Images by Surajit Koley,Dr.Satish Phadke & (Bhagyashri Ranade-identified by Dr.Satish Phadke), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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thess-PEE-zee-uh — Greek: thespesios (marvelous, divine) … Dave’s Botanary
pop-ULL-nee-uh — pertaining to or similar to Populus (poplar) … Dave’s Botanary

 

commonly known as: Aden apple, Indian tulip tree, portia treeAssamese: পৰশ পিপল paras pipalBengali: পরশপিপুল paraspipulGujarati: પારસપીપળો paraspiploHindi: पारस पीपल paras pipalKachchhi: પારસપીપળો paraspiploKannada: ಅಡವಿ ಬೆಂಡೇ ಮರ adavi bende mara, ಆಶ asha, ಬಂಗಾಳಿ bangali, ಬುಗುರಿ buguri, ಹೂವರಸಿ ವರ huvarasi mara, ಕಂದರೊಳ kandarola, ಜೋಗಿಯರಳೆ jogiyaraleKonkani: भेंडी bhendi, व्हडली खारीकापुसी vhadli kharikapusiMalayalam: പൂവരശ്ശ് puvarassu, പൂപ്പരുത്തി pupparuttiMarathi: आष्ट aashta, भेंड bhend, भेंडी वृक्ष bhendi vruksh, पारोसा पिंपळ parosa pimpalOdia: ହବାଲି habali, ହାବାଳି hawali, ପାରୀଶ parisaPunjabi: ਪਾਰਸ ਪੀਪਲ paras pipalSanskrit: चारुदारु charudaru, छायावृक्ष chayavrksha, गर्दभाण्डक gardabhandaka, कपीतन kapitana, क्षिप्रपाकिन् kshiprapakin, पारिश parisha, पार्श्वपिप्पल parshvapippala, फलीश phalisha, प्लक्ष plaksha, सुपार्श्व suparshvaTamil: அரசன்விரோதி aracan-viroti, சீலாந்தி cilanti, கல்லால் kal-l-al, மகாநிம்பம் maka-nimpam, மண்ணிலவேந்தன் mannila-ventan, பீரம் piram, பித்தரோசனம் pitta-rocanam, பூளம் pulam, பூப்பருத்தி pu-p-parutti, புரசு puracu, புற்போதி pur-poti, பூவரசு puvaracuTelugu: గంగరావి gangaravi,గంగరేణి gangareniTulu: ಜೋಗಿ ಮರ jogi maraUrdu: پارس پيپل paras pipal

Native of: India

Tree with peltate-hairy branches and leaves; leaves ovate, entire, stipules linear; flowers solitary axillary with jointed pedicel; calyx cupular, minutely 5-toothed; petals pale yellow with crimson centre turning reddish
in evening; fruit 2-3 cm across, 5-celled, 2-4 seeds in each.
 

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efloraofindia:”For Id 14032013MR1’’ tree with brown fruits at Pune :  5 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
13/03/2013

road side tree in Pune camp area

requesting identification of a medium ht tree with dry brown fruits. a few fruits had fallen on the ground. size of fruits that of a big marble. no flowers were seen. there were many such trees along the road. On opening the fruit there were many seeds inside.


Thespesia populnea
Called as “Bhendi” भेंडी


 

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This time i myself found one on a railway station (Balarambati, Hooghly). ‘Bengal Plants’ refers it as পরশ / পরশ-পিপল (PARAS / PARAS-PIPAL) in Bengali.


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 416 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Attaching an image of a Bumble Bee on the flower of Thespesia populnea (PORTIA TREE/PARAS PIPAL).


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tree for Identification Mumbai 07122013 NAW3 :  Attachments (4). 5 posts by 4 authors.

Kindly identify this tree found growing on road side in Ville Parle, Mumbai. Leaves like peepal. Fruits spherical.


Thespesia populnea I hope


Thespesia populnea. Quite common in Mumbai. Had posted about an interesting facet of the fruit last year


Yes surely Thespesia populnea


 

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Thespesia populnea from Kolkata, West Bengal: SCFEB04 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol.ex Corrêa

Common names vary according to the country and include Indian Tulip Tree, Pacific Rosewood etc. The basic of this tree you can find in

Photographed from Hedua Park(near Scottish Church College), Kolkata, West Bengal during 2010


 

