Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Syn. Pl. 1: 101 1805. (Syn. Andropogon arundinaceus Scop. …..; Blumenbachia halepensis (L.) Koeler; Holcus decolorans Willd. …; Milium halepense (L.) Cav.; Rhaphis halepensis (L.) Roberty; Sorghum bicolor subsp. halepense Barkworth et al. ………; Trachypogon avenaceus Nees [Illegitimate] ….);
Macaronesia to Central Asia and Indo-China: Afghanistan, Algeria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya; Introduced into: Alabama, Albania, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, California, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Marianas, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Senegal, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
Johnson Grass, Aleppo grass, Aleppo milletgrass • Bengali: jowar • Hindi: baru, chinna, bajara, jangli-jowar • Kannada: huchhu jola, impi jola, kaadu galagu hullu, kahijola • Telugu: gaddi janu;


Grass week: 071210GS2 a grass for ID from Delhi:
a grass for ID from Delhi. This another taller grass had less
branched panicle with reddish spikelets
, growing in Sunder Nursery in Delhi.


Grass week: 081210GS1 a grass for ID from Delhi:
Relatively tall grass, up to 1.5 m tall, with broad (nearly 15-20 mm) leaves and spreading panicle. Herbal Garden, Delhi, 213 m alt. Photographed in June, 2009.

– May be Panicum antidotum ?

– to me it seems to be Sorghum halpense. not panicum as here spikelets are sessile as well as pedicellate. in panicum all spikelets are same

– it is Sorghum halepense


Wild Grass for ID : MNP,Mumbai : 121012 : AK-1:
Wild grass seen at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai on 19/9/2010.
Plant was around 5-6 feet in height.
Some grain?

I think its Sorghum halepense

Kindly post photograph of whole plant also. The leaves seems to be broad. However, we have to see the lower leaves too. Also post photo of the inflorescence when it is completely out of the sheath. We have to check whether the branches are verticillate or not. Also see whether the root system is rhizomatous, stoloniferous, etc. or whether it is found in isolated culms or growing gregariously. The broad leaf makes me think it is different from S.halepense. Also see whether the sheath nodes are hairy or not, if possible take a photo of the node also. A close up macro of a spikelet pair would be desirable. For this, you can break a branch of the inflorescence, spread out the spikelets with your hand and then take a photo so that pedicelled and sessile spikelets can be distinguished.

Will try to follow your instructions when I visit the place again.
Thanks for the keen interest shown in my picture.

On searching through my pictures, I found one more picture of the same.
I have also noted all the points that you have asked me to cover during my next visit. Although I am not a trained Botanist, will try to take more pictures.
Might have to wait till the next monsoon season when you find all these wild plants growing.
Hope this picture helps, don’t know how I missed it earlier.

It is Sorghum halepense, as suggested by … As it is rhizomatous (evident by the gregarious growth of the plant as seen in the backgroud of the new photo. If it was not rhizomatous, then it would have been a single clump, instead of spreading all over. The linear nature of the leaf is also evident from the new photos.

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae- 07042013GS3 another grass for ID from Delhi-GS68 :  Attachments (4). 7 posts by 3 authors.
Grass photographed from Herbal garden, Delhi. Pl. help in ID

Sorghum halepense

[23052013] AP3-Plant for id from Ambala Cantt Haryana : Attachments (7). 4 posts by 4 authors.

Please members help me to identify this plant..
place-ambala cantt
month- may
habitat- waste ground
habit- herbaceous, erect
height- about 7 ft

May be Sorghum halepense..

… has identfied it correctly

Unknown grass species from Kamrup district, Assam. :  Attachments (9). 5 posts by 2 authors.
Attached images are unknown grass species from Kamrup district, Assam. Please ID the species.  
Date :13.09.2013
Location: Kamrup district
Family :Poaceae
Genus & species : Unknown
Habitat: Grows wild
Habit : Herb

Could be near Bothriochloa / Dichantium. Send me a specimen and I can tell.

it is Sorghum helpense

Could well be. The epithet is then halepense.

Yes it is Sorghum halepense


Poaceae plant for Id Mumbai. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please identify this plant image, taken in May-2015, Mumbai.

This is probably a Sorghum sp.

