ROO-bee-uh — Latin: ruber (red), referring to the reddish dye obtained from the roots of this plant … Dave’s Botanary
kor-di-FOH-lee-uh — heart-shaped leaf … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known ascommon madderIndian madder • Assameseমজাঠি majathi • Gujaratiમજીઠ majitha • Hindiमजीठ majith • Oriyaମଞ୍ଜିଷ୍ଠା manjishta • Kannada:ಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ manjishtaಸಿರಗತ್ತಿ siragatthiಸೋಮಲತೆ somalathe • Kashmiriदण्डू danduमज़ेठ् mazaitफहःर् गास phahar-gas • Konkaniइटारी itari • Malayalamമഞ്ചട്ടി mancatti • Marathiइट्टा ittaमंजिष्ठ manjishta • Nepaliमजिठो majito • Oriyaମଞ୍ଜିଷ୍ଠା manjishta • Punjabiਕਾੱਠਾ katthaਮਜੀਠ majitha • Sanskritमञ्जिष्ठा manjishtha • Tamil:மஞ்சிட்டி mancitti • Teluguమంజిష్ఠ manjishta • Tibetanbrtsod • Tuluಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ manjishta • Urduمجيٿهہ majith 

… and more names, derived from Sanskrit in Oriyaଅରୁଣା arunaଅସ୍ରପତ୍ରକ asrapatrakaବପ୍ରା bapraଭଣ୍ଡିକା bhandikaବିଜଯା bijayaବିକସା bikkasaବ୍ରହ୍ମମଣ୍ଡୂକୀ brahmamandukiଚକ୍ରାଙ୍ଗୀ chakrangiଛତ୍ରା chhatraଚିତ୍ରଲତା chitralataଚୋଳ cholaହରିଣୀ hariniହେମ ପୁଷ୍ପୀ hema pushpiଜନନୀ jananiୟଷ୍ଟିକ jashtikaଜ୍ବରହନ୍ତ୍ରୀ jwarahantriକାଳା kalaଲାଙ୍ଗଲି langaliଲତା ୟଷ୍ଟି lata jashtiମଣ୍ଡୂକପର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ mandukaparnniମେଦ medaମେନ୍ଧିକା mendhikaନାଗ କୁମାରିକା naga kumarikaରକ୍ତ ବର୍ଗ rakta bargaରକ୍ତାଙ୍ଗୀ raktangiରଞ୍ଜିନୀ ranjiniରସାଯନୀ rasayaniରୋହିଣୀ rohini,ସମଙ୍ଗା samangaଶଙ୍କରୀ shankariଶୃଙ୍ଗିନୀ shrunginiତାଳିକା talikaତାମ୍ର ବଲ୍ଲୀ tamra balliତାମ୍ରପର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ tamraparnniୟୋଜନପର୍ଣ୍ଣା yojanaparnna • 

… host of names in Sanskritअरुणा arunaअतिसाम्या atisamyaभण्डी bhandiभण्डिरी bhandiriभञ्जक bhanjakaचक्राङ्ग chakrangaछत्त्र chattraचित्रलता chitralataचित्राङ्ग chitranga,चित्रपर्णी chitraparniहरिणी hariniहेमपुष्पी hemapushpiजनन jananaजिङ्गी jingiज्वरहन्त्री jvarahantriकालभाण्डिका kalabhandikaकालमेशिका kalameshikaकालपेशिका kalpeshika,काण्डीर kandiraक्षेत्रिणी kshetriniलतायष्टि latayashtiमञ्जूषा manjushaनागकुमारी nagakumariरागाढ्या ragadhyaरागाङ्गी ragangiरक्त raktaरक्ताङ्गी raktangiरक्तवर्ग raktavarga,रक्तयष्टि raktayashtiशङ्करी shankariताम्रा tamraताम्रमूला tamramulaताम्रपर्णी tamraparniताम्रवल्ली tamravalliवप्र vapraवस्त्ररजनी vastrarajaniयोजनपर्णी yojanaparniयोजनवल्ली yojanavalli 

… more names in Tamilஅமுதசகரம் amutacakaramஅமுத்திரம் amuttiramசாயவேர் caya-verசெவ்வல்லி cev-valliஇன்புறா inpuraஇரத்தை irattai,காஞ்சினி kanciniபிறாமுட்டி piramuttiவயிரவேர் vayira-verயோசனவல்லி yocana-valli 
 
Native to: tropical & s Africa, Siberia, Mongolia, w & e Asia, n & w China, India, Vietnam, Malesia


Looking at the characters, visible from the photograph… I think it is Rubia cordifolia of Rubiaceae family..