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Thespesia populnea is one of the most widespread and extensively propagated trees in & around Mumbai, both along the coast and inland. One of the key features of this tree, and one that is highlighted in all the descriptions of this species, is its indehiscent fruit. Its congener T. populneoides is known for its dehiscent fruit.
In the last few years, I have often come across dehiscent fruits on many of these trees all over Mumbai & its environs. These dehiscent fruits are borne on short stalks (c. 3 cm in length). In a few instances, I have encountered indehiscent fruits borne on long stalks (c. 10 cm in length).
The Thespesia populations of this region also exhibit considerable variation in the leaf shape, especially the leaf base, which varies from deeply cordate to subtruncate. From what I’ve observed, fruit dehiscence is not confined to trees with a particular leaf shape, it occurs both in the cordate- as well as in the truncate-leaved trees. I have not come across the bronze-coppery foliage characteristic of T. populneoides in any of the trees here.
Have attached a paper on Thespesia populnea and its congener T. populneoides by Francis Raymond Fosberg & Marie-Hélène Sachet [1972]. In light of this paper, a large number of the Thespesia strands in Mumbai appear to intergrade between T. populnea and T. populneoides.
Some photographs of the dehiscent fruits and the variable leaf bases taken in North & in South Mumbai between January and April 2014 are attached herewith.

Would appreciate any comments and observations.


just for this thread as data … you know it of course

this is paras piplo in gujarati i think


 

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Indian Tulip flowers…
Bot. name: Thespesia populnea
Family: Malvaceae
Date/Time: 27-05-2010 / 11:00AM
Location: Mumbai

 


yes these flowered recently profusely at the height of the heat wave

 


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Thespesia populnea from Lakshadweep (Kadmat Island).


 

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Malvaceae Fortnight:: Thespesia populnea – NSJ -13 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Thespesia populneaIndian Tulip flower

 

 


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Malvaceae week ::Thespesia populnea::Pune: SMP17 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.

Thespesia populnea
A tree from Konkan

Often planted as avenue tree in Pune


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This is also cultivated as avenue at public places..

Please verify if this is rightly identified as Thespesia populnea


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– I put the pod  on the soil. One day surprised to see the seedlings emerging out of the pod. Now they are 1 feet in height.


-Nice catch we call it paras peepul in bengali


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ID confirmation MS270311 -18- Birds on Thespesea: Recently I visited a place called Kokkare Bellur. The place is named after the birds. Kokkare means crane.
In this village different types of birds like painted stork, herons etc harbour the trees.   This place is one of the important birds sanctuaries of Karnataka. Villagers protect the birds.
I am posting a few photos of birds on trees. This mail is on Thespesia populnea.

Can somebody ID the birds also.


– They are all Painted Storks.


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THESPESIA POPULNEA: sharing pics of Thespesia populnea
seeds were kindly provided by ..
growing in my College campus and ready for transplantation


medicinal value…
in Gujarati called PARAS PIPLO પારસ  પીપળો.


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Malvaceae Week: Thespesia populnea from IARI Karnal Campus:  Thespesia populnea
from IARI Karnal Campus


These are mine from Kaithal, uploaded earlier too.


Malvaceae week- Thespesia populnea-PKA3: Bot. name: Thespesia populnea
Family: Malvaceae
Date/Time: 27th May / 11:00AM
Location: Mumbai
Plant Habit: Tree
Habitat: Planted


 

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Malvaceae week :: Thespesia populnea: Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa
thess-PEE-zee-uh — from the Greek thespios (marvelous, divine)
pop-ULL-nee-uh — pertaining to or similar to Populus (poplar)
[image: Thespesia populnea]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>
Apr 22, 2007 somewhere in Mira-Bhayander area of Mumbai
commonly known as: aden apple, bhendi tree, cork tree, Indian tulip tree, John-Bull tree, king of flowers, large-leaved tulip tree, milo (in Hawaii), Pacific rosewood, poor man’s teak (in Tamilnadu, India), portia tree, seaside mahoe (in Florida), umbrella tree • *Bengali*: gajashundi, palaspipal, poresh • *Gujarati*: પારસ પિપળૉ paras piplo • *Hindi*: bhendi, gajadanda, पारस पीपल paras-pipal • *Kannada*: arasi, bangali • *Malayalam*: ചിലാന്തി cilaanthi, പൃപ്പരുത്തി prapparuththi, പൃവരശ് pravaras • *Marathi*: आष्ट aashta, आस aas, पारस भेंडी paras-bhendi, पारोसा पिंपळ parosa pimpal, पार्श्वपिंपळ parshvapimpal, पिंपरणी pimparani, पिंपरी pimpari • *Sanskrit*: पार्श्वपिप्पल parshwapippal • *Tamil*: பூவரசு puvarasu • *Telugu*: గంగరావి gangaravi
Native of: India
   – [image: Parshwapippal (Sanskrit:
पार्श्वपिप्पल)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>…
Dec 8, 2007 at Sagar Upvan, Colaba, Mumbai
– [image: Paras Bhendi (Marathi: पारस
भेंडी)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>…
Dec 8, 2007 at Sagar Upvan, Colaba, Mumbai
– [image: Pimpari (Marathi:
पिंपरी)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>…
Sep 26, 2009 at Pooja Farms (Resort) near Kolad
– [image: Poresh (in
Bengali)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>…
Oct 13, 2009 at Vaghbil, Thane
– [image: gajadanda (in
Hindi)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>…
Dec 7, 2010 at Vaghbil, Thane
– … more views:
http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=91314344%40N00&q=Thespesiapopulnea&m=…

