Greek: rhynchos (beak), stylis (small pillar) … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchid • Assamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool • Coorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Hindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi mala • Kannada: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Konkani: panas koli •Malayalam: അണ്ണാന്താളി annaan thali, അണ്ണാന് വാലന് annaan vaalan, ആഞ്ഞിലി മരവാഴ ansjili maravara, ബിട്ടി മരം മരവാഴ biti maram maravazha, ദ്രൌപദി മാല Draupadi mala • Manipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjirei • Marathi: गजरा gajara, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veni • Nepali: ghoge gava • Oriya: pumam • Telugu: chintaranam
Native to: India, tropical Asia
References: Flowers of India • Wikipedia • Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on 10 JUL 10
Thanks for excellent pics …
this plant is reported from Haryana Siwaliks, I have not been lucky enough to see this till now..
Excellent habitat pics… It shows that the plant grows in open areas more luxuriantly than in the dense forests.
ORCHIDACEAE Juss. Fortnight: Rhynchostylis retusa from Bhimtaal UK BS 27 : Attachments (5). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Rhynchostylis retusa from Bhimtaal UK BS 27
ORCHIDACEAE Fortnight: Rhynchostylis retusa from Uttarakhand DSR_19 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Bl. Is one of the most common orchids up to 1800m altitudes in Uttarakhand growing over different trees. It is one of the most beautiful orchids too with long hanging spikes.
Orchidaceae Fortnight: 12102013GS1 for ID from Agastamuni in Uttarakhand GS-21 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please help in the ID of this herb photographed from Agastamuni in Uttarakhand In June
Orchidaceae Fortnight:: Rhyncostylis retusa | Barvi forest : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 5 authors.
Barvi forest, Badlapur, Maharashtra
Yes Rhynchostylis retusa!!
Thanks all for feedback. …, it was near a stream (or to call a forest nullah).
Orchidaceae fortnight :: Orchid for ID:: at North Karnataka :: PKA65 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Saw this Orchid at North Karnataka. Could not see any flowers..
Date/Time: 29-05-2011 / 02:00PM
Yes this is Rhynchostylis retusa…
Orchidaceae fortnight :: Rhynchostylis retusa:: at North Karnataka :: PKA64 : Attachments (2). 5 posts by 5 authors.
Rhynchostylis retusa seen at North Karnataka.
Nice. Yes Rhynchostylis retusa.
ORCHIDACEAE Juss. Fortnight: 221013-3 Orchid for id from Way to Ukhimath BS87 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Orchid for id from Way to Ukhimath
ORCHIDACEAE Juss. Fortnight: 221013-4 Orchid for id from Manipur BS88 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Orchid for id from Manipur
These printed Pics were shot and provided to us by some of ours Classmates from Manipur ( Who were resident of Manipur) in 1998
State flower of Assam Rhynchostylis retusa from Jorhat, Assam, India: SCFEB18 : 11 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (2).
Rhynchostylis retusa (Orchidaceae)
They bloom on an axillary pendant to 60 cm (24 in) long, racemose, densely flowered, cylindrical inflorescence that occurs in the winter and early spring.
In Assam, it is popularly known as Kopou Phool, and is an integral part of a Bihu dancer’s attire. Among the youths, this orchid is regarded as symbol of love. This orchid also acts as a symbol of fertility and merriment. The inflorescence is also used in the marriage ceremony of the local people.
Considering the importance of this orchid, it is usually seen under cultivation in almost all Assameese families and its the state flower of Assam. This is also called Foxtail Orchid.
Pictures are taken near Jorhat, Assam, India during April, 2006.
Beautiful pictures, … ! I also liked the ‘State Flowers’ concept. Great work!
Thanks so much … for your encouraging words. But I don’t have the collection of all State flowers and State trees. I hope that other members also posted in this category.
Wow, Nice photographs. I too liked the way U R sharing the pics
One member can make so much difference this we learnt in last few years on eflora and me, still learning and seeing the difference members made on this group.
Now I am highly impressed with the postings and replies of …
I feel others do feel the same.
… made the difference initially and now list is pretty long.
Well done …, Thanks to you for all you efforts and time.
Orchids from Sikkim-Darjeeling Tour- Rhynchostylis retusa from cultivation:: NS July 03 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).
This beautiful orchid was found potted near Pelling…
Thanks … for id.. please correct if otherwise..
Yes sir, Rhynchostylis retusa.
sharing FLORA OF KAIGA 06092014 PTR2 : 1 post by 1 author.
Pl see attached Rhynchostylus retusa from Kaiga
Date/Time-:12/07/14 – 08:30
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Orchid
along NH4A between Khanapur & Anmod :: Rhynchostylis retusa :: DVFEB55/88 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.
along National Highway No. 4A … between Khanapur & Anmod
Date: 29 MAY 2011 … Altitude: about 650 m asl
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume … (family: Orchidaceae)
Flora of Kaiga_sharing Rhynchostylis retusa Closeup _03082015 PTR3 : 1 post by 1 author.
