Spergula arvensis L., Sp. Pl. 440 1753. (Syn: Alsine arvensis Crantz; Arenaria arvensis Wallr.; Spergula arvensis var. maxima (Weihe) Rohrb.; Spergula arvensis subsp. maxima (Weihe ex Boenn.) O. Schwartz; Spergula arvensis subsp. sativa (Boenn.) Čelak.; Spergula arvensis var. sativa (Boenn.) Rohrb.; Spergula arvensis subsp. vulgaris O. Schwartz; Spergula linicola Boreau; Spergula maxima Weihe; Spergula maxima Weihe ex Boenn.; Spergula sativa Boenn. [Illegitimate]; Spergula sativa subsp. linicola O. Schwartz; Spergula vulgaris Boenn.; Spergularia arvensis (L.) Cambess.; Spergularia maxima G.Don (Unresolved));
Europe to Siberia and NW. India, Macaronesia, NW. Africa, Ethiopia to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa: Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chita, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre; Introduced into: Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kamchatka, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Texas, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
As per efi thread:
The presence of connate stipules in Spergularia and stipules not connate in Spergula is more satisfactory in separating the genera as they occur in Pakistan.
Corolla white as per BSI Flora of India;
Corn spurry;


Caryophyllaceae Week: Spergula arvensis for validation..:
This very common winter herb was shot from Panipat, I want to be sure if this is Spergula arvensis or a Spergularia species.. we used to identify this as Spergula arvensis.. based on white coloured petals and longer, cylindrical, whorled leaves..

Yes Spergula arvensis

Is it wild herb or a cultivated one?

Wild only..


Annual herb characterized by leaves with scarious free stipules, leaves linear in pseudowhorls and small entire white flowers, usually 10 stamens and five styles. The plant is found as weed, in lawns and waste places
Photographed from Delhi and Kashmir



plant with cladodes : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Please ID this plant
Date of click: March 8, 2017
Place: Mohali Punjab
a roadside plant with white flowers and the fruits drooping.

I hope Spergula arvensis…….!!

SK370 11FEB-2017:ID : 7 posts by 3 authors. 6 correct images as above.
Location: Taudaha, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude:  4200 ft.
Date: 10 February 2017

It seems to me a mix of two different species.
Image 60, 1004, 1005, 1007, 1009, 1014 are of the same species- Spergula sp. (Caryophyllaceae).
Pinnatisect leaves in image 1010, 1012, 1013 may be of some Brassicaceae member.
Only one species of Spergula (S.arvensis) is known from Nepal.

Thank you for the ID.
Spergula arvensis L. (accepted name)
Nepali Names: झ्याउ झार Jhyaau Jhaar / ल्वाङ्ग्टा Lwaangtaa


SK676 26 JUL-2017:ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
Location: Shivapuri National Park, Nepal
Altitude: 8200 ft.
Date: 22 July 2017

Spergula arvensis I hope.. 

Spergula arvensis L.
Looks like matching but the elevation is confusing.

ID validation is still pending. Plants looks matching but there is a vast difference of elevation, about 5000 ft.

Flora of China gives its distribution as Bhutan, N India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Russia, Sikkim; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe, North America.
We also have records in efi site from Kashmir at Spergula arvensis
So heights can be more than specifies in Checklist of Nepal (which is not always correct).

Only just check whether your images are matching with this species or not ?

If the elevation is not a big issue it may be correct.

Spergula arvensis L. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7) – around 500 kb each.
Location: Gyaneswor, Kathmandu
Date: 3 Aprl 2019
Elevation: 1300 m.

Habit : Cultivated


SK 2366 05 January 2020 : 15 posts by 4 authors. 4 images- 5 to 7 mb each
Location: Kalimpong, WB, India
Date:  27  November 2019 
Elevation: 1350m.
Habitat: Growing along cultivated plant /Wild Weed

Reminds me of Mollugo and Oldenlandia

Does the basal leaves indicate toward them ?

Persistent calyx, long pedicel, narrow leaves do show similarity to Oldenlandia. 5-merous is more like Mollugo.
But, I know many species of them through photos only.

Looks different from Mollugo as per comparative images herein.
Can it be from Rubiaceae ?
There are other images in the same post, which may also be seen.

CaryophyllaceaeSpergula arvensis L.? suggestion only!

Looks very close !


Thank you Sir for sharing the very informative link.

SD011 7 Feb 2020- Plant ID Assistance : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- around 750 kb each.
please assist with plant ID.
Found near Neemrana, Rajasthan. Elevation 305 metres

Spergula arvensis!


Spergula fallax for validation : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Found in irrigated fields in Bera, Rajasthan in February 2020.
Is this Spergula fallax (Lowe) E.H.L.Krause, Caryophyllaceae ?  Please confirm

Thanks, …
Most of our posts so far are at Spergula arvensis L.
May I request you to pl. check the following keys from Flora of Pakistan, as I can not see these details in these images:
1 Leaves not channeled beneath. Seeds keeled or with a narrow wing 2 Spergula arvensis
+ Leaves channeled beneath. Seeds broadly winged 1 Spergula fallax
Also Spergula fallax (Lowe) E.H.L.Krause seems to have been transferred Spergularia flaccida (Madden) I.M.Turner as per Catalogue of life. So also check the keys in Flora of China as below:
5 (4) Styles 5; capsule 5-valved; leaves usually pseudoverticillate, stipules not connate 3 Spergula
+ Styles 3; capsule 3-valved; leaves decussate, stipules connate 4 Spergularia
However, Flora of Pakistan says
The frequently used characters of 3 styles and the capsule dehiscing by 3 valves do not hold good in our area in separating (Spergula) from Spergularia (styles 3, capsule dehiscing by 3 valves). The presence of connate stipules in Spergularia and stipules not connate in Spergula is more satisfactory in separating the genera as they occur in Pakistan.
Pl. also see images of Spergularia fallax Lowe as below:


thank you for your research.  My tentative id was based on Bhandari’s book, p. 47 in which Spergula fallax (Lowe) E.H.L.Krause, is synonymous with S. arvensis sensu Bhandari,
It matches the description given in respect to the plant which I saw. I did not see the seeds.
The leaves are not channelled, there are 3 styles and stipules are not connate.
I will go with whatever you decide.


Plant for ID: SD060: 1 image.
Kindly assist with plant ID, winter herb found all over Delhi

Oh this is Spergula arvensis! Sorry, I know this one already


Dholpur, January 2022 :: Spergula arvensis for validation :: ARK2022-060: 2 high res. images.

This was clicked at Dholpur, Rajasthan on the banks of the Chambal river in January 2022
Friends on the Indian Flora FB group suggested Spergula arvensis.
Requested to provide ID.

I guess yes!


Spergula arvensis L.: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Dhorpatan, Baglung, Nepal 
Date: 31 May 2023
Elevation: 2900 m.

Habit : Wild