Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb., Hort. bengal. 15. 1814 (Syn: (≡) Lobelia taccada Gaertn. (basionym); (≡) Scaevola frutescens K. Krause; (=) Scaevola koenigii Vahl; (=) Scaevola sericea Vahl) as per GRIN;
Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. 1820 2: 146 146 1824. (Syn: Lobelia frutescens Mill.; Scaevola billardieri Dieter.; Scaevola chlorantha de Vriese; Scaevola frutescens var. sericea (Vahl) Merr.; Scaevola koenigii Vahl; Scaevola lambertiana de Vriese; Scaevola latevaga Hance ex Walp; Scaevola leschenaultii A. DC.; Scaevola lobelia var. sericea (Vahl) Benth.; Scaevola macrocalyx de Vriese; Scaevola piliplena Miq.; Scaevola plumerioides Nutt.; Scaevola sericea Vahl) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1 ;
skee-VO-luh — a Roman surname, meaning left-handed … Dave’s BotanarySome Magnetic Island Plants
ta-KA-da — Latinized form of the vernacular name in Ceylon … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: beach cabbage, beach grape, beach naupaka, beach plum, beach scaevola, Cardwell cabbage, half-flower, Malayan rice paper, pipetree, sea lettuce tree, taccada pithGujarati: ભદ્રાક્ષ bhadrakshaKannada: ಭದ್ರಾಕ್ಷಿ bhadrakshiMalayalam: ഭദ്രാക്ഷം bhadraaksham, വെള്ളമോദകം vellamodakamMarathi: भद्रक bhadrak, भद्राक्ष bhadrakshSanskrit: भद्राक्ष bhadrakshaTulu: ಭದ್ರಾಕ್ಷಿ bhadrakshi

Scaevola taccada, also known as Beach Cabbage, Sea Lettuce, Beach Naupaka, Naupaka kahakai (Hawaiian), Magoo (Divehi), Merambong (Malay) and Ngahu (Tongan) is a flowering plant in the family Goodeniaceae found in coastal locations in the tropical areas of the Indo-Pacific. It is a common beach shrub throughout the Arabian Sea, the tropical Indian Ocean and the tropical Islands of the Pacific.

It is a large bush reaching up to about 4 m in height typical of littoral zones where it grows very close to the sea exposed to the salt spray, usually on sandy or pebbly soils.[2] Leaves are slightly succulent, about 20 cm long, closely alternate and crowded at the stem tips. They are glabrous with a fleshy-looking yellowish green color. The fruits and flowers are white. Scaevola taccada blooms the whole year round and the flowers have a fan-like shape which gives them the name Fanflower or Half flower. The fruits float in seawater and are propagated by ocean currents, this bush being one of the pioneer plants in new sandbanks in tropical areas.[3]
Scaevola taccada typically grows directly on the beaches of tropical coasts with a preference for beach crests on coral sands. It grows within in the salt spray area and it is amongst the first pioneer plant colonisers on tropical Atolls and sandbanks. Besides seeds, it is easy propagated from cuttings. It prefers well drained sandy soils and it is a very salt tolerant scrub.
In some islands of the Pacific, Scaevola taccada is used to prevent coastal erosion as well as for landscaping. It is also planted on the beach crests to protect other cultivated plants from the salt spray. Parts of the plant are also used in Polynesian and Asian traditional medicine.[4] It has also been proven to be “an excellent remedy as antidiabetic, antipyretic, antiinflamatory, anticoagulant and as skeletal muscle relaxant without any adverse reactions” by the department of pharmacy of Annamalai University, India [5]
(From Wikipedia on 2.3.14)


Half- flower:
Scaavola taccada
Marath names Bhadraksh, Bhadrak
At Narayan srovar, Gujrat
13 Dec,2011

Minor correction … It is Scaevola taccada

Very strange but ‘Scaevola’ means “left handed” and ‘taccada’ means “Sri Lanka”.

Excellent catch … Never seen such an arrangement in a flower

very nice, I have seen it along the sea coast at Jamnagar to Dwarka in Suarashtra, Gujarat..
does it grow any where else…
the seeds are interesting , white with several grooves, about 1 cm or less in pole to pole size, wrinkles a little, and when dyed brown reminds one of sort of a rudraksha… hence often mixed in with real small rudraksha…

This is planted at BPT Garden (Sagar Upvan), Colaba, Mumbai…on the sea – side….

Yes … I had also seen at BPT Garden, Colaba Mumbai.
Also, i had seen this plant at Radhanagar beach, Havelok island at Andaman & Nicobar.

Scaevola taccada:
Scaevola taccada, of family Goodeniaceae
at radhanagar beach, havelock island andamans.
this plant grows at the edge of water on sandy shores and is often on of the first to colonise

Thanks … for sharing. I too remember spotting this at Radhanagar beach, Havelock. 

I have seen this in Jamnagar Gujarat way back in 2000.


Please identify this shrub for me. : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1).
The flowers looked like half the flower petals had fallen off… but the flower itself had petals on only one side. 

