Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Cambodia; East Himalaya; Hainan; India; Laos; Myanmar; Nepal; Nicobar Is.; Pakistan; Thailand; Vietnam; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life;
commonly known as: hill lotus, oval-leaved China root, rough bindweed, square-branched sarsaparilla, wild sarsaparilla • Bengali: কুমারিকা kumarika • Gujarati: સાર્સાપરીલા sarsaparila • Hindi: चोब चीनी chob chini, कुमारिका kumarika • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಹಮ್ಬು kaadu hambu • Konkani: कवळकांटी kaval-kamti • Marathi: घोटवेल ghotvel • Mizo: kaihapui • Nepalese: कुकुरडाईनो kukurdaaino • Oriya: mootrilata • Persian: چيني چوب chob chini, عشبه ushba • Punjabi: ਉਸ਼ੱਬਾ ushba • Sanskrit: वनमधुस्नहिः vanamadhusnuhih • Tamil: காட்டுக்கொடி kattu-k-koti, திருநாமப்பாலை tiru-nama-p-palai • Telugu: కొండ తామర konda tamara ;

Fruits and vegetables:
Smilax ovalifolia
Local Marathi name Ghotvel
Tender shoots are eaten as vegetable during monsoon season in kokan region


Smilax ovalifolia:
Smilax ovalifolia
Today at Lonavala,Maharashtra

Yes … I also observed this on Sunday in Mahabaleshwar near Lodwick point


Smilax macrophylla Roxb. = S. ovalifolia Roxb. = S. retusa Roxb.:

Flora Indica describes :-
(i) …leaves sub-ovate, cordate, retuse…. triple nerved…. ——— S. retusa R.
(ii) …leaves sub-rotund, five-nerved, glossy…. —— S. macrophylla R.
(iii) …leaves oval, smooth, five to seven nerved…. petioles short, winged… jointed just above the tendrills… —– S. ovalifolia R.
F. B. I. vi. 310. describes :-
S. macrophylla Roxb. ……… “This is, I think, undoubtedly Roxburgh’s ovalifolia as well as his macrophylla. It is best distinguished from prolifera, by the narrow sheath of the petiole, but both are so variable with foliage, that young shoots of prolifera with undeveloped sheaths may be mistaken for macrophylla.
Bengal Plants ii. 1071. describes :-
Smilax macrophylla Roxb.; F. I. iii. 793.; F. B. I, vi. 310.; E. D. S. 2252. S. retusa F. I. iii. 793. S. obvalifolia F. I. iii. 794.
Chota Nagpur; W. Bengal; Chittagong.
A large, prickly climber. Hindi. Jangli aushbah; Beng. Kumarika; Santal. Atkir.
I think this species is Smilax macrophylla Roxb. of the “Bengal Plants”, recorded yesterday in Hooghly. And according to the Flora Indica it would blossom in June.


Requesting ID of this climber – Mumbai :: 24092013 :: ARK-02 :: September 2013 :  Attachments (3). 5 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting to please ID this climber captured at SGNP, Mumbai in September 2013.
Is this some Smilax

This is Smilax ovalifolia.


Based on your response, I am attaching some other pics of similar climbers taken at SGNP in May/July 2013.
Could you please confirm if these are also Smilax ovalifolia?

The first 2 are of Dioscorea bulbifera, the remaining are S.ovalifolia.

Can you confirm from … if it is Smilax wightii A.DC. as per discussions at Smilax ?

He is not sure as it does not flower in September !

Creeper for ID : 310310-AK-1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/smilax%20ovalifolia..jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/sm%20ilax%20ovalifolia....jpgSmilax ovalifolia (mixed thread): 2 images.
Found Smilax ovalifolia flowering on 20TH Sept 09.
Place SGNP — Kanheri Trail — Mumbai.



identification no 300814sn1 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5).
Please help in identification
location:ambyvalley rd.,lonavala,pune
plant habit:?

Why not Smilax macrophylla?

efi page on Smilax ovalifolia (syn: Smilax macrophylla Roxb.) 

Yes, Smilax, but don’t know the species.


Smilax_sp. from Guwahati.;    Attached images are Smilax sp. Please ID for this sp.

Date : 02.12.2012
Location: Guwahati [Dist- Kamrup(Metro)]
Family : Smilacaceae
Genus & species : Smilax sp.
Habitat: Grows on hilly area
Habit :Twiner
Stem : Spine present
Flower : Not seen
Fruits :not seen

Smilax ovalifolia Roxb.

Likely to be Smilex ovalifolia Roxb.


Smilax ovalifolia:
Seen this climber at “Prabal-Matheran valley”.
Bot name: Smilax ovalifolia
Family: Smilacaceae
Date/Time: 16-09-2012 / 05:00PM

Smilax zeylanica of LILIACEAE

Yes, Smilax zeylanica. 

I think Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don rather than Smilax zeylanica L. as per images and details herein.


identification no 2012sn2-reposting:
I am reposting my query. I had by mistake chosen the wrong option for attachments. Sorry for the inconvienience. Kindly identify the plant. Locals call it “ghotvel“. I think it is Smilax ovalifolia.

plant habit:climber

It does look like Smilax, but leaves are required to confirm id.

The fruits were seen growing on another tree and it was difficult to distinguish the leaves. My impression is that the leaves were not large. I shall shortly post the tree (on which some other fruit were seen). But the locals have identified as “Ghotvel” for sure.

Smilax is a climber and the leaves seen in the picture are not of the climber. As … said without leaves it is not possible to come to a conclusion on species of Smilax.

I have posted some more pics for better identification. As you can see there are other dark fruits on this tree and their were only one type of leaves.
6 correct images.

The last 3 pictures are of Olea dioica and others are fruits of species of Smilax

I am posting the latest pic of this same climber with leaves taken in jan13. Will it be possible to identify now?

This is a species of Smilax possibly S. zeylanica.

I think may be more closer to Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don rather than Smilax zeylanica L. (based on the relative size of the umbel and pedicels therein)

Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don. Internodes are much longer to S. zeylanica.


Smilax zeylanica L. SN Aug 36 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Smilax zeylanica L. is stout spinous tendril climber from Yercaud area of Tamilnadu at an altitude of 1300m

I think more closer to Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don rather than Smilax zeylanica L. as per images and details herein (based on the relative size of the umbel and the pedicels).

There is possibility for Smilax blumei A.DC. (= Smilax perfoliata Lour)

Can you show better images or Original image ?

Attachments (2)

I would prefer go with Smilax ovalifolia for the time being with these images.

Ok, thanks …

Ye …!

Mahabaleshwar Nov 2008; 30th of November, 2009: Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra;   


Smilax – indiantreepix | Google Groups



Mumbai, MH :: Smilax ovalifolia :: ARK2020-018 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
Saw this climber in the Aarey forest Mumbai, MH in October 2019. It matches with Smilax ovalifolia.




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