Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume, Bijdr. 286 1825. (Syn: Aerides guttata (Lindl.) Roxb. ….; Anota violacea (Rchb.f.) Schltr.; Epidendrum hippium Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don ..; Gastrochilus blumei (Lindl.) Kuntze …..; Limodorum retusum (L.) Sw.; Orchis lanigera Blanco; Rhynchostylis albiflora I.Barua & Bora …..; Saccolabium blumei Lindl. ……..; Sarcanthus guttatus Lindl. ….);
.
rin-koh-STY-liss — Greek: rhynchos (beak), stylis (small pillar) … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary
.
commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchidAssamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phoolBengali: কপৌ ফুল kopou phoolCoorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dandeHindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi malaKannada: ದ್ರೌಪದಿ ಮಾಲೆ draupadi maale, ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande, ಸೀತಾಳೆ seetaleKonkani: पणस केळी panas keliMalayalam: അണ്ണാന്‍താളി annaan thali, അണ്ണാന്‍ വാലന്‍ annaan vaalan, ആഞ്ഞിലി മരവാഴ ansjili maravara, ബിട്ടി മരം മരവാഴ biti maram maravazha, ദ്രൌപദി മാല Draupadi mala, സീതമുടി sitamutiManipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjireiMarathi: गजरा gajara, पणस केळी panas keli, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veniNepali: घोगे गावा ghoge gava, थुर thurTelugu: చింత రణము chintaranamTulu: ಓಪತಿಮಾಲೆ opathimale
.
Native to: India, tropical Asia 
.
Rhynchostylis retusa is the State Flower of two states in India, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
.

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RHYNCHOSTYLIS RETUSA: At this time of the year, we have Rhynchostylis retusa (a common orchid of this place) in plenty. You must be knowing, in Assam girls decorate their hair with this orchid, in BIHU dance (in their language the flower is known as KOPOP PHUL). Attaching an image of this beautiful orchid.


– I have documented information about Traditional Formulations in which this orchid is added as important ingredient. Many of these formulations are used in treatment of Sickle Cell Anaemia.

    You can find my pictures of this orchid in coming parts of this series.
    Medicinal Herbs for Sickle Cell Anaemia © Pankaj Oudhia.
Part-1<http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWEKJCo6NYo>


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DV :: 05SEP091037 :: Acampe ¿ praemorsa ?: Please validate this epiphytic plant to be Acampe praemorsa.
Place: Aarey Milk Colony, near Chota Kashmir …. on Google Maps<http://goo.gl/maps/Xsw1>…
Altitude: 118 ft above asl.
Date / Time: September 5, 2009 at 10.37am IST

this plant is Rhynchostylis retusa … via response from .. to my flickr mail.
Many thanks to him for correcting my thought.



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Names of Plants in India :: Rhynchostylis retusa:  Rhynchostylis retusa
[image: Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/4780021370/>
State Flower of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam
rin-koh-STY-liss — from the Greek rhynchos (beak) and stylis (small pillar)
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip

commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchid • Assamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool • Coorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Hindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi mala • Kannada: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Konkani: panas koli • Manipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjirei • Marathi: गजरा gajara, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veni • Nepali: ghoge gava • Oriya: pumam • Telugu: chintaranam
botanical names: Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume … synonyms: Aerides retusa (L.) Sw. • Epidendrum retusum L. • Gastrochilus retusus (L.) Kuntze • Limodorum retusum (L.) Sw. • Orchis lanigera Blanco • Saccolabium retusum (L.) Voigt • Sarcanthus guttatus Lindl. … and more at The Plants List

Names revised, added …
commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchidAssamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phoolBengali: কপৌ ফুল kopou phoolCoorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dandeHindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi malaKannada: ದ್ರೌಪದಿ ಮಾಲೆ draupadi maale, ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande, ಸೀತಾಳೆ seetaleKonkani: पणस केळी panas keliMalayalam: അണ്ണാന്‍താളി annaan thali, അണ്ണാന്‍ വാലന്‍ annaan vaalan, ആഞ്ഞിലി മരവാഴ ansjili maravara, ബിട്ടി മരം മരവാഴ biti maram maravazha, ദ്രൌപദി മാല Draupadi mala, സീതമുടി sitamutiManipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjireiMarathi: गजरा gajara, पणस केळी panas keli, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veniNepali: घोगे गावा ghoge gava, थुर thurTelugu: చింత రణము chintaranamTulu: ಓಪತಿಮಾಲೆ opathimale


Telugu: చింతరణం (Chintaranam)


.


Rhynchostylis retusa :: ghoge gava in Nepali:  How would the name ghoge gava for Rhynchostylis retusa, be spelt in Nepali … घोगे गावा ?
The name is put at
eFlora<http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=200028817>-
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal.


Today one of my Nepali friends informed that Rhynchostylis retusa is popularly known as सुनाखरी (Sunakhari) in Nepal. He was not aware of the name Ghoge Gava.


Many thanks … for the possible name सुनाखरी for Rhynchostylis retusa.
I find it on a page of Wikipedia … …, requesting you to validate whether सुनाखरी is a valid name for Rhynchostylis retusa.
I have already noted the name घोगे गावा ghoge gava listed at Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal, and also put on your flickr photopage.


सुनाखरी is the general name for all orchids whereas घोगे गावा Ghoge Gaavaa / थुर Thur is the specific name for R. retusa.


.


Rhynchostylis retusa :: State Flower of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh: Rhynchostylis retusa is the State Flower of two states in India, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool is its name in Assamese.
Failed to find any mention of its local name in Arunachal Pradesh …
perhaps because there are too many languages prevalent there.
Yet will be glad to know of any common name (other than foxtail orchid).
For instance, sita pushpa, draupadi pushpa are mentioned in web pages related to orchids of the state, though not clearly.

Arunachal Pradesh is blessed with a cultural diversity of more than 30 major tribes and most of them are also good at speaking Assamese language. Most of the times, its a connecting language between people
belonging from two different communities.
The most popular name for Rhynchostylis retusa in Arunachal is Kopou phool only. However, there are many other local names used by different indigenous communities.



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Orchids on Orchid: Was at my farm at Shahapur during the Diwali holidays. Baby orchids [presumably also Fox-tail orchids] were sprouting on the epiphytic roots of a large Fox-tail [Rhychostylis retusa] orchid. Sending a few photographs.


Wow, thats an interesting observation. Those plantlets are so small yet they have such thick roots…


That’s an interesting observation and you are lucky to have a farm where these guys grow naturally.



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031111PD05 Aerides multiflora Flora of Orissa: sharing the images of Aerides multiflora taken from Ranpur.

Name of the species: Aerides multiflora
Family: Orchidaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Altitude: 400 to 700 m above msl
Habit: Epiphyte
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests

it is Rhynchostylis retusa and not Aerides multiflora.


I think … is correct.

The lip in this picture is that of R. retusa and not Aerides.


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INTRASPECIFIC COLOUR VARIATION IN ORCHID:  Colour variation in Rhynchostylis retusa (Lindley) Blume
Syn. name
Rhynchostylis albiflora Borua & Bora
Rhynchostylis retusa f. albiflora (I.Barua & Bora) Christenson



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Attaching an image of a Large Cabbage-white butterfly on the flowers of Rhynchostylis retusa (an orchid).



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Rhynchostylis retusa : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Rhynchostylis retusa Flower closeup.
Location – Murbad. Thane Dist. MH.

June 2013.



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Please help in the ID of this epiphytic orchid photographed from Bhimtal in Uttarakhand in April


This is a Rhynchostylis retusa. Please note the retuse leaf apex.


Thanks a lot …. Now I can ay I have several identified orchids


Ofcourse there is no doubt about it sir.
I will suggest you to pick this Spiranthes thing and do a comprehensive study. If you can find both hairy and non hairy plant then you can prepare a comprehensive descriptive analysis of both. It can be published too.


Thanks a lot … I will keep a track of it in future visits to hills.



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Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume
rin-koh-STY-liss — Greek: rhynchos (beak), stylis (small pillar) … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: blunt rhynchostylis, foxtail orchid • Assamese: কপৌ-ফুল kopou phool • Coorgi: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Hindi: द्रौपदी माला draupadi mala • Kannada: ಸೀತಾ ದಂಡೆ Sita-dande • Konkani: panas koli •Malayalam: അണ്ണാന്‍താളി annaan thali, അണ്ണാന്‍ വാലന്‍ annaan vaalan, ആഞ്ഞിലി മരവാഴ ansjili maravara, ബിട്ടി മരം മരവാഴ biti maram maravazha, ദ്രൌപദി മാല Draupadi mala • Manipuri: সমজীৰৈ samjirei • Marathi: गजरा gajara, सीतेची वेणी Seetechi veni • Nepali: ghoge gava • Oriya: pumam • Telugu: chintaranam
Native to: India, tropical Asia 
ReferencesFlowers of India • Wikipedia • Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar

at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on 10 JUL 10


Thanks for excellent pics …

this plant is reported from Haryana Siwaliks, I have not been lucky enough to see this till now..


Excellent habitat pics… It shows that the plant grows in open areas more luxuriantly than in the dense forests.



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Rhynchostylis retusa from Bhimtaal UK BS 27

pls validate


Yes Rhynchostylis retusa


Rhynchostylis retusa in fruiting on Ficus tree.



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Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Bl. Is one of the most common orchids up to 1800m altitudes in Uttarakhand growing over different trees. It is one of the most beautiful orchids too with long hanging spikes.


Beautiful

Yes Rhynchostylis retusa.



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Please help in the ID of this herb photographed from Agastamuni in Uttarakhand In June


Rhynchostylis retusa



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Orchidaceae Fortnight:: Rhyncostylis retusa | Barvi forest :  Attachments (1). 6 posts by 5 authors.
Barvi forest, Badlapur, Maharashtra
June., 2010

Yes Rhynchostylis retusa!!
Is it growing in a mangrove?


Thanks all for feedback. …, it was near a stream (or to call a forest nullah).




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Orchidaceae fortnight :: Orchid for ID:: at North Karnataka :: PKA65 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.

Saw this Orchid at North Karnataka. Could not see any flowers..
Date/Time: 29-05-2011 / 02:00PM

This is also the Common Foxtail Orchid [Rhynchostylis retusa]. Please check these four links here.


Yes this is Rhynchostylis retusa


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Orchidaceae fortnight :: Rhynchostylis retusa:: at North Karnataka :: PKA64 : Attachments (2). 5 posts by 5 authors.

Rhynchostylis retusa seen at North Karnataka.


Nice. Yes Rhynchostylis retusa.


Orchid for id from Way to Ukhimath

pls id


Rhynchostylis retusa.


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Orchid for id from Manipur

These printed Pics were shot and provided to us by some of ours Classmates from Manipur ( Who were resident of Manipur) in 1998


Rhynchostylis retusa 

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Rhynchostylis retusa (Orchidaceae)
They bloom on an axillary pendant to 60 cm (24 in) long, racemose, densely flowered, cylindrical inflorescence that occurs in the winter and early spring.
In Assam, it is popularly known as Kopou Phool, and is an integral part of a Bihu dancer’s attire. Among the youths, this orchid is regarded as symbol of love. This orchid also acts as a symbol of fertility and merriment. The inflorescence is also used in the marriage ceremony of the local people.
Considering the importance of this orchid, it is usually seen under cultivation in almost all Assameese families and its the state flower of Assam. This is also called Foxtail Orchid.

Pictures are taken near Jorhat, Assam, India during April, 2006.


Beautiful pictures, … ! I also liked the ‘State Flowers’ concept. Great work!


Thanks so much … for your encouraging words. But I don’t have the collection of all State flowers and State trees. I hope that other members also posted in this category.


Wow, Nice photographs. I too liked the way U R sharing the pics


One member can make so much difference this we learnt in last few years on eflora and me, still learning and seeing the difference members made on this group.

Now I am highly impressed with the postings and replies of  …
I feel others do feel the same.
… made the difference initially and now list is pretty long.
Well done …, Thanks to you for all you efforts and time.

Hope people are getting benefited by posts on eflora



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This beautiful orchid was found potted near Pelling…
Thanks … for id.. please correct if otherwise..
Rhynchostylis retusa

Yes sir, Rhynchostylis retusa.



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sharing FLORA OF KAIGA 06092014 PTR2 : 1 post by 1 author.

Pl see attached Rhynchostylus retusa from Kaiga
Date/Time-:12/07/14   –    08:30
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Orchid
Length- 60cm 


along National Highway No. 4A between Khanapur & Anmod
Date: 29 MAY 2011 … Altitude: about 650 m asl

Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume  (family: Orchidaceae)



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Flora of Kaiga_Sharing- Rhynchostylis retusa Closeup__03082015 PTR3
Date/Time-: 05/07/15   –    09:30
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb – Shrub/
Length- 38m



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TSPOCT2015-14:Images of Rhyncostylis retusa shared. :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share a few images of Rhynchostylis retusa (Orchidaceae)
Habit: Epiphytic
Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 04-06-2015.


Very pretty..


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More epiphytic orchids (Andaman Islands): Photos from 2011-01-08 shows a monopodial orchid, probably a Vanda from Elephant Beach, Havelock Island, Andamans Islands. I know it is impossible to ID Vandas without flowers but number of species might be limited, so does anyone know this one?


This doesnt look like Vanda to me. I need to check atleast fruit of dry floral stalks.
If I had to guess then looking at the broad and dense leaves and leaf apex, I could have gone for Rhynchostylis retusa. But not even 50% sure of it.
I will have to check what species are there. I am at Delhi for few days. Cant access much informations from net.


There is only one species of Vanda (Vanda teres + Papilionanthe teres) has been recorded from A & N Islands. The plant looks to me lie Aerides emericii if not Rhynchostylis retusa.


This could be Aerides emericii but can you please tell him to have a look at the leaf apex, which is more retuse and has more than 2 points. I assume Aerides emericii will have only two pointed lobes. But I have never seen this plant in real.


This is again Rhyncostylis retusa. Very evident from the leaf apex which is retuse.



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Orchid id from PU, Chandigarh : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)

Growing in green house
Date-19-5-2016
Location- Chandigarh


Rhynchostylis retusa to me.


yes this one is Rhynchostylis retusa…… but inflorescence is very short…


Rhynchostylis retusa for sure.



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Rhynchostylis retusa : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)


Yes Rhynchostylis retusa. Thanks a lot for shaing.

Adding locations for each species really helps in maintaining good information about the species.


Yes this is Rhynchostylis retusa


.


Please help me with these Telugu names (if valid) in native script …
chintaranamuRhynchostylis retusaWikipedia

they are as follows చింత రణము


.


Odia name of Rhynchostylis retusa : 5 posts by 3 authors.
Please help me with the Odia name pumam in native script.
Earlier reference to some Ethnobotanical Leaflets is now bad, however here is one link to a book Medicinal Orchids of Asia by Eng Soon Teoh – it me shows the Odia name listed.

in the referred book (link to a book Medicinal Orchids of Asia by Eng Soon Teoh -) Rhynchostylis retusa has been said to be banda or Rasna. But in Ayurveda an orchid Vanda roxburghii is taken as rasna and also called locally as bandaa,


.

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Fwd: RHYNCHOSYLIS RETUSA ( AN ORCHID ) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Rhynchostylis retusa. Girls in Assam decorate their hair with this flower during their famous cultural event Bihu. They call this flower KOPOK.

Yes it is Rhynchostylis retusa


this is the flower used during the Bihu festival in Assam!



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Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- around 650 kb each.
Location:  Gyaneswor, Kathmandu
Date:  14 June 2019
Elevation:  1400 m.

Yes Rynchostylis retusa.


Nepali name : घोगे गाभा  Ghoge Gaabhaa


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Aromatic perch for the Serpent Eagle: Seems like an aromatic perch for the Crested Serpent Eagle.  Aromatic?? Yes, perhaps the great predator is attracted to the aroma of the Vandas (showy orchid)…. Nagarahole Forest, 25 June 2005.


– But that is not Vanda. It is Rhynchostylis retusa.


Rhynchostylis retusa (also called Foxtail Orchid) is an exotic blooming orchid, belonging to Vanda alliance. The orchid has a bunch consisting of 100 more than pink-spotted white flowers. More …
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhynchostylis_retusa.

Rhychostylis Retusa is the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh.


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at Shahapur29/6/08; at Shahapur- June’09; at Shahapur- 20/6/10; 14 July 2010: Chethalayam, Wayanad, Kerala; More Orchids – indiantreepix | Google Groups Capparis mooni – indiantreepix | Google Groups Rain affects Orchid blooms 1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


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Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 mb each.
Location: Nagarkot,  Kathmandu
Date: 03 August  2019
Elevation: 2044 m.
Habit : Wild 
Last of the Rhyncho !

Nice Rhynchostylis retusa.

i imagine, you should have enough pics to write a book on orchids of Nepal.


Thank you … Not yet I guess 🤔 !



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Phansad – Growth on mango branch. : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)

Can someone please help me id this growth on a mango branch.


… me thinks Acampe praemorsa, wild orchid.


more likely to be Aerides maculosum


… hope we get to see the flowers, Ruh (anytime now on — April to August)  … I am eager to know the ID.


Come to my place in Wynad anytime during the monsoon and you will see these flowers.


I cant reach anywhere on this with this picture. But if it would have
been Aerides, then the pendulous dry floral stalks would have been
present of previous year.
This can be Acampe but cant be sure.


I think this is not Acampe but Rhynchostylis…. Can’t be confirmed from this pic.


This should be Rhynchostylis retusa


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Fwd: Rhynchostylis retusa : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- 1 to 3 mb each.

Took some amazing pix of Rhynchostylis retusa from Orchidarium at Aravalli Biodiversity Park. You can add it..


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Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume : 3 posts by 1 author. 3 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location: Dahachok, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 22 June  2020

Altitude: 1800 m.

Habitat : Wild
Some long shots of this season!


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