An old post of yours on the Thespesia populnea. The last image has a brilliant red insect on it. Found out that insect happens to be the Cotton Stainerhe of Pyrrhocoridae which are a cosmopolitan family of pentatomomorphan bugs including about 65 genera and over 400 species. The Thespesia populnea is a host plant.


 

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Malvaceae Week: Malvaceae Sp for ID: Photo taken at Mababalipuram
Date : Oct 2009
Habitat Garden variety


… you are correct !! I am sure this is Thespesia populnea we always see this plant as a tree so seeing a sapling twisted our brain


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Indian Tulip – Thespisia populnea:  One of the common village trees with beautiful flowers
Indian Tulip,
Thespisia populnea
(Thespisia  – A small genus of tropical trees including the portia tree)
Fam: Malavaceae
cordate leaves, yellow flowers
Kanugana halli Mysore district
Regional : Buguri, Hoovarasi, [Kannada]
16 Aug 2008
Common name: Indian tulip tree, Aden apple, Portia tree • Hindi: Paras pipal पारस पीपल • Malayalam: Puvarasu • Bengali: Palaspipal • Tamil: பூவரசு Puvarasu

the flower changes colour into the reddish one shown within few hours !


Malvaceae Week: Indian TulipThespisia populnea (MW-AR06)
(A flowering tree common in south Indian villages. Found near to the village entry point- Welcome tree? )
Indian Tulip, Portia tree,
Thespisia populnea
(Thespisia  – A small genus of tropical trees including the portia tree)
Fam: Malvaceae
Kanugana halli, Mysore district, Karnataka
Regional : Buguri, Hoovarasi, [Kannada]
Photo Date: 16 Aug 2008
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/65…

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Malvaceae Week: Thespesia populnea from Delhi:  Thespesia populnea (Linn.) Sol. ex Corr., Ann. Mus.Hist.Nat.Paris. 9:290. 1807
Syn: Hibiscus populneus Linn.
Tree with peltate-hairy branches and leaves; leaves ovate, entire, stipules linear; flowers solitary axillary with jointed pedicel; calyx cupular, minutely 5-toothed; petals pale yellow with crimson centre turning reddish
in evening; fruit 2-3 cm across, 5-celled, 2-4 seeds in each.
Photographed Vikas Puri, New Delhi

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Malvaceae week : Thespesia populnea:   Moderate sized tree. Common in Konkan. Also observed planted as avnue tree in many cities with its dark green foliage.
Flowers initially yellow with dark purple centre, later turn red orange.
Marathi name : Paras Pimpal; Paras Bhendi. परस भेंडी

the tree is also known by name Umbrella tree as from a distance it looks like an open umbrella.


DARWIN’S THEORY — THESPESIA POPULNEA SEEDS: I have been picking THESPESIA POPULNEA Seeds for a decade now in Chennai. The seeds are enclosed in the Pod which is quite simple in a Tropical Chennai climate. However in Bangalore, the Pods have an extra Water-proof cover.. I am picking these seeds only since 6 months. My analysis is that Bangalore weather is more humid, and the seeds have to be protected once they fall to the ground.To keep the Seeds dry this appears to be a natural mutation. I can send the seeds, pods and as i picked up in both places so that it can be a research material for Botany/ Horticulture/ Forest Research students.


Compare to Chennai I think Bbangalore is less humid.

Considering Chennai is in the cost whereas Bangalore is in the Deccan.

Bangalore become humid only during the rainy season and that is too short.

Would you please share some pictures (if you have) of the pods as well as plants you have seen in both the places.


Are there any cultivars in Thespesia populnea? I have seen two types of plants in Bangalore. The differences include tree size, flower colour and nature of fruits. I am not very sure but.