Thank you very much. I searched Rubia cordifolia and my plant certainly matches.


Could someone help me in identifying this climber please? The stem is square in crossection and is sharp like a saw.


Species of Rubia.
Please tell for where you recorded this plant and if possible please give elevation


This is Rubia cordifolia (Rubiaceae)


The plant is recorded at my farm at Chethalayam in Wyanad district of Kerala.

Yes. It is Rubia cordifolia.


The Plant is “Manjistha” scientifically known as Rubia cordifolia L. common English name Indian Madder. The plant is well known for it’s medicinal uses in Ayurveda and other forms of ancient medication.
Medicinal use: http://www.herbalcureindia.com/herbs/rubia-cordifolia.htm


I had earlier posted same climber from Mahabaleshwar a hill station in Maharashtra.


Rubia cordifolia from Kashmir, commonly climbing on shrubs with hooked hairs. Photographed from Shankeracharya hill, Srinagar on June 22, 2010.


Would someone identify the climber please. It has a square cross section along the stem. The ridge also has tiny pricles like a saw tooth. Someone who tries to pull it could get his hands lacerated.
Date & Time        
Location: Place, Altitude, GPS        Chethalayam, Wayanad.
Habitat: Garden, Urban, Wild Type:        Wild
Plant Habit: Tree, Shrub, Climber, Herb        climber 


Looks like Rubia cordifolia


Rubia cordifolia posted by … from Manali I hope


These pictures are taken at my farm 


 

On our last visit to Manali found two distinctly looking plants of Rubia. This one with shorter petioles, broader cordate leaves and yellowish fruits, I consider to be R. cordifolia L. Kindly validate. 


This plant is undoubtedly Rubia cordifolia L. the plant completely cooperates with the description and illustration provided by Eflora of Pakistan. I am attaching the Link below, kindly check and validate.
Link for R cordifolia:
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200022213

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Rubia1.jpg

 

Kas week: Rubia 22092011: Rubia cordifolia / मंजिष्ठा from Kas


Nice to see the new/young reddish tinged leaves


Thanks for sharing the photographs of Rubia cordifolia. Liked the soothing green colours of the leaves.


 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2930.jpg

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2929.jpg

 

Kas week: PKA10::— Rubia cordifolia:  Creeper from Kas Plateau. (02-10-09).
Rubia cordifolia (Family: Rubiaceae)

 
Creeper from Kas Plateau. (02-10-09).
Could this be Rubia cordiflora??


I wrote It indeed is


Yes it is Rubia cordifolia


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Picture%20354.jpg

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Picture%20353.jpg

Kas Week : Herb : ID Pl: Photo taken at Kaas in Sept. ’11 for ID Pl.


Nice pictures! Congrats for finding a rare form of Rubia cordifolia with 8 leaves per node!
Pl also see: efi thread


But one thing I may like to know about the shape of the leaves :
In the given link leaves are different in photo no. 1,4 and 5th
in photograph no. 2 and 3, its exactly the same as in attached file.
Is the plant same ? Pl. confirm. I am confused.
Also may like to know more about the flower arrangement pl.


In my post, I have shared sightings of Rubia cordifolia from two different places:
1, 4 and 5 are from Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuaryabout 60 – 70 cm tall plant
2 and 3 are from Purander fort … very young plant, just about 20 cm
Will stand corrected if they are different species of Rubia.


I think all the pictures in question are belonging to the same species: Rubia cordifolia, as per keys in FoP, FoC etc.
The main diagnostic features are: presence of petiole; 3 or more main nerves on leaf blade. Leaf shape (“…lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, ovate, or oblong-ovate…”) and size seem to be highly variable http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200022213, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200022213
Let’s wait for more comments…


Why flowers in … post look so different from flowers of Rubia cordifolia


If you are referring to the purplish part in 1st and 3rd pictures, it could be a developing leaf. Since the upper stem is cut-off (see Picture 353.jpg), a new branch from axillary bud has started developing!


Thanks, … for the clarification.