Flora of Kaiga_Sharing- Rhynchostylis retusa Closeup__03082015 PTR3
TSPOCT2015-14:Images of Rhyncostylis retusa shared. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
It is my pleasure to share a few images of Rhynchostylis retusa (Orchidaceae)
Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl
More epiphytic orchids (Andaman Islands): Photos from 2011-01-08 shows a monopodial orchid, probably a Vanda from Elephant Beach, Havelock Island, Andamans Islands. I know it is impossible to ID Vandas without flowers but number of species might be limited, so does anyone know this one?
This doesnt look like Vanda to me. I need to check atleast fruit of dry floral stalks.
There is only one species of Vanda (Vanda teres + Papilionanthe teres) has been recorded from A & N Islands. The plant looks to me lie Aerides emericii if not Rhynchostylis retusa.
This could be Aerides emericii but can you please tell him to have a look at the leaf apex, which is more retuse and has more than 2 points. I assume Aerides emericii will have only two pointed lobes. But I have never seen this plant in real.
This is again Rhyncostylis retusa. Very evident from the leaf apex which is retuse.
Growing in green house
Rhynchostylis retusa to me.
yes this one is Rhynchostylis retusa…… but inflorescence is very short…
Rhynchostylis retusa for sure.
Rhynchostylis retusa : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Yes Rhynchostylis retusa. Thanks a lot for shaing.
Adding locations for each species really helps in maintaining good information about the species.
Yes this is Rhynchostylis retusa
… some Telugu names needed in native script : 2 posts by 1 author.
Please help me with these Telugu names (if valid) in native script …
chintaranamu … Rhynchostylis retusa … Wikipedia
they are as follows చింత రణము
Odia name of Rhynchostylis retusa : 5 posts by 3 authors.
Please help me with the Odia name pumam in native script.
Earlier reference to some Ethnobotanical Leaflets is now bad, however here is one link to a book Medicinal Orchids of Asia by Eng Soon Teoh – it me shows the Odia name listed.
in the referred book (link to a book Medicinal Orchids of Asia by Eng Soon Teoh -) Rhynchostylis retusa has been said to be banda or Rasna. But in Ayurveda an orchid Vanda roxburghii is taken as rasna and also called locally as bandaa,
Fwd: RHYNCHOSYLIS RETUSA ( AN ORCHID ) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Rhynchostylis retusa. Girls in Assam decorate their hair with this flower during their famous cultural event Bihu. They call this flower KOPOK.
Yes it is Rhynchostylis retusa
this is the flower used during the Bihu festival in Assam!
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- around 650 kb each.
Location: Gyaneswor, Kathmandu
Date: 14 June 2019
Elevation: 1400 m.
Yes Rynchostylis retusa.
Nepali name : घोगे गाभा Ghoge Gaabhaa
Aromatic perch for the Serpent Eagle: Seems like an aromatic perch for the Crested Serpent Eagle. Aromatic?? Yes, perhaps the great predator is attracted to the aroma of the Vandas (showy orchid)…. Nagarahole Forest, 25 June 2005.
– But that is not Vanda. It is Rhynchostylis retusa.
– Rhynchostylis retusa (also called Foxtail Orchid) is an exotic blooming orchid, belonging to Vanda alliance. The orchid has a bunch consisting of 100 more than pink-spotted white flowers. More …
Rhychostylis Retusa is the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh.
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 mb each.
Location: Nagarkot, Kathmandu
Date: 03 August 2019
Elevation: 2044 m.
Habit : Wild
Last of the Rhyncho !
Nice Rhynchostylis retusa.
i imagine, you should have enough pics to write a book on orchids of Nepal.
Thank you … Not yet I guess 🤔 !
Phansad – Growth on mango branch. : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Can someone please help me id this growth on a mango branch.
… me thinks Acampe praemorsa, wild orchid.
more likely to be Aerides maculosum
… hope we get to see the flowers, Ruh (anytime now on — April to August) … I am eager to know the ID.
Come to my place in Wynad anytime during the monsoon and you will see these flowers.
I cant reach anywhere on this with this picture. But if it would have
I think this is not Acampe but Rhynchostylis…. Can’t be confirmed from this pic.
This should be Rhynchostylis retusa
Fwd: Rhynchostylis retusa : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- 1 to 3 mb each.
Took some amazing pix of Rhynchostylis retusa from Orchidarium at Aravalli Biodiversity Park. You can add it..
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume : 3 posts by 1 author. 3 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location: Dahachok, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 22 June 2020
Altitude: 1800 m.
Habitat : Wild
Some long shots of this season!