Sorghum helpense

Sorghum halepense


ID of this grass from Mohali, please : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 2 MB
Place: Mohali, Punjab

Date: 18/06/17
Habitat: Found close to Dactylon spp.

Cyperaceae member?

it seems to be Sorghum helpense

Sorghum halepenseJohnson’s grass (a fooder grass turned weed)

It is Sorghum sp.

200618 AS1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 Mb and 4 Mb.
Need ID please

This one is Sorghum helpense?

great, … nice to know the dx
Univ Michigan has a nice page for diagnosis:
And … when do you think it came to Indiahow wide spread is it?
i found a short but very interesting history of its introduction to USA:
This link is for a thoughtfully written and researched essay on Johnson grass.

I quote from the page

is native to the Mediterranean region of Europe and Africa, and possibly to Asia Minor.

Worldwide, its range as a weed extends from 55° N to 45° S in latitude [96,128]. 

It was widely introduced in North America, Europe, Africa, and southwestern Asia [184], and was also introduced in Brazil, Argentina [155], and northern Australia [78].

In North America it occurs in southern Ontario south through all the contiguous United Statesexcept Maine [72,109,206] to the Rio Grande Delta region of Tamaulipas and the Cape region of Baja California Sur in Mexico [204]. Johnson grass also occurs in Hawaii and the Caribbean [109].

In the United States, Johnson grass was introduced in South Carolina from Turkey around 1830

William Johnson, whom the plant is named after, established Johnson grass 

along the Alabama River in the 1840s as a forage species, and Johnson grass 

spread rapidly across the South [14,149,170,182]. Johnson grass is now 

widely escaped from cultivation in much of the United States. 

It is most invasive in the Southeast, although it is widespread in central California and New Mexico [122,128,206]. 

Johnson grass is not persistent in the Pacific Northwest, upper northern Great Plains, 

extreme northern portions of the Great Lake states, the Northeast [70,110,132,194], 

or in Arizona, Colorado, and Utah [111,200,201]. Plants database provides a state distributional map of Johnson grass.”

end quote 

For references listed above , you have to go to  page in the link below…. “

it also mentions that its a good forage grass.  too much of it may cause nitrogen toxicity, though.

several other websites list it as a weed: 
i quote”
Pest/Weed Considerations

Sorghum halepense is considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world.[1] Fifty-three countries, ranging in latitude from 55 N to 45 S report Johnson grass as a major problem; the problem is most serious in the region from the Mediterranean to the Middle East and India, Australia, central South America and the Gulf Coast of the United States.[1]” end quote

my question  are there publications or webpages regarding this pest status in india

and when did it come to India????


Please help me to identify this grass : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Please help me to identify this grass from Morena, M.P near Chambal River
Date of capture October 19

Chrysopogon fulvus ??

Thanks Sir Its Really Looks close

Sorghum halepense


Poaceae plant for id : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 2 Mb.
Request for id of another grass species from Bilaspur. Photographed in May 2020.

Attaching another image showing the habit of the grass. Request for identification.
Attachments (1) – 5 Mb.

Is it some species of Panicum?

Sorghum halepense


Bhopal; black soil; moist areas; 5/10/2020

Sorghum halepense

Sorghum spp., probably Sorghum halepense (close up of spikelets required for species level id)


Grass for ID : Nasik : 09DEC21 : AK – 09: 4 images.
Grass seen near a river bank in Nasik.

Sorghum halepense


Grass for ID : Mumbai : 28DEC21 : AK – 23: 3 images.
Grass seen a couple of days ago (28.12.21) in Mumbai.

Sorghum halepense


Grass for Id from Bilaspur: 2 images.
Request for id of a grass from Bilaspur. Photographed in February 2022. The plant is about 2 m tall. Photographed after slightly bending the plant.

Looks like Sorghum halepense

Fodder Grass for Identification MK Dec-01 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7).
Please help me to identify this grass grown as fodder for cattle.
Date: 09 Sep 2014
Place: Sathyamangalam town, TN
Habitat: agricultural crop

It seems Festuca pratensis Huds.

It seems to be Sorghum halepense or Sorghum controversum

It is Sorghum sp., probably S.halepense. Pl. confirm whether it has a long rhizome or not.



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