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Leaf%201_Rubia_cordifolia.JPG

 

Rubiaceae Week_Rubia cordifolia_01_RKC02: Rubia cordifolia L.
Rubiaceae
Loc.: DehraDun (Uttarakhand)
Date: October 2010


Thanks …! Please have a look on another Rubia sp. posted by
me today and help me in getting its correct identity. efi thread


 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Rubia%20cordifolia%201.jpg

[EfloraofIndia_Rubiaceae week_060212PD04_Rubia cordifolia_Flora of Odisha]: sharing the images of one of the rare medicinal plant taken from Mahendragiri

Name: Rubia cordifolia
Family: Rubiaceae
habit: Herb
Habitat: Wild, under the close canopy of semi-evergreen forest (Riperian zone)
Place of collection: Mahendragiri hills, gajapati district, Odishs, at an altitude of 800 m above msl


I doubt the ID.
The individual leaf does look like Rubia cordifolia but they are not opposite here…..the pattern looks entirely different. Will wait for further comments though.


I agree with the id for the first image.
The 2nd one must be of a different plant, may be Smilax? 


Yes both … are right. the first one is Rubia cordifolia. Second image was mixed up in the thread. Thanks for pointing out.


Rubiaceae Week :: Rubia cordifolia in northern Western Ghats:  Rubia cordifolia L.
ROO-bee-uh — from the Latin ruber (red), referring to the reddish dye obtained from the roots of this plant
kor-di-FOH-lee-uh — heart-shaped leaf
 
Nov 5, 2011 … at Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
commonly known as: common madder, Indian Madder • yet to compile Indic names
Native to: tropical & s Africa, Siberia, Mongolia, w & e Asia, n & w China, India, Vietnam, Malesia
References: Flowers of IndiaeFloraWikipediaNPGS / GRINFurther Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Nov 5, 2011 … at Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra 
Jul 31, 2010 … at Purander fort, Maharashtra


Great pictures … I have so far seen plants with only 4 leaves per node. Thanks for showing us this variation.


Many thanks … I had not known of this fact. This variation (arrangement of leaves) is beautiful.


Yes …, the leaf arrangement and the pictures are really very beautiful!
Flora of China says “..Leaves in whorls of 4 or more (up to 8 or rarely 12)…”.
Hope you may also capture the rare form with 12 leaves per node (most probably in the same plant? just a guess) in the future 🙂


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN3256sRubia%20cordifolia.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSCN3259sRubia%20cordifolia.jpg

Rubiaceae Week : Rubia cordifolia.Mahabaleshwar:  Rubia cordifolia.
Climber observed in Mahabaleshwar


 
A climber from Mahabaleshwar (Western ghats Maharashtra).
Characteristic pattern of leaves : 2 pairs right angle to each other from one node.
Each leaf with 5 nerves uniting again at apex of the leaf.
Flowers small < 1cm five sepals.....


Looks like Rubia cordifolia (Rubiaceae family).
Here is the link from FOI
http://www.flowersofindia.net/extrapics/Indian%20Madder-1.jpg


Rubia cordifolia unless some other species occurs in Western Ghats.


Thanks all. Rubia cordifolia
A Rubiaceae family member.
Characteristically showing Opposite leaves. The leaves are in whorls of 4, ovate acute, base cordate (Hence the name)
Flowers in terminal trichotomously branched panicles. Bracts leafy; sepals five small, stamens 5;styles 2, stigma globose. Fruits 4-6 mm globose shining black. (Earlier observed in probably … post)


The leaf has got a very characteristic “touch” – because of hirsute hair which are a bit recurved (i think). If you touch it, it sticks a little bit to hand/cloth although it has no sticky secretions etc. May be there is some technical term for this, but cant find it.


Many species of Rubia and Galium have stems and often leaves covered with hooked hairs, that help in climbing.


‘Rubia cordifolia’ is called ‘Manjishtha’ ‘मंजिष्‍ठा’ in Marathi.


Rubia cordifolia called Manchatti in Malayalam


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_3209_16April15.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_3207_16April15.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_MG_1381_01Oct14.jpg

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_3211_16April15.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_MG_1375_01Oct14.jpg

Creeper : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

I have been seeing this lovely creeper with spear shaped leaves growing on perpendicular stalks making a perfect cross. I will appreciate help with ID.

1 October 2014
1750m, Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP 


It may be Rubia cordifolia.


Thank you very much for your help. It does look very likely to be Rubia cordifolia.



The new shoots with leaves arranged in a cross are out and I think we are looking at young Rubia cordifolia. Please confirm.

Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

1800m approx.
16 April 2015


very nice, … though i personally donot have enough knowledge to confirm, yet it seems likely

… can tell

but I writing to say manjistha is an old ayurvedic herb and old vedic rites herb

vedic folks used it in various agnihotra for invoking various shaktis for different purposes… and in puja as offering to gods in autumn

in ayurveda its a potent skin rejuvenator and protector in addition to providing the pinkish red color..

its also  reduces subtle inflammations in skin and mucous membranes

I would appreciate if you would follow these and show us the twining growth , flowers and later fruits if any

how does it propagate itself


thanks for the link to your earlier thread and there is another for berries.
those were nice complete as far as fall weather berries go.

your pictures here show a perfect cross made by emerging leaves…

my reason for following your creeper by you is: this thread : by … where emerging leaves are making a eight leaf whorl…

now there are several other thread from KAS week also on the efl page but these are treks  where its not possible for them to follow up on cases
and you perhaps can and it seems to me you also have the willingness and curiosity to do so…
that’s why i had mentioned it to you to follow these little babies as they grow… see their life history
would make a complete case history, though your earlier pictures are indeed very good.


Point taken … I will follow up on this.


I found one today with eight leaves arrayed in crosses;


voila. now you have one  more step in its life story. good. the show goes on? thanks you. you are diligent.

its a pleasure to interact with you 


Agumbe :: Rubia manjith :: DVJAN59 : 7 posts by 5 authors. 6 images.

Agumbe Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

Date: 26 DEC 2014 Altitude: about 700 m asl
Rubia manjith Roxb. ex Fleming … (family: Rubiaceae) 


Awesome macro for these tiny flowers..


To me it looks like R. cordifolia because offlower colour and reflexed corolla lobes and on comparison of our upload from Chakrata. 

efi thread


It does appear to be Rubia cordifolia which is abundant here in Dharamshala too. In December-January I saw many of these with black berries which I posted to the group.


I will go with Rubia cordifolia. Will revise my flickr notes soon.


 
Names of Plants in India :: Rubia cordifolia L. : 3 posts by 2 authors.

via Species‎ > ‎R‎ > Rubia cordifolia L. … family: Rubiaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ROO-bee-uh — Latin: ruber (red), referring to the reddish dye obtained from the roots of this plant … Dave’s Botanary
kor-di-FOH-lee-uh — heart-shaped leaf … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ascommon madderIndian madder • Assameseমজাঠি majathi • Gujaratiમજીઠ majitha • Hindiमजीठ majith • Oriyaମଞ୍ଜିଷ୍ଠା manjishta • Kannada:ಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ manjishtaಸಿರಗತ್ತಿ siragatthiಸೋಮಲತೆ somalathe • Kashmiriदण्डू danduमज़ेठ् mazaitफहःर् गास phahar-gas • Konkaniइटारी itari • Malayalamമഞ്ചട്ടി mancatti • Marathiइट्टा ittaमंजिष्ठ manjishta • Nepaliमजिठो majito • Oriyaମଞ୍ଜିଷ୍ଠା manjishta • Punjabiਕਾੱਠਾ katthaਮਜੀਠ majitha • Sanskritमञ्जिष्ठा manjishtha • Tamil:மஞ்சிட்டி mancitti • Teluguమంజిష్ఠ manjishta • Tibetanbrtsod • Tuluಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ manjishta • Urduمجيٿهہ majith 
… and more names, derived from Sanskrit in Oriyaଅରୁଣା arunaଅସ୍ରପତ୍ରକ asrapatrakaବପ୍ରା bapraଭଣ୍ଡିକା bhandikaବିଜଯା bijayaବିକସା bikkasaବ୍ରହ୍ମମଣ୍ଡୂକୀ brahmamandukiଚକ୍ରାଙ୍ଗୀ chakrangiଛତ୍ରା chhatraଚିତ୍ରଲତା chitralataଚୋଳ cholaହରିଣୀ hariniହେମ ପୁଷ୍ପୀ hema pushpiଜନନୀ jananiୟଷ୍ଟିକ jashtikaଜ୍ବରହନ୍ତ୍ରୀ jwarahantriକାଳା kalaଲାଙ୍ଗଲି langaliଲତା ୟଷ୍ଟି lata jashtiମଣ୍ଡୂକପର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ mandukaparnniମେଦ medaମେନ୍ଧିକା mendhikaନାଗ କୁମାରିକା naga kumarikaରକ୍ତ ବର୍ଗ rakta bargaରକ୍ତାଙ୍ଗୀ raktangiରଞ୍ଜିନୀ ranjiniରସାଯନୀ rasayaniରୋହିଣୀ rohini,ସମଙ୍ଗା samangaଶଙ୍କରୀ shankariଶୃଙ୍ଗିନୀ shrunginiତାଳିକା talikaତାମ୍ର ବଲ୍ଲୀ tamra balliତାମ୍ରପର୍ଣ୍ଣୀ tamraparnniୟୋଜନପର୍ଣ୍ଣା yojanaparnna • 
… host of names in Sanskritअरुणा arunaअतिसाम्या atisamyaभण्डी bhandiभण्डिरी bhandiriभञ्जक bhanjakaचक्राङ्ग chakrangaछत्त्र chattraचित्रलता chitralataचित्राङ्ग chitranga,चित्रपर्णी chitraparniहरिणी hariniहेमपुष्पी hemapushpiजनन jananaजिङ्गी jingiज्वरहन्त्री jvarahantriकालभाण्डिका kalabhandikaकालमेशिका kalameshikaकालपेशिका kalpeshika,काण्डीर kandiraक्षेत्रिणी kshetriniलतायष्टि latayashtiमञ्जूषा manjushaनागकुमारी nagakumariरागाढ्या ragadhyaरागाङ्गी ragangiरक्त raktaरक्ताङ्गी raktangiरक्तवर्ग raktavarga,रक्तयष्टि raktayashtiशङ्करी shankariताम्रा tamraताम्रमूला tamramulaताम्रपर्णी tamraparniताम्रवल्ली tamravalliवप्र vapraवस्त्ररजनी vastrarajaniयोजनपर्णी yojanaparniयोजनवल्ली yojanavalli 
… more names in Tamilஅமுதசகரம் amutacakaramஅமுத்திரம் amuttiramசாயவேர் caya-verசெவ்வல்லி cev-valliஇன்புறா inpuraஇரத்தை irattai,காஞ்சினி kanciniபிறாமுட்டி piramuttiவயிரவேர் vayira-verயோசனவல்லி yocana-valli 
botanical namesRubia cordifolia L. … synonymsGalium cordifolium (L.) Kuntze • Rubia clematifolia Reinw. ex Miq. • Rubia cordata Thunb. • Rubia pratensis (Maxim.) Nakai • Rubia pubescens (Nakai) Nakai • Rubia purpurea Decne. • Rubia scandens Zoll. & Moritzi • Rubia secunda Moon … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
December 26, 2014 … Agumbe 


