tam-uh-RIN-dus — from the Arabic tamar (date), hindi (Indian)
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India

commonly known as: camalindo, Indian date, madeira mahogany, sweet tamarind, tamarind • Assamese: তেঁতেলী tenteli • Bengali: আম্লীকা amlika, তেঁতুল tentula, তিন্তিড়ীক tintidika • Gujarati: ખાટી આમલી khati aamli • Hindi: आम्लिका amlika, इमली imli, तिन्तिड़ी tintiri • Kannada: ಹುಣಸೇ hunase • Konkani: चिंच्याम chinchyaam • Malayalam: പുളി puli, വാളന്പുളി valamapuli • Manipuri: মংগে mange • Marathi: अमली amli, चिंच chinch • Nepalese: अमिलि amili, इम्लि imli, तित्रि titri • Oriya: tintuli • Pali: चिञ्चा chincha • Punjabi: ਅੰਬਲੀ ambli, ਇਮਲੀ imli • Sanskrit: आम्लः amalah, अम्लिका or अम्लीका amalika, अम्लम् amlam, अम्लफलः amlaphalah, अम्लवृक्षः amlavrukshah, चण्डः chandah, चरित्रा charitra, चिञ्चा chincha, चिन्तिडी chintidi, चुक्रा chukra, चुक्रम्ला chukramla, गुरुपत्रा gurupatra, महाम्लम् mahamlam, फलम्लम् phalamlam, श्रेष्ठम्लम् shreshtamlam, तिन्तिडः tintidah, तिन्तिडिका tintidika, तिन्तिली tintili, तिन्तिलीका tintilika, वृक्षम्लम् vrukshamlam • Tamil: ஆம்பிலம் ambilam, சஞ்சீவகரணி canciva-karani, சண்டன் cantan, எகின் ekin, எதளா etala, இந்தம் intam, கிஞ்சம் kincam, ஓதிமம் otimam, புளி puli • Telugu: ఆమ్లము amlamu, అమ్లిక amlika, చించ chincha, చింత chinta, తింత్రిణి tintrini • Urdu: املی imlii

Native of: tropical Africa, Madagascar; widely cultivated

Tree often reaching 25 m; leaves with 8-20 pairs of opposite 12-25 mm long oblong leaflets; flowers in up to 8-flowered short raceme; pedicel up to 15 mm long; calyx up to 12 mm long, reddish; petals white or yellowish with reddish veins, 10-13 mm long; pod light brown, scurfy outside, 7-15 cm long, 2-4 seeded, with pulp inside. 

Popularly eaten as table fruit, having been used largely in sauces, chutneys, and beverages;
The tamarind is also an ingredient in Sambhar;
Tree is of greatest use to the poor tribes of our country who live in the forest. In times of famine they husk the tamarind seeds, which are than boiled and powered into flour to make bread;
The flowers are equally tasty as much as the imlies;  

 

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Here are the flowers pics of Well known Tamarind.
Bot. name: Tamarindus indica
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Plant Habit: Tree.


– Some ripe fruits from Madurai.  


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Fruits & Vegetables Week: Tamarindus indicus, the tamarindTamarindus indicus, the tamarind, the now popularly eaten as table fruit, having been used largely in sauces, chutneys, and beverages.
Local names
Hindi: Imli, ambli
Beng: Tentul, ambli
Mar: Chinch, chicha
Guj: Amli, ambli,
Tel: Chintachettu, sintachettu
Tam: Pulli, amitam


– the tamarind is also an ingredient  in  Sambhar.


One interesting story mentioned in the book ‘The Garden of Life’ by Naveen Patnaik- pg 110  is with regards to legendary singer Tansen. The book mentions there is a famous tamarind tree in India which stands over the tomb of the legendary Indian singer Tansen whose golden voice made him one of the nine gems in Akbar’s court. It is mentioned that four centuries later, India’s finest classical singers still travel to Tansen’s tomb to pluck leaves from this tamarind tree to make into throat gargles, in the hope that their voices will become as pure as Tansen’s !!


– As diverse and living in different time zones so to say, as India is, here’s  a use mentioned in the same source as above, which is the reality of our  country–the author mentions that tree is of  greatest use to the poor tribes of our country who live in the forest. In times of famine they husk the tamarind seeds, which are than boiled and powered into flour to make bread.


 

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Sweet Tamarind from Thailand: Thought of sharing these Sweet Tamarind pictures, available in Mumbai markets fresh  from Thailand. Wonder if .. or  anyone can enlighten further on these trees whose fruits are as sweet as dates!


– i have 6 year plant waiting for flowering.


– Are they rally sweet .. or mixture of Khatt-Meetha ?


– The taste is  only sweet !


– Not to start any contravercy but a question is always discussed on every forum conferences, seminars, NGO meetings, forest dept meetings, newspapers about Indigeous plants and nonindegious. When we take tree plantation drive sometimes this becomes a serious issue.
Will we call such plants grown from seeds from some fruits originally not Indian as Indegious or Nonindegious?


– I too had the same question in mind since I am doing an article about alien plant species.


– This Sweet Tamarind is cultivar of Tamarindus indica from Thailand is known as ‘Makham Vaan’. There another sweet cultivar distributed by USDA known as ‘Manila Sweet’
Interesting to note that several websites on net assign ‘Sweet Tamarind’ to Pithecelobium dulce, perhaps in error, which has much different much thinner curved fruits.


– I had enjoyed these sweet tamarinds at breakfast table at Kunming in China about 6 years ago.  It was a novelty for me at that time and I brought a few seeds and have grown about 20 saplings at my farm near Karnala Bird Sanctuary.  They are growing well and hope will fruit soon (?!!!).  Tamarind trees are known to be slow growing and have a very long life..

I remember reading somewhere that the genus name ‘Tamarindus’ originated from ‘Tamar – e – Hind’ meaning ‘Date of India’.  I would always wonder how the sour tamarind fruit can be compared with delicious date.  But now with this sweet tamarind the question is resolved since this tastes quite similar to dates.



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efloraindia: Fabaceae-C​aesalpinio​ideae -week: Tamarindus indica from Coimbatore.: Sharing the images of Tamarindus indica from Coimbatore.


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efloraofindia:’05122011MR3’’ Fabaceae-Caesalpinioidea (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Tamarindus indica Pune:

Sharing images of Tamarindus indica tree from Pune
Photographed in a private Society garden in Sep 2011

Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) :: Tamarindus indica – in Mumbai: Here are the flowers pics of Well known Tamarind.
Bot. name: Tamarindus indica
Family:
Caesalpiniaceae
Plant Habit: Tree.


yes, nice photos, an Tropical African tree, though species is indica


tam-uh-RIN-dus — from the Arabic tamar (date), hindi (Indian)
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India
 
May 27, 2007 … near Bedse caves, Maharashtra
commonly known as: camalindo, Indian date, madeira mahogany, sweet tamarind, tamarind • Assamese: তেঁতেলী tenteli • Bengali: আম্লীকা amlika, তেঁতুল tentula, তিন্তিড়ীক tintidika • Gujarati: ખાટી આમલી khati aamli • Hindi: आम्लिका amlika, इमली imli, तिन्तिड़ी tintiri • Kannada: ಹುಣಸೇ hunase • Konkani: चिंच्याम chinchyaam • Malayalam: പുളി puli, വാളന്പുളി valamapuli • Manipuri: মংগে mange • Marathi: अमली amli, चिंच chinch • Nepalese: अमिलि amili, इम्लि imli, तित्रि titri • Oriya: tintuli • Pali: चिञ्चा chincha • Punjabi: ਅੰਬਲੀ ambli, ਇਮਲੀ imli • Sanskrit: आम्लः amalah, अम्लिका or अम्लीका amalika, अम्लम् amlam, अम्लफलः amlaphalah, अम्लवृक्षः amlavrukshah, चण्डः chandah, चरित्रा charitra, चिञ्चा chincha, चिन्तिडी chintidi, चुक्रा chukra, चुक्रम्ला chukramla, गुरुपत्रा gurupatra, महाम्लम् mahamlam, फलम्लम् phalamlam, श्रेष्ठम्लम् shreshtamlam, तिन्तिडः tintidah, तिन्तिडिका tintidika, तिन्तिली tintili, तिन्तिलीका tintilika, वृक्षम्लम् vrukshamlam • Tamil: ஆம்பிலம் ambilam, சஞ்சீவகரணி canciva-karani, சண்டன் cantan, எகின் ekin, எதளா etala, இந்தம் intam, கிஞ்சம் kincam, ஓதிமம் otimam, புளி puli • Telugu: ఆమ్లము amlamu, అమ్లిక amlika, చించ chincha, చింత chinta, తింత్రిణి tintrini • Urdu: املی imlii
Native of: tropical Africa, Madagascar; widely cultivated
more views: May 27, 2007 … near Bedse caves, Maharashtra 
Mar 2, 2008 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra 
Jun 21, 2008 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra


 

 

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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Browneopsis ucayalina (?) expanding new leaf
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Not sure this is the correct species, or if this is commonly grown in India, but I shot this yesterday in Davie, Florida, USA.
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… many thanks for showing wonderful tassles !!
Never seen this artwork of Nature.


Interesting observation.

 

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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Tamarindus indica from Delhi:  Tamarindus indica L., Sp. Pl. 34, 1753

syn: Tamarindus officinalis Hook.; Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn. 
Common names: Indian tamarind, kilytree, tamarind, Indian date
Hindi: Imli
Tree often reaching 25 m; leaves with 8-20 pairs of opposite 12-25 mm long oblong leaflets; flowers in up to 8-flowered short raceme; pedicel up to 15 mm long; calyx up to 12 mm long, reddish; petals white or yellowish with reddish veins, 10-13 mm long; pod light brown, scurfy outside, 7-15 cm long, 2-4 seeded, with pulp inside.
Planted in various gardens, Photographed from Rajouri Garden.


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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) week: Tamarindus indica from IOCL Area Panipat:  Tamarindus indica from IOCL Area Panipat
Roadside planted tree

 

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Request for pics of Tamarindus indica:  Could anyone send me some pics of Tamarindus indica plant, fruit, and seeds and flowers for using in writing of an article of its use as raw material in perfumery.


Find attached 2 images.


I have few pictures at http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:J.M.Garg_TreesT (alphabetically arranged).
If you like anyone, you can use them or ask for a higher resolution picture.


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SYMBIOSIS : 391 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of Indian Palm Bob butterfly on the flower of Tamarindus indica (TAMARIND/ IMLI/ TNETUL).


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SYMBIOSIS :393 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Bumble Bee on the flowers of Tamarindus indica. (TAMARIND/ IMLI/ TNETUL)


Images by tspkumar 

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TSPNOV2015-27:Images of Tamarindus indica (Fabaceae) : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Tamarindus (Fabaceae)
Habit: Medium- Large tree
Habitat: Cultivated, Avenue.
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka about 1000 msl.
Date: 06-08-2014, 07-02-2015 and 08-06-2015 


Kindly read the name as Tamarindus indica. The omission is regretted.


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Tamarindus indica SMP 2016/11 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Tamarindus indica
Pune May 2016


wow close up photo


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Tree for ID :: JJ – Modera, GJ, March 2018 :: ARKAPR-17 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Captured this tree at Modera, GJ in March 2018. It was next to a temple.
Requested to please ID.

Appears some fabaceae member.  


Is it Acasia

Appears to be Tamarindus indica L. [Leguminosae] from these distant long shots.

Thank you … for the ID. Initially I too thought it so, but looking at the appearance of the fall of the branches, I had doubts.


Look like Tamarindus indica 

 

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again from Tamil Nadu : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- around 900 kb each. 
near Trichy.


Looks like Tamarindus indica

Yes, it seems good. Thank you. 


 

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at asola on 1.7.07; From Kamakshya Hills- June’09?; around Pune- April’10?; at Yeoor,  part of the national park of Mumbai on 27 June 10;
 

 

 

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TAMARIND TREE : Tamarind does not require any introduction. Without Tamarind, functioning of kitchen will be difficult. Chakravarti S Venkatesh gives a very interesting input about the name of this tree. This is what he says,
    ” Tamarind derives its name from the Persian Tamar-i-Hind, meaning in that language the Date of India. Originally a native oftropical Africa, it is now widely planted and naturalized everywhere inthe tropics of both the hemisheres.”
Attaching two images of flowers of Tamarind.