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Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa from Hooghly:

This one has also been recorded by my colleague …
Species : Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa
Habit & habitat : roadside tree
Date : 27/8/12

Place : PARDANKUNI (Hooghly)


Yes Nice Shots of Paras Peepal


yes paras peepalo in gujarati
and Paraash, paraash pepul in Bangla


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Thespesia populneaThespesia populnea
Family: Malvaceae
Common names: Indian Tulip tree, Portia tree, Umbrella tree (fully grown tree looks like an open umbrella from far)
Place : Bhandup pumping station, Mumbai
Date : 6.10.12


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Thespesia populnea : yellow dye & gossypol:   Sharing some fresh insights into one of the commonest trees in and around Mumbai. On a recent visit to a tribal hamlet in Dahanu, I encountered some natives collecting the fruit of Thespesia populnea. On probing further, one of them slashed a young green fruit and it discharged a copious amount of rich yellow juice that is used as a decorative pigment; in this case, to paint the hooves of their cattle! Later, while discussing this with a senior Warli musician and artist, I learnt that this pigment is used occasionally in minor embellishments.

Further investigation revealed that this substance is gossypol. While The Trees of Mumbai (by Almeida & Chaturvedi, pg. 159) mentions that “the seeds contain a chemical called gossypol”, the yellow exudate from the fruit wall appears to be discounted in customary descriptions of this tree. Here is an interesting account of this facet in a paper on this species by Francis Raymond Fosberg & Marie-Hélène Sachet:
“When a bud or young fruit is cut transversally a copious yellow, gummy fluid exudes from the surfaces. We had not seen this mentioned before, nor were we aware of latex in any Malvaceae. Roxburgh, however, mentioned it in his discussion of Thespesia (as Hibiscus) in the Flora Indica, 1832 (vide infra); a label on a plant collected by Lt. Speke on Europa Island (P) also describes the appearance of a canary-colored juice on cutting a green fruit … Dr. Paul Fryxell (in litt.) tells us that this yellow substance is mostly gossypol. It probably should not be called latex in the strict sense.” – Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, Volume 7, 1972.

Didn’t have a camera on hand but have attached a mobile phone snapshot.


This is a tree available in all coastal Indian belts including coromandel coasts. Bengal. I have patronised propagation of these species by picking the the Seeds fromm the Roadsides. i have sent these seeds recently to Sarada Ashram in ULUNDURPET,TamilNadu. If you have more information worth bringing to the notice of Tree-lovers, please let me know.

In case, you have a place to grow these, I can send you seeds FREE


Excellent post! Often we tend to dismiss the widespread trees with a passing glance, so it is fascinating to learn something so interesting about a common tree. Thanks … for sharing these remarkable observations.


Thanks a lot … for showing an uncommon characteristic of this tree, I never knew about it before. I have some of these Bhendi trees near my house in Mumbai.


I did not know about this feature of the Bhendi tree. Yesterday I made a cut in a small fruit and the yelow liquid
came out … i wiped it with a kerchif and I realize that the colour does not go even after washing!!!


Thanks for the useful information, …
In Tamil Nadu, the yellow sap from young fruits is applied, by rubbing the cut surface of fruit over affected part of the skin, for the treatment of skin diseases.


I came across a document , . ‘Ethnobotany of the Maher Tribe, in Porbandar Dist, Gujarat India, a thesis submitted to the University of Saurashtra for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Botany by Nathabhai K Odedra’ where it mentions the medicinal use of the leaves as
…….”Extract of 3-4 fleshy leaves ground with an equal quantity of cow milk. This mixture is taken on empty stomach early in the morning for seven days, it is effective remedy for jaundice
Interesting i thought. Could be checked with members from that part of the country. I have had the juice of an extremely bitter leaf while in the south for the same malady.

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Req- Plant for ID-5 : 4 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.

Plant from Thiruchendur Subramanya Swamy Temple
Date: 15.2.2013

Thespesia populnea


Yes I agree with …
it is Thespesia populnea

 

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Malvaceae Fortnight:: Thespesia sp NSJ-16 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Thespesia species (Ran Bhendi) from Mumbai. Typical monsoon flowers.


I see a mixing up here …


Yes Sir, both the flowers are different but they have similar bhendi like fruits.


I think the 2nd picture is of Thespesia populnea
while Ran Bhendi in Marathi refers to some species of Abelmoschus like Abelmoschus manihot, Abelmoschus ficulneus etc.