Superb efforts, … Your contributions will always be recognised by the current & future generations.


 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0481-7.JPG

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0482-2.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0483-3.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0484-9.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0480-6.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/_DSC0479-7.JPG
SK1160 31 MAY 2018 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)- on eof 2 Mb and others around 800 kb. 
Location : Lava, Kalimpong, India
Date : 11 May 2018
Elevation :  7000 ft.
Habit : Wild
Rubia. ID ?

Rubia cordifolia.

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0634-4.JPG

SK 2129 18 August 2019 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Location: Sundarijal, Kathmandu
Date: 30 July  2019
Elevation: 1577 m.

Habit : Wild 

Rubia cordifolia L. ??


full habit picture might help


Image 5.


What is confusing me is the base of the leaves.

For Rubia cordifolia Linnaeus:
base rounded, truncate, cordulate, or cordate as per FOC
cordate at base rarely rounded as per FOP
For Rubia alata Wallich in Roxburgh:
base rounded to cordulate as per FOC, leaves look different as per FOC illustration 
Regarding Rubia wallichiana Decaisne, FOC says
‘The above description and distribution data of Rubia wallichiana have been taken over from H. S. Lo (in FRPS 71(2): 315-316. 1999). There are hardly any differential characters relative to R. cordifolia s.s. aside from vague references to less prickly stems or differences in flower and fruit color (see key). In view of all this, we regard R. wallichiana as a possible synonym of R. cordifolia s.s. but maintain it as a species in the present flora in order to stimulate its clarification’
Rubia charifolia Wall. ex G.Don looks different as per GBIF
So on checking all the species listed in Nepal, it is most likely to be Rubia cordifolia L. or Rubia manjith Roxb. ex Fleming, both species closely related as far as leaves are concerned and distinguished based on flowers.


I also checked all possible and guessed accordingly.

Mahabaleshwar, MH :: Rubia cordifolia :: ARK2020-079 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6) – around 500 kb each.

Rubia cordifolia
Seen in Mahabaleshwar, MH in March 2020


  

 
References:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *