Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 44(2): 168 168 1875. (Syn. Adolia alba Lam.; Adolia capensis (Thunb.) Kuntze; Adolia myrtina (Burm. fil.) Kuntze; Adolia obcordata Kuntze; Adolia rubra Lam.; Blepetalon aculeatum Rafin.; Ceanothus capensis DC.; Ceanothus circumscissus (L. fil.) Gaertn.; Ceanothus zeylanicus Heyne; Rhamnus capensis Thunb.; Rhamnus circumscissa L. f.; Rhamnus lucida Roxb.; Rhamnus myrtina Burm. f.; Scutia buxifolia Hutch. & Moss; Scutia capensis (Thunb.) G. Don; Scutia circumcissa (L. f.) W. Theob.; Scutia circumscissa Druce; Scutia commersonii Brongn.; Scutia eberhardtii Tardieu; Scutia hutchinsonii Suess.; Scutia indica Brongn.; Scutia indica var. oblongifolia Engl.; Scutia natalensis Hochst.; Scutia obcordata Boivin ex Tul.; Scutia rheediana Wight; Ziziphus capensis Thunb. ex Poir.);
South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.),
Swaziland, Seychelles, Mauritius, La Runion, Madagascar, Ethiopia, Uganda,
Kenya, Tanzania, E-D.R. Congo (Zaire), South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania,
Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, India (Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra
Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma],
China (SW-Guangxi, S-Yunnan) as per Catalogue of Life;
commonly known as: cat thorn • Kannada: ಕುರುಡಿ kurudi • Marathi: चिमट chimat • Oriya: vallivadari • Tamil:பின்றொடரி pinrotari, தொடரி totari, துட்டவி tuttavi • Telugu: గద్దగోరు gadda-goru, గరికి gariki ;
Ripe fruits edible.
Shrubs evergreen, scandent, straggling, or erect, to 5 m tall, spinescent; branches opposite to subopposite; young branches puberulent; older branches brown or red-brown, striate, glabrous. Spines mostly 2 per node, axillary, 2-7 mm, recurved. Leaves opposite or subopposite; elliptic, 3.5-6 × 1.8-3 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, conspicuously raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, base broadly cuneate, margin inconspicuously remotely minutely serrulate, apex shortly acuminate or acute; stipules lanceolate, 2-3 mm, early deciduous; petiole 3-5 mm, glabrous or puberulent; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially shiny, deep green, brown when dry. Flowers yellow-green, few in axillary fascicles or shortly pedunculate in axillary condensed cymes, glabrous. Pedicels 1-2 mm. Sepals (4 or) 5, narrowly triangular, ca. 2 mm, midvein distinctly keeled, apex acute and thickened. Petals (4 or)5, deeply emarginate to deeply bilobed, unguiculate, ca. 1 mm, both sides slightly inflexed, base shortly clawed. Stamens (4 or) 5, surrounded by and equaling petals. Disk glabrous, rather thin and inconspicuous. Ovary globose, base filling calyx tube, but not immersed in disk, 2- loculed; style short, ca. 1 mm, stout; stigma undivided or inconspicuously 2- or 3-lobed. Drupe obovoid-globose, 4-5 mm in diameter, often with rudimentary style at apex, base with persistent calyx tube, with 2 one-seeded stones; fruiting pedicel 3-4 mm, glabrous; seeds brown, flat, obcordate, not furrowed.
Flowering and fruiting: March-November
Dry deciduous forests
South and south east Asia, Africa and Madagascar
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)
Names of Plants in India :: Scutia myrtina: Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz
[image: Scutia myrtina]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/5662018718/>
[image: Flowers of India]<http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Cat%20Thorn.html>
[image: Discussions at efloraofindia]<https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#%21searchin/indiantreepix/Scut…>
[image: more views in flickr]<http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Scutiamyrtina&m=tags&z=m>
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commonly known as: cat thorn • Kannada: ಕುರುಡಿ kurudi • Marathi: चिमट chimat • Oriya: vallivadari • Tamil:பின்றொடரி pinrotari, தொடரி totari, துட்டவி tuttavi • Telugu: గద్దగోరు gadda-goru, గరికి gariki
botanical names: Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz … synonyms: Rhamnus capensis Thunb. • Rhamnus circumscissa L. f. • Rhamnus myrtina Burm. f. • Scutia capensis (Thunb.) G. Don • Scutia circumcissa (L. f.) W. Theob. • Scutia indica Brongn.
Commonly known as ‘Sudali’ [சுடலி] in Tamil. Ripe fruits edible.
Goa photo for identification – 6: For identification please
Please provide the details required by .., for correct id.
I agree with … Scutia myrtina
KAS Week-(Scutia myrtina -01/10/2012-NJ): Scutia myrtina (Chimat in Marathi)
Shiny Obovate Lvs, Hooked spines — Pls id GE-12-Jan-2013-B: Found this medium shrub growing wild in Chenai outskirts.
I think this is Scutia myrtina
Thanks for the ref. to this plant erlier not known to me. Looks very likely. I shall look out for flrs/frt
I agree with … id.
Its called as ‘சுடலி’ (Sudali) in Tamil, and yields edible fruits (sudali pazham).
scutia myrtina : 4 images. 1 post by 1 author.
scutia myrtina, mahabaleshwar first week of march
called chimat locally
large bush, almost a small tree
tiny white flowers
ANAUG29 Ziziphyus sp. for ID 2 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Found in Bangalore (Outskirts)
August 15th 2014
I do not know the Botanical name, but it is Zarberi grows wild all over North Indian plains and Aravali range.
Scutia myrtina of Rhamnaceae
one thing is puzzling me. The plant you identify indigenous to Africa, but the plant Zharberi is indigenous at least to North Indian plains. May be the growing condition are the same.
Bush for ID, Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu NAW-OCT-15 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Kindly identify this thorny bush with blue edible fruits photographed an the Arunachala Reserve Forest, Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu in September 2014.
No flowers at this time and so no pictures. A local name in Tamil told to me was sodali or sothali. The bush was about 2 metres tall with small red-tipped curved spines. The 8-10 mm diameter blue drupes had a white powdery sweet pulp. Circular leaves about 2 cm wide.
Looks like Scutia myrtina
Good description and nice pictures!
Yes, it is Scutia myrtina.
Thank you all. i got some seeds of this – hopefully i will be able to get some to germinate.
ANOCT64 Scutia myrtina : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Very beautiful plant and nicely captured … thanks..
Small Tree For ID : Mahabaleshwar : 10AUG15 : AK-20 : 20/20 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Seen in Mahabaleshwar, growing wild.
With tiny green berries.
Scutia myrtina :: Galibeedu, Madikeri :: 23 FEB 2017 : 4 posts by 4 authors. 4 images.
Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 … Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
01082017BHAR1 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) – 3 MB
Found in Vandalur forest. Chennai.
Rubiaceae member? Randia?
Seems to be Scutia myrtina from the family Rhamnaceae
Scutia myrtina of Rhamnaceae
A shrub for ID
From Amboli May 2010
could this be Scutia myrtina?
I also think this is Scutia myrtina (N. L. Burman) Kurz from Rhamnaceae,
Yes, It is Scutia myrtina (Rhamnaceae). A common, straggling spiny shrub in the deciduous and semi-evergreen forests.
Thanks for the all the responses.
In our recent trip to Abu Hills, we were surprised to observe that many plant species which are supposed to fruit in end of May, are devoid of fruits. Species such as Carissa (Karonda), Malotus (Rohini), Syzygium (Jamun – two species) are still flowering. No fruiting till date. As per our observations, in June we use to collect fruits in this month. Our team members make regular monthly trips of the different areas in Southern belt of Rajasthan.
Mahabaleshwar, MH :: Scutia myrtina :: ARK2020-076 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)
Seen abundantly in Mahabaleshwar, MH in March 2020.