 

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efloraofindia:”For Id 30092011MR18’’ Tamarind tree with fruit Pune:  Sharing pictures of Tamarind tree with fruit Sep 2011
Pune

Quite tempting fruits: sweet or sour?


I have a story about this tree.
During our Stay in Officers Training Academy in Kamptee (Nagpur). Many of our lectures were used to held under this tree. This tree is in abundant in OTA. We tried our best to see its flowers to have their snaps but could not see even single. After completion of our training on 21st feb 2009, we collected its fruits to take away with us to Home with the hope that in next refresher course we will be able to see its flowers.


I will post pics of its flowers when it flowers next. They are pretty flowers. As a child we used to suck sweet
juice from it. Some people cook them as a vegetable.

I have heard that Tamarind tree gives out a lot of a Co2 and it is not good to have this tree around your house. Is it a myth. Also Audumbar tree gives out a lot of oxygen and it is good to plant it around your house

the fruits are sour

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Flora of Panipat: Tamarindus indica from IOCL Refinery area Panipat: Tamarindus indica from IOCL Refinery area Panipat
Tree planted along roadside area 

yes, I got some pics at the beginning of summer at the KolBot G…

very nice… you got them now? at end of summer?
regional differences I guess. 

Great Series. The flowers are equally tasty as much as the imlies. Great details 


flowers of India site- corrections in Bengali names:

Now, it’s something else. But before i proceed i would humbly like to add that i know you must be receiving thousands mails daily to take care of. So, it is not necessary to reply me back for all mails i write/forward to you. I just wish that our group, or any other website maintained by Indians should always display zero error data on everything they put on web for world wide view.
I noticed some discrepancies in the Flowers of India site regarding Bengali names of species. Presently i would like to draw you kind attention regarding two species –
The Bengali name of the above is TENTUL ( তেঁতুল ), never AMLI, though some Hindi speaking people of West Bengal use IMLI.
2. Combretum indicum (syn. Quisqualis indica) – http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Rangoon%20Creeper.html
The Bengali (also in Assam) name of the above is MADHABI LATA ( মাধবীলতা ), it is the common name we use for the same. But there is another Bengali name, BRAHMOLATA, which no one uses here. I am attaching an image file, recorded from the book “Plant Groups” (a college text book by H. Mukherji), here for your perusal.
For the same reason as in point 2. this plant cannot be MADHABILATA in Bengali. I do not know its Bengali name, i think it is uncommon in West Bengal.


Many thanks … for validating these names.
Very helpful corrections.

But one thing bothers me, i do not know anything about Hiptage benghalensis, if it is available here or how common it is. I tried to find some info on this plant, with all its synonyms, in the book i use but didn’t find any. However, if i receive any info about this particular species i will inform you and the group.


Dealing with correct Bengali names of various plants is very troublesome. What is West Bengal today is not same with what was Bengal before 1947.
“The language Bengali” in West Bengal and “the language Bengali” in Bangladesh are not always same. There are quite too many dialects and there by results much confusion, confusion not only regarding names of plants but also in other domain. I have heard and read that this variation is more complex in Bangladesh. Our friends from Bangladesh could tell us more. Besides, there exists differences in names used by educated city folks and by common village folks. 
The following website from Bangladesh supports the names used in FoI site –
But the above must not be taken granted. Bengali word for ‘water’ is ‘JAL’ ( জল ), but it is also ‘PAANI’ ( পানি ) to a large number of Bengali, both in West Bengal and in Bangladesh.



 

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Flower for Id – ID 19072019SH3 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Flower for id pl.
Location – Mumbai
Date – June 2019

Tamarindus indica L. 


Tamarindus indica L. : 6 posts by 1 author. 6 images- 4 to 7 mb each.

Location: Bangkok, Thailand
Date:  07  December 2019 
Elevation: MSL
Habitat: Cultivated


 

References:

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