This is the ‘Malayan rice paper’ [Scaevola taccada, perhaps].
Generally found along coastal areas, also planted in gardens as an ornamental.

it is Scaveola salutaria (Lour) Almeida, was planted in Colaba Coast at Sagar Upwan, Mumbai.
generally found along coast, planted also in gardens and along coast.

As per The Plant List, Scaevola salutaris (Lour.) M.R.Almeida is an unresolved name- This name is unresolved, but some data suggest that it is synonymous with Ochrosia oppositifolia (Lam.) K.Schum.
I could not find much inf. on this except IPNI Link with Scaevola salutaris (Lour.) M.R.Almeida (basionym: Goodeniaceae Cerbera salutaris Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 1: 136. 1790 [Sep 1790] )
WCSP considers Cerbera salutaris Lour. as a syn. of Ochrosia oppositifolia (Lam.) K.Schum. in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(2): 156 (1895). without any mention of Scaevola salutaris (Lour.) M.R.Almeida
Hi, …, Can you provide more information on this ?

Scaevola taccada . Sea lettuce


Plant of Central Java 7 : Attachments (2).  7 posts by 5 authors.
Could you help me id our coastal plant please. The sea is the Indian Ocean. Thank you.

Scaevola taccadaalso known as Beach Cabbage, Sea Lettuce
Leaves are edible

Supporting …

Perhaps … can help resolve this.

His plant from Java definitely has flowers of Scaevola
His comment on habit of his plant (shrub or tree, height) can help us in deciding this plants.

The plant in question is a large shrub or a small tree, in lakshdweep it is used as hedge plant also. And I have seen it at the water purifying plant and its height was around 14ft. I was told that it grows well in costal areas. I also photographed it, may not be as good.

Scaevola taccada at Lakshadweep- PKA1- 05042014 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (14).
I had been to Lakshadweep Island for few days. Its sort of Heaven on Earth… Very beautiful Lagoons and spectacular beaches.. Thought of sharing some of my find during this trip.

Most dominating plant/shrub all along the beautiful beaches was this evergreen shrub Scaevola taccada locally named as Kanni.
Family: Goodeniaceae.
Date/Time: March 2014.
Common name: Half Flower, Fan flower
Plant Habit: Shrub (growing as high as 4 to 5m)
Habitat: Wild, coastal region..

Amazingly beautiful post … thanks a lot…

Very beautiful pictures…all the ones posted by you from Lakshadweep.

Identify this plant please : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6).

Found in Bangalore 2nd May
Please provide extra details about the plant

Scaevola taccada.

Yes …, it is Scaevola taccada. I took few shots while visited Lakshadweep, but cannot upload them because on this new machine so far the camera could not be installed.

via Species‎ > ‎S‎ >
Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. … family: Goodeniaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
skee-VO-luh — left-handed … Dave’s Botanary
ta-KA-da — Latinized form of the vernacular name in Ceylon … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asbeach cabbagebeach grapebeach naupakabeach plumbeach scaevolaCardwell cabbagehalf-flowerMalayan rice paperpipetreesea lettuce treetaccada pith • Kannadaಭದ್ರಾಕ bhadraak • Malayalamഭദ്രാക്ഷം bhadraakshamവെള്ളമോദകം vellamodakam • Marathiभद्रक bhadrakभद्राक्ष bhadraksh
botanical namesScaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. … synonymsLobelia taccada Gaertn. (basionym) • Scaevola frutescens K. Krause • Scaevola koenigii Vahl • Scaevola sericea Vahl … NPGS / GRIN

Update, names added …
Sanskrit: भद्राक्ष bhadraksha
Tulu: ಭದ್ರಾಕ್ಷಿ bhadrakshi


Names of Plants in India :: Gujarati name(s) of Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. : 3 posts by 2 authors.
please help with name(s) of Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. in Gujarati.

One name listed is bhadrale at Gujarat State Biotechnology Mission
Would it be ભદ્રાલે OR ભદ્રાળે OR yet else ?

Seems to be a typo in the referenced website. The Gujarati name is also ભદ્રાક્ષ / bhadraksha.
This plant is also found in Kachchh.

May 2016 Talegaon Dabhade Pune
Requesting to Id this ornamental small shrub with fan shaped white flowers

Thanks, … Pl. check: Scaevola taccada

yes bhadrakshscaveola toccata. I saw it a bout twenty years ago growing in Jamnagar and Dwarka on thew coastal areas and sometimes in flowershows in Kolkata growing in pots. seems its a sea side tree/shrub.

Thank you for the Id and info. yes it matches with Scaevola taccada


05082017BHAR3 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Small size tree.
Found in a garden in Sriperumbudur near Chennai.
Interesting structure:  Looks like half of the flower petals is missing.

Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. [Goodeniaceae].

மிக்க நன்றி (Mikka Nandri) – means Thank you so much.

Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Location: Banana Island, Doha, Qatar 
Date : 3 November 2015 
Elevation :  5 ft.

Scaevola taccada :: Dattaji Salvi Udyan :: 13 MAY 18 : 1 image.
Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane
Date: May 13, 2018 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl
Scaevola taccada  (Gaertn.) Roxb.  

Scaevola taccada: 4 images.
Scaevola taccada of family Goodeniaceae

Little Andaman, March 2024
Quite a few of these were growing along a pristine beach in Little andaman.