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Rosa macrophylla Lindl.Rosa macrophylla Lindl.
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BSI Flora of India Checklist (Distribution):

Name Distribution
Rosa banksiae Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
Rosa beggeriana Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh
Rosa bracteata Uttar Pradesh (No distribution shown in India by POWO)
Rosa brunoni Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh
Rosa cathayensis Arunachal Pradesh
Rosa centifolia CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa chinensis CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa chinensis var. semperflorens CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa clinophylla var. clinophylla (Assam, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal)
var. glabra (Lindl. ex Prain) Ghora & Panigrahi (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal)
var. parvifolia (Lindl. ex Prain) Ghora & Panigrahi
Rosa corymbifera Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir
Rosa ecae Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh
Rosa eglanteria Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh (syn. of Rosa rubiginosa L.- No distribution shown in India by POWO)
Rosa foetida Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir
Rosa gallica CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa gigantea Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal
Rosa hemisphaerica Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir
Rosa hirsuta Almost throughout India (syn. of Rosa sericea var. sericea as per POWO)
Rosa hookeriana Endemic to India: Himachal Pradesh (Unplaced as per POWO and syn. of Rosa macrophylla Lindl. as per CoL)
Rosa leschenaultiana Endemic to India: Tamil Nadu
Rosa longicuspis Aunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland
Rosa lyellii Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim (syn. of Rosa clinophyllaThory as per POWO and CoL)
Rosa macrophylla var. macrophylla (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal)
var. arguta Lindl. in Wall. (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh)
var. hookeriana Hook.f. (Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh)
var. minor Lindl. in Wall. (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh)
Rosa moschata Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh
Rosa multiflora Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Manipur, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh
Rosa nanothamnus Jammu & Kashmir (syn. of Rosa webbiana Wall. ex Royle as per POWO)
Rosa platyacantha Jammu & Kashmir (No distribution shown in India by POWO)
Rosa roxburghii Assam, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
Rosa saundersiae Jammu & Kashmir
Rosa sempervirens CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa sericea ssp. sericea (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal)
ssp. omeiensis (Rolfe) Roberts (Assam, Sikkim)
Rosa sinica Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (?Rosa sinica W.T.Aiton syn. of Rosa laevigata Michx. as per POWO)
Rosa soulieana Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh
Rosa triphylla West Bengal, Darjeeling (syn. of Rosa laevigata Michx. as per POWO)
Rosa webbiana var. webbiana (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh)
var. glandulosa Crep. (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
var. latifolia Crep. (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
Rosa x alba CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa x borboniana CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa x canina CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa x centifolia CULTIVATED TAXA
Rosa x damascena CULTIVATED TAXA

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Species with description & keys from Flora of Pakistan (Distribution):
Rosa banksiae W. T. Aiton (SE China. Profusely flowering, planted as ornamental)
Rosa beggeriana Schrenk in Fisch. & C.A.Mey. (Iran, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan (N. Baluchistan, Chitral, Gilgit, Swat), Kashmir, India (Uttar Pradesh))
Rosa brunonii Lindl. (Afghanistan, Pakistan (Northern areas), Kashmir, India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan to S. W. China)
Rosa canina L. (Europe, N. Africa, S.W. Asia, C. Asia, occasionally naturalized)
Rosa chinensis Jacq. (W. China, Eastern Himalaya, Nepal, introduced and cultivated in India and Pakistan. Innumerable garden noble roses being the artificial hybrids of Rosa chinensis with representatives of different sections are widely cultivated in gardens, squares and greenhouses. The ‘pure’ Rosa chinensis is rarely grown)
Rosa ecae Aitch. (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan (N. W. F. Province, Baluchistan), Kashmir and India (Uttar Pradesh))
Rosa foetida J. Herm. (South-west and Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Rosa kokanica (Regel) Juz. in Kom. (Central Asia, Afghanistan)
Rosa laevigata Rich. in Michx (China, Taiwan, introduced and naturalized in India, introduced in Pakistan)
Rosa macrophylla Lindl. (Afghanistan, Pakistan (northern areas), Kashmir, India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Bengal) Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, S. W. China)
Rosa multiflora Thunb. (Native of Japan, Korea, naturalized in India, Nepal, Kashmir and Pakistan)
Rosa sericea Lindl. (Himalaya, eastward to SW China)
Rosa webbiana Wall. ex Royle (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrghystan, Kazakhstan and S. W. China)
Rosa X alba L. (Cultivated in many countries for the extraction of oil (otto, attar))
Rosa x damascena Mill. (Accoridng to R. R. Stewart (l. c. 1972) Rosa x damascene is commonly cultivated in Pakistan, however, I have seen no reliable specimen of this rose among availale herbarium material)


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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):
Rosa alba L.
Rosa banksiae Aiton (Cultivated)
Rosa brunonii Lindl. (1500-2400 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Assam, Burma, W. China)
Rosa chinensis Jacq. (Cultivated)
Rosa clinophylla Thory (Himalaya (Kumaun, Nepal), India, Burma, Thailand, Laos)
Rosa laevigata Michx. (1200 m; China, often cultivated in N. India & Japan)
Rosa macrophylla Lindl. (2100-3800 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan))
Rosa multiflora var. carnea Thunb. (800-1500 m; China, often cultivated in N. India)
Rosa sericea Lindl. (2200-4600 m; Himalaya (Chamba to Bhutan), Tibet, Assam, N. Burma, W. China)
Rosa webbiana Wall. ex Royle (2300 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal), Tibet)


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Some species found in Indian Subcontinent with description & keys from Flora of China (Distribution):
Rosa banksiae W. T. Aiton (Thickets, scrub, valleys, stream sides, roadsides; 500–2200 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan; also widely cultivated in China)
Rosa beggeriana Schrenk in Fischer & C. A. Meyer (Slopes, valleys, river sides, roadsides; 900–2000 m. Gansu, Xinjiang [Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia])
Rosa brunonii Lindley (Forests, thickets, scrub at forest margins, valleys; 1900–2800 m. Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, N India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan])
Rosa chinensis Jacquin (Native in Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan; also widely cultivated in China [widely cultivated elsewhere])
Rosa kokanica (Regel) Regel ex Juzepczuk in Komarov (Slopes at forest margins, an important species in Larix forests; 1500–2500 m. Xinjiang [Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia; SW Asia (Iran)])
Rosa laevigata Michaux (Thickets, scrub, open montane areas, open fields, farmland; 200–1600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Vietnam; cultivated elsewhere])
Rosa macrophylla Lindley (Forest margins, scrub, slopes; 2400–3700 m. S Xizang, NE Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Sikkim])
Rosa multiflora Thunberg in Murray (Thickets, scrub, slopes, river sides; 300–2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Hebei, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Shandong, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea)
Rosa sericea Lindley (Sparse woods, forest margins, scrub, valley slopes, dry valleys, cliffs, mountain summits, gravels, dry sunny places; 2000–4400 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Sikkim])
Rosa webbiana Wallich ex Royle (Forests, scrub, grassy places, valleys, slopes, farmland; 2000–4500 m. Xizang [Afghanistan, N India, Kashmir, Mongolia, W Nepal])


It might be assumed that Rosa would be an EASY genus identification-wise but that is not necessarily the case. The situation is complicated by quite a number of roses being cultivated and naturalising in the Himalaya to a lesser or greater extend – some of which are of hybrid origin.
There CLEARLY has been confusion between Rosa webbiana and SOME forms of R.macrophylla.
Plus, it seems botanists at the University of Kashmir were not aware of Rosa nanothamnus Boulenger – which is recorded from Srinagar, even the hills above Dal Lake.
What about Rosa corymbifera Borkh. (white flowers) which Stewart records from Pahlgam and Tangmarg @ 2100-2700m?
Sharing some information available through The Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland about Rosa may help (although applying specifically to UK roses) explains that the genus often presents major difficulties.
There is a Referee for Rosa. He prefers FRESH fruiting to be sent. A portion of the stem with fully developed hips is required along with c. 20cm of mature leading stem (not suckers) with leaves and characteristic prickles.  Samples of sepals should, where possible, be included.  There is a Rosa Handbook which I do not have.  Full details of each specimen should be provided including habitat, date, collector and grid reference.  Complex hybrids of wild roses are occasionally found which cannot satisfactorily be named without recourse to genetics.
MATERIAL IN FLOWER IS IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE (meaning confidently IDENTIFY CORRECTLY and RELIABLY).
I do not know if the situation with Rosa in the Himalaya is as complex as this? Stewart (1972) did not comment about such complexities or perhaps, 40+ years ago was unaware of them.
Grierson in Flora of Bhutan (which also covers Sikkim) Vol 1 Part III (1987) also does not mention such complexities but also may not, some 30 years ago have been aware of them – or, perhaps, felt it was beyond the scope of that ‘Flora’.
The eFI data-base should be aware of such potential complexities. Rosa was covered within the Fascicle for Flora of Pakistan, which would have represented an advance on what was known to Stewart. I do not have a printed copy of this.
I have taken a look at the entry for Rosa in the eflora of Pakistan.  I MUCH prefer the PRINTED accounts of each family as the electronic
versions are abbreviated.  I do not know the author or date of publication for Rosaceae.
Nevertheless, the author states Rosa is a genus of c. 200 species… taxonomically very complex.  The species are usually quite variable whilst infraspecific differences are sometimes subtle.  The genetic barriers between many species are rather weak, as a result intensive hybridisation and introgression are found especially in regions destroyed due to human activity. Numerous beautiful roses of hybrid origin are cultivated in gardens, squares and parks.
MUCH more study is required….

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Fwd: SONG OF THE FLOWER ( KAHLIL GIBRAN ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Here is a composition of Kahlil Gibran printed on image of rose.

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Pl. go throughRosa ‎(Rosaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.
If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


 

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