Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. (Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) & Nidhan Singh (Id by G S Rawat) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Torilis species in India:

  1. Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
  2. T. japonica (Houtt.) DC.
  3. T. leptophylla (L.) Rchb.f.
  4. T. nodosa (L.) Gaertn.
  5. T. stocksiana (Boiss.) Drude


  1. Karthikeyan,
    S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons,
    vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 125.
  2. eFIpage


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name

Torilis japonica Caucalis japonica, Torilis anthriscus, Caucalis anthriscus Apiaceae Upright Hedge Parsley
Torilis nodosa Apiaceae Knotted Hedge-Parsley

Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. (Asia, Europe, North Africa, North & South America) 
Torilis leptophylla (L.) Reichb. f. (Europe, Africa, Central and Southern Asia, introduced in USA) 
Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn. (Europe, Asia, North and South America) 

Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. (Widespread throughout temperate Eurasia)

Torilis japonica (Houttuyn) de Candolle [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

Wild Edible Vegetables of Lesser Himalayas: Ethnobotanical and …, Volume 1 By Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Munir Hussain Shah, Mir Ajab Khan (2014)- Details-
Biodiversity in India, Volume 2 By T. Pullaiah (2003)-

Compilation Of Plant Records, Volume 1 by B. P. Uniyal, D. BasuSurya Publications, 1989 – Botany104 pages-
Torilis ‎(Apiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Torilis (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Torilis page (‎‎‎Apiaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.