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Sapling of Thespesia populnea : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)


 

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On 12/1/08- when there were hardly a few flowers & on 28/2/08- a few flowers seen in Kolkata; at aurangabad, 14th sept 2008; at Bijapur, Ibrahim Rouza monumet, on 8th Aug.,2009; Mumbai- Oct’09; 27-05-2010 / 11:00AM: Mumbai; 16 Aug 2008; in Mauritius; Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Kolkata by Chakraverty & Jain- it flowers throughout the year, during hot season reranbhendi – indiantreepix | Google Groups
 


Thespesia populnea (Indian Tulip Tree/ Bhendi/ Paraspeepal/ Portia tree/ Pacific Rosewood/ Umbrella tree) – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 


For ID 100809 ET – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 


Are these two trees related? – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 


Thespesia populnea – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 


Thespesia populnea-270510PKA3 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

 


etymology-Thespesia populnea – efloraofindia | Google Groups

 


Indian Tulip – Thespisia populnea – efloraofindia | Google Groups


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15112019EPT21 : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (6) – around 500 kb each.
Is it Thespesia populnea ?
Location : Chennai outskirts

 

Date :15.11.2019
Elevation : 23 mts.

Habitat : Forest 


 

 

Looks different ?


On a second dlook it looks closure to it as there are many variants in this species : Check this link as well.    https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/Thespesia_populnea.htm


Thank you for the reference Sir.

It resembles Thespesia populnea.


I agree with Thespesia populnea, though leaves look smaller and thicker which might be an adaptation to local environmental factors to reduce water loss.


yes Paras piplo in Gujarati. grows in ganges delta too. i pass by one every day


Thanks, …  I also agree with the id.


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Thespesia populnea :: Puducherry :: 13 OCT 19 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 9 images.

Puducherry  near sea coast

Dates, various: October 13 – 15, 2019 … Altitude range: about 0 – 3 m (0 – 10 feet) asl
Thespesia populnea  Sol. ex Corrêa

i pass by one everyday. i should stop and take pictures. love it


Thank you, … Yes, this one is a photogenic plant. All its aspects are in good contrast and give a good picture in photograph.


via Species‎ > ‎T‎ > Thespesia populnea Sol. ex Corrêa … family: Malvaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
thess-PEE-zee-uh — Greek: thespesios (marvelous, divine)Dave’s Botanary
pop-ULL-nee-uh — pertaining to or similar to Populus (poplar)Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Aden apple, Indian tulip tree, portia treeAssamese: পৰশ পিপল paras pipalBengali: পরশপিপুল paraspipulGujarati: પારસપીપળો paraspiploHindi: पारस पीपल paras pipalKachchhi: પારસપીપળો paraspiploKannada: ಅಡವಿ ಬೆಂಡೇ ಮರ adavi bende mara, ಆಶ asha, ಬಂಗಾಳಿ bangali, ಬುಗುರಿ buguri, ಹೂವರಸಿ ವರ huvarasi mara, ಕಂದರೊಳ kandarola, ಜೋಗಿಯರಳೆ jogiyaraleKonkani: भेंडी bhendi, व्हडली खारीकापुसी vhadli kharikapusiMalayalam: പൂവരശ്ശ് puvarassu, പൂപ്പരുത്തി pupparuttiMarathi: आष्ट aashta, भेंड bhend, भेंडी वृक्ष bhendi vruksh, पारोसा पिंपळ parosa pimpalOdia: ହବାଲି habali, ହାବାଳି hawali, ପାରୀଶ parisaPunjabi: ਪਾਰਸ ਪੀਪਲ paras pipalSanskrit: चारुदारु charudaru, छायावृक्ष chayavrksha, गर्दभाण्डक gardabhandaka, कपीतन kapitana, क्षिप्रपाकिन् kshiprapakin, पारिश parisha, पार्श्वपिप्पल parshvapippala, फलीश phalisha, प्लक्ष plaksha, सुपार्श्व suparshvaTamil: அரசன்விரோதி aracan-viroti, சீலாந்தி cilanti, கல்லால் kal-l-al, மகாநிம்பம் maka-nimpam, மண்ணிலவேந்தன் mannila-ventan, பீரம் piram, பித்தரோசனம் pitta-rocanam, பூளம் pulam, பூப்பருத்தி pu-p-parutti, புரசு puracu, புற்போதி pur-poti, பூவரசு puvaracuTelugu: గంగరావి gangaravi,గంగరేణి gangareniTulu: ಜೋಗಿ ಮರ jogi maraUrdu: پارس پيپل paras pipal
botanical names: Thespesia populnea Sol. ex Corrêa … synonyms: Abelmoschus acuminatus (Alef.) Müll.Berol • Azanza acuminata Alef. • Hibiscus populneus L. … GBIF
April 22, 2007 … avenue tree in Mumbai


 

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